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WiFi Enabled LTE Small Cell Gateway Forecasts: 2013 - 2020

Published By :

Signals and Systems Telecom

Published Date : Aug 2013

Category :

LTE

No. of Pages : 451 Pages

 

Driven by large scale LTE investments and the high penetration of embedded WiFi capability in consumer electronic devices, both fixed and mobile, a number of wireless carriers are taking a keen interest in WiFi enabled LTE gateways. A WiFi enabled LTE small cell gateway (or base station) is an emerging network element, which has an LTE interface towards the carrier network and a WiFi interface towards the end user device.  A vast majority of these base station deployments are likely to be in a small cell configuration.

 

Driven by infrastructure vendor commitments and demands from the wireless carrier community, SNS Research expects the installed base of WiFi enabled LTE small cell gateways to account for nearly 15 Million units by 2020, growing at a CAGR of nearly 122% between 2013 and 2020.

 

The “WiFi Enabled LTE Small Cell Gateway Forecasts: 2013 – 2020” excel datasheet presents detailed forecasts and growth rate projections on the installed base, unit shipments and revenue of WiFi enabled LTE gateways from 2013 till 2020. The forecasts are also segmented for the following regional submarkets:

 

  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Latin & Central America
  • Middle East & Africa
  • North America
  • Western Europe

 

The datasheet comes with a complimentary copy of SNS Research’s “The HetNet Bible (Small Cells and Carrier WiFi) - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies and Forecasts: 2013 - 2020 - With an Evaluation of DAS & Cloud RAN” report which includes detailed analysis and forecasts of the HetNet market.  The report comprises over 434 pages and 262 figures.

Table of Contents

 

1 Chapter 1: Introduction  28

1.1 Executive Summary  28

1.2 Topics Covered  30

1.3 Key Questions Answered  34

1.4 Key Findings  35

1.5 Methodology  36

1.6 Target Audience  37

1.7 Companies Mentioned  38

 

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Small Cells & Carrier WiFi  57

2.1 An Evolving Heterogeneous Networking Ecosystem  57

2.1.1 The Growing Demand for Mobile Broadband  57

2.1.2 Is LTE the Answer to all Capacity Problems?  57

2.1.3 HetNets: An Evolution of Network Topology  59

2.2 Small Cells  60

2.2.1 What Are Small Cells?  60

2.2.2 Why Deploy Small Cells?  60

2.2.3 Small Cell Categories  62

2.2.3.1 Femtocells - Home (e)NodeBs  63

2.2.3.2 Picocells  63

2.2.3.3 Microcells  64

2.2.3.4 Metrocell: An Emerging Deployment Model  64

2.2.3.5 Will Metrocell Deployments Encompass Carrier Deployed Femtocells?  64

2.3 Carrier WiFi  65

2.3.1 Carrier WiFi Integration Approaches  66

2.3.2 Unmanaged ‘Open Access’  66

2.3.3 Managed Offload  66

2.3.3.1 SIM-based Authentication and Mobile Data Offload  66

2.3.3.2 Fully Integrated WiFi Access  66

2.4 The Business Case: What is Driving the Small Cells and Carrier WiFi Market?  67

2.4.1 Mobile Data Traffic: The Tsunami of 335 Exabytes  67

2.4.2 Endorsement from the Carrier Community  69

2.4.3 In-Building Coverage and Capacity  69

2.4.4 Enterprise Demand: BYOD is Fuelling Growth  69

2.4.5 Capacity Offload in Congested Localities  69

2.4.6 CapEx Savings  69

2.4.7 Non-Expandability of Macrocell Network  70

2.5 Challenges & Inhibitors to the Small Cells & Carrier WiFi Ecosystem  71

2.5.1 Security Concerns  71

2.5.2 Competition from Distributed Antenna System (DAS) & Alternative Solutions  71

2.5.3 Interference with Macrocell Infrastructure & Spectrum Constraints  72

2.5.4 Backhaul Requirements and Complexity  72

2.5.5 Commercial Immaturity  72

2.5.6 Economic Constraints  72

2.5.7 Device Side, Client and Operating System (OS) Issues  73

2.5.8 Deployment Challenges  73

2.5.9 Integrating Segregated WiFi Infrastructure into Mobile Networks  73

2.5.10 Impact of Macrocell LTE Rollouts: Negative or Positive?  73

2.6 Alternative Options for Offloading Mobile Network Coverage and Capacity  74

2.6.1 Macrocell Network and Spectrum Expansion  74

2.6.2 Cloud Radio Access Networks (Cloud RAN)  74

2.6.3 DAS  76

2.6.3.1 Passive DAS  76

2.6.3.2 Hybrid DAS  76

2.6.3.3 Active DAS  77

2.6.4 Caching & Mobile CDNs  77

 

3 Chapter 3: Integration & Offloading Technology  78

3.1 Integrating Small Cells into the Mobile Network  78

3.1.1 Integration into 3G Networks  78

3.1.1.1 Iuh based Integration: Residential/Enterprise Femtocells  78

3.1.1.2 Iub: Picocells, Microcells and Now Even Femtocells  80

3.1.2 S1: Integration into LTE Networks  81

3.1.2.1 eNB Small Cell Architecture  81

3.1.2.2 HeNB Small Cell Architecture  82

3.2 WiFi: The Evolution from an Ethernet Extension to Wireless Carrier Integration  83

3.3 Enabling Technologies for WiFi and Cellular RAN Interoperability  83

3.3.1 Access Network Discovery and Selection Function (ANDSF)  83

3.3.1.1 Enabling Seamless Mobility  84

3.3.1.2 Commercial Availability of ANDSF Solutions  84

3.3.2 Hotspot 2.0  84

3.3.2.1 Discovery - 802.11u  84

3.3.2.2 Encryption - 802.11i (WPA2)  85

3.3.2.3 Authentication – 802.1x (EAP)  85

3.3.2.4 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) Device Management (DM) 1.2  85

3.3.2.5 Passpoint™ WiFi Certification  85

3.3.3 NextGen Hotspot (NGH) Program  86

3.3.3.1 Working alongside Hotspot 2.0  86

3.3.3.2 Enabling Seamless Mobile Network Connectivity  86

3.3.4 Interworking Wireless LAN (I-WLAN)  87

3.3.5 Wireless Internet Service Provider Roaming (WISPr)  87

3.3.6 Mobility Services Advertisement Protocol  87

3.3.7 WiFi Direct™  88

3.4 Small Cell and Mobile Core Offloading Technologies  89

3.4.1 Local IP Access (LIPA)  89

3.4.1.1 Is LIPA Specifically for Small Cells?  89

3.4.1.2 Use Case Example: Local Network Multimedia Access  89

3.4.2 Selected IP Traffic Offload (SIPTO)  90

3.4.2.1 Use Case Example: Core Network Offload  90

3.4.2.2 The Downside: Is SIPTO Suitable for All Traffic Profiles?  90

3.4.3 IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload (IFOM)  91

3.4.3.1 Enabling Seamless Integration between WiFi and 3GPP RANs  91

3.5 WiFi and Cellular RAN Integration: Commercial Implementations to Address the HetNet

Challenge  92

3.5.1 WiFi Integration into Macrocell and Small Cell Basestation Nodes  92

3.5.2 Policy Driven Control for Small Cell & WiFi  92

3.5.2.1 InterDigital and ip.access Demonstration: Dynamic Switching between WiFi and LTE  92

3.5.3 Commercial Case Study: NGH SIM-based WiFi Access  93

 

4 Chapter 4: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain  94

4.1 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Industry Roadmap: 2010 - 2020  94

4.1.1 2010 – 2012: Initial Rollouts: In-building Voice Converge & Nomadic Data Access  94

4.1.2 2013 – 2015: The 4G Expansion Era – A Shift from In-building Voice to Data Optimization

95

4.1.3 2016 – 2020: The HetNet Era - Continued Proliferation of HetNets  95

4.2 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Value Chain  97

4.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem  98

4.3.1 Chipset Developers  98

4.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers  98

4.4 HetNet RAN Ecosystem  99

4.4.1 ‘Pure-Play’ and Specialist Small Cell OEMs  99

4.4.2 WiFi Access Point OEMs  99

4.4.3 Macrocell RAN OEMs  99

4.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers  99

4.4.5 Cloud RAN Solution Providers  100

4.4.6 Other Technology & Network Component Providers/Enablers  100

4.5 Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem  101

4.5.1 Backhaul Solution Providers  101

4.6 Core Network Ecosystem  101

4.6.1 Core Network Infrastructure Providers  101

4.7 Connectivity Ecosystem  102

4.7.1 2G, 3G & 4G Wireless Carriers  102

4.7.2 WiFi Connectivity Providers  102

4.7.3 Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Providers  102

4.8 SON Ecosystem  102

4.8.1 SON Solution Providers  102

4.9 Vendor Landscape: Consolidation & Acquisitions Lead the Way  103

4.9.1 Broadcom Acquires Percello – Q4’2010  103

4.9.2 Radisys Acquires Continuous Computing – Q4’2010  103

4.9.3 Alvarion Acquires Wavion – Q4’2011  103

4.9.4 Mindspeed Technologies Acquires picoChip – Q1’2012  103

4.9.5 Ericsson Acquires BelAir Networks – Q2’2012  104

4.9.6 Crown Castle Acquires NextG Networks – Q2’2012  104

4.9.7 Qualcomm Acquires DesignArt Networks – Q3’2012  104

4.9.8 Oracle Acquires Acme Packet – Q1’2013  104

4.9.9 Oracle Acquires Tekelec – Q1’2013  105

4.9.10 Cisco Acquires Ubiquisys – Q2’2013  105

 

5 Chapter 5: Small Cells & Carrier WiFi Deployment Models  106

5.1 Small Cell Deployment Models  106

5.1.1 Consumer Deployment Models  106

5.1.1.1 Home/Residential  106

5.1.1.2 Enterprise  106

5.1.2 Carrier Deployment Models  107

5.1.2.1 Metro  107

5.1.2.2 Rural  107

5.1.2.3 Case Study: Vodafone’s Rural Femtocell Trial  107

5.1.3 Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS)  108

5.2 Carrier WiFi Deployment Models  109

5.2.1 Mobile Offload  109

5.2.2 SIM Based  109

5.2.3 Enterprise  109

5.2.4 Hotspot  109

5.2.5 Wholesale  109

5.2.6 Municipal WiFi  110

 

6 Chapter 6: Small Cells & Carrier WiFi Vertical Markets  111

6.1 Residential  111

6.2 Healthcare  111

6.3 Higher Education  111

6.4 Large Enterprises  112

6.5 SMBs  112

6.6 Retail  112

6.7 Construction  112

6.8 Public Sector  113

6.9 Public Safety and Defence  113

 

7 Chapter 7: Small Cell Backhaul  114

7.1 Small Cell Backhaul Technology  114

7.1.1 Ethernet over Copper  114

7.1.2 Ethernet over Fiber  114

7.1.3 DSL  114

7.1.4 Non-Line of Site (NLOS) Microwave  115

7.1.5 Point to Point (P2P) Microwave – 6-60 GHz  115

7.1.6 Point to Multipoint (P2MP) Microwave – 6-60 GHz  115

7.1.7 Milimeter Wave (E-band) – Licensed and Unlicensed  115

7.1.8 Satellite Based Backhaul  115

7.2 Requirements for Small Cell Backhaul  116

7.2.1 Form Factor & Environmental Hardening  116

7.2.2 Power Supply & Consumption  116

7.2.3 Installation & Provisioning  116

7.2.4 Integration of OAM and SON Capabilities  116

7.2.5 Deployment & Maintenance Cost  117

7.3 Key Issues  118

7.3.1 Backhaul Sharing: Can Small Cells and Macrocells Share Resources?  118

7.3.2 Coverage Challenges  118

7.3.3 Capacity/Peak Throughput Challenges  118

7.3.4 Will Millimeter Wave be the Preferred Outdoor Small Cell Backhaul Solution?  118

7.3.5 Is there a market for Satellite based Small Cell Backhaul  119

7.3.6 Assessing the Impact of the SCaaS Ecosystem  119

 

8 Chapter 8: Standardization & Regulatory Initiatives  120

8.1 Small Cell Forum  120

8.1.1 Mission  120

8.1.2 Scope of Work  120

8.1.3 Working Groups  121

8.1.3.1 Marketing and Promotions Group  122

8.1.3.2 Radio & Physical Layer Group  122

8.1.3.3 Network Group  122

8.1.3.4 Regulatory Group  122

8.1.3.5 Services Group  122

8.1.3.6 Interoperability Group  122

8.1.3.7 Special Interest Focus Groups: Backhaul, LTE, Rural & 3GPP2 Standards  123

8.2 Wireless Broadband Alliance (WBA)  123

8.2.1 Mission  123

8.2.2 Scope of Work  123

8.2.3 Working Groups  124

8.2.3.1 Business Workgroup  124

8.2.3.2 Industry Engagement Workgroup  124

8.2.3.3 Roaming Workgroup  124

8.3 WiFi Alliance  125

8.3.1 Mission  125

8.3.2 Certification Programs  125

8.3.2.1 Core Certification  125

8.3.2.2 MiracastTM  126

8.3.2.3 Tunneled Direct Link Setup (TDLS)  126

8.3.2.4 PasspointTM  126

8.3.2.5 WiFi DirectTM  126

8.3.2.6 WiFi Protected SetupTM  127

8.3.2.7 WiFi Multimedia (WMM)TM  127

8.3.2.8 WMM-Power Save  127

8.3.2.9 Voice-Personal: Voice over WiFi  127

8.3.2.10 Voice-Enterprise: Voice over WiFi  127

8.3.2.11 CWG-RF  128

8.3.2.12 WMM-Admission Control  128

8.3.2.13 IBSS with WiFi Protected Setup  128

8.4 HetNet Forum  129

8.4.1 Mission  129

8.4.2 Scope of Work  129

8.4.3 Governance & Membership  129

8.5 3GPP  131

8.5.1 Mission  131

8.5.2 Small Cell Standardisation Activities  131

8.6 3GPP2  132

8.6.1 Mission  132

8.6.2 Small Cell Standardisation Activities  132

8.7 Broadband Forum  133

8.7.1 Mission  133

8.7.2 Small Cell Standardisation Activities  133

8.8 WiMAX Forum  134

8.8.1 Mission  134

8.8.2 Small Cell Standardisation Activities  134

8.9 Prominent Collaborations  136

8.9.1 WBA and WiFi Alliance  136

8.9.2 Small Cell Forum and GSMA  136

8.9.3 WBA, GSMA and Small Cell Forum  136

8.9.3.1 Integrating on a Network Level  137

8.9.3.2 Setting the Stage for Advanced Traffic Management  137

 

9 Chapter 9: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Deployments  138

9.1 Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Case Studies  138

9.1.1 BT  138

9.1.2 Cellcom  138

9.1.3 Colt Telecom  138

9.1.4 Cloudberry Mobile  139

9.1.5 ClearSky  139

9.1.6 Virgin Media  139

9.2 Carrier WiFi  140

9.2.1 AT&T Mobility  140

9.2.2 Comcast  140

9.2.3 Cox Communications  140

9.2.4 MetroPCS  141

9.2.5 Sprint  141

9.2.6 T-Mobile USA  141

9.2.7 Verizon Wireless  141

9.2.8 Free Mobile  142

9.2.9 BT  142

9.2.10 MegaFon  142

9.2.11 Orange (France Telecom)  142

9.2.12 Portugal Telecom  143

9.2.13 Telefónica Moviles (Spain)  143

9.2.14 T-Mobile Austria  143

9.2.15 Zain Saudi Arabia  143

9.2.16 China Mobile  143

9.2.17 KDDI  143

9.2.18 LG Uplus  144

9.2.19 NTT Broadband Platform  144

9.2.20 TIM Brasil  144

9.2.21 Other Carriers  144

9.3 Small Cell Deployments  145

9.3.1 Sprint  145

9.3.2 StarHub  145

9.3.3 Verizon Wireless  145

9.3.4 Vodafone UK  145

9.3.5 AT&T Mobility  145

9.3.6 SFR  146

9.3.7 NTT DoCoMo  146

9.3.8 China Unicom  146

9.3.9 Optimus Portugal  146

9.3.10 SingTel  146

9.3.11 Vodafone Spain  146

9.3.12 SoftBank  146

9.3.13 Vodafone Qatar  146

9.3.14 KDDI  147

9.3.15 Vodafone Greece  147

9.3.16 Movistar  147

9.3.17 T-Mobile UK  147

9.3.18 Moldtelecom  147

9.3.19 SK Telecom  147

9.3.20 Vodafone New Zealand  147

9.3.21 Vodafone Ireland  147

9.3.22 Network Norway  148

9.3.23 TOT Thailand  148

9.3.24 Optus  148

9.3.25 Vodafone Australia  148

9.3.26 MegaFon  148

9.3.27 Vodafone Italy  148

9.3.28 Vodafone Hungary  148

9.3.29 Orange (France Telecom)  148

9.3.30 Orange Romania  149

9.3.31 MTC  149

9.3.32 Vodafone Czech Republic  149

9.3.33 Beeline  149

9.3.34 Vodafone Netherlands  149

9.3.35 Cosmote  149

9.3.36 Vodafone Romania  149

9.3.37 Vodafone Portugal  150

9.3.38 Mosaic Telecom  150

9.3.39 Free Mobile  150

9.3.40 Three UK  150

9.3.41 China Mobile  150

9.3.42 Zain Bahrain  150

9.3.43 O2  150

9.3.44 Bouygues Telecom  150

9.3.45 Vodafone Germany  151

9.3.46 Vodafone Greece  151

9.3.47 EE (Everything Everywhere)  151

9.3.48 Other Commitments  151

9.4 Case Studies  152

9.4.1 Sprint/Softbank Acquisition: Assessing the Impact on the Small Cells Ecosystem  152

9.4.2 The Impact of LTE & Small Cells on Tier 2/3 CDMA Carriers in North America  153

 

10 Chapter 10: ‘Pure-Play’ and Specialist Small Cell Vendors  154

10.1 Airspan  154

10.2 Airvana  155

10.3 Alpha Networks  156

10.4 Anvaya Networks  157

10.5 Argela  158

10.6 ARItel (ETRI)  159

10.7 Askey Computer Corporation  160

10.8 Contela  161

10.9 Hay Systems Limited (HSL)  162

10.10 ip.access  163

10.11 Juni Global  164

10.12 Minieum Networks  165

10.13 PureWave Networks  166

10.14 SK Telesys  167

10.15 SpiderCloud  168

10.16 TEKTELIC Communications  169

10.17 Ubee-AirWalk  170

10.18 Ubiquisys (Acquired by Cisco)  171

10.19 Qucell  172

 

11 Chapter 11: Distributed Antenna System (DAS) & Repeater Solution Providers  173

11.1 Axell Wireless  173

11.2 Axis Teknologies  174

11.3 BTI Wireless  175

11.4 Cellular Specialities, Inc. (CSI) – Acquired by Goodman Networks  176

11.5 Comba Telecom  177

11.6 CommScope  178

11.7 Communication Components Inc. (CCI)  179

11.8 DeltaNode  180

11.9 Ethertronics  181

11.10 ExteNet Systems  182

11.11 InnerWireless (Acquired by Black Box)  183

11.12 Mesaplexx  184

11.13 MobileAccess (Acquired by Corning)  185

11.14 Nexius  186

11.15 NextG Networks (Acquired by Crown Castle)  187

11.16 CellO (Optiway and Cellvine)  188

11.17 Powerwave Technologies  189

11.18 RF Window  190

11.19 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)  191

11.20 SOLiD Technologies  192

11.21 Shyam Telecom  193

11.22 TE Connectivity (Tyco Electronics Connectivity)  194

11.23 Ubidyne GmBH  195

11.24 Wi-Ex  196

11.25 Wilson Electronics  197

11.26 ZinWave  198

 

12 Chapter 12: Carrier WiFi Focused Vendors  199

12.1 4ipnet  199

12.2 Alvarion (Wavion)  200

12.3 Aruba Networks  201

12.4 BelAir Networks (Acquired by Ericsson)  202

12.5 Edgewater Wireless  203

12.6 GoNet Systems  204

12.7 Netgear  205

12.8 Option N.V.  206

12.9 Ruckus Wireless  207

12.10 Motorola Solutions  208

 

13 Chapter 13: Cloud RAN Solution Providers  209

13.1 6WIND  209

13.2 ADLINK Technology  210

13.3 ASOCS  211

13.4 Intel Corporation  212

 

14 Chapter 14: HetNet Focussed SON Solution Providers  213

14.1 Actix  213

14.2 Aircom International  214

14.3 AirHop Communications  215

14.4 Astellia  216

14.5 Celcite  217

14.6 Eden Rock Communications  218

14.7 Infovista (Mentum)  219

14.8 Intucell Systems (Acquired by Cisco)  220

14.9 JDSU (Arieso)  221

14.10 Reverb Networks  222

 

15 Chapter 15: Wireless Network (Macrocell, Core) Infrastructure Vendors  223

15.1 Alcatel-Lucent  223

15.2 Cisco  224

15.3 Datang Telecom  225

15.4 Ericsson  226

15.5 Fujitsu  227

15.6 Ericsson-LG  228

15.7 Huawei  229

15.8 Hitachi  230

15.9 Mitsubishi  231

15.10 NEC  232

15.11 Nokia Siemens Networks  233

15.12 NTT DoCoMo  234

15.13 Samsung  235

15.14 ZTE  236

 

16 Chapter 16: Chipset, Software and Component Vendors  237

16.1 Ablaze  237

16.2 Aricent  238

16.3 Altera  239

16.4 Broadcom  240

16.5 Cavium  241

16.6 Coherent Logix  242

16.7 Freescale Semiconductor  243

16.8 LSI  244

16.9 Maxim Integrated  245

16.10 Mindspeed Technologies  246

16.11 mimoOn  247

16.12 Node-H  248

16.13 Nomor Research  249

16.14 Octasic  250

16.15 Public Wireless  251

16.16 Qualcomm  252

16.17 Radisys  253

16.18 Rakon  254

16.19 SAI Technology  255

16.20 Tata Elxsi  256

16.21 Texas Instruments  257

16.22 Xilinx  258

16.23 u-blox  259

 

17 Chapter 17: Technology Providers  260

17.1 AltoBridge  260

17.2 Aepona  261

17.3 Acme Packet (Acquired by Oracle)  262

17.4 Accuris Networks  263

17.5 Agilent Technologies  264

17.6 Aicent  265

17.7 Amdocs  266

17.8 Applied Communication Sciences  267

17.9 Aptilo Networks  268

17.10 Advanced Wireless Technology Group (AWTG)  269

17.11 BandwidthX  270

17.12 Birdstep Technology ASA  271

17.13 BSG Wireless  272

17.14 EDX Wireless  273

17.15 Front Porch  274

17.16 Green Packet  275

17.17 InterDigital  276

17.18 Kineto Wireless  277

17.19 Nash Technologies  278

17.20 Netgem  279

17.21 Nomadix  280

17.22 Quortus  281

17.23 Smith Micro Software  282

17.24 Syniverse Technologies  283

17.25 Stoke  284

17.26 WeFi  285

 

18 Chapter 18: WiFi Network Providers  286

18.1 AlwaysOn  286

18.2 Boingo Wireless  287

18.3 BSkyB (The Cloud)  288

18.4 Devicescape Software  289

18.5 Fon Wireless  290

18.6 iPass  291

18.7 Quadriga Worldwide  292

18.8 Towerstream Corporation  293

 

19 Chapter 19: Small Cell Backhaul Solution Providers  294

19.1 Athena Wireless Communications  294

19.2 Avanti  295

19.3 Aviat Networks  296

19.4 BridgeWave Communications  297

19.5 BLiNQ Networks  298

19.6 BluWan  299

19.7 CCS  300

19.8 Ceragon  301

19.9 Cambridge Broadband Networks (CBNL)  302

19.10 Cambium Networks  303

19.11 DragonWave  304

19.12 E-Band Communications  305

19.13 FastBack Networks  306

19.14 iDirect  307

19.15 Intracom Telecom  308

19.16 LightPoint Communications  309

19.17 RADWIN  310

19.18 Siklu  311

19.19 Sub10 Systems  312

19.20 Taqua  313

19.21 Tarana Wireless  314

19.22 Vubiq  315

 

20 Chapter 20: Market Analysis and Forecasts  316

20.1 The Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Market: 2013 – 2020  316

20.1.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base  316

20.1.1.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base Compared  317

20.1.1.2 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Region  317

20.1.2 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue  318

20.1.2.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue Compared  319

20.1.2.2 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue by Region  320

20.1.3 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue  321

20.1.3.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue Compared  321

20.1.3.2 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue by Region  322

20.2 The Global Small Cell Market: 2013 – 2020  323

20.2.1 Global Throughput of Small Cell Data Traffic  323

20.2.2 Global Small Cell Installed Base  323

20.2.3 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Cell Size (Femto, Pico, Micro)  324

20.2.3.1 Global Femtocell Installed Base  324

20.2.3.2 Global Picocell Installed Base  325

20.2.3.3 Global Microcell Installed Base  325

20.2.4 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Deployment Model (Home/Residential, Enterprise,

Metro, Rural)  326

20.2.4.1 Home/Residential Small Cell Installed Base  327

20.2.4.2 Enterprise Small Cell Installed Base  327

20.2.4.3 Metro Small Cell Installed Base  328

20.2.4.4 Rural Small Cell Installed Base  328

20.2.5 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Air Interface Technology Generation (2G, 3G, 4G)  329

20.2.5.1 2G/3G (CDMA2000/GSM/W-CDMA) Small Cell Installed Base  330

20.2.5.2 4G (LTE/WiMAX) Small Cell Installed Base  330

20.2.6 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Air Interface Technology (GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA,

CDMA2000/EV-DO, LTE FDD/TD-LTE, WiMAX)  331

20.2.6.1 GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Installed Base  331

20.2.6.2 CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Installed Base  332

20.2.6.3 LTE FDD Small Cell Installed Base  332

20.2.6.4 TD-LTE Small Cell Installed Base  333

20.2.6.5 WiMAX Small Cell Installed Base  333

20.2.7 Small Cell Installed Base by Region  334

20.2.8 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  335

20.2.9 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Cell Size (Femto, Pico, Micro)  336

20.2.9.1 Global Femtocell Unit Shipments & Revenue  337

20.2.9.2 Global Picocell Unit Shipments & Revenue  338

20.2.9.3 Global Microcell Unit Shipments & Revenue  339

20.2.10 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Deployment Model (Home/Residential,

Enterprise, Metro, Rural)  340

20.2.10.1 Home/Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  341

20.2.10.2 Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  342

20.2.10.3 Metro Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  343

20.2.10.4 Rural Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  344

20.2.11 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Air Interface Technology Generation

(2G, 3G, 4G)  345

20.2.11.1 2G/3G (CDMA2000/GSM/W-CDMA) Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  346

20.2.11.2 4G (LTE/WiMAX) Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  347

20.2.12 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Air Interface Technology (GSM/WCDMA/

HSPA, CDMA2000/EV-DO, LTE FDD/TD-LTE, WiMAX)  348

20.2.12.1 GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  349

20.2.12.2 CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  350

20.2.12.3 LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  351

20.2.12.4 TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  352

20.2.12.5 WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue  353

20.2.13 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Region  354

20.2.14 Global Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue  355

20.2.15 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue by Region  355

20.3 The Global Carrier WiFi Market: 2013 – 2020  356

20.3.1 Global Throughput of Carrier WiFi Data Traffic  356

20.3.2 Global Carrier WiFi Installed Base  356

20.3.3 Global Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Equipment Type (Access Points, Access Point

Controllers)  357

20.3.3.1 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Installed Base  357

20.3.3.2 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Installed Base  358

20.3.4 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Installed Base by Integration Approach (Managed WiFi

Offload, Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi)  358

20.3.4.1 Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Installed Base  359

20.3.4.2 Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Installed Base  359

20.3.5 Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Region  360

20.3.6 Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue  361

20.3.7 Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue by Equipment Type (Access Points,

Access Point Controllers)  362

20.3.7.1 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue  363

20.3.7.2 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments & Revenue  364

20.3.8 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue by Integration Approach

(Managed WiFi Offload, Unmanaged \'Open Access\' WiFi)  365

20.3.8.1 Global Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue  366

20.3.8.2 Global Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue  367

20.3.9 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue by Region  368

20.3.10 Global Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue  369

20.3.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue by Region  369

20.4 The Global Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Market: 2013 – 2020  370

20.4.1 Global Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue  370

20.4.2 Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue by Region  370

20.5 The Global Small Cells Backhaul Market: 2013 – 2020  371

20.5.1 Global Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  371

20.5.2 Global Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending by Technology  372

20.5.2.1 Ethernet over Copper Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  373

20.5.2.2 Ethernet over Fiber Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  373

20.5.2.3 DSL Modems and DSLAMs Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  374

20.5.2.4 NLOS Microwave (Below 6 GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  374

20.5.2.5 PTP Microwave (6-60GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  375

20.5.2.6 PTMP Microwave (6-60GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  375

20.5.2.7 Millimeter Wave (Unlicensed 60GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  376

20.5.2.8 Millimeter Wave (Licensed 71-76GHz, 81-86GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending

376

20.5.2.9 Satellite Based Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending  377

20.5.3 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending by Region  377

20.6 The Global Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Market: 2013 – 2020  378

20.6.1 Global Throughput of Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Data Traffic  378

20.6.2 Global Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending  378

20.6.3 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending by Region  379

20.7 The Global Cloud Radio Access Network (Cloud RAN) Market: 2013 – 2020  380

20.7.1 Global Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending  380

20.7.2 Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending by Region  380

20.8 The Global Self-Organizing Network (SON) Market: 2013 – 2020  381

20.8.1 Global Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending  381

20.8.2 Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending by Region  381

20.9 The Global Mobile Network Data Service Market: 2013 – 2020  382

20.9.1 Global Mobile Network Data Service Revenue  382

20.9.2 Global Mobile Network Data Service Revenue by Access Network Type (Macrocell, Small

Cell, Carrier WiFi, DAS)  382

20.9.2.1 Macrocell based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue  383

20.9.2.2 Small Cell based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue  383

20.9.2.3 Carrier WiFi based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue  384

20.9.2.4 DAS based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue  384

20.9.3 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue by Region  385

20.10 North America Market: 2013 – 2020  386

20.10.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in North America  386

20.10.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in North America  386

20.10.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in North America  387

20.10.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America  387

20.10.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in North America  388

20.10.6 Small Cell Installed Base in North America  389

20.10.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America  389

20.10.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in North America  390

20.10.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in North America  391

20.10.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America  391

20.10.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in North America  392

20.10.12 Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in North America  393

20.10.13 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in North America  393

20.10.14 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in North America  394

20.10.15 Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in North America  394

20.10.16 Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in North America  395

20.11 Asia Pacific Market: 2013 – 2020  396

20.11.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Asia Pacific  396

20.11.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific  396

20.11.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Asia Pacific  397

20.11.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific  397

20.11.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific  398

20.11.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Asia Pacific  399

20.11.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific  399

20.11.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific  400

20.11.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Asia Pacific  401

20.11.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific  401

20.11.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific  402

20.11.12 Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Asia Pacific  403

20.11.13 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific  403

20.11.14 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific  404

20.11.15 Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific  404

20.11.16 Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Asia Pacific  405

20.12 Western Europe Market: 2013 – 2020  406

20.12.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Western Europe  406

20.12.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Western Europe  406

20.12.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Western Europe  407

20.12.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe  407

20.12.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Western Europe  408

20.12.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Western Europe  409

20.12.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe  409

20.12.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Western Europe  410

20.12.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Western Europe  411

20.12.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe  411

20.12.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Western Europe  412

20.12.12 Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Western Europe  413

20.12.13 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe  413

20.12.14 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe  414

20.12.15 Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe  414

20.12.16 Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Western Europe  415

20.13 Eastern Europe Market: 2013 – 2020  416

20.13.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Eastern Europe  416

20.13.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe  416

20.13.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Eastern Europe  417

20.13.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe  417

20.13.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe  418

20.13.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Eastern Europe  419

20.13.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe  419

20.13.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe  420

20.13.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Eastern Europe  421

20.13.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe  421

20.13.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe  422

20.13.12 Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Eastern Europe  423

20.13.13 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe  423

20.13.14 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe  424

20.13.15 Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe  424

20.13.16 Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Eastern Europe  425

20.14 Middle East & Africa Market: 2013 – 2020  426

20.14.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Middle East & Africa  426

20.14.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa  426

20.14.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Middle East & Africa  427

20.14.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa  427

20.14.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa  428

20.14.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Middle East & Africa  429

20.14.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa  429

20.14.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa  430

20.14.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Middle East & Africa  431

20.14.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa  431

20.14.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa  432

20.14.12 Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Middle East & Africa  433

20.14.13 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa  433

20.14.14 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa  434

20.14.15 Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa  434

20.14.16 Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Middle East & Africa  435

20.15 Latin & Central America Market: 2013 – 2020  436

20.15.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Latin & Central America  436

20.15.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America  436

20.15.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Latin & Central America  437

20.15.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America  437

20.15.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America  438

20.15.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Latin & Central America  439

20.15.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America  439

20.15.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America  440

20.15.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Latin & Central America  441

20.15.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America  441

20.15.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America  442

20.15.12 Small Cell as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Latin & Central America  443

20.15.13 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America  443

20.15.14 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America

444

20.15.15 Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America  444

20.15.16 Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Latin & Central America  445

 

21 Chapter 21: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations  446

21.1 The Formula for Success: Selecting the Right Combination of Small Cell Form Factors  446

21.2 SON Integration is Key  446

21.3 Network Visibility & OAM  447

21.4 Addressing Network Security: IPsec  447

21.5 Small Cells, WiFi Cloud RAN or DAS: Which Implementation will lead HetNet Deployments?448

21.6 Rise of the Non-Macro Vendors  448

21.7 Strategic Recommendations  449

21.7.1 Recommendations for HetNet Solution Vendors  449

21.7.2 Recommendations for Wireless Carriers  449

21.7.3 Recommendations for Macrocell Infrastructure Vendors  450

21.7.4 Recommendations for Backhaul Solution Providers  450

List of Table

NA

List of Chart

 

Figure 1: Global LTE Subscriptions by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Millions)  58

Figure 2: HetNet Architecture  59

Figure 3: Small Cell Coverage Range Comparison  61

Figure 4: Small Cell Characteristics & Comparison to Macrocells  62

Figure 5: Mobile Network Data Offloading via WiFi  65

Figure 6: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  67

Figure 7: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Type (Macrocell, Small Cells, Carrier WiFi,

DAS): 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  68

Figure 8: Global Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Spending: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion)  71

Figure 9: Cloud RAN Architecture  75

Figure 10: Iuh based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network  79

Figure 11: Iub based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network  80

Figure 12: S1 Interface based Small Cell Integration in an LTE Network  81

Figure 13: Small Cells & Carrier WiFi Industry Roadmap: 2010 - 2020  94

Figure 14: Annual Global Throughput of Small Cells and Carrier WiFi Data Networks: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  96

Figure 15: The Small Cells & Carrier WiFi Value Chain  97

Figure 16: SCaaS Provider and Wireless Carrier Responsibilities in a SCaaS Offering  108

Figure 17: Small Cell Forum’s Scope  120

Figure 18: Small Cell Forum Working Groups  121

Figure 19: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)  316

Figure 20: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base Compared: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  317

Figure 21: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  317

Figure 22: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)  318

Figure 23: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  318

Figure 24: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments Compared: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  319

Figure 25: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue Compared: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  319

Figure 26: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  320

Figure 27: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  320

Figure 28: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  321

Figure 29: Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  321

Figure 30: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  322

Figure 31: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic over Small Cells: 2010 - 2020 (Exabytes)  323

Figure 32: Global Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  323

Figure 33: Global Small Cell Installed Base by Cell Size (Femto, Pico, Micro): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  324

Figure 34: Global Femtocell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  324

Figure 35: Global Picocell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  325

Figure 36: Global Microcell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  325

Figure 37: Global Small Cell Installed Base by Deployment Model (Home/Residential, Enterprise, Metro, Rural): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  326

Figure 38: Home/Residential Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  327

Figure 39: Enterprise Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  327

Figure 40: Metro Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  328

Figure 41: Rural Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  328

Figure 42: Global Small Cell Installed Base by Air Interface Technology Generation (2G, 3G, 4G): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  329

Figure 43: 2G/3G (CDMA2000/GSM-WCDMA) Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  330

Figure 44: 4G (LTE/WiMAX) Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  330

Figure 45: Global Small Cell Installed Base by Air Interface Technology (GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA, CDMA2000/EV-DO, LTE FDD/TDLTE, WiMAX): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  331

Figure 46: GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  331

Figure 47: CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  332

Figure 48: LTE FDD Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  332

Figure 49: TD-LTE Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  333

Figure 50: WiMAX Small Cell Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  333

Figure 51: Small Cell Installed Base by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  334

Figure 52: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)  335

Figure 53: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  335

Figure 54: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Cell Size (Femto, Pico, Micro): 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)  336

Figure 55: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size (Femto, Pico, Micro): 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  336

Figure 56: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)  337

Figure 57: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  337

Figure 58: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)  338

Figure 59: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  338

Figure 60: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units)  339

Figure 61: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  339

Figure 62: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model (Residential, Enterprise, Metro, Rural): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  340

Figure 63: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model (Residential, Enterprise, Metro, Rural): 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  340

Figure 64: Home/Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  341

Figure 65: Home/Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  341

Figure 66: Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  342

Figure 67: Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  342

Figure 68: Metro Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  343

Figure 69: Metro Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  343

Figure 70: Rural Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  344

Figure 71: Rural Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  344

Figure 72: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology Generation (2G, 3G, 4G): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  345

Figure 73: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology Generation (2G, 3G, 4G): 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  345

Figure 74: 2G/3G (CDMA2000/GSM/W-CDMA) Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  346

Figure 75: 2G/3G (CDMA2000/GSM/W-CDMA) Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  346

Figure 76: 4G (LTE/WiMAX) Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  347

Figure 77: 4G (LTE/WiMAX) Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  347

Figure 78: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology (GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA, CDMA2000/EV-DO, LTE FDD, TDLTE, WiMAX): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  348

Figure 79: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology (GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA, CDMA2000/EV-DO, LTE FDD, TD-LTE, WiMAX): 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  348

Figure 80: GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  349

Figure 81: GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  349

Figure 82: CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  350

Figure 83: CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  350

Figure 84: LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  351

Figure 85: LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  351

Figure 86: TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  352

Figure 87: TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  352

Figure 88: WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  353

Figure 89: WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  353

Figure 90: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  354

Figure 91: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  354

Figure 92: Global Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  355

Figure 93: Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  355

Figure 94: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic over Carrier WiFi: 2010 - 2020 (Exabytes)  356

Figure 95: Global Carrier WiFi Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  356

Figure 96: Global Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Equipment Type (Access Points, Access Point Controllers): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  357

Figure 97: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  357

Figure 98: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  358

Figure 99: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Installed Base by Integration Approach (Managed WiFi Offload, Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  358

Figure 100: Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  359

Figure 101: Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Installed Base: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  359

Figure 102: Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  360

Figure 103: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  361

Figure 104: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  361

Figure 105: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments by Equipment Type (Access Points, Access Point Controllers): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  362

Figure 106: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue by Equipment Type (Access Points, Access Point Controllers): 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  362

Figure 107: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  363

Figure 108: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  363

Figure 109: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  364

Figure 110: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  364

Figure 111: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach (Managed WiFi Offload, Unmanaged \'Open Access\' WiFi): 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  365

Figure 112: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach (Managed WiFi Offload, Unmanaged \'Open Access\' WiFi): 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  365

Figure 113: Global Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  366

Figure 114: Global Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  366

Figure 115: Global Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  367

Figure 116: Global Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  367

Figure 117: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  368

Figure 118: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  368

Figure 119: Global Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  369

Figure 120: Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  369

Figure 121: Global Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  370

Figure 122: Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  370

Figure 123: Global Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  371

Figure 124: Global Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  372

Figure 125: Ethernet over Copper Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  373

Figure 126: Ethernet over Fiber Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  373

Figure 127: DSL Modems and DSLAMs Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  374

Figure 128: NLOS Microwave (Below 6 GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  374

Figure 129: PTP Microwave (6-60GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  375

Figure 130: PTMP Microwave (6-60GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  375

Figure 131: Millimeter Wave (Unlicensed 60GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  376

Figure 132: Millimeter Wave (Licensed 71-76GHz, 81-86GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  376

Figure 133: Satellite Based Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  377

Figure 134: Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  377

Figure 135: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic over Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS): 2010 - 2020 (Exabytes)  378

Figure 136: Global Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  378

Figure 137: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  379

Figure 138: Global Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  380

Figure 139: Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  380

Figure 140: Global Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  381

Figure 141: Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  381

Figure 142: Global Mobile Network Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  382

Figure 143: Global Mobile Network Data Service Revenue by Access Network Type (Macrocell, Small Cell, Carrier WiFi, DAS): 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  382

Figure 144: Macrocell based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  383

Figure 145: Small Cell based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  383

Figure 146: Carrier WiFi based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  384

Figure 147: DAS based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  384

Figure 148: Mobile Network Data Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  385

Figure 149: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in North America: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  386

Figure 150: Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  386

Figure 151: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in North America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  387

Figure 152: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in North America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  387

Figure 153: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  388

Figure 154: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  388

Figure 155: Small Cell Installed Base in North America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  389

Figure 156: Small Cell Unit Shipments in North America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  389

Figure 157: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  390

Figure 158: Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  390

Figure 159: Carrier WiFi Installed Base in North America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  391

Figure 160: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in North America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  391

Figure 161: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  392

Figure 162: Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  392

Figure 163: Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  393

Figure 164: Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  393

Figure 165: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  394

Figure 166: Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  394

Figure 167: Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in North America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  395

Figure 168: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Asia Pacific: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  396

Figure 169: Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  396

Figure 170: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  397

Figure 171: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  397

Figure 172: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  398

Figure 173: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  398

Figure 174: Small Cell Installed Base in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  399

Figure 175: Small Cell Unit Shipments in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  399

Figure 176: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  400

Figure 177: Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  400

Figure 178: Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  401

Figure 179: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  401

Figure 180: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  402

Figure 181: Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  402

Figure 182: Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  403

Figure 183: Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  403

Figure 184: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  404

Figure 185: Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  404

Figure 186: Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Asia Pacific: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  405

Figure 187: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Western Europe: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  406

Figure 188: Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  406

Figure 189: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  407

Figure 190: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  407

Figure 191: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  408

Figure 192: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  408

Figure 193: Small Cell Installed Base in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  409

Figure 194: Small Cell Unit Shipments in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  409

Figure 195: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  410

Figure 196: Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  410

Figure 197: Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  411

Figure 198: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  411

Figure 199: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  412

Figure 200: Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  412

Figure 201: Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  413

Figure 202: Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  413

Figure 203: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  414

Figure 204: Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  414

Figure 205: Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Western Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  415

Figure 206: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Eastern Europe: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  416

Figure 207: Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  416

Figure 208: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  417

Figure 209: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  417

Figure 210: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  418

Figure 211: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  418

Figure 212: Small Cell Installed Base in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  419

Figure 213: Small Cell Unit Shipments in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  419

Figure 214: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  420

Figure 215: Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  420

Figure 216: Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  421

Figure 217: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  421

Figure 218: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  422

Figure 219: Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  422

Figure 220: Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  423

Figure 221: Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  423

Figure 222: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  424

Figure 223: Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  424

Figure 224: Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Eastern Europe: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  425

Figure 225: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Middle East & Africa: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  426

Figure 226: Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  426

Figure 227: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  427

Figure 228: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  427

Figure 229: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  428

Figure 230: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  428

Figure 231: Small Cell Installed Base in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  429

Figure 232: Small Cell Unit Shipments in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  429

Figure 233: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  430

Figure 234: Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  430

Figure 235: Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  431

Figure 236: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  431

Figure 237: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  432

Figure 238: Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  432

Figure 239: Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  433

Figure 240: Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  433

Figure 241: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  434

Figure 242: Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  434

Figure 243: Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Middle East & Africa: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  435

Figure 244: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Latin & Central America: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes)  436

Figure 245: Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  436

Figure 246: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  437

Figure 247: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  437

Figure 248: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  438

Figure 249: Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  438

Figure 250: Small Cell Installed Base in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  439

Figure 251: Small Cell Unit Shipments in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  439

Figure 252: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  440

Figure 253: Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  440

Figure 254: Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  441

Figure 255: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)  441

Figure 256: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  442

Figure 257: Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  442

Figure 258: Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Revenue in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  443

Figure 259: Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  443

Figure 260: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion)  444

Figure 261: Cloud RAN Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  444

Figure 262: Self-Organizing Network (SON) Solution Spending in Latin & Central America: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million)  445

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