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The SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Ecosystem: 2017 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

Published By :

SNS Telecom & IT

Published Date : Jan 2018

Category :

ICT

No. of Pages : 586 Pages

While the advantages of SDN (Software Defined Networking) and network virtualization are well known in the enterprise IT and data center world, both technologies also bring a host of benefits to the telecommunications service provider community. Not only can these technologies help address the explosive capacity demand of mobile traffic, but they can also reduce the CapEx and OpEx burden faced by service providers to handle this demand by diminishing reliance on expensive proprietary hardware platforms. The recognition of these benefits has led to the emergence of the NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) concept that seeks to virtualize and effectively consolidate many service provider network elements onto multi-tenant industry-standard servers, switches and storage.

Service providers – both mobile and fixed-line – have already begun making significant investments in SDN and NFV across a number of use cases including but not limited to uCPE/vCPE, SD-WAN, vEPC, vIMS, Cloud RAN and vCDN. SNS Research estimates that service provider SDN and NFV investments will grow at a CAGR of approximately 45% between 2017 and 2020, eventually accounting for nearly $22 Billion in revenue by the end of 2020.

The “SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Ecosystem: 2017 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the SDN, NFV and network virtualization ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, use cases, deployment case studies, regulatory landscape, standardization, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents market size forecasts from 2017 till 2030. The forecasts are segmented for 10 submarkets, 2 user base categories, 9 functional areas, 6 regions and 34 countries.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

The report covers the following topics:

  • SDN, NFV and network virtualization ecosystem
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • Enabling technologies, protocols, architecture and key trends
  • SDN and NFV use cases across service provider, data center and enterprise networks
  • Commercial SDN and NFV deployments – including 10 comprehensive case studies
  • Review of key functional areas including uCPE/vCPE, SD-WAN, data center SDN, vEPC, vIMS, Cloud RAN and vCDN
  • Assessment of CapEx savings potential of service provider SDN and NFV investments
  • Management and orchestration platforms for software-centric networks
  • Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
  • Industry roadmap and value chain
  • Profiles and strategies of over 270 ecosystem players including SDN/NFV specialists
  • Strategic recommendations for enabling technology providers, network infrastructure vendors, IT giants, pure-play SDN/NFV specialists, enterprises, data center operators and service providers
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2017 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets, user base and functional area categories:

Submarkets

  • SDN/SD-WAN Hardware & Software
  • NFV Hardware & Software
  • Other Network Virtualization Software

User Base Categories

  • Service Providers
  • Enterprises & Data Centers

SDN/SD-WAN Submarkets

  • SDN-Enabled Switches, Routers & Other Appliances
  • SDN Controller Software
  • SDN Orchestration Software
  • SDN Network Applications
  • SD-WAN Appliances
  • SD-WAN Control & Overlay Software

NFV Submarkets

  • NFVI (NFV Infrastructure)
  • NFV MANO (Management & Orchestration) Software
  • VNF (Virtualized Network Function) Software

Service Provider Functional Area Categories

  • CDN (Content Delivery Network)
  • CPE (Customer Premises Equipment)
  • Data Center
  • Fixed Access Network
  • IMS & VoLTE
  • Mobile Core
  • Policy Control
  • RAN (Radio Access Network)
  • Transport Network
  • Other Areas

The following regional and country markets are also covered:

Regional Markets

  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Latin & Central America
  • Middle East & Africa
  • North America
  • Western Europe

Key Questions Answered

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the SDN, NFV and network virtualization opportunity?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which regions, submarkets and countries will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • What is the status of SDN and NFV deployments across service provider, data center and enterprise networks?
  • How big is the opportunity for service provider and cloud managed SD-WAN services?
  • How are service provider-led initiatives driving SDN and NFV investments?
  • How does regulation impact the adoption of software-centric networks?
  • What level of CapEx savings can SDN and NFV facilitate for service providers?
  • Do SDN and NFV pose a threat to traditional network infrastructure vendors?
  • Who are the key market players and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should enabling technology providers, network infrastructure vendors, SDN/NFV specialists,  service providers and other ecosystem players adopt to remain competitive?

The report has the following key findings:

  • SNS Research estimates that service provider SDN and NFV investments will grow at a CAGR of approximately 45% between 2017 and 2020, eventually accounting for nearly $22 Billion in revenue by the end of 2020.
  • Spearheaded by internet giants, data center operators and large enterprises, the adoption of software-centric networking is also continuing to grow in the enterprise and data center segment. SNS Research estimates that SDN and network virtualization investments in this segment accounted for $12 Billion in 2017 alone.
  • New market players are beginning to emerge as service providers accelerate their transition to software-centric networks. For example, with their early wins in NFV-compliant mobile core and IMS platforms, companies such as Mavenir Systems and Affirmed Networks have emerged as direct competitors to established wireless network infrastructure giants.
  • With the emergence of initiatives such as the Linux Foundation's ONAP (Open Network Automation Platform), ETSI's OSM (Open-Source MANO) and SK Telecom's T-MANO, solutions are beginning to be commercialized that can perform integrated management and orchestration of VNFs from multiple vendors.

List of Companies Mentioned

  • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
  • 5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership)
  • 6WIND
  • A1 Telekom Austria Group
  • A10 Networks
  • Accedian Networks
  • Accelleran
  • Accton Technology Corporation/Edgecore Networks
  • Active Broadband Networks
  • Actus Networks
  • ADARA Networks
  • Adax
  • ADLINK Technology
  • ADTRAN
  • ADVA Optical Networking
  • Advantech
  • Affirmed Networks
  • Agema Systems
  • Airspan Networks
  • Akamai Technologies
  • ALAXALA Networks Corporation
  • Albis Technologies
  • Alepo
  • Alianza
  • Allied Telesis
  • Allot Communications
  • Alpha Networks
  • Alphabet
  • ALTEN Calsoft Labs
  • Altice Group
  • Altiostar Networks
  • Alvarion Technologies
  • AMD (Advanced Micro Devices)
  • Amdocs
  • ANEVIA
  • Apple
  • Argela
  • Aricent
  • Arista Networks
  • ARM Holdings
  • ARRIS International
  • Artesyn Embedded Technologies
  • ASF (Apache Software Foundation)
  • ASOCS
  • ASPIDER-NGI
  • Astellia
  • AT&T
  • Athonet
  • ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
  • AttoCore
  • AudioCodes
  • Avaya
  • Avi Networks
  • AWS (Amazon Web Services)
  • Axiata Group
  • Baicells Technologies
  • Baidu
  • Barefoot Networks
  • Barracuda Networks
  • BCE (Bell Canada)
  • Benu Networks
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Big Switch Networks
  • Brain4Net
  • Broadband Forum
  • Broadcom
  • Broadpeak
  • Brocade Communications Systems
  • BT Group
  • CA Technologies
  • CableLabs
  • CAICT (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology)
  • Canoga Perkins Corporation
  • Canonical
  • Casa Systems
  • Cavium
  • CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
  • Cedexis
  • Centec Networks
  • CenturyLink
  • CENX
  • Ceragon Networks
  • Certes Networks
  • CertusNet
  • Check Point Software Technologies
  • China Mobile
  • China Telecom
  • China Unicom
  • Ciena Corporation
  • CIMI Corporation
  • Cisco Systems
  • Citrix Systems
  • Clavister
  • ClearPath Networks
  • CloudGenix
  • Cloudify
  • CND (Core Network Dynamics)
  • Cobham Group
  • Cobham Wireless
  • Cohesive Networks
  • Colt Technology Services Group
  • Comcast
  • Comodo
  • Concurrent
  • Contela
  • Coriant
  • Corsa Technology
  • Cradlepoint
  • Creanord
  • Cumulus Networks
  • Cyxtera Technologies
  • DASAN Zhone Solutions
  • Datavision
  • Dell Technologies
  • Delta
  • Dialogic
  • Digicel
  • Dimetis
  • Django Software Foundation
  • Docker
  • Dorado Software
  • Druid Software
  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • DXC Technology
  • ECI Telecom
  • Edgenet
  • Edgeware
  • Ekinops
  • ELUON Corporation
  • Enea
  • ENENSYS Technologies
  • EnterpriseWeb
  • Equinix
  • Ericsson
  • Ethernity Networks
  • Etisalat
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • Exaware
  • EXFO
  • Expeto Wireless
  • Expway
  • Extreme Networks
  • F5 Networks
  • Facebook
  • FibroLAN
  • Flash Networks
  • Flex
  • Fortinet
  • FRAFOS
  • Fraunhofer FOKUS
  • FreeBSD Foundation
  • Fujitsu
  • Gigamon
  • Global Wavenet
  • Google
  • Guangzhou Iplook Technologies
  • Harmonic
  • Hitachi
  • Hitachi Vantara
  • HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • Huawei
  • HUBER+SUHNER
  • HyTrust
  • IBM Corporation
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
  • IIJ (Internet Initiative Japan)
  • Illumio
  • Imagine Communications Corporation
  • Infinera
  • Infoblox
  • Inocybe Technologies
  • Intel Corporation
  • Interface Masters Technologies
  • Intracom Telecom
  • IP Infusion
  • ip.access
  • IPgallery
  • iPhotonix
  • IPITEK
  • IRTF (Internet Research Task Force)
  • Italtel
  • ITU (International Telecommunications Union)
  • iwNetworks
  • Ixia
  • Joyent
  • Juniper Networks
  • Kanazawa University Hospital
  • KDDI Corporation
  • KEMP Technologies
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kleos
  • KPN
  • KT Corporation
  • Lanner Electronics
  • Lemko Corporation
  • Lenovo
  • LG Uplus
  • Linker Networks
  • Linux Foundation
  • Lumeta Corporation
  • Lumina Networks
  • Luminate Wireless
  • Luxoft Holding
  • Maipu Communication Technology
  • Marvell Technology Group
  • MatrixStream Technologies
  • Mavenir Systems
  • MediaTek
  • MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)
  • Megaport
  • Mellanox Technologies
  • Mesosphere
  • Metaswitch Networks
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • Midokura
  • Mirantis
  • Mojatatu Networks
  • MRV Communications
  • Mushroom Networks
  • NAKA Mobile
  • Napatech
  • NEC Corporation/Netcracker Technology
  • NetBSD Foundation
  • NETGEAR
  • Netronome
  • Netrounds
  • NETSCOUT Systems
  • Netsil
  • NetYCE
  • New H3C Group
  • NextDC
  • NFVWare
  • Ngena
  • Nokia Networks
  • Nominum
  • NoviFlow
  • NTT Communications
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • NTT Group
  • NXP Semiconductors
  • OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)
  • OCP (Open Compute Project) Foundation
  • OMG (Object Management Group)
  • Omnitron Systems
  • One2many
  • ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
  • ONUG (Open Networking User Group)
  • Ooredoo
  • Openet
  • OpenStack Foundation
  • Openwave Mobility
  • Opera Software
  • Optelian
  • Optus
  • Oracle Communications
  • Oracle Corporation
  • Orange
  • Orchestral Networks
  • OX (Open-Xchange)
  • Ozono Security
  • P4 Language Consortium
  • Packet Design
  • Packet Fabric
  • Packet Ship Technologies
  • Padtec
  • Palo Alto Networks
  • Panda Security
  • Pantheon Technologies
  • Parallel Wireless
  • PCCW Global
  • PeerApp
  • Penguin
  • Phluido
  • Pica8
  • PicoCluster
  • Pivotal Software
  • Plexxi
  • Pluribus Networks
  • Polaris Networks
  • PT (Portugal Telecom)
  • Pulse Secure
  • Qualcomm
  • Quanta Computer
  • Quortus
  • Rackspace
  • RAD Data Communications
  • RADCOM
  • Radisys Corporation
  • Radware
  • Rapid7
  • Realtek Semiconductor Corporation
  • Red Hat
  • Redknee
  • Ribbon Communications
  • RIFT.io
  • RightScale
  • Riverbed Technology
  • Ruckus Wireless
  • Saguna Networks
  • Saisei
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Sandvine
  • Sansay
  • SDN/NFV Forum, South Korea
  • Sedona Systems
  • Sencore
  • SevOne
  • SFR
  • Silver Peak
  • Singtel
  • SiRRAN Communications
  • Sistelbanda
  • SITRONICS
  • SK Telecom
  • SoftBank Group
  • Sooktha
  • Sophos
  • SpiderCloud Wireless
  • Spirent Communications
  • Sprint Corporation
  • STC (Saudi Telecom Company)
  • Stormshield
  • SunTec
  • SuperCom
  • Supermicro (Super Micro Computer)
  • Swisscom
  • Symantec Corporation
  • SysMaster
  • Tango Telecom
  • Tecore Networks
  • Tejas Networks
  • Telchemy
  • Telco Systems
  • Telcoware
  • Telecom Italia
  • Telefónica Group
  • Telenor Group
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telstra
  • TI (Texas Instruments)
  • Tieto Corporation
  • TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • TitanHQ
  • TM Forum
  • rend Micro
  • Trópico
  • TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea)
  • Turk Telekom
  • UBIqube
  • Ultra Electronics
  • UTStarcom
  • vArmour
  • Vasona Networks
  • Verizon Communications
  • Versa Networks
  • Veryx Technologies
  • VHA (Vodafone Hutchison Australia)
  • Viavi Solutions
  • VMware
  • VNC (Virtual Network Communications)
  • Vodafone Germany
  • Vodafone Group
  • WatchGuard Technologies
  • Wedge Networks
  • Windstream Communications
  • Wipro
  • Wowza Media Systems
  • Xilinx
  • XL Axiata
  • XOR Media
  • Xtera Communications
  • Zoho Corporation/WebNMS
  • ZTE

Countires Covered

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • China
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Norway
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Qatar
  • Russia
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • UAE
  • UK
  • USA

Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 30
1.1 Executive Summary 30
1.2 Topics Covered 32
1.3 Forecast Segmentation 33
1.4 Key Questions Answered 35
1.5 Key Findings 36
1.6 Methodology 37
1.7 Target Audience 38
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 39

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization 43
2.1 What is Network Virtualization? 43
2.2 What is SDN (Software Defined Networking)? 44
2.3 SDN Protocols 44
2.3.1 OpenFlow 44
2.3.2 BGP-TE (Border Gateway Protocol – Traffic Engineering) 45
2.3.3 PCEP (Path Computation Element Protocol) 45
2.3.4 I2RS (Interface to the Routing System) 46
2.3.5 VxLAN (Virtual Extensible LAN) 46
2.3.6 ALTO (Application Layer Traffic Optimization) 47
2.3.7 IETF Software Driven Networks 47
2.4 SDN Implementation Approaches 47
2.4.1 Network Virtualization Approach 48
2.4.2 Evolutionary Approach 48
2.4.3 The “Central Control” Approach 49
2.5 What is NFV (Network Functions Virtualization)? 50
2.6 NFV Enabling Technologies 51
2.6.1 Cloud Computing and Network Virtualization 51
2.6.2 Open Management and Control Protocols 51
2.6.3 Industry Standard High-Volume Servers 51
2.7 NFV Implementation Architecture 52
2.7.1 NFVI (NFV Infrastructure) 52
2.7.1.1 Hardware Resources 52
2.7.1.2 Virtualized Resources 52
2.7.2 VNFs (Virtualized Network Functions) 53
2.7.3 NFV-MANO (NFV-Management and Orchestration) 53
2.7.3.1 VIM (Virtualized Infrastructure Manager) 53
2.7.3.2 NFVO (NFV Orchestrator) 53
2.7.3.3 VNF Manager 54
2.8 How SDN and NFV Differ from Each Other? 54
2.8.1 Similarities and Differences 54
2.8.2 Can Both Technologies Complement Each Other? 55
2.8.3 How Are Vendors Positioning their Solutions? 55
2.9 Market Drivers 56
2.9.1 Leveraging Generic Low-Cost Hardware 56
2.9.2 Multi-Tenancy on Same Hardware 56
2.9.3 Reduced Power Consumption 56
2.9.4 Faster TTM (Time-to-Market) 56
2.9.5 Improved Operational Efficiency & Performance 57
2.9.6 Centralized Provisioning and Network Control 57
2.9.7 Ability to Launch New Services & Virtual Networks Quickly 57
2.9.8 Dynamic Scaling of Services 58
2.9.9 Opening the Door to Multi-vendor Interoperability 58
2.9.10 CapEx and OpEx Reduction 58
2.9.11 Fast Troubleshooting and Improved Diagnostics 58
2.9.12 Vendor Support 58
2.10 Market Barriers 59
2.10.1 Lack of Standardization & Technology Maturity 59
2.10.2 Uncertain Cost-Benefits Tradeoffs 59
2.10.3 NFV May Slow/Delay Traffic 59
2.10.4 Will Multi-vendor Interoperability Really Work? 60
2.10.5 Co-Existence with Legacy Networks: Integration Challenges 60

3 Chapter 3: SDN & NFV Use Case Scenarios 61
3.1 Enterprise, Data Center & Generic Use Cases 61
3.1.1 Network Virtualization 61
3.1.2 Data Center Optimization 61
3.1.3 SD-WAN (Software Defined WAN) 62
3.1.4 Tap Aggregation 62
3.1.5 Dynamic WAN Re-Routing 63
3.1.6 Network Exchange: Interconnecting Physical Networks 63
3.1.7 Improved Traffic Engineering 63
3.1.8 Converged Storage 64
3.2 Service Provider Centric Use Cases 65
3.2.1 vRAN (Virtualized RAN) & Cloud RAN 65
3.2.2 Wireline Fixed Access Network Virtualization 67
3.2.3 vCPE/uCPE (Virtualized & Universal Customer Premises Equipment) 67
3.2.4 Mobile Backhaul Virtualization 68
3.2.5 Mobile Core & Gi-LAN Virtualization 68
3.2.6 IMS & VoLTE Virtualization 70
3.2.7 DPI Virtualization 70
3.2.8 Policy Control Virtualization 71
3.2.9 OSS/BSS Virtualization 71
3.2.10 Virtual Routers 71
3.2.11 Virtualization & Control of Security Functions 72
3.2.12 Virtualization of CDNs (Content Delivery Networks) 72
3.2.13 MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing) 72
3.2.14 Network Slicing 73
3.2.15 Service Chaining 74
3.2.16 Bandwidth-on-Demand 75
3.2.17 Packet-Optical Integration 75
3.2.18 SDN/NFV Iaas (Infrastructure-as-a-Service) 76
3.2.19 VNFaas (VNF-as-a-Service) 77
3.2.20 VNPaaS (Virtual Network-Platform-as-a-Service) 77

4 Chapter 4: SDN & NFV Deployment Case Studies & Commitments 79
4.1 Case Studies 79
4.1.1 AT&T 79
4.1.1.1 Overview 79
4.1.1.2 Key Vendors 79
4.1.1.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 80
4.1.2 Baidu 83
4.1.2.1 Overview 83
4.1.2.2 Key Vendors 83
4.1.2.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 83
4.1.3 CenturyLink 86
4.1.3.1 Overview 86
4.1.3.2 Key Vendors 86
4.1.3.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 86
4.1.4 Equinix 90
4.1.4.1 Overview 90
4.1.4.2 Key Vendors 90
4.1.4.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 90
4.1.5 Google 93
4.1.5.1 Overview 93
4.1.5.2 Key Vendors 93
4.1.5.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 93
4.1.6 NTT Group 97
4.1.6.1 Overview 97
4.1.6.2 Key Vendors 97
4.1.6.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 97
4.1.7 SK Telecom 101
4.1.7.1 Overview 101
4.1.7.2 Key Vendors 101
4.1.7.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 101
4.1.8 Telefónica Group 105
4.1.8.1 Overview 105
4.1.8.2 Key Vendors 105
4.1.8.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 105
4.1.9 Verizon Communications 109
4.1.9.1 Overview 109
4.1.9.2 Key Vendors 109
4.1.9.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 109
4.1.10 Vodafone Group 112
4.1.10.1 Overview 112
4.1.10.2 Key Vendors 112
4.1.10.3 SDN/NFV Deployment Review 112
4.2 Review of Other SDN & NFV Commitments 115
4.2.1 Service Providers 115
4.2.1.1 A1 Telekom Austria Group 115
4.2.1.2 Altice Group 115
4.2.1.3 ASPIDER-NGI 116
4.2.1.4 Axiata Group 116
4.2.1.5 BCE (Bell Canada) 116
4.2.1.6 BT Group 116
4.2.1.7 China Mobile 117
4.2.1.8 China Telecom 117
4.2.1.9 China Unicom 117
4.2.1.10 Colt Technology Services Group 118
4.2.1.11 Comcast 118
4.2.1.12 Digicel 118
4.2.1.13 DT (Deutsche Telekom) 119
4.2.1.14 Etisalat 119
4.2.1.15 IIJ (Internet Initiative Japan) 119
4.2.1.16 KDDI Corporation 120
4.2.1.17 KPN 120
4.2.1.18 KT Corporation 120
4.2.1.19 LG Uplus 121
4.2.1.20 NAKA Mobile 121
4.2.1.21 Ngena 121
4.2.1.22 Ooredoo 121
4.2.1.23 Orange 122
4.2.1.24 PCCW Global 122
4.2.1.25 Singtel 122
4.2.1.26 SoftBank Group 123
4.2.1.27 Sprint Corporation 123
4.2.1.28 STC (Saudi Telecom Company) 123
4.2.1.29 Swisscom 124
4.2.1.30 Telecom Italia 124
4.2.1.31 Telenor Group 124
4.2.1.32 Telstra 125
4.2.1.33 Turk Telekom 125
4.2.1.34 Windstream Communications 126
4.2.2 Enterprises & Data Centers 127
4.2.2.1 Internet Giants 127
4.2.2.2 Data Center Operators 128
4.2.2.3 Large Enterprises 129
4.2.2.4 SMEs (Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises) 130

5 Chapter 5: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain 131
5.1 Industry Roadmap 131
5.1.1 Pre-2020: Moving Towards Network-Wide Orchestration 131
5.1.2 2020 – 2025: Large-Scale Service Provider Rollouts 132
5.1.3 2025 – 2030: Continued Investments with 5G & Next Generation Network Rollouts 132
5.2 Value Chain 133
5.2.1 Enabling Technology Providers 133
5.2.2 Pure-Play SDN & NFV Specialists 134
5.2.3 Network Infrastructure Vendors 134
5.2.4 IT Industry Giants 135
5.2.5 Mobile Infrastructure Vendors 135
5.2.6 Policy, OSS, BSS & Other Software Vendors 135
5.2.7 Enterprises 136
5.2.8 Service Providers 136
5.2.9 Data Center Operators 136

6 Chapter 6: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives 137
6.1 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) 137
6.1.1 End-to-End Management for Virtualized 3GPP Networks 137
6.2 5G PPP (5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership) 138
6.2.1 SDN / NFV WG (Working Group) 138
6.2.2 Key Projects Focusing on the Use of SDN & NFV 138
6.3 ASF (Apache Software Foundation) 141
6.3.1 Mesos 141
6.3.2 ARIA TOSCA 141
6.3.3 CloudStack 142
6.4 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions) 142
6.4.1 NFV-F (NFV Forum) 142
6.5 Broadband Forum 143
6.5.1 TR-317 & TR-328: vCPE Implementation 143
6.5.2 SDN and NFV Work Area 143
6.5.2.1 CloudCO (Cloud Central Office) 144
6.5.2.2 Migration to SDN-Enabled Management and Control 144
6.5.2.3 FANS (Fixed Access Network Sharing) 145
6.5.2.4 Support for SDN in Access Network Nodes 145
6.5.2.5 YANG Models for SDN in Access Nodes 145
6.5.3 Other Work 146
6.6 CableLabs 146
6.6.1 SNAPS (SDN/NFV Application development Platform and Stack) 146
6.7 CAICT (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology) 147
6.7.1 SDNFVIA (SDN/NFV Industry Alliance) 147
6.8 CloudNFV & ExperiaSphere 147
6.8.1 Open Platform for NFV 148
6.8.2 Service-Layer Based MANO 149
6.9 Django Software Foundation 149
6.9.1 Django Web Framework 149
6.10 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) 150
6.10.1 NFV ISG (Industry Specification Group) 150
6.10.1.1 Release 1 151
6.10.1.2 Release 2 151
6.10.1.3 Release 3 151
6.10.2 OSM (Open Source MANO) Group 152
6.10.3 ZSM (Zero touch network and Service Management) ISG 152
6.11 FreeBSD Foundation 153
6.11.1 FreeBSD Operating System 153
6.12 IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 153
6.12.1 IEEE SDN Initiative 153
6.12.2 IEEE 1903: NGSON (Next Generation Service Overlay Networks) 154
6.12.3 IEEE 1913: SDQC (Software-Defined Quantum Communication) 154
6.12.4 IEEE 1915.1, 1916.1 & 1917.1: Standards for SDN/NFV Security, Performance & Reliability 154
6.12.5 IEEE 1921.1: SDN Bootstrapping Procedures 155
6.12.6 IEEE 1930.1: SDN based Middleware for Control and Management 155
6.12.7 Other Standards & Recommended Practices 155
6.13 IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) & IRTF (Internet Research Task Force) 156
6.13.1 SDN Protocols, Working Groups, & Research Programs 156
6.13.2 NFV Working Groups & Research Programs 157
6.14 ITU (International Telecommunications Union) 158
6.14.1 Standardization Activities for SDN & Network Virtualization 158
6.14.1.1 JCA-SDN (Joint Coordination Activity on Software-Defined Networking) 158
6.14.1.2 SG (Study Group) 13 on Future Networks 158
6.14.1.3 SG (Study Group) 11: Signaling Requirements, Protocols & Test Specifications 159
6.14.1.4 Other Study Groups: Transport, Multimedia & Security 159
6.15 Linux Foundation 160
6.15.1 ODL (OpenDayLight) 160
6.15.2 OpenContrail 161
6.15.3 OPNFV (Open Platform for NFV) 162
6.15.4 ONAP (Open Network Automation Platform) 163
6.15.5 CNCF (Cloud Native Computing Foundation) 164
6.15.5.1 Kubernetes 164
6.15.6 Cloud Foundry Foundation 165
6.15.6.1 CF (Cloud Foundry) Application Runtime 165
6.15.6.2 CF Container Runtime 165
6.15.6.3 CF BOSH & Other Projects 166
6.15.7 ONOS (Open Network Operating System) 166
6.15.8 OCI (Open Container Initiative) 167
6.15.9 CORD (Central Office Re-architected as a Datacenter) 167
6.15.10 Open Switch 168
6.15.11 Open vSwitch 168
6.15.12 DPDK (Data Plane Development Kit) 168
6.15.13 FD.io (Fast Data Project) 169
6.15.14 Xen Project 169
6.15.14.1 Xen Hypervisor 169
6.15.14.2 Xen Cloud Platform 169
6.15.14.3 XAPI 170
6.15.14.4 Mirage OS 170
6.15.14.5 Unikraft 170
6.15.14.6 Xen ARM 170
6.15.15 Node.js 171
6.15.16 Other Relevant Projects & Specifications 171
6.16 MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum) 171
6.16.1 Third Network Vision 171
6.16.1.1 Third Network Orchestration Services 172
6.16.1.2 LSO (Lifecycle Services Orchestration) Framework, APIs & SDKs 172
6.16.1.3 Inter-Provider LSO Sonata APIs & SDK 172
6.16.1.4 Intra-Provider LSO Presto APIs & SDK 173
6.16.1.5 Software-Driven Reference Implementations and MEFnet 173
6.17 NetBSD Foundation 174
6.17.1 NetBSD Operating System 174
6.18 OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) 174
6.18.1 TOSCA (Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications) 174
6.19 OCP (Open Compute Project) Foundation 175
6.19.1 Telco Project 175
6.19.2 Networking Project 176
6.20 OMG (Object Management Group) 177
6.20.1 SDN Working Group 177
6.21 ONF (Open Networking Foundation) 178
6.21.1 Software Defined Standards 178
6.21.1.1 OpenFlow 178
6.21.1.2 Other Recommendations & Publications 178
6.21.2 Platforms 179
6.21.2.1 CORD (Central Office Re-Architected as a Datacenter) 179
6.21.2.2 CORD-XOS 179
6.21.2.3 CORD-Trellis 179
6.21.2.4 ONOS (Open Network Operating System) 180
6.21.2.5 MININET 180
6.21.3 Solutions 181
6.21.3.1 R-CORD, M-CORD & E-CORD 181
6.21.3.2 ODTN (Open Disaggregated Transport Network) 181
6.21.4 Incubator Projects 182
6.21.4.1 Delta 182
6.21.4.2 Information Modeling 182
6.21.4.3 iSDX 182
6.21.4.4 Open Datapath 182
6.21.4.5 Open Transport Configuration & Control 183
6.22 ONUG (Open Networking User Group) 183
6.22.1 ONUG Working Groups 183
6.22.1.1 OSE (Open SD-WAN Exchange) 183
6.22.1.2 M&A (Monitoring & Analytics) 184
6.22.1.3 S-DSS (Software-Defined Security Services) 184
6.22.1.4 HMC (Hybrid Multi-Cloud) 184
6.22.1.5 Container 184
6.23 OpenStack Foundation 185
6.23.1 OpenStack Operating System 185
6.23.1.1 Compute 185
6.23.1.2 Storage, Backup & Recovery 186
6.23.1.3 Networking & Content Delivery 187
6.23.1.4 Data & Analytics 188
6.23.1.5 Security, Identity & Compliance 188
6.23.1.6 Management Tools 189
6.23.1.7 Deployment Tools 190
6.23.1.8 Application Services 190
6.23.1.9 Monitoring & Metering 191
6.24 P4 Language Consortium 192
6.24.1 P4 Programming Language for Network Switches 192
6.25 SDN/NFV Forum, South Korea 192
6.25.1 Committees & Working Groups 193
6.26 TIP (Telecom Infra Project) 193
6.26.1 Use of SDN & NFV in Access, Transport & Core Networks 193
6.27 TM Forum 194
6.27.1 ZOOM (Zero-touch Orchestration, Operations and Management) Project 194
6.27.2 Core Frameworx 195
6.27.3 Virtualization Proof-of-Concept Catalysts 195
6.28 TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea) 195
6.28.1 PG220 (Future Internet Project Group) 196
6.29 Vendor Led Initiatives & Ecosystem Programs 196
6.29.1 ADTRAN's Mosaic Open Network Alliance 196
6.29.2 ADVA's Ensemble Harmony Ecosystem 197
6.29.3 Amdocs' NFV Partner Program 197
6.29.4 Big Switch Networks' Open Source Projects 197
6.29.4.1 ONL (Open Network Linux) 197
6.29.4.2 Project Floodlight & Others 198
6.29.5 Canonical's Open Source Projects 198
6.29.5.1 Ubuntu 198
6.29.5.2 Juju 199
6.29.5.3 Linux Containers 199
6.29.6 Ciena Blue Orbit Ecosystem 199
6.29.7 Cloudify's Open-Source NFV Orchestration Platform 200
6.29.8 Docker's Partner Program & Moby Project 200
6.29.9 HPE's OpenNFV Partner Program & SDN Ecosystem Alliance 201
6.29.9.1 OpenNFV Partner Program 201
6.29.9.2 SDN Ecosystem Alliance 201
6.29.10 Intel's Network, Cloud, Fabric & Storage Builders Programs 201
6.29.11 Juniper's Data Center, Cloud, and NFV Partner Program 202
6.29.12 Midokura's MidoNet 202
6.29.13 NEC/NetCracker's Ecosystem 2.0 & SDN Partner Space 203
6.29.13.1 Ecosystem 2.0 203
6.29.13.2 SDN Partner Space 203
6.29.14 Nokia's CloudBand Ecosystem & VSP Integration Partner Program 204
6.29.14.1 CloudBand Ecosystem 204
6.29.14.2 VSP Integration Partner Program 204
6.29.15 Red Hat's NFV Ecosystem & Open-Source Projects 205
6.29.15.1 NFV Ecosystem 205
6.29.15.2 OpenShift 205
6.29.15.3 Fedora 206
6.29.16 Wind River's Titanium Cloud Ecosystem 206

7 Chapter 7: Company Profiles 208
7.1 6WIND 208
7.2 A10 Networks 210
7.3 Accedian Networks 211
7.4 Accelleran 212
7.5 Accton Technology Corporation/Edgecore Networks 213
7.6 Actus Networks 214
7.7 ADARA Networks 215
7.8 Adax 216
7.9 ADLINK Technology 217
7.1 ADTRAN 218
7.11 ADVA Optical Networking 219
7.12 Advantech 220
7.13 Affirmed Networks 221
7.14 Airspan Networks 223
7.15 Akamai Technologies 225
7.16 ALAXALA Networks Corporation 226
7.17 Albis Technologies 227
7.18 Alepo 228
7.19 Alianza 230
7.2 Allied Telesis 231
7.21 Allot Communications 232
7.22 Alpha Networks 233
7.23 ALTEN Calsoft Labs 234
7.24 Altiostar Networks 235
7.25 Alvarion Technologies 236
7.26 AMD (Advanced Micro Devices) 237
7.27 Amdocs 238
7.28 ANEVIA 239
7.29 Argela 240
7.3 Aricent 241
7.31 Arista Networks 242
7.32 ARM Holdings 243
7.33 ARRIS International 244
7.34 Artesyn Embedded Technologies 245
7.35 ASOCS 247
7.36 Astellia 248
7.37 Athonet 249
7.38 AttoCore 250
7.39 AudioCodes 251
7.4 Avaya 252
7.41 Avi Networks 253
7.42 AWS (Amazon Web Services) 254
7.43 Baicells Technologies 255
7.44 Barefoot Networks 256
7.45 Barracuda Networks 257
7.46 Benu Networks 258
7.47 Big Switch Networks 259
7.48 Brain4Net 260
7.49 Broadcom 261
7.5 Broadpeak 263
7.51 CA Technologies 264
7.52 Canoga Perkins Corporation 265
7.53 Canonical 266
7.54 Casa Systems 267
7.55 CCN (Cirrus Core Networks) 268
7.56 Cedexis 269
7.57 Centec Networks 270
7.58 CENX 271
7.59 Ceragon Networks 272
7.6 Certes Networks 273
7.61 CertusNet 274
7.62 Check Point Software Technologies 275
7.63 Ciena Corporation 276
7.64 Cisco Systems 278
7.65 Citrix Systems 280
7.66 Clavister 281
7.67 ClearPath Networks 282
7.68 CloudGenix 283
7.69 Cloudify 284
7.7 CND (Core Network Dynamics) 286
7.71 Cobham Group 288
7.72 Cohesive Networks 289
7.73 Colt Technology Services Group 290
7.74 Comodo 291
7.75 Concurrent 292
7.76 Contela 293
7.77 Coriant 294
7.78 Corsa Technology 295
7.79 Cradlepoint 296
7.8 Creanord 297
7.81 Cumulus Networks 298
7.82 Cyxtera Technologies 299
7.83 DASAN Zhone Solutions 300
7.84 Datavision 301
7.85 Dell Technologies 302
7.86 Delta 303
7.87 Dialogic 304
7.88 Dimetis 305
7.89 Docker 306
7.9 Dorado Software 307
7.91 Druid Software 308
7.92 DXC Technology 309
7.93 ECI Telecom 310
7.94 Edgeware 311
7.95 Ekinops 312
7.96 ELUON Corporation 313
7.97 Enea 315
7.98 ENENSYS Technologies 316
7.99 EnterpriseWeb 317
7.1 Ericsson 318
7.101 Ethernity Networks 319
7.102 Exaware 321
7.103 EXFO 322
7.104 Expeto Wireless 323
7.105 Expway 324
7.106 Extreme Networks 325
7.107 F5 Networks 327
7.108 FibroLAN 328
7.109 Flash Networks 329
7.11 Flex 330
7.111 Fortinet 331
7.112 FRAFOS 332
7.113 Fraunhofer FOKUS 333
7.114 Fujitsu 335
7.115 Gigamon 336
7.116 Global Wavenet 337
7.117 Guangzhou Iplook Technologies 338
7.118 Harmonic 339
7.119 Hitachi 340
7.12 HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) 341
7.121 Huawei 343
7.122 HUBER+SUHNER 345
7.123 HyTrust 347
7.124 IBM Corporation 348
7.125 Illumio 349
7.126 Imagine Communications Corporation 350
7.127 Infinera 351
7.128 Infoblox 352
7.129 Inocybe Technologies 353
7.13 Intel Corporation 354
7.131 Interface Masters Technologies 356
7.132 Intracom Telecom 357
7.133 IP Infusion 358
7.134 ip.access 360
7.135 IPgallery 362
7.136 iPhotonix 363
7.137 IPITEK 364
7.138 Italtel 365
7.139 iwNetworks 366
7.14 Juniper Networks 367
7.141 KEMP Technologies 369
7.142 Keysight Technologies 370
7.143 Kleos 372
7.144 Lanner Electronics 373
7.145 Lemko Corporation 374
7.146 Lenovo 375
7.147 Linker Networks 376
7.148 Lumeta Corporation 377
7.149 Lumina Networks 378
7.15 Luminate Wireless 379
7.151 Luxoft Holding 380
7.152 Maipu Communication Technology 381
7.153 Marvell Technology Group 382
7.154 MatrixStream Technologies 384
7.155 Mavenir Systems 385
7.156 MediaTek 387
7.157 Megaport 388
7.158 Mellanox Technologies 389
7.159 Mesosphere 391
7.16 Metaswitch Networks 392
7.161 Microsoft Corporation 393
7.162 Midokura 394
7.163 Mirantis 395
7.164 Mojatatu Networks 396
7.165 MRV Communications 397
7.166 Mushroom Networks 398
7.167 Napatech 399
7.168 NEC Corporation/Netcracker Technology 400
7.169 NETGEAR 402
7.17 Netronome 403
7.171 Netrounds 404
7.172 NETSCOUT Systems 405
7.173 Netsil 406
7.174 NetYCE 407
7.175 New H3C Group 408
7.176 NFVWare 409
7.177 Nokia Networks 410
7.178 Nominum 412
7.179 NoviFlow 413
7.18 NTT Communications 414
7.181 NXP Semiconductors 415
7.182 Omnitron Systems 416
7.183 One2many 417
7.184 Openet 418
7.185 Openwave Mobility 419
7.186 Opera Software 420
7.187 Optelian 421
7.188 Oracle Corporation 422
7.189 Orchestral Networks 423
7.19 OX (Open-Xchange) 424
7.191 Ozono Security 425
7.192 Packet Design 426
7.193 Packet Ship Technologies 427
7.194 Padtec 428
7.195 Palo Alto Networks 429
7.196 Panda Security 430
7.197 Pantheon Technologies 431
7.198 Parallel Wireless 432
7.199 PeerApp 433
7.2 Penguin 434
7.201 Phluido 435
7.202 Pica8 437
7.203 PicoCluster 438
7.204 Pivotal Software 439
7.205 Plexxi 441
7.206 Pluribus Networks 442
7.207 Polaris Networks 443
7.208 Pulse Secure 445
7.209 Qualcomm 446
7.21 Quanta Computer 447
7.211 Quortus 448
7.212 Rackspace 449
7.213 RAD Data Communications 450
7.214 RADCOM 451
7.215 Radisys Corporation 452
7.216 Radware 454
7.217 Rapid7 455
7.218 Realtek Semiconductor Corporation 456
7.219 Red Hat 457
7.22 Redknee 459
7.221 Ribbon Communications 460
7.222 RIFT.io 462
7.223 RightScale 463
7.224 Riverbed Technology 464
7.225 Ruckus Wireless 465
7.226 Saguna Networks 466
7.227 Saisei 467
7.228 Samsung Electronics 468
7.229 Sandvine 470
7.23 Sansay 471
7.231 Sedona Systems 472
7.232 Sencore 473
7.233 SevOne 474
7.234 Silver Peak 475
7.235 SiRRAN Communications 476
7.236 Sistelbanda 477
7.237 SITRONICS 478
7.238 Sooktha 479
7.239 Sophos 480
7.24 SpiderCloud Wireless 481
7.241 Spirent Communications 482
7.242 Stormshield 483
7.243 SunTec 484
7.244 Supermicro (Super Micro Computer) 485
7.245 Symantec Corporation 486
7.246 SysMaster 487
7.247 Tango Telecom 488
7.248 Tecore Networks 489
7.249 Tejas Networks 490
7.25 Telchemy 491
7.251 Telco Systems 493
7.252 Telcoware 494
7.253 Telrad Networks 495
7.254 TI (Texas Instruments) 496
7.255 Tieto Corporation 497
7.256 TitanHQ 498
7.257 Trend Micro 499
7.258 Trópico 500
7.259 UBIqube 502
7.26 Ultra Electronics 503
7.261 UTStarcom 504
7.262 vArmour 506
7.263 Vasona Networks 507
7.264 Versa Networks 508
7.265 Veryx Technologies 509
7.266 Viavi Solutions 510
7.267 VMware 511
7.268 VNC (Virtual Network Communications) 513
7.269 WatchGuard Technologies 514
7.27 Wedge Networks 515
7.271 Wipro 516
7.272 Wowza Media Systems 517
7.273 Xilinx 518
7.274 XOR Media 520
7.275 Xtera Communications 521
7.276 Zoho Corporation/WebNMS 522
7.277 ZTE 523

8 Chapter 8: Market Analysis & Forecasts 524
8.1 Global Outlook for SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 524
8.2 User Base Segmentation 525
8.2.1 Enterprises & Data Centers 526
8.2.2 Service Providers 526
8.3 Submarket Segmentation 527
8.3.1 SDN/SD-WAN Hardware & Software 528
8.3.2 NFV Hardware & Software 528
8.3.3 Other Network Virtualization Software 529
8.3.4 Service Provider Submarket Segmentation 530
8.4 SDN & SD-WAN User Base Revenue: 2017 – 2030 531
8.4.1 Service Provider SDN/SD-WAN 532
8.4.2 Enterprise & Data Center SDN/SD-WAN 532
8.5 SDN & SD-WAN Submarket Revenue: 2017 – 2030 533
8.5.1 SDN-Enabled Switches, Routers & Other Appliances 534
8.5.2 SDN Controller Software 534
8.5.3 SDN Orchestration Software 535
8.5.4 SDN Network Applications 535
8.5.5 SD-WAN Appliances 536
8.5.6 SD-WAN Control & Overlay Software 536
8.6 NFV Submarket Revenue: 2017 – 2030 537
8.6.1 NFVI (NFV Infrastructure) 538
8.6.2 NFV MANO (Management & Orchestration) Software 538
8.6.3 VNF (Virtualized Network Function) Software 539
8.7 Functional Area Segmentation for Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue: 2017 – 2030 540
8.7.1 CDN 541
8.7.2 CPE 541
8.7.3 Data Center 542
8.7.4 Fixed Access Network 542
8.7.5 IMS & VoLTE 543
8.7.6 Mobile Core 543
8.7.7 Policy Control 544
8.7.8 RAN 544
8.7.9 Transport Network 545
8.7.10 Others 545
8.8 Regional Outlook 546
8.9 Asia Pacific SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 547
8.9.1 Australia 547
8.9.2 China 548
8.9.3 India 548
8.9.4 Japan 549
8.9.5 South Korea 549
8.9.6 Pakistan 550
8.9.7 Thailand 550
8.9.8 Indonesia 551
8.9.9 Malaysia 551
8.9.10 Taiwan 552
8.9.11 Philippines 552
8.9.12 Singapore 553
8.9.13 Rest of Asia Pacific 553
8.10 Eastern Europe SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 554
8.10.1 Czech Republic 554
8.10.2 Poland 555
8.10.3 Russia 555
8.10.4 Rest of Eastern Europe 556
8.11 Latin & Central America SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 557
8.11.1 Argentina 557
8.11.2 Brazil 558
8.11.3 Mexico 558
8.11.4 Rest of Latin & Central America 559
8.12 Middle East & Africa SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 560
8.12.1 South Africa 560
8.12.2 UAE 561
8.12.3 Qatar 561
8.12.4 Saudi Arabia 562
8.12.5 Israel 562
8.12.6 Rest of the Middle East & Africa 563
8.13 North America SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 564
8.13.1 USA 564
8.13.2 Canada 565
8.14 Western Europe SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 566
8.14.1 Denmark 566
8.14.2 Finland 567
8.14.3 France 567
8.14.4 Germany 568
8.14.5 Italy 568
8.14.6 Spain 569
8.14.7 Sweden 569
8.14.8 Norway 570
8.14.9 UK 570
8.14.10 Rest of Western Europe 571

9 Chapter 9: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 572
9.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow? 572
9.2 Will SDN & NFV Disrupt the Network Infrastructure Value Chain? 572
9.3 Is There a Ring Leader in the SDN & NFV Ecosystem? 573
9.4 Facilitating Fixed-Mobile Network Convergence 574
9.5 Buyers Will Maintain Focus on Business Agility & CapEx Reduction 574
9.6 Will Proprietary Hardware Platforms Continue to Exist? 575
9.7 Functional Area Adoption Trends 575
9.7.1 vCPEs & uCPEs 575
9.7.2 SD-WAN 576
9.7.3 Data Center SDN 577
9.7.4 vIMS 577
9.7.5 vEPC 578
9.7.6 vCDN 579
9.7.7 Cloud RAN 579
9.7.8 Other Use Cases 580
9.8 How Much CapEx Can Service Providers Save with SDN & NFV Investments? 582
9.9 The Importance of Interoperable MANO Platforms 583
9.10 Strategic Recommendations 584
9.10.1 Recommendations for Enabling Technology Providers 584
9.10.2 Recommendations for Network Infrastructure Vendors & IT Giants 584
9.10.3 Recommendations for Pure-Play SDN & NFV Specialists 585
9.10.4 Recommendations for Enterprises & Data Center Operators 585
9.10.5 Recommendations for Service Providers 586

List of Chart

Figure 1: The NFV Concept 52
Figure 2: A Comparison of SDN and NFV 56
Figure 3: vRAN Architecture 67
Figure 4: Cloud RAN Concept 68
Figure 5: Virtualized and Non-Virtualized Mobile Core Networks 71
Figure 6: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks 75
Figure 7: Key Functional Elements of AT&T's FlexWare uCPE 82
Figure 8: Baidu's SDN-Capable IDC (Internet Data Center) Transport Network 86
Figure 9: Key Components of CenturyLink's PSB (Programmable Services Backbone) Architecture 89
Figure 10: CenturyLink's SD-WAN Service 90
Figure 11: ECX Fabric (Equinix Cloud Exchange Fabric) Framework 93
Figure 12: Key Pillar's of Google's SDN Strategy 96
Figure 13: Google's Espresso Peering Edge Architecture 97
Figure 14: NTT Communications' Hybrid Cloud Service 100
Figure 15: NTT Communications' SD-Exchange (Software Defined-Exchange) 101
Figure 16: Evolution of SK Telecom's Infrastructure: COSMOS and ATSCALE 104
Figure 17: SK Telecom’s SDRAN (Software Defined RAN) Architecture 106
Figure 18: Telefónica's UNICA Infrastructure Platform 108
Figure 19: Telefónica's NFV Development Roadmap 109
Figure 20: Verizon's SDN-NFV High Level Architecture 112
Figure 21: Conceptual Layers of Vodafone's  SDN & NFV Architecture 115
Figure 22: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Industry Roadmap: 2017 – 2030 133
Figure 23: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Value Chain 135
Figure 24: CloudNFV Architecture 150
Figure 25: ETSI NFV Architecture 152
Figure 26: Global SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 526
Figure 27: Global SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue by User Base: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 527
Figure 28: Global Enterprise & Data Center SDN & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 29: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 30: Global SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 529
Figure 31: Global SDN/SD-WAN Hardware & Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 530
Figure 32: Global NFV Hardware & Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 530
Figure 33: Global Other Network Virtualization Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 531
Figure 34: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 35: Global SDN & SD-WAN Revenue by User Base: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 36: Global Service Provider SDN/SD-WAN Hardware & Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 37: Global Enterprise & Data Center SDN/SD-WAN Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 38: Global SDN & SD-WAN Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 535
Figure 39: Global SDN-Enabled Switch, Router & Other Appliance Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 40: Global SDN Controller Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 41: Global SDN Orchestration Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 42: Global SDN Network Applications Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 43: Global SD-WAN Appliance Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 44: Global SD-WAN Control & Overlay Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 45: Global NFV Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 46: Global NFVI (NFV Infrastructure) Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 540
Figure 47: Global NFV MANO (Management & Orchestration) Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 540
Figure 48: Global VNF (Virtualized Network Function) Software Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 541
Figure 49: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue by Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 50: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the CDN Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 51: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the CPE  Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 52: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Data Center Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 544
Figure 53: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Fixed Access Network Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 544
Figure 54: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the IMS & VoLTE Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 545
Figure 55: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Mobile Core Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 545
Figure 56: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Policy Control Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 57: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the RAN Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 58: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Transport Network Functional Area: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 547
Figure 59: Global Service Provider SDN & NFV Revenue in the Other Areas: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 547
Figure 60: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 548
Figure 61: Asia Pacific SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 62: Australia SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 63: China SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 550
Figure 64: India SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 550
Figure 65: Japan SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 551
Figure 66: South Korea SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 551
Figure 67: Pakistan SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 68: Thailand SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 69: Indonesia SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 70: Malaysia SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 71: Taiwan SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 554
Figure 72: Philippines SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 554
Figure 73: Singapore SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 555
Figure 74: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue in the Rest of Asia Pacific: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 555
Figure 75: Eastern Europe SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 556
Figure 76: Czech Republic SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 556
Figure 77: Poland SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 557
Figure 78: Russia SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 557
Figure 79: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue in the Rest of Eastern Europe: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 558
Figure 80: Latin & Central America SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 81: Argentina SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 82: Brazil SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 560
Figure 83: Mexico SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 560
Figure 84: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue in the Rest of Latin & Central America: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 561
Figure 85: Middle East & Africa SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 86: South Africa SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 87: UAE SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 88: Qatar SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 89: Saudi Arabia SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 564
Figure 90: Israel SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 564
Figure 91: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue in the Rest of the Middle East & Africa: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 565
Figure 92: North America SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 566
Figure 93: USA SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 566
Figure 94: Canada SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 567
Figure 95: Western Europe SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 568
Figure 96: Denmark SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 568
Figure 97: Finland SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 98: France SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 99: Germany SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 570
Figure 100: Italy SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 570
Figure 101: Spain SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 571
Figure 102: Sweden SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 571
Figure 103: Norway SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 104: UK SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 105: SDN, NFV & Network Virtualization Revenue in the Rest of Western Europe: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 106: Global SD-WAN Service Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 578
Figure 107: Global Virtualized Mobile Core Investments by Technology: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 580
Figure 108: Global Cloud RAN Investments by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 109: Global SDN & NFV Induced Service Provider CapEx Savings Potential: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million) 584

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