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The Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2018 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts

Published By :

SNS Telecom & IT

Published Date : Feb 2018

Category :

ICT

No. of Pages : 904 Pages

With the standardization of capabilities such as MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) by the 3GPP, LTE is increasingly being viewed as an all-inclusive critical communications platform for the delivery of multiple mission-critical services ranging from PTT group communications to real-time video surveillance, and organizations across the critical communications industry – from public safety agencies to railway operators – are making sizeable investments in private LTE and 5G-ready networks.

By providing authority over wireless coverage and capacity, private LTE and 5G networks can ensure guaranteed connectivity, while supporting a wide range of applications and usage scenarios. Small-scale private LTE and 5G-ready networks are also beginning to be deployed in industrial IoT (Internet of Things) settings – where LTE and 5G can fulfill the stringent reliability, availability and low latency requirements for connectivity in industrial control and automation systems, besides supporting mobility for robotics and machines.

In addition, with the emergence of capabilities such as multi-operator small cells and shared/unlicensed spectrum access schemes,  the use of private LTE and 5G networks – in enterprise buildings, campuses and public venues, for localized connectivity – is expected to grow significantly over the coming years.

Expected to surpass $2.5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2018, private LTE and 5G networks are increasingly becoming the preferred approach to deliver wireless connectivity for critical communications, industrial IoT, enterprise & campus environments, and public venues.  SNS Telecom & IT estimates that the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 30% between 2018 and 2021, eventually accounting for more than $5 Billion by the end of 2021.

The “Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2018 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the private LTE and 5G network ecosystem including market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, vertical market opportunities, applications, key trends, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, deployment case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for private LTE and 5G network infrastructure investments from 2018 till 2030. The forecasts cover 3 submarkets, 10 vertical markets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Topics Covered

The report covers the following topics:

  • Private LTE & 5G network ecosystem
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • Architectural components and operational models for private LTE & 5G networks
  • Analysis of vertical markets and applications – ranging from mobile broadband and mission-critical voice to domain-specific applications such as the delay-sensitive control of railway infrastructure
  • Key enabling technologies and concepts including MCPTT, deployable LTE/5G systems, eMTC, NB-IoT, unlicensed/shared spectrum, neutral-host small cells and network slicing
  • Review of private LTE & 5G network engagements worldwide, including case studies of 30 live networks
  • Spectrum availability, allocation and usage for private LTE & 5G networks
  • Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
  • Industry roadmap and value chain
  • Profiles and strategies of over 440 ecosystem players including LTE/5G network infrastructure OEMs and vertical-domain specialists
  • Strategic recommendations for end users, LTE/5G network infrastructure OEMs, system integrators and commercial/private mobile operators
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2018 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Submarkets

  • RAN (Radio Access Network)
  • Mobile Core
  • Mobile Backhaul & Transport

Technology

  • LTE
  • 5G

Vertical Markets

Critical Communications & Industrial IoT

  • Public Safety
  • Military
  • Energy
  • Utilities
  • Mining
  • Transportation
  • Factories & Warehousing
  • Others

Enterprise & Campus Environments

Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts

Regional Markets

  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Middle East & Africa
  • Latin & Central America
  •  North America
  • Western Europe

Key Questions Answered

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the private LTE & 5G network opportunity?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2021 and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which vertical markets will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • How will unlicensed and shared spectrum schemes – such as CBRS in the United States – accelerate the adoption of private LTE & 5G networks for enterprises, public venues and neutral hosts?
  • How does standardization impact the adoption of LTE & 5G networks for critical communications and industrial IoT?
  • When will MCPTT and other 3GPP-compliant mission-critical capabilities become commercially mature for implementation?
  • What opportunities exist for commercial mobile operators in the private LTE & 5G network ecosystem?
  • Will private LTE & 5G networks replace GSM-R and other legacy technologies for railway communications?
  • What are the prospects of deployable LTE & 5G systems?
  • Who are the key market players and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should LTE/5G infrastructure OEMs, system integrators and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:

  • Expected to surpass $2.5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2018, private LTE and 5G networks are increasingly becoming the preferred approach to deliver wireless connectivity for critical communications, industrial IoT, enterprise & campus environments, and public venues.  
  • SNS Telecom & IT estimates that the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 30% between 2018 and 2021, eventually accounting for more than $5 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2021.
  • The critical communications and industrial IoT segment will continue to dominate the market in the coming years, primarily driven by the wide-area and ubiquitous coverage requirements of ongoing nationwide public safety LTE network rollouts such as FirstNet and South Korea's Safe-Net, and supported by considerable investments in the military, energy, utilities, mining and transportation sectors.
  • In the coming years, we also expect to see significant activity in the 3.5 GHz CBRS and 5 GHz unlicensed bands, to support private LTE and 5G network deployments across a range of environments, particularly enterprise buildings, public venues, factories and warehouses.
  • To avoid the high costs associated with large-scale dedicated LTE networks, governments in a number of countries – predominantly in Europe – are encouraging the adoption of secure MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) arrangements that pair private mobile core platforms with commercial LTE networks to deliver broadband capabilities for critical communications users.
  • Mobile operators are becoming ever more creative in their strategies to gain a foothold in the private LTE and 5G network ecosystem –  ranging from operated-branded critical communications LTE platforms to the BYON (Build Your Own Network) business model where mobile operators provide access to their licensed spectrum so organizations can establish their own private LTE networks in their active footprint.
  • Vertical-domain specialists are leveraging partnerships with established wireless network infrastructure OEMs –  such as Ericsson, Nokia, Huawei and Samsung – to offer end-to-end private LTE and 5G-ready network solutions.

List of Companies Mentioned

  • 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • 450 MHz Alliance
  • 450connect
  • 4K Solutions
  • A1 Telekom Austria Group
  • AAS (Amphenol Antenna Solutions)
  • Abu Dhabi Police
  • Accelleran
  • Ace Technologies Corporation
  • AceAxis
  • ACMA (Australian Communications and Media Authority)
  • Adax
  • Addis Ababa Light Rail
  • ADLINK Technology
  • ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
  • ADTRAN
  • ADVA Optical Networking
  • Advantech
  • Advantech Wireless
  • Aer Lingus
  • AeroMobile
  • Affarii Technologies
  • Affirmed Networks
  • AGURRE (Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France)
  • Air France
  • Airbus Defence and Space
  • Air-Lynx
  • Airspan Networks
  • Ajman Police
  • Alea
  • Alepo
  • Alliander
  • Allied Telesis
  • Alpha Networks
  • Alpha Technologies
  • Alphabet
  • Alstom
  • Altaeros Energies
  • Altair Semiconductor
  • ALTÁN Redes
  • Altiostar Networks
  • Alvarion Technologies
  • AM Telecom
  • Amarisoft
  • Ambra Solutions
  • Amdocs
  • América Móvil
  • American Tower Corporation
  • Anritsu Corporation
  • Ansaldo STS
  • Aptica
  • Arcadyan Technology Corporation
  • Arete M
  • Argela
  • ArgoNET
  • Aricent
  • ARM Holdings
  • Armasuisse (Federal Office for Defence Procurement, Switzerland)
  • Arqiva
  • ARRIS International
  • Artemis Networks
  • Artesyn Embedded Technologies
  • Artiza Networks
  • ASELAN
  • ASOCS
  • Assured Wireless Corporation
  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • ASTRID
  • AT&T
  • Atel Antennas
  • Athonet
  • ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
  • Atlas Telecom
  • Atos
  • AttoCore
  • Ausgrid
  • Avanti Communications Group
  • Aviat Networks
  • Azcom Technology
  • Azetti Networks
  • BAE Systems
  • Baicells Technologies
  • Barrett Communications
  • BASE (Telenet)
  • BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems)
  • BCE (Bell Canada)
  • BDBOS (Federal Agency for Public Safety Digital Radio, Germany)
  • Beach Energy
  • Beeline
  • Benetel
  • BFDX (BelFone)
  • Bilbao Metro
  • Bird Technologies
  • Bittium Corporation
  • Black & Veatch
  • Black Box Corporation
  • Blackned
  • BMVg (Federal Ministry of Defense, Germany)
  • Bombardier Transportation
  • Bravo (Public Telecommunication Company)
  • Brazilian Army
  • BridgeWave Communications
  • British Airways
  • British Army
  • Broadband Everywhere
  • Broadcom
  • BroadSoft
  • BRTI (Indonesian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority)
  • BTI Wireless
  • Bundesnetzagentur (Federal Network Agency, Germany)
  • Bundeswehr (Armed Forces, Germany)
  • Busan Transportation Corporation
  • C Spire
  • CACI International
  • CalAmp Corporation
  • Cambium Networks
  • Cambridge Consultants
  • Canadian Army
  • Casa Systems
  • Cavium
  • CBRS Alliance
  • CCI (Communication Components Inc.)
  • CCI Systems
  • CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
  • cellXica
  • CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
  • Ceragon Networks
  • Challenge Networks
  • Chemring Technology Solutions
  • China Association of Metros
  • China Southern Power Grid
  • Cielo Networks
  • Ciena Corporation
  • Cirpack
  • Cisco Systems
  • City of London Corporation
  • City of London Police
  • City of Sendai
  • CK Hutchison Holdings
  • Claro Brasil
  • Cloudstreet
  • CLP Power Hong Kong
  • CND (Core Network Dynamics)
  • Cobham Group
  • Cobham Wireless
  • Codan Radio Communications
  • Coherent Logix
  • Collinear Networks
  • Comba Telecom
  • COMLAB
  • CommAgility
  • CommScope
  • Comrod Communication Group
  • Comtech Telecommunications Corporation
  • CONET Technologies
  • Connect Tech
  • Contela
  • Coriant
  • Cornet Technology
  • Corning
  • Cradlepoint
  • CRC (Communications Research Centre Canada)
  • Crown Castle International Corporation
  • CS Corporation
  • CybertelBridge
  • CyPhy Works
  • Dali Wireless
  • DAMM Cellular Systems
  • Datang Mobile
  • DDPS (Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport, Switzerland)
  • Dell Technologies
  • Delta Electronics
  • DEPEN (National Penitentiary Department, Brazil)
  • Dialogic
  • DNA Oyj
  • DragonWave-X
  • DRDC (Defence Research and Development Canada)
  • Druid Software
  • DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
  • DSB (Directorate for Civil Protection, Norway)
  • DSTL (Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, United Kingdom)
  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • Dubai Police
  • Duons
  • EA Networks (Electricity Ashburton)
  • EchoStar Corporation
  • Ecotel
  • EE
  • EION Wireless
  • Elbit Systems
  • Elisa
  • Elta Systems
  • ELUON Corporation
  • Embraer Defense & Security
  • Enel Group
  • ENENSYS Technologies
  • Ericsson
  • Esharah Etisalat Security Solutions
  • ETELM
  • Etherstack
  • Ethertronics
  • ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • EUAR (European Union Agency for Railways)
  • EUTC (European Utilities Telecom Council)
  • Exalt Wireless
  • Excelerate Technology
  • EXFO
  • Expeto Wireless
  • Expway
  • ExteNet Systems
  • Eyecom Telecommunications Group
  • FAB (Brazilian Air Force)
  • Facebook
  • Fairwaves
  • FastBack Networks
  • Federated Wireless
  • Fenix Group
  • FFI (Defence Research Establishment, Norway)
  • Finavia
  • FinnHEMS (Helicopter Emergency Medical Services)
  • Finnish Border Guard
  • Finnish Defence Forces
  • Finnish State Railways
  • FirstNet (First Responder Network) Authority
  • Flash Private Mobile Networks
  • Foxcom
  • Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
  • Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
  • FreeWave Technologies
  • French Army
  • FRTek
  • Fujian Sunnada Network Technology
  • Fujitsu
  • Funkwerk
  • Future Technologies
  • Galtronics Corporation
  • GCT Semiconductor
  • GE (General Electric)
  • Gemtek Technology
  • Genaker
  • General Dynamics Mission Systems
  • GenXComm
  • GIKO GROUP
  • Gilat Satellite Networks
  • Globalstar
  • Gold Fields
  • Goodman Networks
  • Goodmill Systems
  • Google
  • GRENTECH
  • Groupe ADP (Aéroport de Paris)
  • GSI (GS Instech)
  • Guangzhou Iplook Technologies
  • GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)
  • Halton Regional Police Service
  • Hanjin Newport
  • Harris Corporation
  • HCL Technologies
  • Heathrow Commercial Telecoms
  • HISPASAT Group
  • Hitachi
  • Hoimyung ICT
  • Home Office, United Kingdom
  • Honeywell International
  • Hong Kong Police Force
  • Horsebridge Defence & Security
  • HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • Huawei
  • Hub One
  • Hughes Network Systems
  • Hunter Technology
  • Hytera Communications
  • IAG (International Airlines Group)
  • IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries)
  • Iberia
  • IB-RED
  • Ice Group
  • Icom
  • ICT (Islamabad Capital Territory)
  • IDF (Israel Defense Forces)
  • IDY Corporation
  • IMDA (Info-communications Media Development Authority of Singapore)
  • Indian Army
  • Indra
  • INET (Infrastructure Networks)
  • InfoVista
  • Inmarsat
  • InnoWireless
  • Intel Corporation
  • InterDigital
  • Intracom Telecom
  • ip.access
  • IPITEK
  • Iridium Communications
  • IRIS (Red Nacional de Radiocomunicación de Misión Crítica Tetrapol)
  • ISCO International
  • IS-Wireless
  • Italtel
  • ITELAZPI
  • ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
  • ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
  • Ixia
  • JMA Wireless
  • JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • Juni Global
  • Juniper Networks
  • JVCKENWOOD Corporation
  • Kantonspolizei Zürich (Cantonal Police of Zurich)
  • Kapsch CarrierCom
  • Kathrein-Werke KG
  • KBR
  • KCC (Korea Communications Commission)
  • Kenyan Police Service
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kisan Telecom
  • Klas Telecom
  • Kleos
  • KMW
  • Kodiak Networks
  • Konecranes
  • Koning & Hartman
  • Kontron S&T
  • Korail (Korea Railroad Corporation)
  • KPN
  • KPN Critical Communications
  • KRNA (Korea Rail Network Authority)
  • KRRI (Korea Railroad Research Institute)
  • KRTnet Corporation
  • KT Corporation
  • Kudelski Group
  • Kumu Networks
  • Kyocera Corporation
  • L3 Technologies
  • LCR Embedded Systems
  • Lemko Corporation
  • Leonardo
  • LG Chem
  • LG CNS
  • LG Electronics
  • LG Uplus
  • LGS Innovations
  • Ligado Networks
  • Lijiang Police
  • Lime Microsystems
  • LOCIVA
  • Lockheed Martin Corporation
  • LS telcom
  • Luminate Wireless
  • M87
  • Macquarie Group
  • Marlink
  • Martin UAV
  • Marvell Technology Group
  • Masmovil
  • Mavenir Systems
  • MCMC (Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission)
  • MediaTek
  • MegaFon
  • Mellanox Technologies
  • MER Group
  • Metaswitch Networks
  • MHA (Ministry of Home Affairs, Singapore)
  • Microlab
  • Microwave Networks
  • Ministry of Interior, France
  • Ministry of Justice, Sweden
  • MitraStar Technology Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Mobilicom
  • MoD (Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom)
  • MOLT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport, South Korea)
  • MoMe
  • Moscow Police
  • Moseley Associates
  • Motorola Solutions
  • MP Antenna
  • MRC (Mobile Radio Center)
  • MRV Communications
  • MSB (Civil Contingencies Agency, Sweden)
  • MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
  • MulteFire Alliance
  • Mutualink
  • MVM Net
  • N.A.T.
  • Nanjing Municipal Government
  • Nash Technologies
  • NEC Corporation
  • Nedaa
  • Nemergent Solutions
  • Neptune Mobile
  • Netas
  • NetMotion
  • NETSCOUT Systems
  • Netsia
  • New Postcom Equipment
  • New Zealand Police
  • Nextivity
  • NI (National Instruments)
  • Nigeria Police Force
  • Node-H
  • Nokia Networks
  • Northern Michigan University
  • Northrop Grumman Corporation
  • NuRAN Wireless
  • Nutaq Innovation
  • NVIS Communications
  • NXP Semiconductors
  • Ocado
  • Oceus Networks
  • Octasic
  • ODN (Orbital Data Network)
  • OFCOM (Federal Office of Communications, Switzerland)
  • Oman Royal Office
  • Omnitele
  • Omoco
  • One2many
  • Ooredoo
  • OpenCell
  • Optus
  • Oracle Communications
  • Orange
  • Orange Belgium (Mobistar)
  • O?arowice Government
  • PacStar (Pacific Star Communications)
  • Panasonic Avionics Corporation
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Panda Electronics Group
  • Panorama Antennas
  • Parallel Wireless
  • Parsons Corporation
  • PCTEL
  • pdvWireless
  • Pepro
  • Persistent Telecom
  • PetroChina
  • Phluido
  • Plover Bay Technologies
  • PMN (Private Mobile Networks)
  • Polaris Networks
  • Police of the Netherlands
  • Polizia di Stato (State Police, Italy)
  • Port of Durban
  • Port of Felixstowe
  • Port of Immingham
  • Port of Tianjin
  • Potevio
  • PRISMA Telecom Testing
  • Proximus
  • PSCA (Punjab Safe Cities Authority)
  • PSCE (Public Safety Communications Europe)
  • PT STI (Sampoerna Telekomunikasi Indonesia)
  • Public Safety Canada
  • Public Transport Authority of Western Australia
  • Pulse Electronics
  • Qatar Armed Forces
  • Qatar MOI (Ministry of Interior)
  • Qinetiq
  • Qingdao Police
  • Qiqihar Municipal Public Security Bureau
  • Qiqihar Police
  • Qualcomm
  • Quanta Computer
  • Qucell
  • Quintel
  • Quortus
  • RACOM Corporation
  • RAD Data Communications
  • Radio IP Software
  • Radisys Corporation
  • RADWIN
  • RAF (Royal Air Force)
  • Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
  • Rajant Corporation
  • Range Networks
  • Raycap
  • Raytheon Company
  • Red Hat
  • RED Technologies
  • REDCOM Laboratories
  • Redline Communications
  • RESCAN (Canary Islands Network for Emergency and Security)
  • Rescue 42
  • RF Window
  • RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • Ribbon Communications
  • RIKS (State Infocommunication Foundation)
  • Rio de Janeiro Fire Department
  • Rio Tinto Group
  • RIVA Networks
  • Rivada Networks
  • Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council
  • Rockwell Collins
  • Rogers Communications
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • Rohill
  • ROK Mobile
  • ROKAF (Republic of Korea Air Force)
  • Rosenberger
  • Royal Thai Police
  • Ruckus Wireless
  • Saab
  • SAF (Singapore Armed Forces)
  • Safaricom
  • Safe-Net Forum
  • SAI Technology
  • SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation)
  • Samji Electronics
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Sapient Consulting
  • SCF (Small Cell Forum)
  • Sepura
  • Sequans Communications
  • SerComm Corporation
  • SES
  • SETAR
  • Sevis Systems
  • SFR
  • Shanghai Police Department
  • Shentel (Shenandoah Telecommunications Company)
  • SHR (Shuohuang Railway)
  • SIAE Microelettronica
  • Siemens
  • Sierra Wireless
  • Signal Information & Communication Corporation
  • Siklu Communication
  • Silicom
  • Simoco Wireless Solutions
  • Singtel
  • SiRRAN
  • Sistelbanda
  • SITRONICS
  • Siyata Mobile
  • SK Telecom
  • SK Telesys
  • SLA Corporation
  • SmartSky Networks
  • Smith Micro Software
  • Softil
  • SOLiD
  • Soliton Systems
  • Sonim Technologies
  • Sooktha
  • Southern Linc
  • Space Data Corporation
  • Spanish Army
  • Spectra Group
  • Spider Cloud Wireless
  • Spirent Communications
  • Spreadtrum Communications
  • Sprint Corporation
  • SRS (Software Radio Systems)
  • Stadtpolizei Zürich (Zurich City Police)
  • Star Solutions
  • State Security Networks Group
  • STC (Saudi Telecom Company)
  • STMicroelectronics
  • sTraffic
  • StreamWIDE
  • Sumitomo Electric Industries
  • Swedish Police Authority
  • Swiss Army
  • Swisscom
  • Swisscom Broadcast
  • TacSat Networks
  • Tait Communications
  • Tampa Microwave
  • Tampnet
  • TASSTA
  • Tata Elxsi
  • TCCA (TETRA and Critical Communications Association)
  • TCL Communication
  • TCOM
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Técnicas Competitivas
  • Tecom
  • Tecore Networks
  • TEKTELIC Communications
  • Telco Systems
  • Tele2 Russia
  • Telefónica Group
  • Telenor Group
  • Telenor Maritime
  • Telia Finland
  • Tellabs
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telstra
  • Teltronic
  • Telum
  • Telus Corporation
  • TEN (Texas Energy Network)
  • TESSCO Technologies
  • Thales
  • Three Italy
  • TI (Texas Instruments)
  • TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
  • TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • TLC Solutions
  • T-Mobile USA
  • Transnet
  • Trópico
  • TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea)
  • Turk Telekom
  • Turkcell
  • Turkish National Police Force
  • U.S. Air Force
  • U.S. Army
  • U.S. Cellular
  • U.S. Coast Guard
  • U.S. Department of Commerce
  • U.S. DoD (Department of Defense)
  • U.S. FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
  • U.S. Marines Corps
  • U.S. Navy
  • U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
  • U.S. NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)
  • U.S. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)
  • UANGEL
  • UIC (International Union of Railways)
  • UK Broadband
  • Ukkoverkot
  • URSYS
  • USSOCOM (U.S. Special Operations Command)
  • UTC (Utilities Telecom Council)
  • Utility Associates
  • Utility Connect
  • Vanu
  • Vencore Labs
  • VEON
  • Verizon Communications
  • ViaSat
  • Viavi Solutions
  • Vientiane Municipal Government
  • Vientiane Municipal Police
  • VMware
  • VNC (Virtual Network Communications)
  • VNL (Vihaan Networks Limited)
  • Vodacom Group
  • Vodafone Group
  • Vodafone Hutchison Australia
  • Vodafone New Zealand
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • Vueling
  • Warid Telecom
  • Weijiamao Coal Mine
  • Westell Technologies
  • WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
  • WiPro
  • Wireless Telecom Group
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • WTL (World Telecom Labs)
  • Wytec International
  • xG Technology
  • Xilinx
  • Zain Saudi Arabia
  • Z-Com
  • Zetel Solutions
  • Zhengzhou Metro
  • Zhengzhou Municipal Public Security Bureau
  • Zhengzhou Police
  • Zinwave
  • ZMTel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)
  • ZTE

Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 35
1.1 Executive Summary 35
1.2 Topics Covered 37
1.3 Forecast Segmentation 38
1.4 Key Questions Answered 40
1.5 Key Findings 41
1.6 Methodology 43
1.7 Target Audience 44
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 45

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Private LTE & 5G Networks 52
2.1 Private Wireless Networks 52
2.1.1 Addressing the Needs of the Critical Communications Industry 52
2.1.2 The Limitations of LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Networks 53
2.1.3 Moving Towards Commercial Mobile Broadband Technologies 54
2.1.4 Connectivity Requirements for the Industrial IoT (Internet of Things) 55
2.1.5 Localized Mobile Networks for Buildings, Campuses & Public Venues 55
2.2 LTE & 5G for Private Networking 56
2.2.1 Why LTE? 56
2.2.2 Performance Metrics 57
2.2.3 Coexistence, Interoperability and Spectrum Flexibility 57
2.2.4 A Thriving Ecosystem 58
2.2.5 Economic Feasibility 58
2.2.6 Moving Towards LTE-Advanced & LTE-Advanced Pro Networks 59
2.2.7 5G Capabilities & Usage Scenarios 60
2.3 Architectural Components of Private LTE & 5G Networks 63
2.3.1 UE (User Equipment) 63
2.3.2 E-UTRAN – The LTE RAN (Radio Access Network) 64
2.3.2.1 eNB Base Stations 64
2.3.2.2 TDD vs. FDD 65
2.3.3 Transport Network 66
2.3.4 EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – The LTE Mobile Core 66
2.3.4.1 SGW (Serving Gateway) 66
2.3.4.2 PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway) 67
2.3.4.3 MME (Mobility Management Entity) 67
2.3.4.4 HSS (Home Subscriber Server) 67
2.3.4.5 PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function) 68
2.3.5 IMS (IP-Multimedia Subsystem), Application & Service Elements 68
2.3.5.1 IMS Core & VoLTE 68
2.3.5.2 eMBMS (Enhanced Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service) 69
2.3.5.3 ProSe (Proximity Services) 69
2.3.5.4 Group Communication & Mission-Critical Services 70
2.3.6 Gateways for LTE-External Network Interworking 70
2.3.7 Proposed 5G Architectural Elements 70
2.3.7.1 5G NR (New Radio) 71
2.3.7.2 NextGen Core Network 72
2.4 Key Enabling Technologies & Concepts 73
2.4.1 Critical Communications 73
2.4.1.1 MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) Voice & Group Communications 73
2.4.1.2 Mission-Critical Video & Data 73
2.4.1.3 ProSe (Proximity Services) for D2D Connectivity & Communications 74
2.4.1.4 IOPS (Isolated E-UTRAN Operation for Public Safety) 75
2.4.1.5 Deployable LTE & 5G Systems 76
2.4.1.6 UE Enhancements 78
2.4.2 eMTC & NB-IoT: Wide Area & High Density IoT Applications 78
2.4.3 QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption) 79
2.4.4 End-to-End Security 80
2.4.5 Licensed Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation 81
2.4.6 Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Usage 81
2.4.6.1 LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing 81
2.4.6.2 CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service): Three-Tiered Sharing 82
2.4.6.3 LAA (License Assisted Access) & LTE-U: Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation 83
2.4.6.4 MulteFire 84
2.4.7 Network Sharing & Slicing 85
2.4.7.1 MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network) 85
2.4.7.2 DECOR (Dedicated Core) 85
2.4.7.3 Network Slicing 85
2.4.8 Software-Centric Networking 87
2.4.8.1 NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) 87
2.4.8.2 SDN (Software Defined Networking) 87
2.4.9 C-RAN (Centralized RAN) 88
2.4.10 MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing) 89
2.5 Private LTE & 5G Network Operational Models 91
2.5.1 Independent Private Network 91
2.5.2 Managed Private Network 92
2.5.3 MVNO: Commercial Network with a Private Mobile Core 93
2.5.4 Other Approaches 94
2.6 Key Applications of Private LTE & 5G Networks 95
2.6.1 Secure & Seamless Mobile Broadband Access 95
2.6.2 Bandwidth-Intensive & Latency-Sensitive Field Applications 95
2.6.3 Bulk Multimedia & Data Transfers 96
2.6.4 In-Building Coverage & Capacity 96
2.6.5 Seamless Roaming & Mobile VPN Access 96
2.6.6 Mission-Critical HD Voice & Group Communications 97
2.6.7 Video & High-Resolution Imagery 98
2.6.8 Messaging & Presence Services 99
2.6.9 Location Services & Mapping 99
2.6.10 Command & Control Systems 100
2.6.11 Smart Grid Operations 100
2.6.12 Industrial Automation 101
2.6.13 High-Speed Railway Connectivity 101
2.6.14 PIS (Passenger Information System) 101
2.6.15 Delay-Sensitive Control of Railway Infrastructure 102
2.6.16 In-Flight Connectivity for Passengers & Airline Operators 102
2.6.17 Maritime Connectivity for Ships & Offshore Facilities 103
2.6.18 Telemetry, Control & Remote Diagnostics 103
2.6.19 Emerging 5G Applications 104
2.7 Market Growth Drivers 105
2.7.1 Recognition of LTE as the De-Facto Mobile Broadband Standard 105
2.7.2 Spectral Efficiency, Flexible Bandwidth, Regional Interoperability & Cost Efficiency 106
2.7.3 Endorsement from the Critical Communications Industry 107
2.7.4 Emergence of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Technologies 107
2.7.5 Growing Demands for High-Speed Data Applications 108
2.7.6 Limited Coverage in Indoor, Industrial & Remote Environments 108
2.7.7 Control over QoS (Quality of Service) 109
2.8 Market Barriers 110
2.8.1 Lack of Licensed Spectrum 110
2.8.2 Funding Challenges for Large-Scale Networks 110
2.8.3 Smaller Coverage Footprint than Legacy LMR Systems 111
2.8.4 Delayed Standardization 111

3 Chapter 3: Vertical Markets, Case Studies & Private LTE/5G Engagements 113
3.1 Vertical Markets 113
3.1.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 113
3.1.1.1 Public Safety 113
3.1.1.2 Military 114
3.1.1.3 Energy 116
3.1.1.4 Utilities 116
3.1.1.5 Mining 117
3.1.1.6 Transportation 118
3.1.1.7 Factories & Warehouses 119
3.1.1.8 Others 119
3.1.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 120
3.1.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 120
3.2 Private LTE & 5G Network Case Studies 122
3.2.1 Air France 122
3.2.2 ASTRID 126
3.2.3 Beach Energy 128
3.2.4 Busan Transportation Corporation 131
3.2.5 China Southern Power Grid 133
3.2.6 EAN (European Aviation Network) 135
3.2.7 FirstNet (First Responder Network) Authority 138
3.2.8 French Army 142
3.2.9 German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) 144
3.2.10 Gold Fields 146
3.2.11 Halton Regional Police Service 148
3.2.12 INET (Infrastructure Networks) 150
3.2.13 Kenyan Police Service 153
3.2.14 KRNA (Korea Rail Network Authority) 155
3.2.15 LG Chem 158
3.2.16 Nedaa 160
3.2.17 Ocado 162
3.2.18 PSCA (Punjab Safe Cities Authority) 164
3.2.19 Qatar MOI (Ministry of Interior) 166
3.2.20 RESCAN (Canary Islands Network for Emergency and Security) 168
3.2.21 Rio Tinto Group 170
3.2.22 Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council 172
3.2.23 Shanghai Police Department 174
3.2.24 South Korea’s Safe-Net (National Disaster Safety Communications Network) 176
3.2.25 Southern Linc 180
3.2.26 Tampnet 183
3.2.27 U.S. Navy 186
3.2.28 Ukkoverkot 188
3.2.29 United Kingdom’s ESN (Emergency Services Network) 191
3.2.30 Zhengzhou Metro 195
3.3 Review of Other Private LTE & 5G Network Engagements 197
3.3.1 Asia Pacific 197
3.3.1.1 Australia 197
3.3.1.2 China 198
3.3.1.3 Hong Kong 200
3.3.1.4 India 200
3.3.1.5 Indonesia 200
3.3.1.6 Japan 201
3.3.1.7 Laos 201
3.3.1.8 Malaysia 202
3.3.1.9 New Zealand 202
3.3.1.10 Pakistan 203
3.3.1.11 Philippines 204
3.3.1.12 Singapore 204
3.3.1.13 South Korea 204
3.3.1.14 Thailand 206
3.3.2 Europe 207
3.3.2.1 Austria 207
3.3.2.2 Belgium 207
3.3.2.3 Denmark 208
3.3.2.4 Finland 208
3.3.2.5 France 209
3.3.2.6 Germany 210
3.3.2.7 Italy 211
3.3.2.8 Netherlands 212
3.3.2.9 Norway 213
3.3.2.10 Poland 214
3.3.2.11 Russia 214
3.3.2.12 Spain 215
3.3.2.13 Sweden 216
3.3.2.14 Switzerland 217
3.3.2.15 Turkey 217
3.3.2.16 United Kingdom 218
3.3.2.17 Other Countries 220
3.3.3 Latin & Central America 221
3.3.3.1 Brazil 221
3.3.3.2 Mexico 222
3.3.3.3 Other Countries 222
3.3.4 Middle East & Africa 224
3.3.4.1 GCC (Gulf Corporation Council) Countries 224
3.3.4.2 Ghana 226
3.3.4.3 Israel 226
3.3.4.4 Kenya 226
3.3.4.5 South Africa 227
3.3.4.6 Other Countries 227
3.3.5 North America 228
3.3.5.1 Canada 228
3.3.5.2 United States 229

4 Chapter 4: Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage 233
4.1 Frequency Bands for Private LTE & 5G Networks 233
4.1.1 Licensed Spectrum 233
4.1.1.1 400/450 MHz 233
4.1.1.2 700 MHz 234
4.1.1.3 800 MHz 235
4.1.1.4 900 MHz 236
4.1.1.5 1.4 GHz 237
4.1.1.6 1.8 GHz 237
4.1.1.7 2 GHz 238
4.1.1.8 2.6 GHz 238
4.1.1.9 3.5 GHz & Higher Frequencies 239
4.1.2 Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum 240
4.1.2.1 3.5 GHz CBRS 240
4.1.2.2 5 GHz Unlicensed 241
4.1.2.3 Other Frequencies 241
4.2 Spectrum Regulation, Sharing & Management 242
4.2.1 ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Sector) 242
4.2.2 450 MHz Alliance 243
4.2.3 CBRS Alliance 243
4.2.4 DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance) 244
4.2.5 MulteFire Alliance 245
4.2.6 WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum) 245

5 Chapter 5: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives 246
5.1 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) 246
5.1.1 Public Safety & Critical Communications Enhancements in Releases 11-14 247
5.1.2 Industrial IoT Enhancements in Releases 13 & 14: eMTC & NB-IoT 248
5.1.3 Release 15 & Beyond: Mission-Critical Service Requirements for Railways & Transportation 248
5.2 AGURRE (Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France) 249
5.2.1 Advocacy Efforts for Private LTE Networks in the Transportation & Energy Sectors 249
5.3 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions) 249
5.3.1 Standardization Efforts Relevant to Private & Critical Communications LTE 250
5.4 China Association of Metros 250
5.4.1 Adoption of LTE as the Communications Standard for Urban Rail Systems 250
5.5 CRC (Communications Research Centre Canada) 250
5.5.1 Interoperability Research and Evaluation of Public Safety LTE Networks 251
5.6 DRDC (Defence Research and Development Canada) 251
5.6.1 R&D Efforts in Public Safety & Military LTE Networks 251
5.7 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) 252
5.7.1 TCCE (TETRA and Critical Communications Evolution) Technical Committee 253
5.8 EUAR (European Union Agency for Railways) 253
5.8.1 Coordinating Efforts for FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System) 253
5.9 Home Office, United Kingdom 254
5.9.1 Public Safety LTE Standardization Efforts 254
5.10 KRRI (Korea Railroad Research Institute) 255
5.10.1 LTE-Based KRTCS (Korean Radio-Based Train Control System) 255
5.11 PSCE (Public Safety Communications Europe) 255
5.11.1 Standardization & Readiness Efforts for Mission-Critical Mobile Broadband 255
5.12 PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research) Program 256
5.12.1 Technology Development & Standardization Efforts for Public Safety LTE 256
5.13 Public Safety Canada 257
5.13.1 Participation in the Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team 257
5.14 Safe-Net Forum 257
5.14.1 Guidance & Ecosystem Development for Public Safety LTE Networks 257
5.15 SCF (Small Cell Forum) 258
5.15.1 Specifications for Enterprise & Unlicensed Small Cells 258
5.16 TCCA (TETRA and Critical Communications Association) 259
5.16.1 CCBG (Critical Communications Broadband Group) 259
5.16.2 BIG (Broadband Industry Group) 259
5.17 TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) 260
5.17.1 TR-8.8: Subcommittee on Broadband Data Systems 260
5.18 TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association of Korea) 261
5.18.1 Functional Requirements for Public Safety LTE 261
5.18.2 LTE-R (LTE Based Railway Communication System) 261
5.18.3 LTE-M (LTE-Maritime) 261
5.19 U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) 262
5.19.1 CTL (Communications Technology Laboratory): R&D Leadership for FirstNet 262
5.20 U.S. NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council) 263
5.20.1 Early Leadership in Public Safety LTE 263
5.21 U.S. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration) 264
5.21.1 FirstNet Governance & Funding 264
5.22 UIC (International Union of Railways) 265
5.22.1 Replacing GSM-R with LTE 265
5.22.2 FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System) Initiative 265
5.23 UTC (Utilities Telecom Council) & EUTC (European UTC) 266
5.23.1 Advocacy Efforts for Critical Infrastructure Private LTE Networks 266
5.24 Vendor-Led Alliances 266
5.24.1 Huawei's eLTE Industry Alliance 266
5.24.2 Nokia's Mission Critical Communications Alliance 266
5.25 Others 267

6 Chapter 6: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 269
6.1 Industry Roadmap 269
6.1.1 Pre-2020: Large-Scale Investments in Critical Communications LTE Networks 269
6.1.2 2020 – 2025: Commercial Maturity of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum 271
6.1.3 2025 – 2030: Continued Investments in Private 5G Networks 272
6.2 Value Chain 273
6.2.1 Enabling Technology Providers 273
6.2.2 RAN, Mobile Core & Transport Infrastructure OEMs 274
6.2.3 Device OEMs 274
6.2.4 System Integrators 275
6.2.5 Application Developers 275
6.2.6 Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists 275
6.2.7 Mobile Operators 276
6.2.8 MVNOs 276
6.2.9 Vertical Market End Users 276

7 Chapter 7: Key Ecosystem Players 277
7.1 Alliander (450connect/Utility Connect) 277
7.2 4K Solutions 278
7.3 AAS (Amphenol Antenna Solutions) 279
7.4 Accelleran 280
7.5 Ace Technologies Corporation 281
7.6 AceAxis 282
7.7 Adax 283
7.8 ADLINK Technology 284
7.9 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies) 285
7.10 ADTRAN 286
7.11 ADVA Optical Networking 287
7.12 Advantech 288
7.13 Advantech Wireless 289
7.14 Affarii Technologies 290
7.15 Affirmed Networks 291
7.16 Airbus Defence and Space 292
7.17 Air-Lynx 295
7.18 Airspan Networks 296
7.19 Alea 297
7.20 Alepo 298
7.21 Allied Telesis 299
7.22 Alpha Networks 300
7.23 Alpha Technologies 301
7.24 Alstom 302
7.25 Altaeros Energies 302
7.26 Altair Semiconductor 303
7.27 Altiostar Networks 304
7.28 Alvarion Technologies 306
7.29 AM Telecom 307
7.30 Ambra Solutions/Ecotel 308
7.31 Amarisoft 309
7.32 Amdocs 310
7.33 American Tower Corporation 311
7.34 Anritsu Corporation 312
7.35 Ansaldo STS 313
7.36 Arcadyan Technology Corporation 314
7.37 Arete M 315
7.38 Argela/Netsia 316
7.39 ArgoNET 318
7.40 Aricent 319
7.41 ARM Holdings 320
7.42 Arqiva 321
7.43 Artemis Networks 322
7.44 Artesyn Embedded Technologies 323
7.45 Artiza Networks 324
7.46 ASELAN 325
7.47 ASOCS 326
7.48 Assured Wireless Corporation 327
7.49 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 328
7.50 AT&T 329
7.51 Atel Antennas 331
7.52 Athonet 332
7.53 Atos 333
7.54 AttoCore 335
7.55 Avanti Communications Group 336
7.56 Aviat Networks 337
7.57 Azcom Technology 338
7.58 Azetti Networks 339
7.59 BAE Systems 340
7.60 Baicells Technologies 341
7.61 Barrett Communications 342
7.62 BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems) 343
7.63 BCE (Bell Canada) 344
7.64 Benetel 345
7.65 BFDX (BelFone) 346
7.66 Bird Technologies 347
7.67 Bittium Corporation 348
7.68 Black & Veatch 350
7.69 Black Box Corporation 351
7.70 Blackned 352
7.71 Bombardier Transportation 353
7.72 BridgeWave Communications 354
7.73 Broadcom 355
7.74 BTI Wireless 356
7.75 C Spire 357
7.76 CACI International 358
7.77 CalAmp Corporation 359
7.78 Cambium Networks 360
7.79 Cambridge Consultants 361
7.80 Casa Systems 362
7.81 CCI (Communication Components Inc.) 363
7.82 CCI Systems 364
7.83 CCN (Cirrus Core Networks) 365
7.84 cellXica 366
7.85 Ceragon Networks 367
7.86 Challenge Networks 368
7.87 Chemring Technology Solutions 369
7.88 Cielo Networks 370
7.89 Ciena Corporation 371
7.90 Cirpack 372
7.91 Cisco Systems 373
7.92 Cloudstreet 375
7.93 CND (Core Network Dynamics) 376
7.94 Cobham Wireless 377
7.95 Codan Radio Communications 378
7.96 Coherent Logix 379
7.97 Collinear Networks 380
7.98 Comba Telecom 381
7.99 COMLAB 382
7.100 CommAgility 383
7.101 CommScope 384
7.102 Comrod Communication Group 385
7.103 Comtech Telecommunications Corporation 386
7.104 CONET Technologies 387
7.105 Connect Tech 389
7.106 Contela 390
7.107 Coriant 391
7.108 Cornet Technology 392
7.109 Corning/Spider Cloud Wireless 393
7.110 Cradlepoint 395
7.111 Crown Castle International Corporation 396
7.112 CS Corporation 397
7.113 CybertelBridge 398
7.114 CyPhy Works 399
7.115 Dali Wireless 400
7.116 DAMM Cellular Systems 401
7.117 Datang Mobile 402
7.118 Dell Technologies 403
7.119 Delta Electronics 404
7.120 Dialogic 405
7.121 DragonWave-X 406
7.122 Druid Software 407
7.123 DT (Deutsche Telekom) 408
7.124 Duons 409
7.125 EchoStar Corporation 410
7.126 EE 411
7.127 EION Wireless 412
7.128 Elbit Systems 413
7.129 ELUON Corporation 415
7.130 Embraer Defense & Security 417
7.131 ENENSYS Technologies 418
7.132 Ericsson 419
7.133 ETELM 421
7.134 Etherstack 422
7.135 Ethertronics 423
7.136 ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea) 424
7.137 Exalt Wireless 425
7.138 Excelerate Technology 426
7.139 EXFO 427
7.140 Expeto Wireless 428
7.141 Expway 429
7.142 ExteNet Systems 430
7.143 Eyecom Telecommunications Group 431
7.144 Facebook 432
7.145 Fairwaves 434
7.146 FastBack Networks 435
7.147 Federated Wireless 436
7.148 Fenix Group 437
7.149 Flash Private Mobile Networks 438
7.150 Foxcom 439
7.151 Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems) 440
7.152 Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute) 442
7.153 FreeWave Technologies 443
7.154 Ice Group 444
7.155 MVM Net 445
7.156 FRTek 446
7.157 Fujian Sunnada Network Technology 447
7.158 Fujitsu 448
7.159 Funkwerk 449
7.160 Future Technologies 450
7.161 Galtronics Corporation 451
7.162 GCT Semiconductor 452
7.163 GE (General Electric) 453
7.164 Gemtek Technology 454
7.165 Genaker 455
7.166 General Dynamics Mission Systems 456
7.167 GenXComm 457
7.168 GIKO GROUP 458
7.169 Gilat Satellite Networks 459
7.170 Globalstar 460
7.171 Goodman Networks 461
7.172 Goodmill Systems 462
7.173 Google/Alphabet 463
7.174 GRENTECH 465
7.175 GSI (GS Instech) 466
7.176 Guangzhou Iplook Technologies 467
7.177 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 468
7.178 Harris Corporation 469
7.179 HCL Technologies 471
7.180 HISPASAT Group 472
7.181 Hitachi 473
7.182 Hoimyung ICT 474
7.183 Honeywell International 475
7.184 Horsebridge Defence & Security 476
7.185 HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) 477
7.186 Huawei 479
7.187 Hughes Network Systems 481
7.188 Hunter Technology 482
7.189 Hytera Communications 483
7.190 IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries) 485
7.191 Icom 486
7.192 IDY Corporation 487
7.193 Indra 488
7.194 InfoVista 489
7.195 Inmarsat 491
7.196 InnoWireless 492
7.197 Intel Corporation 494
7.198 InterDigital 496
7.199 Intracom Telecom 497
7.200 ip.access 498
7.201 IPITEK 499
7.202 Iridium Communications 500
7.203 ISCO International 501
7.204 IS-Wireless 503
7.205 Italtel 504
7.206 ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan) 505
7.207 JMA Wireless 506
7.208 JRC (Japan Radio Company) 507
7.209 Juni Global 508
7.210 Juniper Networks 509
7.211 JVCKENWOOD Corporation 510
7.212 Kapsch CarrierCom 512
7.213 Kathrein-Werke KG 513
7.214 KBR 514
7.215 Keysight Technologies 515
7.216 Kisan Telecom 517
7.217 Klas Telecom 518
7.218 Kleos 520
7.219 KMW 521
7.220 Koning & Hartman 522
7.221 Kontron S&T 523
7.222 KPN 524
7.223 KRTnet Corporation 525
7.224 KT Corporation 526
7.225 Kudelski Group 528
7.226 Kumu Networks 529
7.227 Kyocera Corporation 530
7.228 L3 Technologies 531
7.229 LCR Embedded Systems 532
7.230 Lemko Corporation 533
7.231 Leonardo 534
7.232 LG Electronics 536
7.233 LG Uplus 537
7.234 LGS Innovations 538
7.235 Ligado Networks 539
7.236 Lime Microsystems 540
7.237 LOCIVA 541
7.238 Lockheed Martin Corporation 542
7.239 LS telcom 544
7.240 Luminate Wireless 545
7.241 M87 546
7.242 Macquarie Group 547
7.243 Marlink 548
7.244 Martin UAV 549
7.245 Marvell Technology Group/Cavium 550
7.246 Mavenir Systems 551
7.247 MediaTek 553
7.248 Mellanox Technologies 554
7.249 MER Group 556
7.250 Metaswitch Networks 557
7.251 Microlab 558
7.252 Microwave Networks 559
7.253 MitraStar Technology Corporation 560
7.254 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 561
7.255 Mobilicom 562
7.256 MoMe 563
7.257 Moseley Associates 564
7.258 Motorola Solutions 565
7.259 MP Antenna 568
7.260 MRV Communications 569
7.261 MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.) 570
7.262 Mutualink 571
7.263 N.A.T. 573
7.264 Nash Technologies 574
7.265 NEC Corporation 575
7.266 Nemergent Solutions 577
7.267 Netas 578
7.268 NetMotion 579
7.269 NETSCOUT Systems 580
7.270 New Postcom Equipment 581
7.271 Nextivity 582
7.272 NI (National Instruments) 583
7.273 Node-H 585
7.274 Nokia Networks 586
7.275 Northrop Grumman Corporation 589
7.276 NuRAN Wireless 591
7.277 NVIS Communications 592
7.278 NXP Semiconductors 593
7.279 Oceus Networks 594
7.280 Octasic 595
7.281 ODN (Orbital Data Network) 596
7.282 Omnitele 597
7.283 Omoco 598
7.284 One2many 599
7.285 Oracle Communications 600
7.286 Orange 601
7.287 PacStar (Pacific Star Communications) 602
7.288 Panasonic Corporation 603
7.289 Panda Electronics Group 604
7.290 Panorama Antennas 605
7.291 Parallel Wireless 606
7.292 Parsons Corporation 607
7.293 PCTEL 608
7.294 pdvWireless 609
7.295 Pepro 610
7.296 Persistent Telecom 611
7.297 Phluido 613
7.298 Plover Bay Technologies 614
7.299 PMN (Private Mobile Networks) 615
7.300 Polaris Networks 616
7.301 Potevio 617
7.302 PRISMA Telecom Testing 618
7.303 Pulse Electronics 619
7.304 Qinetiq 620
7.305 Qualcomm 621
7.306 Quanta Computer 623
7.307 Qucell 624
7.308 Quintel 625
7.309 Quortus 626
7.310 RACOM Corporation 627
7.311 RAD Data Communications 628
7.312 Radio IP Software 629
7.313 Radisys Corporation 630
7.314 RADWIN 631
7.315 Rafael Advanced Defense Systems 632
7.316 Rajant Corporation 633
7.317 Range Networks 634
7.318 Raycap 635
7.319 Raytheon Company 636
7.320 Red Hat 637
7.321 RED Technologies 638
7.322 REDCOM Laboratories 639
7.323 Redline Communications 640
7.324 Rescue 42 641
7.325 RF Window 642
7.326 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems) 643
7.327 Ribbon Communications 644
7.328 RIVA Networks 645
7.329 Rivada Networks 646
7.330 Rockwell Collins 647
7.331 Rogers Communications 648
7.332 Rohde & Schwarz 649
7.333 Rohill 650
7.334 ROK Mobile 651
7.335 Rosenberger 652
7.336 Ruckus Wireless/ARRIS International 653
7.337 Saab 654
7.338 SAI Technology 655
7.339 SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation) 656
7.340 Samji Electronics 657
7.341 Samsung Electronics 658
7.342 Sapient Consulting 660
7.343 Sepura 661
7.344 Sequans Communications 663
7.345 SerComm Corporation 664
7.346 SES 665
7.347 Sevis Systems 666
7.348 SFR 667
7.349 Shentel (Shenandoah Telecommunications Company) 668
7.350 SIAE Microelettronica 669
7.351 Siemens 670
7.352 Sierra Wireless 671
7.353 Signal Information & Communication Corporation 672
7.354 Siklu Communication 673
7.355 Silicom 674
7.356 Simoco Wireless Solutions 675
7.357 Singtel/Optus 676
7.358 SiRRAN 677
7.359 Sistelbanda 678
7.360 SITRONICS 679
7.361 Siyata Mobile 680
7.362 SK Telecom 681
7.363 SK Telesys 683
7.364 SLA Corporation 684
7.365 SmartSky Networks 685
7.366 Smith Micro Software 686
7.367 Softil 688
7.368 SOLiD 690
7.369 Soliton Systems 691
7.370 Sonim Technologies 692
7.371 Sooktha 693
7.372 Southern Linc 694
7.373 Space Data Corporation 695
7.374 Spectra Group 696
7.375 Spirent Communications 697
7.376 Spreadtrum Communications 698
7.377 Sprint Corporation 699
7.378 SRS (Software Radio Systems) 700
7.379 Star Solutions 701
7.380 STMicroelectronics 702
7.381 sTraffic 703
7.382 StreamWIDE 704
7.383 Sumitomo Electric Industries 705
7.384 Swisscom 706
7.385 TacSat Networks 707
7.386 Tait Communications 708
7.387 Tampa Microwave 710
7.388 Tampnet 711
7.389 TASSTA 712
7.390 Tata Elxsi 713
7.391 TCL Communication 714
7.392 TCOM 715
7.393 Tech Mahindra 716
7.394 Tecom 717
7.395 Tecore Networks 718
7.396 TEKTELIC Communications 719
7.397 Telco Systems 720
7.398 Telefónica Group 721
7.399 Telenor Group 722
7.400 Tellabs 723
7.401 Telrad Networks 724
7.402 Telstra 725
7.403 Teltronic 726
7.404 Telum 727
7.405 Telus Corporation 728
7.406 TESSCO Technologies 729
7.407 Thales 730
7.408 TI (Texas Instruments) 732
7.409 TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) 733
7.410 TLC Solutions 734
7.411 T-Mobile USA 736
7.412 Trópico 737
7.413 U.S. Cellular 738
7.414 UANGEL 739
7.415 UK Broadband 740
7.416 Ukkoverkot 741
7.417 URSYS 742
7.418 Utility Associates 743
7.419 Vanu 745
7.420 Vencore Labs 746
7.421 Verizon Communications 747
7.422 ViaSat 749
7.423 Viavi Solutions 750
7.424 VMware 751
7.425 VNC (Virtual Network Communications) 752
7.426 VNL (Vihaan Networks Limited) 753
7.427 Vodafone Group 754
7.428 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland 755
7.429 Westell Technologies 756
7.430 WiPro 757
7.431 Wireless Telecom Group 758
7.432 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 759
7.433 WTL (World Telecom Labs) 760
7.434 Wytec International 761
7.435 xG Technology 762
7.436 Xilinx 764
7.437 Z-Com 766
7.438 Zetel Solutions 767
7.439 Zinwave 768
7.440 ZMTel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology) 769
7.441 ZTE 770

8 Chapter 8: Market Sizing & Forecasts 772
8.1 Global Outlook for Private LTE & 5G Network Investments 772
8.2 Segmentation by Technology 773
8.2.1 LTE 773
8.2.2 5G 774
8.3 Segmentation by Submarket 774
8.3.1 RAN 775
8.3.2 Mobile Core 775
8.3.3 Backhaul & Transport 776
8.4 Segmentation by Vertical Market 777
8.4.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 778
8.4.1.1 RAN 779
8.4.1.2 Mobile Core 780
8.4.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 780
8.4.2 Public Safety 781
8.4.2.1 RAN 782
8.4.2.2 Mobile Core 783
8.4.2.3 Backhaul & Transport 783
8.4.3 Military 784
8.4.3.1 RAN 785
8.4.3.2 Mobile Core 786
8.4.3.3 Backhaul & Transport 786
8.4.4 Energy 787
8.4.4.1 RAN 788
8.4.4.2 Mobile Core 789
8.4.4.3 Backhaul & Transport 789
8.4.5 Utilities 790
8.4.5.1 RAN 791
8.4.5.2 Mobile Core 792
8.4.5.3 Backhaul & Transport 792
8.4.6 Mining 793
8.4.6.1 RAN 794
8.4.6.2 Mobile Core 795
8.4.6.3 Backhaul & Transport 795
8.4.7 Transportation 796
8.4.7.1 RAN 797
8.4.7.2 Mobile Core 798
8.4.7.3 Backhaul & Transport 798
8.4.8 Factories & Warehouses 799
8.4.8.1 RAN 800
8.4.8.2 Mobile Core 801
8.4.8.3 Backhaul & Transport 801
8.4.9 Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors 802
8.4.9.1 RAN 803
8.4.9.2 Mobile Core 804
8.4.9.3 Backhaul & Transport 804
8.4.10 Enterprise & Campus Environments 805
8.4.10.1 RAN 806
8.4.10.2 Mobile Core 807
8.4.10.3 Backhaul & Transport 807
8.4.11 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 808
8.4.11.1 RAN 809
8.4.11.2 Mobile Core 810
8.4.11.3 Backhaul & Transport 810
8.5 Segmentation by Region 811
8.5.1 Submarkets 811
8.5.1.1 RAN 811
8.5.1.2 Mobile Core 812
8.5.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 812
8.5.2 Vertical Markets 813
8.5.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 813
8.5.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 816
8.5.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 819
8.6 Asia Pacific 822
8.6.1 Submarkets 822
8.6.1.1 RAN 822
8.6.1.2 Mobile Core 823
8.6.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 823
8.6.2 Vertical Markets 824
8.6.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 824
8.6.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 827
8.6.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 830
8.7 Eastern Europe 833
8.7.1 Submarkets 833
8.7.1.1 RAN 833
8.7.1.2 Mobile Core 834
8.7.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 834
8.7.2 Vertical Markets 835
8.7.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 835
8.7.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 838
8.7.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 841
8.8 Latin & Central America 844
8.8.1 Submarkets 844
8.8.1.1 RAN 844
8.8.1.2 Mobile Core 845
8.8.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 845
8.8.2 Vertical Markets 846
8.8.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 846
8.8.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 849
8.8.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 852
8.9 Middle East & Africa 855
8.9.1 Submarkets 855
8.9.1.1 RAN 855
8.9.1.2 Mobile Core 856
8.9.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 856
8.9.2 Vertical Markets 857
8.9.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 857
8.9.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 860
8.9.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 863
8.10 North America 866
8.10.1 Submarkets 866
8.10.1.1 RAN 866
8.10.1.2 Mobile Core 867
8.10.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 867
8.10.2 Vertical Markets 868
8.10.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 868
8.10.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 871
8.10.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 874
8.11 Western Europe 877
8.11.1 Submarkets 877
8.11.1.1 RAN 877
8.11.1.2 Mobile Core 878
8.11.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 878
8.11.2 Vertical Markets 879
8.11.2.1 Critical Communications & Industrial IoT 879
8.11.2.2 Enterprise & Campus Environments 882
8.11.2.3 Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts 885

9 Chapter 9: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 888
9.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow? 888
9.2 Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation 888
9.3 Geographic Outlook: Which Regions Offer the Highest Growth Potential? 889
9.4 Which Vertical will Lead the Market? 891
9.5 Which Spectrum Bands Dominate the Market? 892
9.6 Prospects of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Networks 893
9.7 Opening the Door for Industrial & Mission-Critical IoT 894
9.8 The Race for 5G: Implications for Private Wireless Networks 895
9.9 MVNO Arrangements for Critical Communications: Opportunities for Mobile Core Investments 896
9.10 Emergence of the BYON (Build Your Own Network) Business Model 897
9.11 Commercial Operator-Branded Critical Communications LTE Platforms 898
9.12 Replacing GSM-R with LTE for Railway Communications 899
9.13 Growing Use of Deployable LTE Systems 901
9.14 Strategic Recommendations 902
9.14.1 Vertical Markets & End Users 902
9.14.2 LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure OEMs 903
9.14.3 System Integrators 903
9.14.4 Commercial & Private Mobile Operators 904

List of Chart

Figure 1: Basic Components of a Digital LMR Network 53
Figure 2: LTE Speed Compared to 3G & Wi-Fi Networks (Mbps) 57
Figure 3: Global LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2018 – 2030 (Millions) 58
Figure 4: 5G Performance Requirements 60
Figure 5: Private LTE Network Architecture 63
Figure 6: 5G Network Architecture & Interaction with Other Networks 71
Figure 7: Sidelink Air Interface for ProSe 74
Figure 8: Transition from Normal Backhaul Connectivity to Isolated E-UTRAN Operation 75
Figure 9: Telefónica's Portable LTE NIB (Network-in-Box) System 77
Figure 10: Use Cases of eMTC and NB-IoT Technologies 79
Figure 11: End-to-End Security in Private LTE Networks 80
Figure 12: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks 86
Figure 13: NFV Concept 87
Figure 14: C-RAN Architecture 89
Figure 15: Independent Private LTE/5G Network 91
Figure 16: Managed Private LTE/5G Network 92
Figure 17: Commercial LTE/5G Network with a Private Mobile Core 93
Figure 18: Military LTE Network Architecture 115
Figure 19: Key Elements & RF Site Coverage of Air France's Private LTE Network 123
Figure 20: Air France's LTE & 5G Adoption Roadmap 124
Figure 21: Beach Energy's LTE-Equipped Vehicles 129
Figure 22: Busan Transportation Corporation’s LTE-R Network 132
Figure 23: Inmarsat and Deutsche Telekom's European Aviation Network 136
Figure 24: FirstNet Deployment Plan & Timeline 141
Figure 25: Airbus' BLR-LTE Platform for the French Army 143
Figure 26: Infrastructure Networks' Fast L2 Architecture 151
Figure 27: Infrastructure Networks' Private LTE Network for Critical Infrastructure 152
Figure 28: KRNA's Wonju-Gangneung HSR (High-Speed Railway) Line 156
Figure 29: LG Chem's Private LTE Network for IoT Services 159
Figure 30: Ocado's LTE-based Smart Platform 163
Figure 31: User Segments and Applications of the RESCAN LTE Network 169
Figure 32: Rio Tinto's Private LTE Network 171
Figure 33: Key Architectural Elements of the Rivas Vaciamadrid Smart eLTE Network 173
Figure 34: Shanghai Police Convergent Command Center 175
Figure 35: South Korea’s Safe-Net Deployment Plan & Timeline 178
Figure 36: Southern Linc's LTE Network Structure 181
Figure 37: Tampnet's LTE Coverage in the North Sea 184
Figure 38: Tampnet's LTE Coverage in the Gulf of Mexico 185
Figure 39: Ukkoverkot's Architecture for a Hardened, Multi-Access Mobile Broadband Service for Critical Communications 189
Figure 40: United Kingdom's ESN Deployment Timeline 194
Figure 41: Zhengzhou Metro's LTE-Based Train-Ground Communications Network 196
Figure 42: 3.5 GHz CBRS 3-Tiered Shared Spectrum in the United States 240
Figure 43: ETSI's Critical Communications System Reference Model 252
Figure 44: Private LTE & 5G Network Industry Roadmap 269
Figure 45: Private LTE & 5G Network Value Chain 273
Figure 46: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 772
Figure 47: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue by Technology: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 773
Figure 48: Global Private LTE Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 773
Figure 49: Global Private 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2019 – 2030 ($ Million) 774
Figure 50: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 774
Figure 51: Global Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 775
Figure 52: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 775
Figure 53: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 776
Figure 54: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue by Vertical Market: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 777
Figure 55: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 778
Figure 56: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 778
Figure 57: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 779
Figure 58: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 779
Figure 59: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 780
Figure 60: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 780
Figure 61: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Public Safety Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 781
Figure 62: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Public Safety Sector, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 781
Figure 63: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in the Public Safety Sector: 2018 – 2030 782
Figure 64: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in the Public Safety Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 782
Figure 65: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in the Public Safety Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 783
Figure 66: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in the Public Safety Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 783
Figure 67: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Military Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 784
Figure 68: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Military Sector, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 784
Figure 69: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in the Military Sector: 2018 – 2030 785
Figure 70: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in the Military Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 785
Figure 71: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in the Military Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 786
Figure 72: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in the Military Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 786
Figure 73: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Energy Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 787
Figure 74: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Energy Sector, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 787
Figure 75: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in the Energy Sector: 2018 – 2030 788
Figure 76: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in the Energy Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 788
Figure 77: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in the Energy Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 789
Figure 78: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in the Energy Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 789
Figure 79: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Utilities Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 790
Figure 80: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Utilities Sector, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 790
Figure 81: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in the Utilities Sector: 2018 – 2030 791
Figure 82: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in the Utilities Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 791
Figure 83: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in the Utilities Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 792
Figure 84: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in the Utilities Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 792
Figure 85: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Mining Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 793
Figure 86: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Mining Sector, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 793
Figure 87: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in the Mining Sector: 2018 – 2030 794
Figure 88: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in the Mining Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 794
Figure 89: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in the Mining Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 795
Figure 90: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in the Mining Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 795
Figure 91: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Transportation Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 796
Figure 92: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Transportation Sector, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 796
Figure 93: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in the Transportation Sector: 2018 – 2030 797
Figure 94: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in the Transportation Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 797
Figure 95: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in the Transportation Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 798
Figure 96: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in the Transportation Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 798
Figure 97: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Factories & Warehouses Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 799
Figure 98: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in the Factories & Warehouses Sector, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 799
Figure 99: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in the Factories & Warehouses Sector: 2018 – 2030 800
Figure 100: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in the Factories & Warehouses Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 800
Figure 101: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in the Factories & Warehouses Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 801
Figure 102: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in the Factories & Warehouses Sector: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 801
Figure 103: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 802
Figure 104: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 802
Figure 105: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors: 2018 – 2030 803
Figure 106: Global Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 803
Figure 107: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 804
Figure 108: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Other Critical Communications & Industrial IoT Sectors: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 804
Figure 109: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 805
Figure 110: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 805
Figure 111: Global Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 806
Figure 112: Global Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 806
Figure 113: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 807
Figure 114: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 807
Figure 115: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 808
Figure 116: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, by Submarket: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 808
Figure 117: Global Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 809
Figure 118: Global Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 809
Figure 119: Global Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 810
Figure 120: Global Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 810
Figure 121: Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 811
Figure 122: Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 811
Figure 123: Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 812
Figure 124: Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 812
Figure 125: Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 813
Figure 126: Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, by Region: 2018 – 2030 813
Figure 127: Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 814
Figure 128: Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 814
Figure 129: Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 815
Figure 130: Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 816
Figure 131: Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments, by Region: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 816
Figure 132: Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 817
Figure 133: Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 817
Figure 134: Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 818
Figure 135: Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 819
Figure 136: Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, by Region: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 819
Figure 137: Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 820
Figure 138: Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 820
Figure 139: Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts, by Region: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 821
Figure 140: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 822
Figure 141: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 822
Figure 142: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 823
Figure 143: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 823
Figure 144: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 824
Figure 145: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 824
Figure 146: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 825
Figure 147: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 825
Figure 148: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 826
Figure 149: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 827
Figure 150: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 827
Figure 151: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 828
Figure 152: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 828
Figure 153: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 829
Figure 154: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 830
Figure 155: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 830
Figure 156: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 831
Figure 157: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 831
Figure 158: Asia Pacific Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 832
Figure 159: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 833
Figure 160: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 833
Figure 161: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 834
Figure 162: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 834
Figure 163: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 835
Figure 164: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 835
Figure 165: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 836
Figure 166: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 836
Figure 167: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 837
Figure 168: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 838
Figure 169: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 838
Figure 170: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 839
Figure 171: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 839
Figure 172: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 840
Figure 173: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 841
Figure 174: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 841
Figure 175: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 842
Figure 176: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 842
Figure 177: Eastern Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 843
Figure 178: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 844
Figure 179: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 844
Figure 180: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 845
Figure 181: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 845
Figure 182: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 846
Figure 183: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 846
Figure 184: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 847
Figure 185: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 847
Figure 186: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 848
Figure 187: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 849
Figure 188: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 849
Figure 189: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 850
Figure 190: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 850
Figure 191: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 851
Figure 192: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 852
Figure 193: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 852
Figure 194: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 853
Figure 195: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 853
Figure 196: Latin & Central America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 854
Figure 197: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 855
Figure 198: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 855
Figure 199: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 856
Figure 200: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 856
Figure 201: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 857
Figure 202: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 857
Figure 203: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 858
Figure 204: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 858
Figure 205: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 859
Figure 206: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 860
Figure 207: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 860
Figure 208: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 861
Figure 209: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 861
Figure 210: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 862
Figure 211: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 863
Figure 212: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 863
Figure 213: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 864
Figure 214: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 864
Figure 215: Middle East & Africa Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 865
Figure 216: North America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 866
Figure 217: North America Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 866
Figure 218: North America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 867
Figure 219: North America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 867
Figure 220: North America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 868
Figure 221: North America Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 868
Figure 222: North America Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 869
Figure 223: North America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 869
Figure 224: North America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 870
Figure 225: North America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 871
Figure 226: North America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 871
Figure 227: North America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 872
Figure 228: North America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 872
Figure 229: North America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 873
Figure 230: North America Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 874
Figure 231: North America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 874
Figure 232: North America Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 875
Figure 233: North America Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 875
Figure 234: North America Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 876
Figure 235: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 877
Figure 236: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G RAN Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 877
Figure 237: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 878
Figure 238: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 878
Figure 239: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 879
Figure 240: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipments in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 879
Figure 241: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Base Station Unit Shipment Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 880
Figure 242: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 880
Figure 243: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Critical Communications & Industrial IoT: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 881
Figure 244: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 882
Figure 245: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 882
Figure 246: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 883
Figure 247: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 883
Figure 248: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Enterprise & Campus Environments: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 884
Figure 249: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 885
Figure 250: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 885
Figure 251: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 886
Figure 252: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 886
Figure 253: Western Europe Private LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue in Public Venues & Other Neutral Hosts: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 887
Figure 254: Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Spending Breakdown by Region: 2018 (%) 890
Figure 255: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Spending Breakdown by Vertical: 2018 (%) 891
Figure 256: Global Unlicensed/Shared Spectrum Private LTE & 5G Small Cell Shipments: 2018 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 893
Figure 257: Global Mobile Core Investments in Critical Communications MVNO Broadband Networks: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 896
Figure 258: Global Private LTE & 5G Network Investments in Railway Communications: 2018 – 2030 ($ Million) 899
Figure 259: Global Deployable Private LTE & 5G System Shipments by Vertical: 2018 – 2030 901

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