Tajikistan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
- June 2020
- 80 pages
World Bank critical of Tajikistan's telecom
Of all the former Soviet republics, Tajikistan’s telecommunications infrastructure was arguably the least developed. With a telecom network that was near total collapse, the government had the daunting task of bringing it up to modern standards. Despite the launch of 4G/LTE services, the overall the telecom sector has continued to struggle. Tajikistan still has one of the lowest fixed-line penetrations in the Asian region and one of the lowest broadband levels of broadband penetration.
Tajikistan’s mobile sector has been on a strong growth path for over a decade. It continues to be the standout feature of the country’s telecom industry. However, as the market has moved closer to a saturation phase there has been an inevitable reduction in the growth rate and. only moderate growth is predicted over the next five years.
There are five major operators in the market: Tcell, Babilon Mobile, MegaFon, ZET Mobile (registered as Tacom) and TK Mobile. Tcell has the largest overall market share, followed by Babilon Mobile, Megafon, ZET Mobile and TK Mobile.
Fixed broadband penetration in Tajikistan remains extremely low, mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines as well as the dominance of the mobile platform. Market penetration has only grown marginally over the last five years from a very small base. Over the next five years growth is expected to continue but overall market penetration will remain extremely low.
Tajikistan has seen a strong increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past four years, though the market is still at an early stage of development and penetration remains relatively low compared to other Asian nations. Steady growth is predicted over the next five years, supported by the rising number of mobile subscribers, and increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G networks. Tariffs should improve due to strong competition, though the regulator has imposed SMP conditions on all operators, which makes it difficult for them to adjust tariffs to suit market conditions.
BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.
On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.
Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.
The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.
- Government orders mandatory registration of all mobile devices;
- MegaFon Tajikistan launches 5G network in Dushanbe;
- ZET Mobile sets up LTE-based smart city concept in Dushanbe;
- Telecom sector continues to struggle, with one of the lowest internet data rates globally;
- Report update includes an assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector.
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Regional Asian Market Comparison
COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector
Economic considerations and responses
Market overview and analysis
Privatisation of Tajiktelecom
Law on Electrical Communication
SIM card registration
4G / LTE
Major mobile operators
ZET Mobile (Tacom / Beeline)
Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) service
Fixed-line broadband market
Fixed broadband statistics
Fixed-line broadband technologies
Fixed network operators
Fixed line statistics
Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
Appendix – Historic data
Glossary of abbreviations
Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – Tajikistan – 2020 (e)
Table 2 – Percentage of population covered by type of mobile network
Table 3 – Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
Table 4 – Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2013 – 2025
Table 5 – Mobile operators – systems and launch dates
Table 6 – Growth in the number of fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
Table 7 – Households with internet access – 2010 – 2017
Table 8 – Change in the number of fixed lines and penetration – 2010 – 2025
Table 9 – International internet bandwidth – 2010 – 2017
Table 10 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1996 – 2009
Table 11 – Historic - 3G mobile subscribers by operator – 2009
Table 12 – Historic - Mobile subscribers by operator and market share – 2017
Table 13 – Historic - Babilon Mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2012
Table 14 – Historic - Tcell mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2015
Table 15 – Historic - Tacom (Beeline) mobile subscribers – 2009; 2011 – 2015
Table 16 – Historic - Tacom (Beeline) - mobile ARPU – 2011 – 2015
Table 17 – Historic - Tacom (Beeline) - mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 – 2015
Table 18 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 – 2009
Table 19 – Historic - Internet users and Penetration – 2008 – 2016
Table 20 – Historic - Households with internet access – 2005 – 2009
Table 21 – Historic - Fixed line subscriptions and penetration – 1995 – 2009
Table 22 – Historic - International internet bandwidth – 2005 – 2009
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