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Nicaragua - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Published By :

BuddeComm

Published Date : Sep 2018

Category :

Telecommunications

No. of Pages : 32 Pages

Nicaragua’s MNOs progress in LTE reach
Nicaragua is the largest and least densely populated country in Central America. The country’s steady GDP growth since 2010 belies the low economic base, given that it has the lowest GDP per capita in the region, with some 60% of the population living below the poverty line. As a result, much of the economic drive has been the result of international assistance, particularly from the World Bank and other agencies.

The new canal being built between the Pacific and Caribbean with Chinese funding incorporates deep-water ports, an oil pipeline, railroad and international airport. It has been an ambitious attempt to deliver greater economic benefits to the country, and the project is indicative of China’s economic encroachment in the region.

Nicaragua’s telecoms market has mirrored the poor economic achievements, with fixed-line teledensity and mobile penetration also the lowest in Central America. The broadband market remains nascent, with population penetration below 4%. Most internet users are concentrated in the largest cities, given that rural and marginal areas lack access to the most basic telecom infrastructure. Internet cafés provide public access to internet and email services, but these also tend to be restricted to the larger population centres. To address poor infrastructure, the World Bank has funded a project aimed at improving connectivity via a national fibre broadband network. There are separate schemes to improve broadband in eastern regions and provide links to Caribbean submarine cables.

América Móvil’s Claro has a clear lead in all of Nicaragua’s telecom sectors, including fixed-line, mobile, broadband, and pay TV. The number of mobile subscribers overtook the number of fixed lines in early 2002, and the mobile sector now accounts for most lines in service.

Telefónica’s Movistar is the only company competing with Claro in the fixed-line and mobile market. In the mobile sector, Movistar holds almost one third of the market, but in the fixed-line sector, it has only about 10% market share.

Due to a weak regulatory structure and bureaucratic delays, further liberalisation has been a slow process. The market duopoly has dampened the competitive drive between the two main players, and as a result there has been less effort than in neighbouring countries to improve quality and lower prices. Nevertheless, there are other companies operating in the market, including the Russian state corporation Rostejnologuii, Yota Mobile and IWB Holding. In the mobile market Xinwei Nicaragua (Xinwei Intelcom) launched services in early 2016, operating under the CooTel banner.

Key developments:

  • Movistar Nicaragua extends LTE services to more than 60 towns and cities;
  • Telecom regulator works on updating the General Law of Telecommunications;
  • Great Wall delays Nicasat-1 (LSTSAT 1) satellite launch;
  • Xinwei Nicaragua launches mobile services under the CooTel brand;
  • Work starts on a 3,500km fibre-optic broadband network;
  • World bank funding the Caribbean Regional Communications Infrastructure Program (CARCIP) to improve broadband in Nicaragua’s eastern regions;
  • Claro retaining near-monopoly over broadband;
  • Telefónica planning to deploy a 3,158 mile fibre cable covering Central America, linking Mexico to Panama via Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data, ITU data for 2017, recent market developments.

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

2. Key statistics

3. Country overview

4. Telecommunications market

4.1 Market analysis
4.2 International collaboration

5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Background
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.2.1 Telcor
5.3 Privatisation of Enitel
5.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Nicaragua
5.5 DR-CAFTA

6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Claro (América Móvil)
6.3 Movistar (Telefónica)
6.4 Yota de Nicaragua

7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 National telecom network
7.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Interconnection with Central American countries
7.2.2 Submarine cable networks
7.2.3 Satellite networks

8. Wholesale

9. Fixed-line broadband market

9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Broadband statistics

10. Mobile market
10.1 Market analysis
10.2 Mobile statistics
10.2.1 General statistics
10.3 Mobile data
10.4 Mobile broadband
10.5 Regulatory issues
10.5.1 Spectrum auctions
10.6 Mobile infrastructure
10.6.1 Digital networks
10.6.2 Other infrastructure developments
10.7 Major mobile operators
10.7.1 Claro (América Móvil)
10.7.2 Movistar (Telefónica)
10.7.3 Xinwei Nicaragua (CooTel)

11. Mobile content and applications
11.1.1 M-health

12. Related reports

List of Table

Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Nicaragua – 2018 (e)
Table 2 – Evolution of GDP in Nicaragua – 2013 - 2018
Table 3 – Historic - Fixed line market share by operator – 2004 - 2011
Table 4 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1996 - 2009
Table 5 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
Table 6 – International bandwidth – 2007 - 2016
Table 7 – International bandwidth per user – 2007 - 2016
Table 8 – Historic - Internet subscriber market share by operator – 2008 - 2011
Table 9 – Internet users – 2000 - 2018
Table 10 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 2000 - 2018
Table 11 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
Table 12 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
Table 13 – Mobile market share by operator – 2002 - 2013
Table 14 – Mobile prepaid/postpaid ratio – 2003 - 2016
Table 15 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2018
Table 16 – Historic - Claro mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2008
Table 17 – Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2008
 

List of Chart

Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2003 – 2018
Chart 2 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 2005 – 2018
Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 – 2018
Exhibit 1 – Nicaragua – major submarine cable networks
Exhibit 2 – Aló PCS – History
Exhibit 3 – Enitel Movil – history
Exhibit 4 – Movistar – History

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