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Middle East - Mobile Infrastructure and Mobile Broadband

Published By :

BuddeComm

Published Date : Jun 2018

Category :

Telecommunications

No. of Pages : 241 Pages

Mobile broadband infrastructure grows in the Middle East
Mobile communication has become very popular in the Middle East and penetration has increased remarkedly in recent years. The United Arab Emirates; Kuwait and Bahrain all have mobile penetration rates of over 200% and Jordan is not far behind with around 190%.

Mobile broadband still has growth potential in many markets however. Jordan, for example, has high mobile penetration but its mobile broadband penetration is only around 77%. Turkey also has a relatively low mobile broadband penetration rate in comparison to its very large population.

Many governments and operators have realised that high-speed mobile infrastructure is the key to driving mobile broadband growth and revenues. Subsequently, many of the higher-income markets, including countries of the Gulf Corporation Council, offer comprehensive 4G LTE networks and are now looking towards the next wave of technological developments.

In Bahrain, for example, LTE networks are well established, and the operators are exploring VoLTE, LTE-A, M2M and the potential of 5G in the future. Qatar and the United Arab Emirates plan to be some of the first in the region to launch commercial 5G services.

The Saudi Arabian government has also recognised the importance of broadband infrastructure for the future and entered 2018 on a positive note with the announcement of its largest financial budget ever. It will support the country’s expansion and diversification plans as part of its Vision 2030 program, which includes supporting potential investments in broadband infrastructure.

While parts of the Middle East are having ongoing civil unrest issues which has stagnated telecoms developments (e.g. Syria, Yemen) – the more stabilised and progressive countries are moving forwards and making significant inroads in developing and progressing mobile infrastructure and mobile broadband services.

This BuddeComm annual publication provides a country level analyses of 14 mobile markets across the Middle East including Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. It includes information on the mobile industry structure for each country, key mobile industry statistics including mobile broadband subscribers, regulatory information and analyses of mobile broadband and mobile infrastructure trends and developments.

This annual publication also incorporates BuddeComm’s ‘Middle East Telecoms Maturity Index’ (TMI). This is an index (on a scale between 0% and 100%) which measures and ranks the relative maturity of the telecoms industries in 12 countries in the region (Syria and Yemen have been excluded from the index at this time). The Index has been devised as a tool to compare the different markets easily and uniformly. Countries have been placed into Market Leaders, Market Challengers or Market Laggards categories according to their Market Index score. Countries are compared according to a number of parameters with a focus on fixed broadband and mobile broadband penetration. GDP is also included in a number of charts both for illustrative purposes and as a gauge to help decipher market maturity. However, a number of countries low on the Index scale are noted for the considerable effort still required in terms of market investment, regulatory oversight and effective government-sponsored direction. Given the poor condition of the telecoms market in these countries they have not been placed into either category.

Key developments:

  • Developing mobile infrastructure in the Middle East is important due to a general lack of significant fixed broadband infrastructure.
  • There are some countries demonstrating global leadership in terms of 5G development in the Middle East – and many other countries are also making strategic plans and partnerships in this regard.

Companies mentioned in this report

Mobile Telecommunications Co (MTC) / Zain, Ooredoo Kuwait (previously National Mobile Telecommunication Co (NMT) / Wataniya Telecom), Kuwait Telecom Company (KTC) / Viva, Batelco, Zain Bahrain, Viva Bahrain, Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI), Mobile Communications Iran (MCI), MTN Irancell, Tamin Telecom (Rightel), Mobile Telecommunications Company of Isfahan (MTCE), Telecommunication Kish Company (TKC), Iraqi Telephone and Postal Company (ITPC), Asiacell, Zain Iraq, Korek Telecom, Regional Telecom, Cellcom, Orange (Partner), Pelephone (Bezeq), HOT Mobile, Golan Telecom, Rami Levy, Jordan Telecom Group/Orange, Zain Jordan, Batelco/Umniah, Saudi Telecom Company (STC)/Bravo, Integrated Telecom Company (ITC)/Bayn Consortium, GO Telecom/Etihad Atheeb, Mobily/Ettihad Etisalat/Bayanat Al-Oula, Zain KSA, Lebara KSA/Etihad Jawraa, Virgin Mobile Middle East & Africa (Virgin Mobile MEA), Axiom Telecom, VIVA, Etisalat, du, Jordan Telecom Group/Orange, Zain Jordan, Batelco/Umniah, MTC Touch, Alfa Telecom, Ooredoo Qatar, Vodafone Qatar, OmanTel, Ooredoo Oman, FRiENDi, Majan Telecom (Renna), Samatel, Syrian Telecommunication Establishment (STE), MTN Syria, Syriatel, Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Avea.

Table of Contents

1. Regional mobile overview

1.1 Competition required for progress
1.2 Mobile infrastructure investment
1.3 Civil conflict
1.4 5G
1.5 Regulatory leadership
1.6 Middle East Telecoms Maturity Index (TMI)
1.7 Middle East Telecoms Maturity Index (TMI) vs GDP per capita
1.8 Middle East mobile and mobile broadband penetration
1.9 Middle East fixed and mobile broadband penetration
1.10 GCC countries fixed and mobile broadband penetration

2. Bahrain
2.1 Market overview
2.1.1 Market analysis
2.2 Recent developments
2.3 Regulatory environment
2.3.1 Regulatory authority
2.3.2 Overview
2.3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Bahrain
2.3.4 Interconnect
2.3.5 Access
2.3.6 Number portability
2.3.7 Privatisation
2.3.8 Mobile licenses
2.3.9 Subscriber registration
2.3.10 Roaming tariff reduction
2.4 Mobile market analysis
2.5 Mobile statistics
2.5.1 General statistics
2.5.2 Mobile broadband statistics
2.6 Mobile voice
2.6.1 Prepaid
2.7 Mobile infrastructure
2.7.1 Brief intro analogue networks
2.7.2 Digital networks
2.7.3 5G
2.8 Mobile handsets

3. Iran
3.1 Market analysis
3.2 Recent developments
3.3 Regulatory environment
3.3.1 Historic overview
3.3.2 Sixth five year plan 2016 -2021
3.3.3 Regulatory authority
3.3.4 WiMAX licences
3.3.5 Number Portability (NP)
3.3.6 Roaming
3.3.7 Mobile regulatory issues
3.4 Mobile market analysis
3.5 Mobile statistics
3.5.1 General statistics
3.6 Mobile broadband statistics
3.7 Mobile infrastructure
3.7.1 Digital networks
3.8 Mobile content and applications
3.8.1 Messaging services
3.8.2 M-banking (payments/loans)
3.9 Mobile handsets

4. Iraq
4.1 Market overview
4.2 Regulatory environment
4.2.1 Historic overview
4.2.2 Regulatory authority
4.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Iraq
4.2.4 Mobile regulatory issues
4.3 Mobile market analysis
4.3.1 Mobile statistics
4.4 Mobile broadband statistics
4.5 Mobile infrastructure
4.5.1 3G
4.5.2 LTE
4.5.3 Satellite mobile
4.6 Mobile content and applications
4.7 m-banking and m-payments

5. Israel
5.1 Market analysis
5.2 Recent developments
5.3 Regulatory environment
5.3.1 Historic overview
5.3.2 Regulatory authority
5.3.3 Privatisation of Bezeq
5.3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Israel
5.3.5 Number Portability (NP)
5.3.6 Net Neutrality
5.3.7 Mobile regulatory issues
5.4 Mobile market analysis
5.5 Mobile statistics
5.5.1 General statistics
5.5.2 Mobile broadband statistics
5.6 Mobile infrastructure
5.6.1 Brief intro analogue networks
5.6.2 Digital networks
5.6.3 5G
5.6.4 IoT and M2M networks
5.7 Mobile handsets

6. Jordan
6.1 Market overview
6.2 Market analysis
6.3 Recent developments
6.4 Regulatory environment
6.4.1 Historic overview
6.4.2 Regulatory authority
6.4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
6.4.4 Privatisation
6.4.5 Interconnect
6.4.6 Access
6.4.7 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
6.4.8 Mobile regulatory issues
6.5 Mobile market analysis
6.6 Mobile statistics
6.6.1 General statistics
6.7 Mobile broadband statistics
6.8 Mobile infrastructure
6.8.1 Digital networks
6.8.2 Satellite mobile
6.9 IoT and M2M networks
6.10 Mobile handsets

7. Kuwait
7.1 Market overview
7.2 Market analysis
7.3 Regulatory environment
7.3.1 Historic overview
7.3.2 Regulatory authority
7.3.3 Privatisation
7.3.4 Mobile regulatory issues
7.3.5 Mobile tower management
7.4 Mobile market analysis
7.4.1 Mobile statistics
7.5 Mobile broadband statistics
7.6 Mobile infrastructure
7.6.1 Analogue networks
7.6.2 Digital networks

8. Lebanon
8.1 Market overview
8.2 Regulatory environment
8.2.1 Background
8.2.2 Regulatory authority
8.2.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Lebanon
8.2.4 Privatisation
8.2.5 Mobile regulatory issues
8.3 Mobile market analysis
8.4 Mobile statistics
8.5 Mobile data
8.5.1 OTT messaging services
8.5.2 M2M
8.6 Mobile broadband statistics
8.7 Mobile infrastructure
8.7.1 GSM, 3G
8.7.2 4G LTE
8.7.3 5G
8.8 Mobile handsets

9. Oman
9.1 Market overview
9.2 Market analysis
9.3 Recent developments
9.4 Regulatory environment
9.4.1 Historic overview
9.4.2 Revision of the telecommunication regulatory law – 2011-2015
9.4.3 Regulatory authority
9.4.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Oman
9.4.5 Privatisation
9.4.6 Interconnect
9.4.7 Access
9.4.8 Universal Service Obligation (USO)
9.4.9 Royalty fees
9.4.10 Mobile regulatory issues
9.5 Competition issues
9.5.1 Market competitiveness report
9.6 Mobile market analysis
9.7 Mobile statistics
9.7.1 General statistics
9.7.2 Mobile voice
9.7.3 Mobile data
9.8 Mobile broadband statistics
9.9 Mobile infrastructure
9.9.1 Brief intro analogue networks
9.9.2 Digital networks
9.9.3 5G
9.9.4 IoT and M2M networks
9.10 Mobile handsets

10. Qatar
10.1 Market analysis
10.2 Key recent developments
10.3 Regulatory environment
10.3.1 Historic overview
10.3.2 Regulatory authority
10.3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Qatar
10.3.4 Privatisation
10.3.5 Interconnect
10.3.6 Access
10.3.7 Wholesale transmission
10.3.8 Mobile regulatory issues
10.4 Mobile market analysis
10.5 Mobile statistics
10.5.1 General statistics
10.5.2 Mobile messaging
10.6 Mobile broadband statistics
10.7 Mobile infrastructure
10.7.1 Brief intro analogue networks
10.7.2 Digital networks
10.8 Mobile content and applications
10.9 Mobile handsets

11. Saudi Arabia
11.1 Market overview
11.2 Market analysis
11.2.1 Universal Licenses
11.2.2 Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030
11.3 Summary of key developments
11.4 Regulatory environment
11.4.1 Historic overview
11.4.2 Regulatory authority
11.4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
11.4.4 Data service provider licences
11.4.5 Fixed-line licences
11.4.6 New satellite broadband license
11.4.7 Interconnect and access
11.4.8 Number Portability (NP)
11.4.9 Universal service
11.4.10 Mobile Regulatory issues
11.5 Mobile market overview
11.6 Mobile market analysis
11.7 Mobile statistics
11.7.1 General statistics
11.7.2 Mobile voice
11.7.3 Mobile data
11.8 Mobile broadband statistics
11.9 Mobile infrastructure
11.9.1 GSM, 3G
11.9.2 LTE, LTE-A
11.9.3 Satellite mobile
11.9.4 5G
11.10 IoT and M2M networks
11.11 Mobile Content and Applications
11.11.1 M-banking
11.12 Mobile handsets

12. Syria
12.1 Market analysis
12.2 Market challenges
12.3 Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC)
12.4 Regulatory environment
12.4.1 Historic overview
12.4.2 Regulatory authority
12.4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Syria
12.4.4 Interconnect
12.4.5 Mobile Regulatory issues
12.5 Mobile Market analysis
12.6 Mobile statistics
12.7 Mobile voice
12.7.1 Prepaid
12.8 Mobile broadband statistics
12.9 Mobile infrastructure
12.9.1 GSM, 3G, 4G
12.9.2 Satellite mobile
12.10 Mobile content and applications
12.10.1 m-banking (payments/loans)

13. Turkey
13.1 Market overview
13.2 Market analysis
13.3 Recent developments
13.4 Regulatory environment
13.4.1 Historic overview
13.4.2 Regulatory authority
13.4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Turkey
13.4.4 Privatisation
13.4.5 Interconnect
13.4.6 Access
13.4.7 Number Portability (NP)
13.4.8 Universal services
13.4.9 Mobile regulatory issues
13.5 Mobile market analysis
13.6 Mobile statistics
13.6.1 General statistics
13.6.2 Mobile voice
13.6.3 SMS and MMS
13.6.4 Mobile broadband statistics
13.7 Mobile infrastructure
13.7.1 4G, LTE
13.7.2 5G
13.8 Major mobile operators
13.8.1 Turkcell
13.8.2 Vodafone Turkey
13.8.3 Turk Telekom (Avea)

14. United Arab Emirates
14.1 Market overview
14.2 Market analysis
14.3 Key developments
14.4 Regulatory environment
14.4.1 Historic overview
14.4.2 Regulatory authority
14.4.3 Draft bill for new authority
14.4.4 Telecom sector liberalisation
14.4.5 Interconnect and access
14.4.6 Fibre access
14.4.7 Number Portability (NP)
14.4.8 Royalty payments
14.4.9 Censorship
14.4.10 Mobile regulatory issues
14.5 Mobile market analysis
14.6 Mobile statistics
14.6.1 General statistics
14.6.2 Mobile voice
14.6.3 Mobile data
14.6.4 Mobile broadband statistics
14.7 Mobile infrastructure
14.7.1 Brief intro analogue networks
14.7.2 Digital networks
14.7.3 IoT and M2M networks
14.8 Mobile content and applications
14.8.1 m-commerce/m-payments
14.9 Mobile handsets

15. Yemen
15.1 Market overview
15.2 Key industry considerations
15.3 Regulatory environment
15.3.1 Regulatory authority
15.3.2 Telecom sector liberalisation
15.3.3 Privatisation
15.3.4 Internet governance
15.3.5 Mobile regulatory issues
15.4 Mobile market analysis
15.5 Mobile statistics
15.6 Mobile broadband statistics
15.6.1 Mobile regulatory issues
15.7 Mobile infrastructure
15.8 Major mobile operators
15.8.1 MTN Yemen
15.8.2 SabaFon
15.8.3 TeleYemen/Yemen Mobile
15.8.4 HiTS Unitel/Y Telecom

List of Table

Table 1 – Middle East countries leading 5G developments
Table 2 – Potential frequency bands under consideration for 5G deployment globally
Table 3 – Bahrain - Telecom sector revenue – 2006 - 2016
Table 4 – Bahrain - Telecom sector revenue breakdown – 2013 - 2016
Table 5 – Bahrain - Accepted cumulative mobile number portability requests – 2011 – 1H 2017
Table 6 – Bahrain - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 7 – Bahrain - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2005 – 2018
Table 8 – Bahrain - Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2012 – Q3 2017
Table 9 – Bahrain total prepaid mobile subscribers - 1999 – 2017
Table 10 – Bahrain - Retail mobile market revenue – 2012 - 2016
Table 11 – Bahrain - Mobile ARPS – 2012 - 2016
Table 12 – Iran - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1995 - 2006
Table 13 – Iran - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2007 - 2018
Table 14 – Iran - Mobile broadband subscriptions and penetration – 2013 – 2020
Table 15 – Iraq - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2017
Table 16 – Iraq - Mobile operator market shares – 2004 – 2017
Table 17 – Iraq - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2014; 2016
Table 18 – Israel - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 19 – Israel -Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
Table 20 – Israel -Major mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2010 - 2016
Table 21 – Israel -Major mobile operators’ subscribers – 2017
Table 22 – Israel -Major mobile operators’ monthly mobile ARPU – 2013 – Q3 2017
Table 23 – Israel -Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2010 - 2017
Table 24 – Jordan - Mobile Termination Rates – 2010 - 2014
Table 25 – Jordan - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 26 – Jordan - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
Table 27 – Jordan - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2010 – 2018
Table 28 – Kuwait - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 29 – Kuwait - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2018
Table 30 – Kuwait - Mobile operators’ market share – 2005 - 2017
Table 31 – Kuwait - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – 2017
Table 32 – Kuwait - active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2015 – 2018
Table 33 – Lebanon - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 34 – Lebanon - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2018
Table 35 – Lebanon - Mobile operators’ market share – 2009 – 2017
Table 36 – Lebanon - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2011 - 2018
Table 37 – Oman - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 38 – Oman - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
Table 39 – Oman - Mobile sector total ARPU – 2005 – 2017
Table 40 – Oman - Operators mobile market share by subscribers – 2012 – Q3 2017
Table 41 – Oman - Total prepaid and post-paid subscribers – 2005 - 2017
Table 42 – Oman - SMS messages sent – 2006 - 2016
Table 43 – Oman - MMS messages sent – 2010 - 2016
Table 44 – Oman - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2008 - 2017
Table 45 – Qatar - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 46 – Qatar - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2018
Table 47 – Qatar - Mobile operators’ market share – 2009 - 2015
Table 48 – Qatar - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2008 - 2018
Table 49 – Saudi Arabia - mobile, fixed-line and total telecoms revenue of service providers – 2001 - 2016
Table 50 – Saudi Arabia - Fixed telephone teledensity and mobile subscriber penetration – 2012 - Q3 2017
Table 51 – Saudi Arabia - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 52 – Saudi Arabia - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2018
Table 53 – Saudi Arabia - Major mobile operators’ subscribers and market shares – 2005 – Q1 2017
Table 54 – Saudi Arabia – prepaid subscribers – 2002 – Q3 2017
Table 55 – Saudi Arabia - Mobile broadband subscriptions – technologies and penetration – 2010 – Q3 2017
Table 56 – Syria - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2016
Table 57 – Syria - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2009 - 2016
Table 58 – Turkey - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 59 - Turkey - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
Table 60 – Turkey - Breakdown of mobile revenue – 2008 – Q1 2016
Table 61 – Turkey - Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 – Q3 2017
Table 62 – Turkey - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2008 – 2017
Table 63 – Turkey - 2G; 3G; 4G subscribers – 2009 – Q3 2017
Table 64 – Turkey - Mobile operators’ revenue market share by service – Q3 2017
Table 65 – Turkey - Mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2007 – Q3 2017
Table 66 – Turkey - Mobile operators’ market share by revenue – Q3 2017
Table 67 – Turkcell group financial data – 2012 – 2017
Table 68 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly blended ARPU – 2007 - 2016
Table 69 – Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and mobile churn – 2001 – 2016
Table 70 – Turkcell smartphone penetration – 2012 – 2016
Table 71 – Vodafone Turkey financial data – 2008 - 2017
Table 72 – Historical - Vodafone Turkey pre and post-paid ARPU – 2006 - 2014
Table 73 – Vodafone Turkey smartphone penetration – 2011 - 2015
Table 74 – Turk Telekom mobile revenue – 2007 – Q2 2017
Table 75 – Turk Telekom prepaid, post-paid subscribers and blended ARPU – Q2 2013 - 2017
Table 76 – UAE – telecommunications revenue by sector – 2007 - 2015
Table 77 – UAE - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 78 – UAE - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2017
Table 79 – UAE - mobile operators’ market share by subscribers – 2010 - 2016
Table 80 – UAE - mobile revenue and ARPU – 2008 - 2015
Table 81 – UAE - prepaid vs postpaid revenue – 2008 - 2015
Table 82 – UAE - prepaid subscribers – 2005 – 2017
Table 83 – UAE - SMS and MMS sent – 2007 - 2015
Table 84 – UAE - mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2017
Table 85 – UAE is one of the leading countries working towards 5G in the Middle East
Table 86 – UAE – handset manufacturers’ market share – 2013; 2015; 2017
Table 87 – Yemen - Mobile subscriptions and penetration – 2013 - 2017
Table 88 – Yemen - Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2011 - 2017
Table 89 – MTN Yemen - subscribers, ARPU, and market share – 2009 - 2017
Table 90 – MTN Yemen – revenue and capex – 2014 – 2017
Table 91 – Yemen - SabaFon subscribers – 2004 – 2017 Q2

List of Chart

Chart 1 – Middle East - Telecoms Maturity Index (TMI) - 2017
Chart 2 – Middle East - Telecoms Maturity Index (TMI) vs GDP per capita - 2017
Chart 3 – Middle East – mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration - 2017
Chart 4 – Middle East - fixed broadband penetration versus mobile broadband penetration - 2017
Chart 5 – GCC members – fixed broadband penetration versus mobile broadband penetration - 2017
Chart 6 – Bahrain - Pre-paid subscriber growth – 1999 - 2017
Chart 7 – Iran - mobile subscribers versus mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 - 2018
Chart 8 – Lebanon - Mobile operators – subscriber market share – 2009 - 2017
Chart 9 – Oman - Operators mobile market share by subscribers – Q3 2017
Chart 10 – Saudi Arabia - Major mobile operators market share – 2017 (Q1)
Chart 11 – Turkey - Mobile operator market share by subscribers – Q3 2017
Chart 12 – Turkey - Mobile operators’ market share by revenue – Q3 2017
Chart 13 – Yemen - Mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration – 2013 - 2017
Exhibit 1 – Middle East - Key characteristics of telecoms markets by country
Exhibit 2 – Generalised market characteristics by market segment
Exhibit 3 – Iran - Privatisation of TCI
Exhibit 4 – Kuwait Projects Company (KIPCO)
Exhibit 5 – Lebanon’s Telecom Vision 2020

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