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Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets

Published By :

BCC Research

Published Date : Nov 2018

Category :

Chemicals

No. of Pages : 155 Pages

"Summary

Merchant hydrogen, the focus of this report, includes all hydrogen produced by one company for sale to another. The merchant hydrogen industry provides hydrogen used in industrial processes, including processes for the manufacture of gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, plastics, metals, agricultural fertilizer, pharmaceuticals and food oil products. Other uses in areas such as food and semiconductor manufacturing, for example, while important, require much smaller volumes of hydrogen. Merchant hydrogen providers also serve emerging energy or fuel applications for transportation, although at present this market is quite small.

Total annual U.S. production of merchant hydrogen was over REDACTED in 2017. In comparison, the total world production of merchant hydrogen was nearly REDACTED. BCC Research forecasts that U.S. production of merchant hydrogen will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of REDACTED, approaching REDACTED by 2023. Globally, merchant hydrogen production is projected to grow at a CAGR of REDACTED, reaching more than REDACTED by 2023.

Report Scope:

This BCC Research study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, lists company profiles and discusses patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities and potential business opportunities are a key focus.

The report includes the following -
- Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market.
- Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
- An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations.
- Detailed analyses of research focus, end-use markets and production technologies.
- Analysis of patent and intellectual property activity.

Report Includes:

- 29 data tables and 12 additional tables
- An overview of the global market for merchant hydrogen
- Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
- Coverage of cutting-edge development areas such as biological processing and localized production, research focus, end-use markets, and production technologies
- Assessment of patent and intellectual property (IP) activities
- Evaluation of the future use of merchant hydrogen and on-site distributed generation
- Company profiles of the leading players in the industry, including Airgas, Inc., Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Linde AG and Praxair, Inc."

"Report Scope:

This BCC Research study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, lists company profiles and discusses patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities and potential business opportunities are a key focus.

The report includes the following -
- Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market.
- Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
- An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations.
- Detailed analyses of research focus, end-use markets and production technologies.
- Analysis of patent and intellectual property activity.

Report Includes:

- 29 data tables and 12 additional tables
- An overview of the global market for merchant hydrogen
- Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
- Coverage of cutting-edge development areas such as biological processing and localized production, research focus, end-use markets, and production technologies
- Assessment of patent and intellectual property (IP) activities
- Evaluation of the future use of merchant hydrogen and on-site distributed generation
- Company profiles of the leading players in the industry, including Airgas, Inc., Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Linde AG and Praxair, Inc."

Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
Study Goals and Objectives
Reasons for Doing This Study
Scope of Report
Information Sources
Methodology
Geographic Breakdown
Analyst's Credentials
BCC Custom Research
Related BCC Research Reports
Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3 Market and Technology Background
Hydrogen
Market Size and Segmentation
Global Production of Hydrogen
Industrial Hydrogen Market Segments
Merchant Hydrogen Segment
Large-Scale Merchant Hydrogen Production Technologies
Steam Methane Reformation of Natural Gas
Coal Gasification
Distributed Hydrogen Production
Reformation of Bio-Derived Liquids
Coal and Biomass Gasification
Compact Autothermal and Fuel Cell Generators
Merchant Market Delivery Modes
Delivery State: Liquefaction and Gasification
Economics
Plant Capital Costs
Role in Oil Refinery Cost
Hydrogen as an Energy Fuel
Pipeline Economics
Merchant Hydrogen Costs and End Users
Chapter 4 Global Merchant Hydrogen Markets
Summary
European Market
European Production
E.U. Pipelines
China
Chapter 5 U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand
Merchant Industrial Hydrogen End-User Segments
Oil Refining
Food Industry/Edible Oil
Chemical Industry
Steel Industry/Metallurgy
Electronics Industry
Glass Processing Industry
Power Industry
Research and Development Demand
U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand Forecast
Hydrogen Energy Market Drivers
Environmental Benefits of Hydrogen
Advances in Fuel Cell Technology
Development of Fueling Infrastructure
Distributed Hydrogen Production Systems
High-Purity Hydrogen Market
Government-Supported Hydrogen Initiatives
Government Initiatives
Chapter 6 U.S. Merchant Production
Location of U.S. Hydrogen Refinery Capacity
Location of U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Plants
Hydrogen from Renewable Resources
Chapter 7 Merchant Hydrogen Technology Development
Overview
Principal Technologies
Thermal Processes
Electrolytic Processes
Photolytic Processes
Other Types of Process
Emerging Production Technologies
Advanced Membrane Technology
Plasma Reforming
Hydrogen via Wastewater Remediation
Direct Sunlight-to-Hydrogen Conversion
Catalysts
Oxygen and Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Catalysts
Atomically Dispersed Platinum Catalyst
Molybdenum Sulfide as Platinum Catalyst Replacement
Stanford Nickel Iron Catalyst
Nanostructured Nickel Hydroxide
Chapter 8 Merchant Hydrogen Delivery Modes
Pipelines
New Hydrogen Pipeline Materials
Mixed Hydrogen/Natural Gas Pipelines
Tank Trucks, Railcars, Barges
Tube Trailers
On-Site Production
Chapter 9 Hydrogen Storage
Principal Technologies
Direct Storage of Hydrogen
Hydrocarbons
Ammonia Storage
Metal Hydrides
Zeolites
Other Nanostructured Materials
Other Storage Technologies
Chapter 10 Patents
Summary of Patent Activity
Hydrogen Production
Storage
Bulk Distribution
Fuel Cells
Direct Combustion of Hydrogen
Hydrogen Sensors
Sample Patents
Chapter 11 Industry Structure and Company Profiles
Engineering Services
AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD.
TECHNIPFMC
UHDE GMBH
Industrial Gas Providers
AIRGAS, INC.
AIR LIQUIDE
AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
EQUISTAR CHEMICALS LP
GENERAL HYDROGEN CORP.
IWATANI INTERNATIONAL CORP.
LINDE AG
PRAXAIR, INC.
SINOPEC
UNITED HYDROGEN GROUP
Refiners and Refineries
AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD.
ANDEAVOR
BP PLC
CHEVRON CORP.
CONOCOPHILLIPS
EXXON MOBIL CORP.
FLINT HILLS RESOURCES
MARKWEST JAVELINA
MOTIVA ENTERPRISES LLC
ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
SHELL DEER PARK REFINING
VALERO ENERGY CORP.
Fuel Cells
BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
BLOOM ENERGY CORP.
CERAMATEC
FUEL CELL ENERGY, INC.
HYDROGENICS CORP.
MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS LTD.
PLUG POWER LLC
Vehicles
ASIA PACIFIC FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
HYUNDAI MOTORS
MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
MERITOR, INC.
TOYOTA MOTORS
US FUEL CELL
Electrolyzers and Distributed Reformers
ACTA SPA
INTELLIGENT ENERGY
ITM POWER PLC
NEL HYDROGEN AS
NUVERA FUEL CELLS LLC
PROTON ONSITE, INC.
Hydrogen Purification and Sensors
ELEMENT ONE
H2SCAN
HY9 CORP.
MAKEL ENGINEERING, INC.
MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
XEBEC ADSORPTION, INC.
Catalysts
ACTA SPA
E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND CO.
HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
NANOMIX, INC
Storage
PLASTIC OMNIUM GROUP
QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE, INC.
LUXFER GROUP LTD.
TOSHIBA CORP.
Start-Ups and R&D
ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
ALUMIFUEL POWER CORP.
BATELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP.
EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
GENERAL ATOMICS
HCE LLC
HTC PURENERGY
INNOVATEK, INC.
JETSTREAM ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
MO-SCI CORP.
NATIONAL CENTER FOR HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY
POWERTECH LABS, INC.
SECAT, INC.
SOTACARBO SPA
YANGTZE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Chapter 12 Appendix: Glossary and Acronyms

List of Table

List of Tables
Summary Table : Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2023
Table 1 : Hydrogen Production Feedstocks
Table 2 : Global Hydrogen Production, by Segment, 2017
Table 3 : U.S. Share of Merchant Hydrogen Production, by Industry Type, 2017
Table 4 : North American Share of Merchant Hydrogen Capacity, by Company, 2017
Table 5 : Global Market Share of Merchant Market Delivery Modes, by Sector, 2017
Table 6 : Hydrogens Share of Oil Refinery Fixed and Variable Operating Costs, 2017
Table 7 : Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2023
Table 8 : Global Production Share for End Uses of Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2017
Table 9 : E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, 20042014
Table 10 : E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, Through 2023
Table 11 : Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production in the E.U., by Company and Location, 2017
Table 12 : E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Country, 2017
Table 13 : E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Company, 2017
Table 14 : Chinese Consumption of Hydrogen, by End Use, 2017
Table 15 : U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Production, by End Use, Through 2023
Table 16 : U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 20042017
Table 17 : U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Projects as of August 2017
Table 18 : R&D Areas for Distributed Hydrogen Production
Table 19 : U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 2004-2016
Table 20 : U.S. Refinery Hydrogen Production Capacity, by State, 2016
Table 21 : Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production Capacity in the U.S., Canada and Mexico, by Company and Location, 2016
Table 22 : Approaches to Using Renewable Power to Produce Hydrogen, by Project Category
Table 23 : Sample of U.S. Renewables-Based Hydrogen Production Pilot Projects, 2017
Table 24 : Thermal Processes for Hydrogen Production
Table 25 : Electrolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
Table 26 : Photolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
Table 27 : Typical Hydrogen Sale Quantities
Table 28 : U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by State, 20062016
Table 29 : U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Owner, 2016
Table 30 : U.S. Department of Energy Targets for On-Board Hydrogen Storage Systems, 2020 and 2025
Table 31 : Hydrogen Storage Technologies
Table 32 : Distribution of Hydrogen Patents, by Major Field of Application, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 33 : U.S. Hydrogen Production Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 34 : Major Hydrogen Production Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 35 : U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 36 : Major Hydrogen Storage Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 37 : U.S. Hydrogen Transmission and Distribution Technology Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 38 : U.S. Fuel Cell Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 39 : Major Fuel Cell Intellectual Property Portfolios of U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, 1975June 15, 2018
Table 40 : Holders of U.S. Hydrogen Sensor Patents Issued, by Company, 1975June 15, 2018

List of Chart

List of Figures
Summary Figure : Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2017-2023
Figure 1 : Global Hydrogen Production Trends, 20172023
Figure 2 : U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand, 20172023
Figure 3 : U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 20082016

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