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LTE Strategies

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Published Date : Nov 2012

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No. of Pages : 137 Pages


The LTE technology has now been adopted in all geographical areas and is experiencing a rapid growth. LTE Advanced, the “real 4G”, will be launched in 2013. This report provides an overview of the latest trends in the fast growing LTE market and the reasons driving MNOs\' migration to LTE. It also analyses operators\' roll-out strategies, LTE networks, technical hurdles, the regulatory environment and LTE spectrum issues, in addition to spotlighting the key players\' different strategies and what will change with LTE.

Table of Content




1. Executive Summary



2. Methodology

3. Lessons from commercial LTE services
3.1. LTE status
3.2. Lessons from the first LTE commercial deployments
3.2.1. LTE theoretical and average data rates
3.2.2. LTE ARPUs
3.2.3. A very rapid take-off in South Korea
3.2.4. Vodafone
3.2.5. Swapping Mobile WiMAX with LTE: Yota in Russia
3.2.6. LTE as a substitute to fixed networks

4. Network strategies & technical hurdles
4.1. LTE-Advanced coming soon
4.1.1. LTE-Advanced front runners
4.1.2. Equipment providers
4.1.3. LTE-Advanced technical characteristics: the real 4G
4.1.4. Carrier aggregation
4.2. LTE-FDD and TD-LTE: real complements?
4.2.1. Technology aspects: towards more complementarity between LTE-FDD and TD-LTE
4.2.2. Already 10 TD-LTE commercial networks
4.2.3. WiMAX to TD-LTE migration
4.2.4. TD-LTE develops in parallel with FD-LTE
4.3. Small cells in LTE networks

5. Spectrum constraints
5.1. LTE spectrum allocation
5.1.1. LTE spectrum today
5.1.2. LTE spectrum fragmentation and the importance of band plans
5.2. Second Digital Dividend and future LTE bands
5.2.1. 700 MHz band
5.2.2. Future LTE bands/New MBB spectrum: which frequency bands?
5.3. Spectrum refarming: the importance of the 1800 MHz band
5.4. LTE in satellite frequency bands

6. MNOs investments in LTE
6.1. LTE investments by major players
6.1.1. Related-LTE CapEx increase to offset 2G/3G CapEx decline
6.2. Network sharing and outsourcing
6.2.1. Network sharing
6.2.2. Network outsourcing
6.3. Higher capillarity and density access networks with small cells and femtocells
6.3.1. Small cells are seen as the inevitable complementary network infrastructures to macro-cells to meet the mobile broadband capacity crunch
6.3.2. Network equipment provider pushes small cells
6.3.3. Femtocells definitely a critical part of LTE network deployments
6.3.4. Multi-RAN adoption
6.4. LTE is driving need to upgrade backhaul
6.5. LTE costs
6.5.1. LTE for costs savings
6.5.2. LTE: lowering the cost of capacity
6.5.3. LTE unit cost per MB is declining over years

7. Service strategies
7.1. LTE pricing
7.1.1. Presentation of the first LTE price plans
7.1.2. Caps and speeds for LTE services/Comparison
7.2. Voice & SMS over LTE
7.2.1. Technological enablers
7.2.2. Deployment roadmap for VoLTE
7.2.3. Issues for VoLTE
7.3. New services on LTE networks
7.3.1. RCS (Rich Communications Suite)
7.3.2. Mobile cloud-based services
7.3.3. Video services
7.3.4. Emergency services
7.3.5. M2M services potential
7.4. Devices strategy - Review of LTE device availability
7.4.1. USB dongles and mobile hotspots
7.4.2. Mobile handsets: early developments
7.4.3. Tablets: LTE as differentiating advantage?
7.4.4. Other devices: a market still in its infancy
7.4.5. Fixed routers and / or gateways
7.4.6. eReaders
7.4.7. Mobile gaming devices

8. Conclusions for MNOs
8.1. What do we learn from the main LTE networks?
8.2. MNOs strategic positioning
8.3. What can we expect in the coming years?
8.4. LTE market forecasts 2012-2017
8.4.1. Subscription forecasts
8.4.2. LTE revenue forecasts

9. Annex: LTE devices
9.1. USB dongles and MiFi devices
9.2. Handsets
9.3. Tablets
9.4. M2M devices
9.5. Fixed routers

10. Annex: Case studies
10.1. AT&T
10.1.1. Overall presentation
10.1.2. Investments
10.1.3. Spectrum
10.1.4. Devices and services
10.2. DoCoMo
10.2.1. Overall presentation
10.2.2. Investments
10.2.3. Spectrum
10.2.4. Devices and services
10.3. China Mobile
10.3.1. Overall presentation
10.3.2. Investments
10.3.3. Spectrum
10.3.4. Devices and services
10.4. TeliaSonera
10.4.1. Overall presentation
10.4.2. Spectrum
10.4.3. Devices and services
10.5. T-Mobile
10.5.1. Overall presentation
10.5.2. Spectrum
10.5.3. Investments and deployments
10.5.4. Devices and services
10.6. Verizon Wireless
10.6.1. Overall presentation
10.6.2. Spectrum
10.6.3. Investments and deployments
10.6.4. Devices and services
10.7. SKT
10.7.1. Overall presentation
10.7.2. Investments and deploymentsv
10.7.3. Devices and services
10.8. LG U+
10.8.1. Overall presentation
10.8.2. Investments and deployments
10.8.3. Devices and services
10.9. Telstra
10.9.1. Overall presentation
10.9.2. Devices and services
10.10. Yota
10.10.1. Overall presentation
10.10.2. Spectrum
10.10.3. Investments and deployments
10.10.4. Devices and services

List of Table


Table 1: VoLTE status and launch date
Table 2: LTE commercial networks and subscriptions in Q2 2012
Table 3: Q1 and Q2 2012 subscriptions figures for the Top 10 LTE networks
Table 4: Q2 2012 subscription figures for the Top 10 LTE countries
Table 5: LTE speeds (commercial networks)
Table 6: LTE and 3G speeds in the USA
Table 7: LTE ARPU figures
Table 8: LTE coverage
Table 9: LTE-Advanced front-runners first implementations
Table 10: LTE-Advanced performance
Table 11: Possible UE RF architectures for LTE-Advanced resource aggregation
Table 12: Frequency bands combinations for carrier aggregation
Table 13: Main TDD and FDD bands
Table 14: Adoption of TD-LTE technology
Table 15: TDD and FDD mode advantages and drawbacks
Table 16: Main frequency bands for UMTS/HSPA/LTE deployment TDD mode
Table 17: Mobile WiMAX to TD-LTE migration plans
Table 18: First-phase testing sites and assignments
Table 19: Spectrum assignment for LTE testing
Table 20: LTE commercial networks and associated frequency bands
Table 21: Main LTE frequency bands by geographical area
Table 22: Main characteristics of frequency bands for LTE
Table 23: Availability dates of LTE spectrum
Table 24: LTE devices by frequency band
Table 25: Potential use of FDD bands for LTE
Table 26: Potential use of TDD bands for LTE
Table 27: Most likely bands for LTE international roaming
Table 28: Potential new frequency bands for mobile broadband Europe
Table 29: State of LTE 1800 deployments and trials
Table 30: Benefits and risks of passive mobile sharing
Table 31: Benefits and risks of active mobile sharing
Table 32: Examples of LTE network sharing agreements
Table 33: Potential gains and risks of network outsourcing
Table 34: Base station shipments estimates
Table 35: Elements of potential savings to reduce network costs for a LTE network
Table 36: NTT DOCOMO Xi rates
Table 37: NTT DOCOMO Xi rates smartphones and tablets
Table 38: LG U+ LTE plans
Table 39: SK Telecom LTE plans
Table 40: KT LTE plans
Table 41: Verizon Wireless rates
Table 42: AT&T rates
Table 43: AT&T Mobility shared data plans
Table 44: Telia rates
Table 45: LTE tariff comparisons
Table 46: Voice over LTE interworking with common circuit switched voice technology
Table 47: VoLTE status and launch date
Table 48: RCS launch dates
Table 49: SKT RCS services features
Table 50: Standardised QCI characteristics
Table 51: Bandwidth required by M2M application
Table 52: Modules price by technology used, 2011
Table 53: LTE frequency bands for the various versions of the iPhone 5
Table 54: LTE USB dongles and MiFi devices
Table 55: LTE handsets
Table 56: LTE tablets
Table 57: M2M LTE devices
Table 58: LTE fixed routers
Table 59: AT&T LTE devices
Table 60: AT&T LTE plans
Table 61: NTT DOCOMO Xi Flat-rates billing plans
Table 62: NTT DOCOMO Xi Two-tiered flat-rate billing plans
Table 63: China Mobile spectrum
Table 64: Telia LTE smartphones rates
Table 65: Telia LTE data-rates
Table 66: Sonera rates Finland
Table 67: TeliaSonera rates Denmark
Table 68: SKT LTE tariffs
Table 69: LG U+ LTE plans

List of Chart


Figure 1: LTE in figures
Figure 2: LTE front-runners strategic positioning
Figure 3: LTE subscriptions forecasts
Figure 4: Geographical mapping of early LTE commercial deployment
Figure 5: 10 million LTE subscribers in one year
Figure 6: Reasons for subscribing to LTE
Figure 7: Average 3G and LTE data consumption in South Korea
Figure 8: Mobile data consumption in South Korea
Figure 9: HomeFusion LTE outdoor antenna and principle
Figure 10: LTE-Advanced development scenario
Figure 11: Carrier aggregation in LTE-Advanced
Figure 12: Relay function
Figure 13: Release 10 LTE-Advanced carrier aggregation
Figure 14: Carrier aggregation example
Figure 15: Supplemental downlink principle
Figure 16: Main TD-LTE backers
Figure 17: TD-LTE trials in China
Figure 18: TD-LTE devices used by China Mobile for the tests
Figure 19: SoftBank TD-LTE subscribers
Figure 20: UK Broadband spectrum
Figure 21: Applications of small cells
Figure 22: Timetable for LTE spectrum in Western Europe
Figure 23: 700 MHz band plan in the USA
Figure 24: Scenario for a second Digital Dividend in Europe, Africa and the Middle East
Figure 25: APT 700 MHz plan
Figure 26: APT band plans
Figure 27: Harmonised FDD arrangement of 698-806 MHz band
Figure 28: Positioning of ICO and TerreStar in the 2 GHz band (S-band)
Figure 29: NTT DOCOMO LTE expansion plans, 2011-2015
Figure 30: Passive sharing
Figure 31: Active sharing
Figure 32: Comparative network outsourcing scope
Figure 33: Femtocells operator commitments and deployments
Figure 34: NTT DOCOMO RAN architecture evolution with Remote Radio Head
Figure 35: Evolution of Telefonica mobile network
Figure 36: Comparison of cost between SingleRAN and non-SingleRAN
Figure 37: Operator strategies in migrating backhaul networks
Figure 38: LTE capex lower than current mobile capex
Figure 39: Potential costs savings for a typical MNO in developed markets (brownfield case)
Figure 40: Comparison of performance and cost for today and LTE networks
Figure 41: LTE increases capacity while lowering cost per MB
Figure 42: Capex and opex per MB, eurocents (EUR), 2010-2015
Figure 43: NTT DOCOMO Xi rates (commercial launch 12/2010)
Figure 44: CS fallback architecture
Figure 45: Voice over IMS
Figure 46: Sprints VoLTE plans
Figure 47: SK Telecom VoLTE characteristics
Figure 48: VoLTE introduction by NTT DOCOMO
Figure 49: premium LTE services from LG U+
Figure 50: RCS services
Figure 51: SKT RCS launching plan
Figure 52: Mobile cloud services
Figure 53: Mobile cloud for storage and processing
Figure 54: DOCOMO network cloud
Figure 55: The NTT DOCOMO Shabbette Concier service
Figure 56: Translator phone service
Figure 57: eMBMS logical architecture
Figure 58: New emergency services solutions from the industry
Figure 59: M2M development by vertical industry
Figure 60: LTE in figures
Figure 61: LTE front-runners strategic positioning
Figure 62: LTE subscriptions forecasts
Figure 63: LTE revenue forecasts (million EUR)
Figure 64: NTT DOCOMO LTE plans
Figure 65: China Mobile LTE plans
Figure 66: Verizon LTE deployment
Figure 67: SKT LTE coverage
Figure 68: LG U+ LTE coverage
Figure 69: Yotas traffic LTE launch
Figure 70: Yotas business model
Figure 71: Yota: RAN sharing with MegaFon

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