BuddeComm’s annual publication Global Telecoms – Smart Societies and Artificial Intelligence, provides the key global trends and insights for these important and interesting sectors which will form the communities of the future.
In our complex societies, developments do not take place in isolation; they need to be looked at within a broader context and policies, strategies and activities need to be comprehensively linked. This is perhaps best described under the title ‘smart city’ or ‘smart community’.
Making infrastructure smart basically means adding intelligence to the networks through sensors, devices, M2M, etc that generate reliable data that can be processed in real time to provide information to all those involved in making decisions about their energy use, transport movement, weather conditions, financial status, healthcare monitoring etc.
By combining these databases in a trans-sector way – linking energy to traffic to healthcare, to weather, to economics – we will be able to move from the current silo-based structure to a true trans-sector structure.
In the context of the global crisis, we must now look at every opportunity to build smarter communities. The next stage of human evolution is going to depend on merging humans and machines, something that is becoming increasingly possible through artificial intelligence (AI).
Smart communities should incorporate cross-sector public safety, carbon neutral, state of the art communications networks, linked to a new generation of social services provided by government, such as e-government, e-health and e-education. Smart Transport systems are also integral to a smart society.
Smart Transport, better known as Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), increase the safety and efficiency of transport networks – from public bus, tram and train transport, to rail and road freight transport, and private and commercial road transport. ITS systems include the software and hardware for new electronic vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication/information systems.
In 2012 there are now a number of countries around the world whose governments are actively investigating the social and economic benefits that can be achieved through the deployment of a mainly fibre-based broadband telecoms infrastructure.
The United Nations has also earmarked broadband as critical infrastructure in its Millennium Development Goals. ICT will not solve the problem of world hunger, but it cannot be solved without ICT, and this equally applies to all the other challenges.
Smart infrastructure is necessary for the smart societies of the future based on smart economies, e-health, smart grids, smart transport, e-education, e-commerce and smart energy.
- Citizens are using smart tools to address, in their own way, the challenges that they are facing, either individually or together as a community;
- In many cities around the world, high density living is the norm and attention is now turning towards making this style of living more sustainable;
- Technology innovations include water harvesting and re-use, solar collection and energy efficient appliances including heating and cooling; Sustainable urban transport systems are also on the agenda for many governments.
- E-health has become an area where key killer applications that utilise truly high-speed broadband networks are emerging and is one example of how broadband is important for social reasons beyond Internet access.
- Smart city developments are taking place in hundreds of cities around the world with initiatives ranging from solar panel installation; electronic vehicle use; extensive fibre optic deployment and real-time data collection used for city governance and traffic management.
Table of Contents
1. The Digital Revolution
1.1 The Global Impact of the Digital Revolution
1.1.1 Politicians underestimate the digital revolution
1.1.2 How governments lost the ICT plot
1.1.3 Desperate need for government innovation
1.1.4 Politicians should stop populist party politics
1.1.5 Urgent need for smart policies and smart tools
1.1.6 The need for Digital infrastructure
1.1.7 NBN a blueprint for other trans-sector policies?
1.1.8 Australia’s international PV success story
1.1.9 Citizens understand the crisis
1.1.10 No progress without new trans-sector policies
2. Smart Societies
2.1 Smart Cities and Buildings
2.1.2 Building smart cities to ease the stress
2.1.3 Key components of smart cities
2.1.4 Strategies for smart communities
2.1.5 Intelligent Communities Forum
2.2 Smart Grids - Introduction
2.2.1 A concept, not a technology
2.2.2 Smart grid vision
2.2.3 Smart grid market
2.2.4 Government policies and regulations
2.2.5 Smart energy
2.2.6 Smart grids, smart infrastructure, smart buildings and smart cities
2.2.7 Opportunities for the smart infrastructure
2.3 Smart Infrastructure: National Broadband Networks
2.3.1 Introduction: broadband doesn’t just equal high-speed Internet
2.3.2 The many aspects of broadband infrastructure
2.3.3 Trans-sectoral thinking required for governments
2.3.4 BuddeComm’s contribution to broadband based trans-sector policies
2.3.5 Barriers to NBN and broadband adoption
2.4 Smart Transport
2.4.1 What is IT?
2.4.2 Electric Vehicles (EV)
2.4.3 Dedicated Short-Range Communications
2.4.4 Case study – Australia
2.4.5 Other examples
2.5 Smart Government
2.5.1 Market summary
2.5.2 Market insights
2.5.3 Published studies
3. The Next Frontier: Artificial Intelligence
3.1 Smart Societies and Artificial Intelligence
3.1.1 The proposition
3.1.2 Philosophy and science
3.1.3 Social and economic developments
3.1.4 Are we reaching another breaking point?
3.1.5 Solutions can only be found by using IT to increase our intelligence
4. Selected Smart Community Case Studies
4.1.1 South Korea
4.3 Middle East
5. Glossary of Abbreviations
List of Table
Table 1 – Value of the global smart grid market – 2012 - 2016
Table 2 – Global investment in e-government – 2010; 2016
Table 3 – United Nations e-government development ranking – top 20 countries 2010
Table 4 – EIU digital economy ranking – top 15 countries – 2010
Table 5 – EIU e-readiness ranking – top 15 countries – 2009
Table 6 – Waseda University e-government ranking – top 10 countries – 2010; 2011
Table 7 – Brookings Institution – highest e-government rankings – 2008
Table 8 – Selection of predictions in BT’s timeline
List of Chart
Exhibit 1- Internet of Things – the next infrastructure inflection point
Exhibit 2- Trans-sector vs. Cross-sector
Exhibit 3 – Smart City Operating System (OS)
Exhibit 4 – Smart Homes
Exhibit 5 – Learning from e-cars
Exhibit 6 – Example of trans-sector collaboration in a Smart City
Exhibit 7 – Smart Grid applications
Exhibit 8 – Challenges Smart Grids can address
Exhibit 9 - International Smart Grid Action Network
Exhibit 10 - Learning from e-cars
Exhibit 11 – Intelligent transport systems today
Exhibit 12 – Intelligent Cars – IntelliDrive project
Exhibit 13 – Definition: E-Government
Exhibit 14 – Examples of Web 2.0 tools
Exhibit 15 – Examples of common web based e-government applications
Exhibit 16 – Faster broadband speeds offer more than just fast Internet
Exhibit 17 – Definition: Cloud computing
Exhibit 18 – Examples of key Cloud models
Exhibit 19 – Examples of government cloud projects
Exhibit 20 – The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) annual Digital Economy Rankings criteria
Exhibit 21 – Countries with low e-government presence
Exhibit 22 – Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Exhibit 23 – Smart energy project in Amsterdam 2011