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Forensic Technologies: New and Growing Markets

Published By :

BCC Research

Published Date : Sep 2017

Category :

Software

No. of Pages : 312 Pages


The global adhesive and adhesive-applying equipment market should reach $74.5 billion by 2022 from $57.8 billion in 2017 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.2%, from 2017 to 2022.
Adhesives is the largest market segment. The market is expected to grow from $42.8 billion in 2017 to $55.2 billion in 2022 at a CAGR of 5.3% for the period 2017-2022.
The adhesive-applying equipment segment of the market is expected to grow from $15 billion in 2017 to $19.3 billion in 2022 at a CAGR of 5.1% for the period 2017-2022.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction ......................................................................................... 1
Study Goals and Objectives........................................................................................................................... 1
Reasons for Doing This Study and Its Importance ........................................................................................ 1
Contributions of This Study and for Whom .................................................................................................. 2
Scope and Format of Report ......................................................................................................................... 2
Methodology ................................................................................................................................................. 2
Information Sources ...................................................................................................................................... 2
Analyst's Credentials ..................................................................................................................................... 4
Related BCC Research Reports...................................................................................................................... 4
Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights ....................................................................... 6
Major Findings .............................................................................................................................................. 6
Chapter 3: Overview ........................................................................................... 10
Definition of Forensic Science ..................................................................................................................... 10
Forensics as an Economic Sector ................................................................................................................ 10
History of Forensic Science ......................................................................................................................... 10
U.S. Forensic Laboratories .......................................................................................................................... 11
Trends in Computerization of Crime Laboratories .................................................................................. 12
Medical Examiners and Coroners ............................................................................................................... 13
Crime Rates and Forensic Backlogs ............................................................................................................. 14
Governmental Oversight of Forensics ........................................................................................................ 15
Criminal Justice and Forensic Science Reform Act of 2011 ..................................................................... 15
Governmental Oversight ......................................................................................................................... 16
The Growing Role of Forensic Databases ................................................................................................... 17
Fingerprint Databases ............................................................................................................................. 17
Next Generation Identification (NGI) ...................................................................................................... 18
Department of Defense Fingerprint/Biometrics ..................................................................................... 19
Forensic Databases .................................................................................................................................. 19
Role of Forensic Science in the Legal System ............................................................................................. 25
Physical Evidence, Collection and Storage .............................................................................................. 26
Chain of Evidence or Custody .................................................................................................................. 27
Important Types of Evidence in Legal Proceedings ................................................................................. 27
Analytical Processes Used in Forensic Testing ........................................................................................ 28
Major Forensic Testing Areas .................................................................................................................. 29
Role of New Technology in Reducing Forensic Backlogs ............................................................................ 37
Forensic Science Instrumentation .............................................................................................................. 37
Chemical Analysis Instrumentation ......................................................................................................... 38
Drug Identification and Toxicology Analysis ........................................................................................... 39
DNA Profiling ............................................................................................................................................... 41
Nanotechnology ...................................................................................................................................... 42
Fingerprinting/Biometrics ........................................................................................................................... 43
Forensic Imaging Market Including Handheld Devices ............................................................................... 44
Portable Explosives Forensics Imaging Devices ...................................................................................... 44
Handheld Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SDOCT) Imaging ................................... 45
Lab-On-a-Chip Portables ......................................................................................................................... 46
Portable Cadaver Detection .................................................................................................................... 46
Market Composition ................................................................................................................................... 47
Government Regulation .............................................................................................................................. 47
Accreditation ........................................................................................................................................... 48
Government Agencies ............................................................................................................................. 49
International Markets ................................................................................................................................. 50
Market Demand .......................................................................................................................................... 51
Testing Trends ......................................................................................................................................... 51
Markets for Forensic Analytical Techniques, Instruments and Supplies ................................................... 52
Organic Materials Analysis ...................................................................................................................... 53
Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) .................................................................................................... 58
Inorganic Materials Analysis .................................................................................................................... 60
General Analytical Instruments ............................................................................................................... 62
Major Analytical Categories .................................................................................................................... 64
Forensic Testing Market Size ...................................................................................................................... 71
Analytical Instruments and Supplies ....................................................................................................... 73
Market ParticipantsAnalytical Instruments ......................................................................................... 80
Analytical Instruments Company Profiles ............................................................................................... 81
Drug Identification Kits ............................................................................................................................... 88
Drug Identification Kits Market Size ........................................................................................................ 91
Market ParticipantsDrug Identification Kits ........................................................................................ 91
Market Shares ......................................................................................................................................... 92
Drug Field-Testing Kit Company Profiles ................................................................................................. 92
Toxicology/Immunoassay Market ............................................................................................................... 94
Alcohol Analysis ....................................................................................................................................... 94
Drug and Poison Analysis ........................................................................................................................ 95
Toxicology Immunoassay Reagents ......................................................................................................... 96
The Market for Forensic Toxicology Testing Products ............................................................................ 97
Immunoassay Company Profiles ............................................................................................................. 98
Forensic Biology and Serology .................................................................................................................... 99
Blood Grouping ....................................................................................................................................... 99
Serological Characterization of Bloodstains ............................................................................................ 99
Pattern Analysis of Bloodstains ............................................................................................................. 100
Bone Forensics and Skeletal Biology ..................................................................................................... 101
Market Size ............................................................................................................................................ 101
Forensic Biology and Serology Testing Company Profile ...................................................................... 102
Fingerprinting/Biometrics ......................................................................................................................... 102
Fingerprint Ridges and Ridge Characteristics ........................................................................................ 103
Fingerprint Classification ....................................................................................................................... 103
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (IAFIS) ........................................................ 103
IAFIS Enhancements: Automatic Feature Extraction and Matching (AFEM) ........................................ 105
Product Types and Applications ............................................................................................................ 106
Products for Obtaining Known or Criminal 10-Prints and Their Suppliers ............................................ 107
Products for Developing and Preserving Crime Scene Prints and Their Suppliers ................................ 113
Photography Supplies ............................................................................................................................ 115
Magnifiers .............................................................................................................................................. 116
Digital Imaging Enhancement Software ................................................................................................ 116
Market Size ............................................................................................................................................ 117
Market for 10-Print Products ................................................................................................................ 119
Market for Electronic Products ............................................................................................................. 121
Market for Crime Scene Print Products ................................................................................................ 121
Market for AFIS...................................................................................................................................... 121
Fingerprinting Product Company Profiles ............................................................................................. 122
DNA Testing .............................................................................................................................................. 124
Applications and Growth Rate .............................................................................................................. 124
Short Tandem Repeats .......................................................................................................................... 125
Overseas Activities ................................................................................................................................ 127
Interpol Global DNA Profiling Data ....................................................................................................... 129
DNA Testing Methods ........................................................................................................................... 130
RFLP ....................................................................................................................................................... 131
PCR ........................................................................................................................................................ 131
STR Analysis (STR) .................................................................................................................................. 134
Mitochondrial DNA Analysis (mtDNA) .................................................................................................. 134
Y-Chromosome Analysis ........................................................................................................................ 135
Low Copy Number (LCN) DNA ............................................................................................................... 135
Analytical Instrumentation .................................................................................................................... 136
DNA Testing Products, Kits and Automation Company profiles ........................................................... 139
DNA Matching ....................................................................................................................................... 141
CODIS ..................................................................................................................................................... 142
DNA Identification Act of 1994 .............................................................................................................. 142
The Role of DNA Evidence in Law Enforcement and in the Legal System Today .................................. 143
Laboratories Performing DNA Analysis ................................................................................................. 143
Private DNA Laboratory and Kit Provider Company Profiles ................................................................ 144
Market Size ............................................................................................................................................ 150
Federal Spending on DNA Backlog Reduction Program ........................................................................ 151
Future Advances in DNA Profiling ......................................................................................................... 153
Forensic DNA Research Priorities .......................................................................................................... 155
Sequencing Software ............................................................................................................................. 163
Chapter 4: Technology ...................................................................................... 165
Techniques Used to Analyze Organic Forensic Evidence .......................................................................... 165
Chromatography ................................................................................................................................... 165
Spectrophotometry ............................................................................................................................... 170
Immunoassay ........................................................................................................................................ 173
Techniques Used to Analyze Inorganic Forensic Evidence ....................................................................... 175
Emission Spectroscopy .......................................................................................................................... 176
Atomic Absorption (AA) Spectrophotometry ........................................................................................ 176
Neutron Activation Analysis .................................................................................................................. 177
Techniques for Determining the Identity of Forensic Evidence ............................................................... 177
General Analytical Instruments Used for Forensics and Applications .................................................. 178
Fluorescent Light Sources...................................................................................................................... 180
Firearms Identification Systems ............................................................................................................ 180
DNA Profiling ......................................................................................................................................... 181
Chapter 5: Other Forensics Science Market Segments ..................................... 189
Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 189
Digital Evidence ......................................................................................................................................... 189
Trends in Digital Evidence ..................................................................................................................... 190
Forensic Analysis of Cyberattacks ......................................................................................................... 191
Many New Market Entrants ...................................................................................................................... 192
The Market for Digital Photography ......................................................................................................... 192
Digital Versus Conventional Photography ............................................................................................. 193
Cybercrime and Computer Evidence Discovery ........................................................................................ 195
New Technology Issues Severely Impact Computer Forensics ............................................................. 197
Forensic Image Processing ........................................................................................................................ 198
Government Forensics Lab Initiatives ....................................................................................................... 199
New Forensic Tools ................................................................................................................................... 202
Cell Phone Forensics .............................................................................................................................. 202
Other PDAs ............................................................................................................................................ 203
Computer Evidence Company Profiles .................................................................................................. 206
Computer Forensic Tools....................................................................................................................... 218
Forensic Accounting .................................................................................................................................. 218
Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) ............................................................................ 218
Bar Coding and Evidence Tracking ........................................................................................................ 220
Examples of LIMS Systems .................................................................................................................... 221
Software Forensics Tools .......................................................................................................................... 222
Forensic Palynology .................................................................................................................................. 222
Potential Revenue from Related Products................................................................................................ 223
Chapter 6: Patents ............................................................................................. 225
Significance of Patents .............................................................................................................................. 225
Examination of Recently Issued Patents ................................................................................................... 225
Length of Time From Filing to Approval ................................................................................................ 226
Companies Receiving Patents ................................................................................................................... 226
Selected Patent Abstracts ......................................................................................................................... 227
System and Method for Forensic Cyber Adversary Profiling, Attribution and Attack Identification ... 227
System and Method for Conveying Session Information for Use in Forensic Watermarking .............. 227
Systems and Methods for Digital Forensic Triage ................................................................................. 227
Forensic Signature ................................................................................................................................. 228
Method and Apparatus for Providing Forensic Visibility Into Systems and Networks ......................... 228
Method and System for Forensic Data Tracking ................................................................................... 229
Methods for Forensic DNA Quantitation .............................................................................................. 229
Forensic System, Forensic Method, and Forensic Program .................................................................. 229
Method and System for Forensic Investigation of Data Access ............................................................ 230
Forensic Authentication System and Method ....................................................................................... 230
Databases for rRNA Gene Profiling of Microbial Communities ............................................................ 230
Remote Collection of Computer Forensic Evidence .............................................................................. 231
Enterprise Computer Investigation System........................................................................................... 231
Digital Forensic Analysis Using Empirical Privilege Profiling (EPP) For Filtering Collected Data ........... 232
Digital Forensic Analysis Using Empirical Privilege Profiling (EPP) For Filtering Collected Data ........... 232
Automated Forensic Document Signatures .......................................................................................... 233
Xanthene Dyes Comprising a Sulfonamide Group ................................................................................ 233
Method for Determining Hard Drive Contents Through Statistical Drive Sampling ............................. 233
Methods for Rapid Multiplexed Amplification of Target Nucleic Acids ................................................ 234
Automated Collection of Forensic Evidence Associated with a Network Security Incident ................ 234
System for Analyzing Forensic Evidence Using Image Filter and Method Thereof ............................... 235
Compositions and Methods for cDNA Synthesis ................................................................................... 235
Methods for Rapid Forensic Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA ................................................................ 235
Forensic Identification ........................................................................................................................... 236
Compositions and Methods for Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) ............ 236
Efficient and Secure Forensic Marking in Compressed Domain ........................................................... 237
Fingerprint Scanning Systems and Methods ......................................................................................... 237
Fragmented Data File Forensic Recovery System and Method ............................................................ 238
Computer System and Computer-Facilitated Method for Nucleic Acid Sequence Alignment and Analysis .................................................................................................................................................. 238
Methods for Identifying Bioagents ........................................................................................................ 238
Methods for Searching Forensic Data ................................................................................................... 239
Forensic Toolkit and Method for Accessing Data Stored on Electronic Smart Cards ........................... 239
Forensic Test Strip and Method for the Detection of Semen ............................................................... 240
Forensic Integrated Search Technology with Instrument Weight Factor Determination .................... 240
Methods, Panels of Identification Markers, and Kits for Identifying Forensic Samples ...................... 240
System and Method for Collecting DNA and Fingerprints .................................................................... 241
Methods, Panels of Identification Markers, and Kits for Identifying Forensic Samples ...................... 241
Adaptively Collecting Network Event Forensic Data ............................................................................. 241
Methods and Apparatuses for Sorting Objects in Forensic DNA Analysis and Medical Diagnostics .... 242
Forensic Systems and Methods Using Search Packs That Can Be Edited for Enterprise-Wide Data Identification, Data Sharing and Management ..................................................................................... 242
Compositions and Methods for Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) ........... 243
Method of Indexed Storage and Retrieval of Multidimensional Information ...................................... 243
Progressive Layered Forensic Correlation of Computer Network and Security Events ....................... 244
Detection of Latent Prints by Raman Imaging....................................................................................... 244
Droplet-Based Nucleic Acid Amplification Method and Apparatus ...................................................... 245
Helicase-Dependent Amplification of Nucleic Acids ............................................................................. 245
Method and Apparatus for Alignment, Comparison and Identification of Characteristic Tool Marks, Including Ballistic Signatures ................................................................................................................. 245
Capturing Air Samples for Forensic Investigation ................................................................................. 246
Complexity Management of Genomic DNA .......................................................................................... 246
Methods for Rapid Forensic Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA and Characterization of Mitochondrial DNA Heteroplasmy ........................................................................................................................................ 247
Chapter 7: Company Contact Information and Product Focus Matrix ................ 249

List of Table

List of Tables
Summary Table U.S. Market for Forensic Products and Services by Segment, Through 2022 ($ Millions) . 8
Table 1 Percentage of U.S. Laboratories Performing Various Forensic Functions (%) ............................... 14
Table 2 States with Forensic Oversight Boards, 2013 ................................................................................. 16
Table 3 U.S. Market for Forensic Database Products, by Sector, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ..................... 25
Table 4 Publicly Operated Crime Laboratories Performing Certain Types of Analyses* (%) ..................... 27
Table 5 Vendors of Biometric-Based Fingerprint Identification Systems, 2017 ......................................... 32
Table 6 Companies by Major Areas of Participation in Analytical Testing ................................................. 38
Table 7 Vendors of Drug Identification Kits ................................................................................................ 39
Table 8 Partial List of Suppliers of Solid-State Fingerprint Scanners .......................................................... 43
Table 9 Laboratory Accreditation Statistics (% of Laboratories Accredited by a Professional Organization) .................................................................................................................................................................... 48
Table 10 Crime Index Totals, Through 2011 ............................................................................................... 51
Table 11 Crime Laboratory Workload Statistics, 2005 (Case Requests) ..................................................... 52
Table 12 Forensic Applications by Instrument ............................................................................................ 54
Table 13 Key CODIS Database Statistics, 2000-2010 .................................................................................. 59
Table 14 Significant Producers of Specialized Microscopes Used in Forensic Sciences ............................. 67
Table 15 Most Successful NIBIN/IBIS Partners ........................................................................................... 70
Table 16 U.S. Market for Forensic Product and Services, by Segment, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ........... 72
Table 17 U.S. Market for Forensic Analytical Instruments and Supplies, by Type, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ...................................................................................................................................................... 73
Table 18 Prices and Numbers of Analytical Instruments in Forensic Laboratories/Departments ($) ........ 75
Table 19 U.S. Market for Forensic Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry Instruments and Supplies, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ........................................................................................................................... 76
Table 20 U.S. Market for Forensic Spectrophotometry Instruments, Through 2022 ($ Millions) .............. 77
Table 21 U.S. Market for Forensic Elemental Analysis Instruments, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ............... 78
Table 22 U.S. Market for Forensic Optical and Scanning Electron Microscope, Through 2022 ($ Millions) .................................................................................................................................................................... 78
Table 23 Market Share of Optical Microscope Manufacturers, 2017 (%) .................................................. 79
Table 24 U.S. Market for Forensic Fluorescent Light Sources, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ......................... 80
Table 25 Market Leaders Supplying Analytical Instruments ....................................................................... 80
Table 26 Arrests by Drug Type, 2011 (%) .................................................................................................... 89
Table 27 U.S. Market for Forensic Drug Identification Kits, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ............................. 91
Table 28 Market Shares of Drug Kit Companies, 2017 (%) ......................................................................... 92
Table 29 U.S. Market for Forensic Toxicology/Immunoassay, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ......................... 97
Table 30 Market Shares of Forensic Immunoassay Testing Participants, 2017 (%) ................................... 98
Table 31 U.S. Market for Forensic Biology and Serology Testing, Through 2022 ($ Millions) .................. 101
Table 32 Fingerprinting Applications, Product Types and Suppliers ........................................................ 106
Table 33 Complete List of Live Scan Fingerprint System Manufacturers ................................................. 108
Table 34 Complete List of Card Scan Fingerprint System Manufacturers ................................................ 111
Table 35 Portable Mobile ID Fingerprint Scan Products and Vendors ..................................................... 112
Table 36 U.S. Market for Forensic Fingerprinting, by Product Type, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ............. 117
Table 37 Pricing Costs Per Unit for Fingerprint Systems and Supplies ($) ............................................... 119
Table 38 Estimated Number of Criminal Fingerprint Cards Submitted to the FBI, 2003 Versus 2011 .... 120
Table 39 Status of European Union Member State DNA Databases, Database Entry Criteria by Country, 2017 .......................................................................................................................................................... 127
Table 40 Use Rates for Amplification Kits ................................................................................................. 131
Table 41 Most Frequently Used PCR Kits by Vendor ................................................................................ 132
Table 42 Examples of Applied Biosystems DNA Kits ................................................................................. 133
Table 43 Sequencing Analyzer Placements in DNA Testing Laboratories, 2002* (Response From 106 Facilities) (%) ............................................................................................................................................. 137
Table 44 NDIS Approved Expert Systems .................................................................................................. 139
Table 45 Case Workload Statistics, 1999 and 2000 .................................................................................. 144
Table 46 Federal Funding for the DNA Testing Backlog Reduction Program, Through 2020 ($ Millions) 152
Table 47 U.S. Forensic DNA Testing Convicted Offender, Arrestee and Case Data Completed Tests, Through 2016 ($ Millions) ......................................................................................................................... 152
Table 48 U.S. Market for Forensic DNA Testing by Product Type, Through 2022 ($ Millions) ................. 153
Table 49 Forensic DNA Research and Development ................................................................................ 158
Table 50 Research and Development Priorities in Use of DNA for Forensic Identification ...................... 187
Table 51 Principal Application Areas for UV-IR Forensic Photography..................................................... 194
Table 52 RCFL Program Highlights, Through 2014 ................................................................................... 199
Table 53 Examples of National Science Foundation Funding for Computer Forensics Research ($) ...... 200
Table 54 PDA Forensic Tools ..................................................................................................................... 204
Table 55 Percent of Crime Laboratories with LIMS by Type of Jurisdiction, Through 2009 (%) ............... 219
Table 56 Annual Revenues from Related Products, 2016 ($ Millions) ..................................................... 223
Table 57 Forensic Patents by Classification, 2008 Through 2017 ............................................................. 225
Table 58 Duration of Patent Filing to Approval, 2008-2017 ..................................................................... 226
Table 59 Recently Issued Forensic Patents by Inventor/Assignee, Sample of 151, 2008 Through June 2017 .......................................................................................................................................................... 226
Table 60 Company Contact Information and Product Focus Matrix ........................................................ 249
Table 61 Status of State Laws on DNA Databanks (Circumstances Under Which Samples Are Required) .................................................................................................................................................................. 256
Table 62 Organizations That Regularly Sponsor Forensic Trade Shows, Upcoming Calendar ................. 298

List of Chart

List of Figures
Summary Figure U.S. Market for Forensic Products and Services by Segment, 2016-2022 ($ Millions) .... 8
Figure 1 U.S. Market for Forensic Product and Services, 2017 Versus 2022 (%) ........................................ 72
Figure 2 U.S. Market for Forensic Analytical Instruments and Supplies, by Type, 2016-2022 ($ Millions) 74
Figure 3 U.S. Market for Forensic Drug Identification Kits, 2016-2022 ($ Millions) ................................... 91
Figure 4 U.S. Market for Forensic Toxicology/Immunoassay,2016-2022 ($ Millions) ................................ 97
Figure 5 U.S. Market for Forensic Biology and Serology Testing, 2016-2022 ($ Millions) ........................ 102
Figure 6 U.S. Market for Forensic Fingerprinting, by Product Type, 2016-2022 ($ Millions) ................... 118
Figure 7 Gas Chromatography Schematic Diagram .................................................................................. 166
Figure 8 Mass Spectrometer ..................................................................................................................... 169
Figure 9 Major Hyphenated Spectroscopy Techniques ............................................................................ 170
Figure 10 UV/Visible Spectroscope Schematic Diagram ........................................................................... 171
Figure 11 Principal Elements of an IR Spectrometer ................................................................................ 172
Figure 12 Elements of an FT-IR Spectrometer .......................................................................................... 173
Figure 13 The Basic Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) Process ......................................................................... 174
Figure 14 Principal Elements of an Atomic Absorption Spectrometer ..................................................... 177
Figure 15 The PCR Process ........................................................................................................................ 183

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