Elemental Fluorine Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2017 - 2025

Elemental Fluorine Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2017 - 2025

  • Transparency Market Research
  • Ongoing
  • Chemicals

Report Description


Elemental fluorine (F) is not readily available in nature, instead, in the form of fluorine minerals such as fluorite (CaF2), fluropatite (3Ca3(PO4)2.Ca(ClF)), and cryolite (Na3AlF6). Some of the other fluorine minerals include artroeite, creedite, fluocerite, frankdicksonite, rosenbergite, and sellaite. Fluorine is the 13th most common element in the Earth’s crust. Free-form fluorine is a pale yellow gas with diatomic structure (F2) and of a corrosive, very toxic, and oxidizing nature. Elemental fluorine gas can also ignite some organic materials.

The key reason for unavailability of elemental fluorine is its extreme reactivity. It is the most reactive halogen and one of the most reactive elements in the periodic table. Moreover, fluorine can react with noble gases to form stable compounds such as xenon difluoride, tetrafluoride, hexafluoride, and oxytetrafluoride. Neon fluorides do exist; however, they are short-lived. Additionally, elemental fluorine can form compounds with krypton, radon, argon, and helium.

Fluorine has 18 known isotopes, ranging from F-14 to F-31; however, only one of them is stable (F-19), containing 10 neutrons. The radioactive isotope 18F is a valuable source of positrons.

Large-scale production of elemental fluorine began during World War II. The expanding nuclear industry is a key reason for the development of the fluorochemical industry in the post-war era. In terms of application, the market for elemental fluorine can be segmented into plasma etching, flat panel display production, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), and organic syntheses reactions.

Fluorine and fluorine-containing gases have applications in plasma etching as insulators with high electric fields (such as around linear accelerators). The electronegativity of these gases is the determining factor of the DC voltage, when all other process parameters remain constant. These gases decrease the density of the free electrons in the plasma, which increases the number of negative ions.

Fluorine gas is a substitute for gases (such as nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)) with a high global warming potential. It is employed in cleaning chemical vapor deposition (CVD) chambers in the manufacture of flat panel displays.

Xenon difluoride (XeF2) is employed as dry vapor phase isotropic etch for releasing metal and dielectric structures in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) fabrication. XeF2 has the advantage of a stiction-free release, unlike wet etchants. Elemental fluorine is also used in various organic synthesis reactions such as production of commercially unavailable fluorinating reagents, electrophilic aromatic substitution, nitrogen derivatives, and fluorination of double bonds.

Usage of elemental fluorine in fluorination of double bonds is now preferred over the method of reacting olefins with Pb(OAc)4 and HF. Simple and efficient production of acetyl hypofluorite can be carried out with the help of fluorine (F2) gas and sodium acetate. Elemental fluorine is employed for fluorination of activated aromatic compounds, synthesizing biologically important fluorine containing derivatives, and in positron emitting tomography (PET).

Under restrained situations, high reactivity of elemental fluorine can break almost any organic compound or perfluorinate it. However, under the right set of conditions, it may act as a powerful electrophile instead.

China and Mexico are prominent producers of fluorine and its compounds. These countries hold large reserves, along with South Africa and Mongolia. In terms of consumption of elemental fluorine, Asia Pacific is likely to dominate the global market, particularly countries such as China, Japan, and South Korea. North America and Europe are likely to exhibit similar demand, with the former leading among the two regions. A similar trend is expected to be observed with Latin America and Middle East & Africa, with Latin America leading the demand for elemental fluorine between the two regions.

Key players operating in the elemental fluorine market include Solvay, The Linde Group, Air Products and Chemicals Inc., and Pelchem SOC Ltd.

The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications.

The study is a source of reliable data on:

  • Market segments and sub-segments
  • Market trends and dynamics
  • Supply and demand
  • Market size
  • Current trends/opportunities/challenges
  • Competitive landscape
  • Technological breakthroughs
  • Value chain and stakeholder analysis

The regional analysis covers:

  • North America (U.S. and Canada)
  • Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and others)
  • Western Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Spain, Italy, Nordic countries, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg)
  • Eastern Europe (Poland and Russia)
  • Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia, and New Zealand)
  • Middle East and Africa (GCC, Southern Africa, and North Africa)

The report has been compiled through extensive primary research (through interviews, surveys, and observations of seasoned analysts) and secondary research (which entails reputable paid sources, trade journals, and industry body databases). The report also features a complete qualitative and quantitative assessment by analyzing data gathered from industry analysts and market participants across key points in the industry’s value chain.

A separate analysis of prevailing trends in the parent market, macro- and micro-economic indicators, and regulations and mandates is included under the purview of the study. By doing so, the report projects the attractiveness of each major segment over the forecast period.

Highlights of the report:

  • A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the parent market
  • Important changes in market dynamics
  • Market segmentation up to the second or third level
  • Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume
  • Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments
  • Market shares and strategies of key players
  • Emerging niche segments and regional markets
  • An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market
  • Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market

Note: Although care has been taken to maintain the highest levels of accuracy in TMR’s reports, recent market/vendor-specific changes may take time to reflect in the analysis.

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