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Caribbean - Telecoms, Mobile, and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Published By :

BuddeComm

Published Date : Mar 2019

Category :

Telecommunications

No. of Pages : 216 Pages

Caribbean telecom regulator emphasising telecom reform for 2019
Given the relative lack of economic diversity within the Caribbean, the telecoms sector accounts for a higher proportion of GDP in most markets in the region than is common elsewhere. The sector remains one of steady growth, particularly in the mobile telephony and data segments. Although there are a number of smaller players operating, Digicel Group and Liberty Latin America are the dominant providers, with local business units spanning the region. Their fixed-line and mobile infrastructure assets have cemented their position as full-service providers. Competition between them has encouraged investments to expand the reach of fibre networks and LTE, while there is also some interest in 5G infrastructure from Liberty’s mobile unit Flow.

There have been ongoing changes in telecoms regulations across the region, with national regulators focussed on efforts to improve competition and facilitate investment.

The region’s economy is diverse, and often adversely affected by poor weather: some countries (notably Puerto Rico) are still recovering from the effects of hurricanes which swept through in late 2017. The varied economies range from Cuba and Haiti to those states which are focussed on high-end tourism and the financial services sector. Other than tourism, countries in the region have some small-scale primary industries, to a greater or lesser degree based on fisheries, bauxite and other minerals, and timber.

Cuba’s telecom sector remains a peculiarity, with state control having stymied rather than promoted the development of all sectors. The country has the lowest mobile phone and internet penetration rates in the region, while fixed-line teledensity is also very low. Fixed-line and mobile services remain a monopoly of the government-controlled Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba (ETESCA Cubacel). Nevertheless, reform of the sector, though glacial, is evident in launch of 3G and DSL services and in the growth in the number of Wi-Fi hotspots. 3G is only available to about two-thirds of the population, costs are high, and locals accept that the technology is dated.

Jamaica’s telecom sector is largely propped up by the mobile sector, which accounts for most internet connections as well as a dominant share of sector revenue. Both Digicel Jamaica and Flow provide about 90% population coverage with LTE. Digicel has also launched its MyCash m-money service.

Puerto Rico’s telecom market has been hard hit in recent years by a combination of economic mismanagement and the devastation caused by hurricanes, which led to a marked decline in the number of subscribers for all services. Although Puerto Rico is a US territory it lags well behind the mainland US states in terms of fixed-line and broadband penetration. This is partly due to high unemployment rates (and consequently low disposable income) and poor telecoms investment in a market largely dominated by the incumbent Puerto Rico Telephone Company. The activities of the US-based telcos, including T-Mobile US, Sprint and AT&T continue to impact on the Puerto Rican market. This has recently been seen in these operators securing spectrum in the 600MHz and expanding the reach of LTE services.

Key developments:

  • US government completes second subsea cable, linking Puerto Rico with Guantanamo Bay Naval Base;
  • Liberty Latin America takes full control of Liberty Cablevisión;
  • Antigua government to invest EC$80 million during 2019 to improve state-owned telco’s market competitiveness;
  • Digicel BVI doubles mobile network capacity;
  • New telecom regulator formed for Cayman Islands;
  • Digicel Dominica completes LTE network upgrade;
  • Digicel Bermuda expands FttP-based bundled services;
  • Bahamas regulator introduces MNP;
  • Digicel Jamaica launches MyCash m-banking service;
  • Haiti sets up digital incubator to foster digital economy growth
  • Report update includes regulators’ annual reports and market updates, operator data to Q3 2018, ITU’s 2017 market data, recent market developments.

Table of Contents

Regional overview
Telecommunications market
Overview
Caribbean Telecom Maturity Index
Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
Fixed and mobile broadband penetration
TMI versus GDP
Regulatory environment
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
Eastern Caribbean Telecommunications Authority (ECTEL)
Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
Telecom sector liberalisation
Caribbean Association of National Telecommunication Organisations (CANTO)
Major telecom operators in the Caribbean
Flow (Cable & Wireless/Liberty Global)
Digicel
Review of Digicel’s markets
Digicel’s financial performance
Telecommunications infrastructure
Submarine cable systems
Broadband market
Overview
Mobile communications
Overview
Mobile statistics
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Mobile market
Aruba
Bahamas
Regulatory measures
Market competition
Fixed-line
Mobile
Second and third mobile licenses
Internet
Submarine cables
Barbados
Market background
Mobile
Internet
Bermuda
Market background
Mobile
Internet
Smart grids
British Virgin Islands
Mobile services
Cayman Islands
Mobile networks:
Dominica
Mobile
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Martinique
Montserrat
(The former) Netherlands Antilles
St Kitts and Nevis
St Lucia
Mobile
St Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
Fixed-line
Mobile
Turks and Caicos
United States Virgin Islands

List of Table

Table 1 – CWC financial data (Caribbean) – 2010 - 2017
Table 2 – CWC revenue by sector – 2010 - 2017
Table 3 – CWC subscribers by sector (Caribbean/BTC) – 2009 - 2017
Table 4 – Digicel financial statistics – 2010 - 2015
Table 5 – Digicel revenue by operating segment – 2013 - 2015
Table 6 – Digicel revenue by geographic sector ($ million) – 2014 - 2015
Table 7 – Active mobile broadband subscribers in select Caribbean countries – 2015 – 2018
Table 8 – Fixed broadband subscribers in select Caribbean countries – 2015 - 2018
Table 9 – Mobile subscribers in select Caribbean countries – 2015 - 2018
Table 10 – Mobile subscriber penetration in select Caribbean countries – 2015 - 2018
Table 11 – Country data Anguilla – 2018 (e)
Table 12 – Anguilla communications sector revenue – 2008 – 2016
Table 13 – Anguilla subscribers by service – 2005 – 2018
Table 14 – Country data Antigua and Barbuda – 2018 (e)
Table 15 – Antigua and Barbuda fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
Table 16 – Antigua and Barbuda fixed-telephony lines in service – 2005 – 2018
Table 17 – Antigua and Barbuda mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2018
Table 18 – Antigua and Barbuda active mobile broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 19 – Country data Aruba – 2018 (e)
Table 20 – Aruba fixed-line telephony subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
Table 21 – Aruba fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
Table 22 – Aruba mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2017
Table 23 – Country data Bahamas – 2018 (e)
Table 24 – Bahamas fixed lines in services and penetration – 2000 – 2018
Table 25 – Bahamas mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2018
Table 26 – Bahamas active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2012 – 2018
Table 27 – Bahamas fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2018
Table 28 – Country data Barbados – 2018 (e)
Table 29 – Barbados fixed telephony subscriptions and penetration – 2005 – 2018
Table 30 – Bermuda mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2018
Table 31 – Barbados active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2012 – 2018
Table 32 – Barbados fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2005 – 2018
Table 33 – Country data Bermuda – 2018 (e)
Table 34 – One Communications financial data – 2010 – 2018
Table 35 – Bermuda mobile subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2018
Table 36 – Bermuda active mobile subscribers and penetration – 2014 – 2018
Table 37 – Bermuda fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
Table 38 – Bermuda fixed lines in services – 2003 – 2018
Table 39 – Country data British Virgin Islands – 2018 (e)
Table 40 – BVI broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2018
Table 41 – BVI fixed telephony subscriptions and penetration – 2005 – 2018
Table 42 – BVI revenue from telecoms and ICT services – 2009 – 2017
Table 43 – BVI active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2013 – 2018
Table 44 – BVI mobile subscribers and penetration – 2007 – 2018
Table 45 – Country data Cayman Islands – 2018 (e)
Table 46 – Cayman Island subscribers by service – 2005 – 2018
Table 47 – Cayman Island penetration by service – 2005 – 2018
Table 48 – Cayman Island telecom and broadcasting revenue – 2008 – 2017
Table 49 – Country data Dominica – 2018 (e)
Table 50 – Dominica communications sector revenue – 2008 – 2016
Table 51 – Dominica fixed broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
Table 52 – Dominica fixed lines in service – 2000 – 2018
Table 53 – Dominica mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 54 – Dominica active mobile broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 55 – Country data Grenada – 2018 (e)
Table 56 – Grenada communications sector revenue – 2008 – 2016
Table 57 – Grenada fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 – 2018
Table 58 – Grenada fixed lines in service – 2000 – 2018
Table 59 – Grenada mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 60 – Grenada active mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 61 – Country data Guadeloupe – 2018 (e)
Table 62 – Country data Martinique – 2018 (e)
Table 63 – Country data Montserrat – 2018 (e)
Table 64 – Montserrat communications sector revenue – 2008 – 2016
Table 65 – Country data Netherlands Antilles – 2018 (e)
Table 66 – Netherlands Antilles fixed lines in service – 2002 – 2016
Table 67 – Country data St Kitts and Nevis – 2018 (e)
Table 68 – St Kitts and Nevis communications sector revenue – 2008 – 2016
Table 69 – St Kitts and Nevis fixed broadband subscribers – 2002 – 2018
Table 70 – St Kitts and Nevis mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 71 – St Kitts and Nevis active mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 72 – St Kitts and Nevis fixed-lines in service – 2000 – 2018
Table 73 – Country data St Lucia – 2018 (e)
Table 74 – St Lucia communications sector revenue – 2008 – 2016
Table 75 – St Lucia fixed broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
Table 76 – St Lucia fixed telephony subscribers – 2006 – 2018
Table 77 – St Lucia mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 78 – St Lucia active mobile broadband subscribers – 2013 – 2018
Table 79 – Country data St Vincent and the Grenadines – 2018 (e)
Table 80 – St Vincent and the Grenadines communications sector revenue – 2008 – 2016
Table 81 – St Vincent and the Grenadines fixed telephony subscribers – 2003 – 2018
Table 82 – St Vincent and the Grenadines fixed broadband subscribers – 2003 – 2018
Table 83 – St Vincent and the Grenadines mobile subscribers – 2000 – 2018
Table 84 – St Vincent and the Grenadines active mobile broadband subscribers – 2014 – 2018
Table 85 – Country data Trinidad & Tobago – 2018 (e)
Table 86 – Trinidad & Tobago telecom revenue by service – 2013 – 2018
Table 87 – Trinidad & Tobago telecom subscribers by service – 2010 – 2018
Table 88 – Trinidad & Tobago fixed broadband penetration – 2012 – 2018
Table 89 – Trinidad & Tobago mobile penetration – 2012 – 2018
Table 90 – Trinidad & Tobago mobile broadband penetration – 2010 – 2018
Table 91 – Trinidad & Tobago ARPU by service (TT$) – 2009 – 2018
Table 92 – Trinidad & Tobago active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2018
Table 93 – Country data Turks and Caicos – 2018 (e)
Table 94 – Country data United States Virgin Islands – 2018 (e)

 

List of Chart

Chart 1 – Caribbean Telecoms Maturity Index by country
Chart 2 – Caribbean mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration
Chart 3 – Caribbean fixed broadband penetration versus mobile broadband penetration
Chart 4 – Caribbean Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Exhibit 1 – Island territories of the Caribbean
Exhibit 2 – Caribbean - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Select Country
Exhibit 3 – Telecom privatisation and liberalisation in the Caribbean
Exhibit 4 – Digicel’s Caribbean operations
Exhibit 5 – Major submarine cable networks serving the Caribbean region

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