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Brazil - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Published By :

BuddeComm

Published Date : Apr 2014

Category :

Telecommunications

No. of Pages : 127 Pages


FIFA World Cup stimulates fibre network builds

With the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games being held in Brazil, operators have been rushing to extend LTE and FttP networks. These undertakings are supported by legislation which offers tax breaks for investments in networks supporting fixed or mobile broadband, as well as by the General Competition Plan regulating wholesale services and infrastructure sharing. This will be good news for customers into 2016, since Brazil, though the largest broadband market in the region, has relatively penetration.

International infrastructure is also developing well, with the construction of new submarine cables and a regional landline cable being built under the auspices of the Union of South American Nations. These will considerably increase international bandwidth in coming years.

The fixed-line sector is dominated by Telefónica, América Móvil, Oi (being merged with Portugal Telecom), and GVT (owned by Vivendi). Telefónica Brasil has integrated its fixed-line and mobile services under a single brand, while América Móvil has also merged its Net Serviços and Embratel divisions and has started to integrate its fixed and mobile services under the brand name Claro.

The pay TV market has seen sustained growth since 1996. The country has the largest pay TV subscriber base in Latin America, though pay TV penetration is lower than several other local markets. As a result, there is ample room for further growth, which has encouraged investors to gain a foothold in the market. A favourable pay TV law of 2011 removed restrictions on foreign investment and on telcos being able to provide pay TV services.

Brazil is home to more than one third of all mobile users in Latin America and the Caribbean. Mobile penetration is upward of 132% and growing by about 7% annually. The four MNOs Vivo, Claro, TIM Brasil, and Oi are developing 4G services on their 2.5GHz concessions, encouraged by the government keen to see seamless connectivity during the FIFA World Cup. These networks will see far larger footprints and capabilities following the auction of spectrum in the 700MHz band in August 2014, though some spectrum will not be fully released by broadcasters until 2016. The volume of smartphones, in which Brazil has a large manufacturing base of its own, is expected to soar in coming years, supported by a large population, tax breaks on smartphone sales and the tumbling prices of devices. This will have important knock-on effects for the m-commerce sector.
Table of Contents

1. Key Statistics
1.1 Country overview
1.1.1 Economic background

2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of Brazil’s telecom market
2.2 Market analysis
2.3 Market outlook - short to long term

3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 Regulatory developments
3.2 General Plan for Updating Telecom Regulations (PGR)
3.3 Regulatory authority
3.3.1 Anatel
3.4 Privatisation of Telebrás
3.5 Mirror companies
3.6 Telecom sector liberalisation in Brazil
3.7 General Competition Plan
3.8 Concessions and authorisations
3.9 Universal service goals
3.10 Government telecom funds (Fust, Fistel, and Funttel)
3.11 Foreign investment
3.12 Number portability
3.13 Access
3.14 Interconnection
3.15 Fixed-line contract renewal – 2006
3.16 Fixed-line contract renewal – 2011
3.17 Mobile consumer rights
3.18 Taxes and tax exemptions

4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Overview of fixed network market
4.2 Oi (Telemar)
4.2.1 Shareholders
4.2.2 Acquisition of Brasil Telecom
4.2.3 Oi - outlook
4.2.4 Merger with Portugal Telecom
4.3 Vivo (Telefônica Brasil)
4.3.1 Acquisition of TVA
4.3.2 Telesp-Vivo merger
4.4 Embratel
4.4.1 Shareholders
4.4.2 Acquisition of Vésper
4.4.3 Acquisition of Net
4.5 GVT
4.5.1 Shareholders
4.6 TIM Brasil
4.6.1 Intelig Telecom
4.7 CTBC/Algar Telecom
4.8 Sercomtel

5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.1.1 Fixed-line statistics
5.1.2 Public payphones
5.2 International infrastructure
5.2.1 Submarine cable networks
5.2.2 Satellite networks
5.3 Infrastructure developments
5.3.1 IP and voice over internet protocol (VoIP)
5.3.2 Very small aperture terminal (VSAT) networks
5.3.3 Smart meters/smart grids
5.4 Wholesale

6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Broadband statistics
6.1.2 Broadband market analysis
6.1.3 Digital inclusion and GESAC
6.2 National broadband plan
6.2.1 Inception
6.2.2 Network
6.2.3 Goals and realisations
6.2.4 Major participating operators
6.2.5 Price and speed
6.3 Brazil’s ISP market
6.3.1 Overview
6.3.2 Universo Online (UOL)
6.4 Broadband network operators
6.4.1 Market share statistics
6.4.2 Oi Velox
6.4.3 Net Vírtua
6.4.4 Vivo Speedy
6.4.5 Power GVT
6.4.6 TIM Brasil
6.5 Cable modems
6.6 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.7 Fibre-to-the-Premise (FttP) networks
6.8 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.9 Fixed wireless broadband
6.9.1 WiFi
6.9.2 WiMAX
6.9.3 TDD-LTE
6.10 Media convergence
6.10.1 Overview of media convergence
6.10.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)

7. Digital Economy / Digital Media
7.1 Digital economy
7.1.1 E-commerce
7.1.2 S-commerce
7.1.3 E-government
7.1.4 E-health
7.1.5 E-learning
7.1.6 Online games
7.2 Digital media
7.3 Pay TV overview
7.3.1 Pay TV statistics
7.4 Regulatory issues
7.4.1 Pay TV law
7.4.2 Incumbent fixed-line telcos in the pay TV sector
7.4.3 Foreign ownership regulations
7.5 Pay TV operators
7.5.1 Net Serviços de Comunicação
7.5.2 Sky Brasil
7.5.3 Claro TV
7.5.4 Oi TV
7.5.5 Vivo TV
7.5.6 GVT TV
7.5.7 CTBC TV
7.6 Cable TV
7.7 Multichannel multipoint distribution systems (MMDS)
7.8 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
7.9 Digital terrestrial TV (DTTV)

8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of Brazil’s mobile market
8.1.1 Average revenue per user (ARPU)
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Number Portability (NP)
8.2.2 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
8.2.3 Network sharing
8.2.4 Mobile spectrum allocation and concession areas
8.2.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Mobile generations
8.3.2 Mobile handsets/smartphones
8.3.3 Femtocells
8.4 Mobile voice services
8.4.1 Prepaid cards
8.5 Mobile messaging
8.5.1 Short message service (SMS)
8.6 Mobile broadband
8.7 Mobile content and applications
8.7.1 M-banking
8.7.2 M-commerce
8.7.3 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
8.7.4 Mobile games
8.8 Mobile satellite
8.9 Mobile Network Operators (MNOS) Overview
8.9.1 Vivo (Telefônica Brasil)
8.9.2 TIM Brasil
8.9.3 Claro
8.9.4 Oi
8.9.5 Nextel Brasil
8.9.6 CTBC/Algar Telecom
8.9.7 Sercomtel Celular
8.9.8 Unicel/Aeiou (defunct)
8.10 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO) Overview
8.10.1 Porto Seguro
8.10.2 Vodafone Brazil (Datora)
8.10.3 Virgin Mobile
8.10.4 Correios

9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts – fixed-line market 2015; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher fixed line growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower fixed-line growth
9.2 Forecasts – fixed broadband market 2015; 2020
9.2.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband growth
9.2.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband growth
9.3 Forecasts – mobile market 2015; 2020
9.3.1 Scenario 1 – higher mobile market growth
9.3.2 Scenario 2 – lower mobile market growth
9.3.3 Notes on scenario forecasts

List of Table


Table 1 – Country statistics – 2014 (e)
Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2014
Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2013
Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2013
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2013
Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
Table 7 – Evolution of GDP in Brazil – 2000 - 2014
Table 8 – Telecommunications revenue – 2000 - 2014
Table 9 – Proportion of telecom revenue by segment – 2000 - 2014
Table 10 – Telecom revenue by segment – 2005 - 2013
Table 11 – Telecommunications investment – 2000 - 2014
Table 12 – Telecom investment by segment – 2000 - 2014
Table 13 – Fixed lines in service – operators’ market share – 2006 - 2014
Table 14 – Oi – fixed lines in service – 1999 - 2013
Table 15 – Vivo – fixed lines in service – 1999 - 2013
Table 16 – Embratel – fixed lines in service – 2006 - 2013
Table 17 – GVT financial data – 2012 - 2013
Table 18 – GVT revenue by service – 2012 - 2013
Table 19 – GVT – fixed lines in service – 2006 - 2013
Table 20 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2004
Table 21 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 - 2015
Table 22 – Public payphones – 1996 - 2014
Table 23 – Historic - Internet users and penetration –1998 - 2004
Table 24 – Internet users and penetration –2005 - 2015
Table 25 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2015
Table 26 – Internet access market share by platform – 2005 - 2014
Table 27 – Fixed broadband access market share by technology – 2008 - 2014
Table 28 – Average broadband access speed (download) – 2008 - 2014
Table 29 – Broadband operators’ market share – 2003 - 2013
Table 30 – Oi – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2013
Table 31 – Net – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2013
Table 32 – Vivo – broadband subscribers – 2001 - 2013
Table 33 – GVT – broadband subscribers – 2004 - 2013
Table 34 – Cable modem subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2013
Table 35 – ADSL subscribers and penetration – 2001 - 2013
Table 36 – Telefónica/Vivo FttP homes passed and connected – 2008 - 2013
Table 37 – WiFi hotspots in service – 2013 - 2014
Table 38 – Algar telecom TV and broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2013
Table 39 – Brazil – B2C e-commerce spending – 2005 - 2013
Table 40 – Pay TV operators by technology – 2009 - 2012
Table 41 – Historic - Pay TV subscribers and penetration – 1998 - 2004
Table 42 – Pay TV subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2014
Table 43 – Historic - Pay TV market share by technology – 1998 - 2004
Table 44 – Pay TV market share by technology – 2005 - 2014
Table 45 – Pay TV market revenue – 2005 - 2014
Table 46 – Pay TV operators – market share – 2000 - 2013
Table 47 – Net Serviços – cable TV subscribers – 2000 - 2014
Table 48 – Sky Brazil TV subscribers – 2010 - 2014
Table 49 – Embratel TV subscribers – 2010 - 2014
Table 50 – Oi TV subscribers – 2010 – 2013
Table 51 – Vivo TV subscribers – 2012 – 2013
Table 52 – GVT TV subscribers – 2011 – 2014
Table 53 – Algar Telecom pay TV subscribers – 2011 - 2014
Table 54 – Historic - Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 1998 - 2004
Table 55 – Cable TV subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2014
Table 56 – Historic - MMDS subscribers and penetration – 1998 - 2004
Table 57 – MMDS subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2014
Table 58 – Historic - DTH subscribers and penetration – 1998 - 2004
Table 59 – DTH subscribers and penetration – 2005 - 2014
Table 60 – World’s six largest mobile markets – 2012
Table 61 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1997 - 2004
Table 62 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005- 2015
Table 63 – Evolution of mobile ARPU in Brazil – major operators – 2009 - 2013
Table 64 – Mobile market share by technology – 2004 - 2013
Table 65 – 3G mobile subscribers and annual growth – 2008 - 2014
Table 66 – 3G municipal coverage – 2008 - 2013
Table 67 – 3G subscribers and penetration – 2008 - 2013
Table 68 – LTE subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2014
Table 69 – Handset and smartphones sales – 2011 - 2013
Table 70 – Mobile prepaid/postpaid ratio – 2003 - 2014
Table 71 – 3G mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2008 - 2014
Table 72 – Fixed and mobile broadband market share – 2008 - 2013
Table 73 – Average mobile broadband speed – 2008 - 2013
Table 74 – M2M terminals – 2008 – 2014
Table 75 – Mobile operators’ market share – 2002 - 2013
Table 76 – 3G/Mobile broadband market share by operator – 2009 – 2014
Table 77 – 3G services (phone & broadband) – operators’ annual growth – 2010 - 2013
Table 78 – Vivo mobile revenue – 2010 - 2013
Table 79 – Vivo mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
Table 80 – Vivo/Telemig– mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2007 (historical)
Table 81 – TIM Brasil – mobile financial data – 2010 - 2013
Table 82 – TIM Brasil – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
Table 83 – Claro mobile revenue – 2010 - 2013
Table 84 – Claro – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
Table 85 – Oi mobile revenue by sector – 2012 - 2013
Table 86 – Oi – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
Table 87 – Oi/Amazônia/BrT – mobile subscribers –2002 - 2008 (historic)
Table 88 – NII Holdings mobile revenue – 2012 - 2013
Table 89 – Nextel – mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2013
Table 90 – Algar telecom mobile revenue – 2009 - 2013
Table 91 – Algar Telecom mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2013
Table 92 – Sercomtel – mobile subscribers – 2003 - 2013
Table 93 – Port Seguro M2M connections – 2012 - 2014
Table 94 – Forecast fixed lines – higher growth scenario – 2015; 2020
Table 95 – Forecast fixed lines – lower growth scenario – 2015; 2020
Table 96 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher growth scenario – 2015; 2020
Table 97 – Forecast broadband subscribers – lower growth scenario – 2015; 2020
Table 98 – Forecast mobile subscribers – higher growth scenario – 2015; 2020
Table 99 – Forecast mobile subscribers – lower growth scenario – 2015; 2020

List of Chart


Chart 1 – Evolution of telecom revenue in Brazil – 2003 - 2014
Chart 2 – Telecom revenue by segment – 2005 – 2013
Chart 3 – Evolution of telecom investment in Brazil – 2003 - 2014
Chart 4 – Evolution of fixed lines in service – 2005 - 2015
Chart 5 – Internet users and penetration –2005 – 2015
Chart 6 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2015
Chart 7 – Broadband market share at a glance – 2007 - 2013
Chart 8 – Cable modem subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2013
Chart 9 – ADSL subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2013
Chart 10 – Evolution of pay TV in Brazil – 2005 - 2014
Chart 11 – Pay TV technologies at a glance – 2005 - 2014
Chart 12 – Pay TV operators – market share – 2000 – 2013
Chart 13 – Evolution of Brazil’s mobile subscriber base – 2000 - 2015
Chart 14 – Mobile market share by technology – 2004 - 2013
Chart 15 – Mobile broadband market share by operator – 2009 – 2014
Exhibit 1 – Map of Brazil
Exhibit 2 – Regions and states of Brazil
Exhibit 3 – Oi (Telemar) group at a glance
Exhibit 4 – Oi – company history
Exhibit 5 – Telefônica Brasil (trading as Vivo) at a glance
Exhibit 6 – Vivo – company history
Exhibit 7 – Embratel at a glance
Exhibit 8 – Embratel – company history
Exhibit 9 – GVT at a glance
Exhibit 10 – GVT – company history
Exhibit 11 – Regions and States of Brazil
Exhibit 12 – Atlantic Cable System – planned
Exhibit 13 – Geostationary satellites operating in Brazil
Exhibit 14 – Regions and states of Brazil
Exhibit 15 – Net Serviços de Comunicação at a glance
Exhibit 16 – TVA
Exhibit 17 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas
Exhibit 18 – H-band for 3G services – lots, areas, and spectrum winners
Exhibit 19 – Bands for 4G services – blocks, winners, and price/MHz/population
Exhibit 20 – LTE TDD deployments – February 2014
Exhibit 21 – LTE deployments – February 2014
Exhibit 22 – 3G network launches by operator – 2007 - 2008
Exhibit 23 – Subdivision of Brazil into regions and areas for mobile licensing
Exhibit 24 – Telefônica Brasil (trading as Vivo) at a glance
Exhibit 25 – Vivo – concessions
Exhibit 26 – The uneasy marriage between Telefónica and Portugal Telecom (historical)
Exhibit 27 – TIM Brasil at a glance
Exhibit 28 – TIM Brasil – concession awards for frequency bands A, B, D, E
Exhibit 29 – Claro Brasil at a glance
Exhibit 30 – Claro – concessions
Exhibit 31 – Oi (TNL PCS) at a glance
Exhibit 32 – Oi – concession awards for frequency bands A, D, E, M

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