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Biodegradable Polymers

Published By :

BCC Research

Published Date : Feb 2017

Category :

Diseases & Conditions

No. of Pages : 149 Pages


The global biodegradable polymer market should reach 5.6 billion pounds by 2021 from 2.4 billion pounds in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.0%, from 2016 to 2021.
Packaging applications for biodegradable polymers is expected to grow from over 1.5 billion pounds in 2016 to over 2.5 billion pounds in 2021 at a CAGR of 10.4% for the period 2016-2021.
Medical applications for biodegradable polymers is expected to grow from 120 million pounds in 2016 to 650 million pounds in 2021 at a CAGR of 40.2% for the period 2016-2021.

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Chapter 1 Introduction
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
SCOPE OF REPORT
SOURCES
ANALYSTS' CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
Chapter 2 SUMMARY
Chapter 3 TERMINOLOGY
Chapter 4 BACKGROUND/HISTORICAL
Chapter 5 BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS BY CHEMICAL TYPE
Chapter 6 GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
Chapter 7 MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS
Chapter 8 APPLICATIONS
Chapter 9 DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS
Chapter 10 TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEGRADABILITY OF RESINS
Chapter 11 PATENTS RELATED TO BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
Chapter 12 COMPANY PROFILES
BACKGROUND
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
BIO-BASED
DEGRADABLE AND BIODEGRADABLE
COMPOSTABLE VS. BIODEGRADABLE
OVERVIEW
THE BIOPOLYMER-SYNTHETIC POLYMER GAP
NICHE MARKETS
A NEW EMPHASIS
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS PERSIST
INTEGRATION OF BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS WITH DISPOSAL INFRASTRUCTURE
EARLY STARCH-BASED MATERIALS
INTRODUCTION OF COMPOSTABLE BAGS
CONTINUED R&D
EARLY ENTRANTS
THE IMPORTANCE OF LOOSE-FILL
OTHER FACTORS
BIOPOLYMERS, CONVENTIONAL PLASTICS AND BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS
NATURAL OR SYNTHETIC
THE MOVE TO RENEWABLE SOURCES
EXTENDING THE RECYCLING LOOP
PROCESSING
PROPERTIES
DEFINING BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
PUBLIC ATTITUDES
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
COMPOSTING
OVERVIEW
BACKGROUND
POLYLACTIC ACID
POLYESTERS
BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER BLENDS
STARCH-BASED BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS
OTHER TYPES OF BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
GENETICALLY MODIFIED (GM) BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
OXO-BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS
THE PROCESS
BACKGROUND
TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
GRADES
PROPERTIES
PRODUCTION
PRODUCERS
MODIFICATIONS
SOME PROBLEM AREAS
USE OF BLENDS
APPLICATIONS
BIODEGRADABILITY
POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES (PHAS)
OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS
OTHER IMPORTANT BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS
BACKGROUND
PLA BLENDS
FKUR ACTIVITIES
BASF PRODUCTS
RTP AND POLYONE PLA BLENDS
RECENT NATUREWORK LLC DEVELOPMENTS
AGRO-POLYMERS
SUSTAINABLE/BIODEGRADABLE CORN STARCH PRODUCTS
MIXTURES OF STARCH AND BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
PROTEIN-BASED PLASTICS
BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS FROM SOYBEANS
BACKGROUND
PHAS
CURRENT SCENARIO
BACKGROUND
APPLICATIONS
WHAT IS AN OXO-BIODEGRADABLE PLASTIC ACCORDING TO PROPONENTS?
INPUT FROM THE CEN (EUROPEAN STANDARDS ORGANIZATION)
TECHNOLOGIES
CONTINUING CONTROVERSY OVER OXO-BIODEGRADABLES
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER ADDITIVES
Background
Chemistry
Technology Details
Applications
Processes
Properties
Biodegradability
Compostability
Recycling
Certification and Testing
Ecoflex
Ecovio
Biomax
Bionelle
Polycaprolactone (PCL)
PBS-Type Polyesters
Water-Soluble Polymers
Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH)
Background
Technical Details
Thermoplastic Starch
Background
Producers
Applications of Thermoplastic Starch Polymers
Environmental Issues
Starch-Filled Polymer Composites
Background
Benefits
Applications
Background
Other Conflicting Issues
A Conundrum
Background
Properties
Applications
Background
Chemistry
Polyvinyl Alcohol-Based Materials
Novamont
Cereplast
Earthshell
Consumer
Agricultural
Horticulture
Overview
Biomedical Applications
Suppliers
Background
Properties
Specific PVOH Properties
Suppliers
Biodegradable Applications
Applications
SUMMARY
GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET BY APPLICATION
GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET BY REGION
GLOBAL DEMAND AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
OVERVIEW
NORTH AMERICA
EUROPE
ASIA
PLA
STARCH-BASED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
POLYESTERS
OVERVIEW
PACKAGING
MEDICAL
BACKGROUND
CHOICE OF RESIN IS THE FIRST STEP IN SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING
OBSTACLES
TARGETED APPLICATIONS
SHEET EXTRUSION APPLICATIONS
CLEAR RIGID PACKAGING
STRETCH BLOW MOLDING PACKAGING
FOOD PACKAGING
THERMOFORMED PACKAGING
CUPS AND UTENSILS
NEW BOTTLE DEVELOPMENTS IN BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PACKAGING
IMPACT OF FOOD SERVICE INDUSTRY
FOAM PACKAGING
LOOSE-FILL PACKAGING
OVERVIEW
BACKGROUND
PROPERTIES REQUIRED
BREADTH OF APPLICATIONS
CRITERIA FOR POLYMER SELECTION
ORTHOPEDIC FIXATION DEVICES
DETAILS ON THE TYPES OF BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS USED IN THE MEDICAL FIELD
PACKAGING AND STERILIZATION IMPLICATIONS
DEGRADATION OF MEDICAL PLASTICS
COMMERCIAL BIODEGRADABLE MEDICAL DEVICES
OTHER APPLICATIONS
BACKGROUND
FIBERS
PAPER COATINGS
PAPER CUPS
AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS
TABLEWARE
AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS
ELECTRONICS
Overview
A Prominent Example
Single-Serve Market
Overview
Biodegradable Polyethylene Foams
Biodegradable Engineered Foams
Biodegradable Air Cushions
Overview
The Process
Storopack
FP International
Pro-Pac Packaging
Background
Polyglycolides
Polylactides
Polycaprolactone
Polydioxanone
Polyanhydrides
Background
Sterilization
Background
Sutures
Dental Devices
Orthopedic Fixation Devices
Drug Delivery
Hydrogels
Microspheres
Tissue Engineering
Bone Replacement
Stents
Overview
Nonwovens
Biodegradable Drug-Loaded Fibers
Overview
Examples of Biodegradable Commercial Products for Paper Coating Applications
Biodegradable Polymer Coated Paper and Paperboard
Background
Positive Aspects Cited by Proponents of Biodegradable Film Usage in Agriculture
A Recent Update on Biodegradable Mulches for Agricultural Applications
Production of Biodegradable Plastic Mulches
Overview
CAFE Issues
Current Status of Auto Applications
PLA Properties and Products
Overview
Current Status of Electronic Applications
Biodegradable Electronics Research
Hygiene-Related Fiber Disposable Products
Fujitsu
NEC and Unitika
Sony
Samsung Cheil
Telecom Italia
Panasonic
OVERVIEW
CONFUSION IN DEFINITIONS
SOME TECHNICAL ASPECTS
FTC STANDARDS
USDA "BIOPREFERRED" PROGRAM
STANDARDS OUTSIDE NORTH AMERICA
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL
CONSUMERS' PERCEPTIONS ABOUT BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
BACKGROUND
THE TERM "BIO-BASED" OFTEN IS CONFUSING TO CONSUMERS
DEGRADABLE TESTS ARE NOT UNIFORM
SUMMARY OF STANDARDS
OVERVIEW OF ASTM TESTS AND SPECIFICATIONS BASED ON TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT
BACKGROUND
BACKGROUND
BACKGROUND
FEDERAL LEGISLATION
ECONOMIC DRIVING FORCES
OTHER LEGISLATIVE ISSUES
IMPACT OF LANDFILLS
RECYCLING
BACKGROUND
U.S. ASPECTS
EUROPEAN ASPECTS
JAPANESE ASPECTS
Overview
Oxo-Bio Standards
Hydro-Bio Standards
ASTM D6400
Conclusions
EN 13432, ASTM D6400, ISO 17088
Background
Other Developments
Overview
Negative Views of Biodegradable Plastics
Chemical Recycling for Cradle-to-Cradle PLA
Other PLA Recycling Operations
Compost Toxicity
Increased Aquatic BOD
Risk to Marine Species
Litter
POLYOLEFINS
POLYSTYRENE
PVC
OTHER THERMOPLASTICS AND THERMOSETS
MODES OF DEGRADATION OF SELECTED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
EFFECT OF POLYMER STRUCTURE ON BIODEGRADATION
MORE DETAILS ON THE CONCEPT OF COMPOSTING
BACKGROUND
MORPHOLOGY
EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL/EXPOSURE CONDITIONS ON BIODEGRADATION
OVERVIEW
BACKGROUND
KEY PROPERTIES FOR COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS
MATERIALS THAT MEET SPECIFICATIONS
COMPOST STREAM AND INFRASTRUCTURE
COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS
BIODEGRADABILITY AND COMPOSTABILITY
COMPOSTABLE PRODUCTS
RESTRICTIONS ON COMPOSTABLE CLAIMS
STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS
BENEFITS OF COMPOST TO SOIL
WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES OF USING COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS?
U.S. ACTIVITIES
EUROPEAN ACTIVITIES
JAPANESE ACTIVITIES
MUTUAL INTERESTS OF THE GREEN PLASTICS INDUSTRY AND COMPOSTING
PLA PROBLEMS IN COMPOSTING FACILITIES
AN INTERESTING/BAFFLING SET OF DEFINITIONS
A RECENT DEVELOPMENT
Background
Early Regulations
Significance of Moisture, Temperature and/or Oxygen
Role of Microorganisms
Presence of Methane
Increasing Decomposition in Landfills
Function of Compost Operations
Other Factors
Conclusions
Third-Party Certification Program
USING BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS TO INHIBIT SCALE FORMATION IN OIL WELLS
MANUFACTURING METHOD OF AN ECO FRIENDLY FOAMING PACKAGE MATERIAL
BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS FOR USE WITH IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICES
BIAXIALLY ORIENTED POLYLACTIC ACID FILM WITH HIGH BARRIER
USE OF SELECTION PRESSURES TO ENABLE MICROBIAL BIOSYNTHESIS OF POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES FROM ANAEROBIC DEGRADATION PRODUCTS
POLYLACTIC ACID COMPOSITION
MEDICAL ARTICLES CONTAINING BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS AND ACID-NEUTRALIZING CATIONIC SPECIES
POLYLACTIC SHRINK FILMS AND METHODS OF CASTING SAME
POLYLACTIC ACID FIBER
METHOD OF MANUFACTURE OF POLYLACTIC ACID FOAMS
POLYLACTIC ACID RESIN COMPOSITION
POLYLACTIC ACID AND MANUFACTURING PROCESS THEREOF
PROCESS FOR THE MODIFICATION OF BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER AND COMPOUNDS
PROCESS FOR EXTRACTING AND RECOVERING POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES (PHAS) FROM CELLULAR BIOMASS
COMPATABILIZED POLYPROPYLENE AND PLA BLENDS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME
POLYLACTIC ACID COMPOSITION AND MOLDING COMPRISING THE COMPOSITION
GLOBAL GREEN PRODUCTS LLC (DOVER, DE) - NO. 9,382,466 (JULY 5, 2016)
TRI CAN CO. LTD. (HSINCHU HSIEN, TAIWAN) - NO. 9,056,423 (JUNE 16, 2015)
ADVANCED CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS INC. (SANTA CLARA, CALIF.) - NO. 7,875,283 (JANUARY 25, 2011)
TORAY PLASTICS (AMERICA) (NORTH KINGSTON, R.I.) - NO, 7,951,438 (MAY 31, 2011)
LELAND STANFORD JUNIOR UNIVERSITY (PALO ALTO, CALIF.) - NO. 8,030,021 (OCTOBER 4, 2011)
TEIJIN LIMITED (OSAKA, JAPAN) - NO. 8,030,382 (OCTOBER 4, 2011)
CHEIL INDUSTRIES INC. (GUM-SI, KOREA) - NO. 8,232,343 (JULY 31, 2012)
BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED INC. (MAPLE GROVE, MINN.) - NO. 8,263,103 (SEPTEMBER 11, 2012)
PLASTICS SUPPLIERS INC. (COLUMBUS, OHIO) - NO. 8,263,197 (SEPTEMBER 11, 2012)
KIMBERLY CLARK WORLDWIDE INC. (NEENAH, WIS.) - 8,268,738 (SEPTEMBER 18, 2012)
BIOPOLYMER NETWORK LTD. (CANTERBURY, NEW ZEALAND) - NO. 8,283,389 (OCTOBER 9, 2012)
ADEKA CORP. (TOKYO, JAPAN) - NO. 8,293,824 (OCTOBER 23, 2012)
TEIJIN LIMITED (OSAKA, JAPAN) - NO. 8,304490 (NOVEMBER 6, 2012)
AKZO NOBEL N.V. (ARNHEM, THE NETHERLANDS) - NO. 8,334,348 (DECEMBER 12, 2012)
TECHNOFILM S.P.A. (SANT'ELPIDIO A MARE, ITALY) - NO. 8,349,914 (JANUARY 8, 2013)
PHB INDUSTRIAL (SERRANA-SP, BRAZIL) - NO. 8,357,508 (JANUARY 22, 2013)
FINA TECHNOLOGY INC. (HOUSTON, TEX.) - NO. 8,362,145 (JANUARY 29, 2013)
TOHCELLO CO., LTD (TOKYO, JAPAN) - NO. 8,362,157 (JANUARY 29, 2013)
HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY (SEOUL, KOREA) - NO. 8,378,027 (FEBRUARY 19, 2013)
TORAY INDUSTRIES INC. (JAPAN) - NO. 8,431,212 (APRIL 30, 2013)
BASF
BIOLOGISCHE NATURVERPACKUNGEN GMGH & CO. KG (BIOTEC)
BIOMATERA
BIOME BIOPLASTICS LTD.
BIOMER
BIOPOLYMER TECHNOLOGIES AG (BIOP)
CEREPLAST
CERESTECH INC.
CORBION AMERICA
EARTHSHELL CONTAINER CORP.
FKUR PLASTICS CORP.
FUTERRO
GALACTIC SA
HUHTAMAKI INC.
METABOLIX
MHG
MITSUI CHEMICALS
NATUREWORKS LLC
NOVAMONT
PLANTIC TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
PLAXICA LTD.
PSM NORTH AMERICA
RODENBURG BIOPOLYMERS B.V.
SYNBRA TECHNOLOGY
TEIJIN, LTD.
TEKNOR-APEX
TIANAN BIOLOGIC MATERIAL COMPANY LTD.
TIANJIN GREEN BIO-SCIENCE CO. LTD.
TORAY
TOYOBO COMPANY LTD.
UHDE INVENTA-FISCHER GMBH
ZHEJIANG HISUN BIOMATERIALS CO.
Chapter 13 APPENDIX I
SELECTED ACRONYMS USED IN REPORT
Chapter 14 APPENDIX II
SELECTED GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Chapter 15 APPENDIX III
BIODEGRADABLE PRODUCTS INSTITUTE (BPI)
Chapter 16 APPENDIX IV
PRICING

List of Table

Summary Table : GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021
Table 1 : TYPES OF PRODUCTS MADE WITH MATER-BI
Table 2 : KEY GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
Table 3 : KEY GLOBAL POLYLACTIC ACID PRODUCERS
Table 4 : KEY GLOBAL POLYESTER BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
Table 5 : KEY GLOBAL STARCH-BASED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER PRODUCERS
Table 6 : GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, THROUGH 2021
Table 7 : GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021
Table 8 : GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
Table 9 : GLOBAL PLA MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021
Table 10 : GLOBAL PLA MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
Table 11 : GLOBAL STARCH-BASED PLASTICS MARKET, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021
Table 12 : GLOBAL STARCH-BASED PLASTICS MARKET, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
Table 13 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHA AND OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS, BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021
Table 14 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHA AND OTHER BIODEGRADABLE POLYESTERS, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021
Table 15 : U.S. AUTOMOTIVE SALES, 2001-2021
Table 16 : HYBRID SALES FOR THE U.S., 2008-2015
Table 17 : KEY ASTM STANDARDS RELATED TO BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
Table 18 : ASTM TESTS AND SPECIFICATIONS, BY TYPE OF ENVIRONMENT
Table 19 : TIME LAG FOR VISUAL CHANGE DURING DEGRADATION FOR SELECTED MATERIALS
Table 20 : TIME LAG FOR DEGRADATION PROCESS OF SELECTED MATERIALS
Table 21 : ESTIMATED COMPOSTING TIMES
Table 22 : BPI MEMBER COMPANIES
Table 23 : U.S. LIST PRICES FOR SELECTED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS, 2015

List of Chart

Summary Figure : GLOBAL BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MARKET, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2021

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