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Belarus - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Published By :

BuddeComm

Published Date : May 2018

Category :

Telecommunications

No. of Pages : 42 Pages

Belarus’s wholesale mobile provider beCloud trialling 5G

Belarus’s economic growth has stalled in recent years, with GDP showing negative growth between 2015 and 2017. Although inflation has been brought down to more manageable levels since the hyper-inflationary year of 2011, it remains high while the value of the Ruble has fallen in relation to other currencies, including the Euro. This prompted the government to re-denominate the currency in July 2016, with BYR10,000 becoming BYN1. The poorly performing economy has impacted on operator revenue, particular for the subsidiaries of Turkcell and Telecom Austria. The local currency was devalued by 6.8% in the fourth quarter of 2016 alone. These ongoing economic difficulties have also reduced customer spend, contributing to lower revenue and investment.

Nevertheless, there remain many opportunities for growth in coming years, particularly in the broadband segment where the incumbent telco Beltelecom is migrating its PSTN network to a fibre-based network. This will better position the company to offer a range of bundled services. Although the sector has been reformed, this has not yet resulted in the privatisation of the incumbent Beltelecom. Although the government is keen to control the company’s assets, there is greater pressure for it to sell state enterprises generally in a bid to reduce overall debt. Growth for Beltelecom has been adversely affected by the poor economy, though growth is expected in the FttP sector, where much of the company’s capex is directed.

The mobile sector has also experienced some growth, with a rise in mobile penetration attributed to effective competition which has helped drive down consumer prices. Operators have concentrated on developing mobile broadband and data services with a view to capitalising on such services to increase ARPU. Recent spectrum auctions have facilitated the development of mobile broadband access, particularly in rural areas, while the state-sponsored operator beCloud, charged with developing a wholesale-based LTE network, has enabled commercial LE services to be launched by MNOs.

In early 2015 the government decreed that the 1.5% tax on revenue derived from telcos (which was put in place in 2007) should be channelled to developing universal telecom services, particularly aimed at rural areas. In mid-2016 the cash-strapped government increased the tax on all telecoms services from 20% to 25%.

Key developments:

  • Government considers sale of part of its holding in BeST;
  • MDC launches an NB-IoT service;
  • beCloud and Huawei 5G trials deliver data at 2Gb/s;
  • Telco tax of 1.5% of revenue allocated to the provision of universal telecom services;
  • Beltelecom closes down its dial-up internet and WiMAX services;
  • beCloud managing over 1,000 LTE base stations by May 2018;
  • Belarus launches its first telecoms satellite;
  • MDC begins deploying GPON networks;
  • Beltelecom signs up one million subscribers to its GPON network;
  • Government again rejects plan to sell the state’s 51% interest in Mobile TeleSystems (MTS);
  • International transmission capacity growing in line with rising internet usage;
  • LTE use reaches 60% of mobile subscribers;
  • Report update includes the Ministry of Communications data to March 2018, operator data to Q1 2018, recent market developments.

Table of Contents

1. Executive summary

2. Key statistics

3. Country overview

4. Telecommunications market

4.1 Historical overview

5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historic overview
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.4 Privatisation
5.5 Interconnection
5.6 Access

6. Fixed network operators
6.1 Beltelecom
6.2 Alternative Digital Network (ADN)

7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure
7.2.1 Satellite

8. Smart infrastructure

9. Fixed-line broadband market

9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Broadband statistics
9.3 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2018; 2020; 2022
9.3.1 Notes on scenario forecasts
9.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
9.4.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
9.4.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
9.4.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
9.4.4 Other fixed broadband services

10. Digital economy
10.1 E-government

11. Mobile market
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.2.1 General statistics
11.2.2 Mobile data
11.2.3 Mobile broadband
11.3 Regulatory issues
11.3.1 Licensing
11.3.2 Radio frequency usage fees
11.3.3 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
11.3.4 Roaming
11.3.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
11.4 Mobile infrastructure
11.4.1 Digital networks
11.4.2 Other infrastructure developments
11.5 Major mobile operators
11.5.1 Belcel/Diallog
11.5.2 Mobile Digital Communications (MDC)/velcom
11.5.3 Mobile TeleSystems (MTS)
11.5.4 BeST/life :)
11.5.5 MVNOs
11.6 Mobile content and applications
11.6.1 Mobile TV

12. Related reports

List of Table

Table 1 – Country statistics - Belarus – 2017 (e)
Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2016
Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2016
Table 4 – Broadband subscriber statistics – 2017 (Jun)
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (Mar)
Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
Table 7 – Beltelecom subscribers by sector – 2011 - 2013
Table 8 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 - 2009
Table 9 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2018
Table 10 – International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
Table 11 – Broadband lines by data rate and platform – 2017 (Mar)
Table 12 – Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2000 - 2009
Table 13 – Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2000 - 2017
Table 14 – Fixed-line and mobile internet subscribers, penetration – 2007 – 2016
Table 15 – Proportion of internet connections by type – 2011 - 2014
Table 16 – Proportion of internet connections by type among ICT organisations – 2011 - 2014
Table 17 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
Table 18 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – higher growth scenario – 2018; 2020; 2022
Table 19 – DSL subscribers – 2004 - 2017
Table 20 – Beltelecom DSL subscribers – 2008 - 2014
Table 21 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2018
Table 22 – ICT value add revenue and investment – 2011 - 2014
Table 23 – ICT revenue and investment – 2011 - 2014
Table 24 – E-government interaction by companies – 2011 - 2014
Table 25 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
Table 26 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
Table 27 – SMS traffic – 2007 - 2018
Table 28 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2018
Table 29 – MTRs by operator – 2015 - 2018
Table 30 – Mobile number portings – 2012 - 2015
Table 31 – Mobile coverage by technology – March 2018
Table 32 – MDC financial data – 2007 – 2018
Table 33 – MDC postpaid, prepaid and blended annualised ARPU – 2007 – 2018
Table 34 – MDC subscribers, monthly minutes of use (MOU) – 2007 – 2018
Table 35 – MDC prepaid users and share of total – 2007 - 2018
Table 36 – MDC mobile broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
Table 37 – MDC M2M connections – 2015 – 2017
Table 38 – MTS Belarus subscribers – 2004 - 2017
Table 39 – MTS Belarus financial data – 2014 - 2017
Table 40 – MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU ($) – 2004 - 2009
Table 41 – MTS Belarus operational data and ARPU (RUB) – 2010 - 2015
Table 42 – BeST financial data ($) – 2010 - 2015
Table 43 – BeST financial data (BYR) – 2014 - 2016
Table 44 – BeST financial data (Lira) – 2015 - 2016
Table 45 – BeST mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2018

List of Chart

Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2005 – 2018
Chart 2 – Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2005 – 2017
Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
Chart 4 – MDC financial data – 2007 – 2018
Chart 5 – MDC prepaid users and share of total– 2007 – 2018

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