Published on : Dec 23, 2015
Energy security is the need of the hour, and nations are doing what they can to sustain their growing energy needs while facing the brunt of depleting non-renewable energy resources. Most countries are trying to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels in light of several issues stacking up. First comes the fact that energy sources that are going lower in stockpiles. Then comes the major environmental challenge that they pose in terms of pollution. Then there is the additional burden of meeting the constantly rising energy demands, that soon enough will not be able to be met through conventional fuels.
To battle it all, economies are pursuing renewable energy sources. Renewable energy is the energy obtained from inexhaustible energy sources, such as sun, wind, tidal, and geothermal. Of these, solar energy and wind energy are the most commonly used renewable sources. In terms of maturity, wind energy is the most mature, followed by solar. Solar energy is quickly catching up with rapid advancements in technology that are making solar cells increasingly effective.
Green energy is the catchphrase on this side of the century, as more and more countries are showing their prowess at renewable energy. Even minor regions are doing what they can to make the most of this cheap alternative to oil and gas. And as far as examples go, one of the most shining renewables projects can be seen in Costa Rica, a developing economy.
Nearly 200 countries have already committed to a renewable energy future, but Costa Rica seems to be way ahead of the game. In fact, experts are stating that the major moves made by the nation are a prime example of how a country should act in order to avoid catastrophic climate change.
Almost all of the energy production in Costa Rica was derived from renewables. As of December 17, 2015, 99.0% of the nation’s energy was green. The country stayed off fossil fuels altogether for 285 days, according to official information.
Monica Araya, executive director at Nivela, an environment group from Costa Rica, said that the country is perfectly positioned to become a trailblazer in the global renewable energy market.