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Published on : Nov 27, 2017

A new research study published in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians has found that close to one in two cancer deaths and more than a 40.0% of all cancers could be prevented with the incorporation of simple lifestyle changes in everyday routines. Led by Kimberly D Miller, Ann Goding Sauer, and Farhad Islami, the study has been titled “Proportion and number of cancer cases and deaths attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors in the United States.” According to the study, there are around 7.6 mn deaths that occur due to cancer and around 12.7 mn people are diagnosed with cancer each year.

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The research team obtained the count of cancer incidences and deaths from the National Cancer Institute and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Some of the known culprits included low intake of dietary calcium, fiber, vegetables, and fruits, lack of physical activity, excess consumption of red meat and alcohol, being overweight and obesity, passive smoking, and cigarette smoking. Other leading causes of cancer included HIV AIDS, hepatitis C, and other six infections besides exposure to ultraviolet radiation.

As per the study, nearly half of the cancer deaths could have been avoided with effective preventive strategies such as imposing excise taxes on cigarettes. Cigarette smoking was found to account for the highest proportion of cancer cases and be the most dangerous among all cancer causes. It was followed by other factors such as being overweight and obese. Lung, skin, and colorectal cancer risks were found to be raised by lifestyle choices.