Stainless steel refers to a group of iron-based alloys that hold minimum 11% chromium, which is a composition that helps in prevention of the iron from rusting and offers heat-resistant properties to it. At present, there are different types of stainless steels available in the market. Of all, 316 stainless steel is considered as second most popular austenitic stainless steel. While manufacturing this product, 2% molybdenum is added. As a result, 316 stainless steel gains an ability to offer higher resistance to localized corrosion occurring due to chloride ions. It also show resistance to acids.
The chemical composition of 316 stainless steel contains 10–14% Nickel, 2–3 % Molybdenum, and 16-18% Chromium. Owing to presence of Molybdenum in 316 stainless steel, the product offers improved corrosion resistance, strength at extreme temperatures, and pitting in Chloride ion solutions resistance. Moving ahead, 316 stainless steel specifically offers advanced corrosion resistance against hydrochloric, sulfuric, formic, tartaric, and acetic acids. Apart from this, it also show resistance against alkaline chlorides and acid sulfates. All these acids are generally applied in pharmaceuticals for the prevention of additional metallic contamination.
316 stainless steel is gaining significant popularity owing to its outstanding physical properties. 316 stainless steel is durable as well as very tough. Apart from this, the product shows advanced corrosion resistance than that of 304 stainless steel. 316 stainless steel does not show hardening during heat treatments. Apart from this, the product can be easily drawn and formed. It possesses the quality of weldability. On the back of all these properties of 316 stainless steel, it finds application in a wide range of end-use industries. The product is widely utilized in the manufacturing of heat exchangers and exhaust manifolds. Apart from this, it is used in the production of food processing equipment, jet engine parts, laboratory equipment, industrial equipment, tanks, digesters, pulp, paper, and textile processing equipment, evaporators, tubing and chemical containers, and parts exposed to marine atmospheres.
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