This report focuses on the developments in thin film solar cells and batteries and how these technologies are evolving. By relating to the reader information on market conditions, competing technologies and how different economic factors affect addressable markets, the report explains growth trends and forecasts thin film technology penetration in the next decade.
CdTe, CIGS, a-Si, organic PV and DSSCs are all covered in the report along with varying chemistries for thin film batteries and appendices on the topics of manufacturing techniques and organic solar cell material and chemistry considerations.
The PV market has been rising rapidly in the past few years. A combination of government subsidies leading to high demand and falling prices due to competitive pressures from Asian markets has resulted in an unprecedented increase in the installed PV capacity worldwide, reaching 22 GW in 2011.
Today there is a range of different thin film PV and battery technologies each with a different set of characteristics. This development opens up new markets to PV and batteries which have not been addressable using traditional technologies. At the same time it suggests that manufacturers can count on competitive advantage and innovation in order to achieve further penetration of new technologies.
The sharp drop in the price of silicon solar cells has led to uncertainty in the growth of thin film solar cells that feel heavy economic pressures. At the same time thin batteries compete with the large volumes and low costs of coin cell batteries. Optimized performance, efforts to bring down costs and unique selling points are necessary in order to survive in the increasingly competitive climate in these sectors.
This report provides a comprehensive overview of thin film photovoltaics and batteries technologies. Compiled and analysed by Dr Harry Zervos, technology analyst with IDTechEx, market analysis, company profiles and 10 year forecasts are given for each of the technologies covered. An analysis of the basic scientific principles, materials and manufacturing is also included, with a focus on the potential for printing technologies to become a disruptive technology in these vibrant sectors.
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Table of Content
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1. Photovoltaics beyond crystalline silicon
1.2. 2008-2011 recap- Forecasts to 2022
1.3. Photovoltaics - the Macroeconomic View
2. INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE
2.1. Thin Film Photovoltaic Forecasts
2.2. Battery Forecasts
3.4. Key Products in Printed Batteries Industry
3.5. Principles and Operation
3.6. Supercapacitors supplement or rival batteries?
3.7. Thin Film Batteries - key companies
3.7.1. Blue Spark Technologies Inc.
3.7.2. Cymbet Corporation
3.7.5. Infinite Power Solutions (IPS)
3.7.7. Power Paper
5. COMPANY PROFILES BY TECHNOLOGY
5.1. Principles and operations
5.2. Amorphous/nanoparticle Si
5.2.1. Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.3. Amorphous /nanoparticle Si - Key Companies
5.3.2. Fuji Electric Systems Co., Ltd.
5.3.5. Mitsubishi Heavy industries
5.3.7. SONTOR GmbH
5.3.8. United Solar Ovonic
5.4.1. Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.5. CdTe Key Companies
5.5.1. Abound Solar
5.5.3. First Solar
5.5.4. PrimeStar Solar (now part of GE)
5.6. CIGS - CIS
5.6.1. Introduction - Brief Description of technology
5.7. CIGS - Key Companies
5.7.1. Ascent Solar Technologies, Inc.
5.7.3. Bosch Solar CISTech (previously Johanna Solar)
5.7.4. DayStar Technologies
5.7.5. Global Solar Energy
5.7.7. Honda Soltec Co., Ltd.
5.7.12. Solar Frontier (previously Showa Shell Sekiyu)
5.7.15. Soltecture (previously Sulfurcell)
5.7.16. Würth Solar
5.8.1. Introduction-Brief Description of technology
5.9. DSSC - Key Companies
5.9.2. G24 Innovations
5.10. Organic Photovoltaics
5.10.1. Introduction - Brief Description of technology
5.11. Organic Photovoltaics - Key Companies
5.11.3. New Energy technologies
5.12. Research Institutes/Universities involved with thin film photovoltaic technologies
5.12.1. AIST - National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
5.12.2. Arizona State University
5.12.3. Colorado State University
5.12.4. École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
5.12.5. Florida Solar Energy Centre
5.12.6. Fraunhofer ISE
5.12.7. Helsinki University of technology (TKK)
5.12.9. Imperial College London
5.12.10. Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
5.12.11. KAIST - Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
5.12.12. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
5.12.13. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
5.12.14. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
5.12.15. University of Delaware - Institute of Energy Conversion (IEC)
6.1. Applications of printed batteries
6.2.1. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
6.2.2. Smart Cards
6.2.3. Iontophoretic Devices
6.2.4. Other Devices
6.3.1. Building integrated solar electric power
6.3.2. Solar Chargers
6.3.3. Military applications
6.3.4. Other applications
7. FUTURE TRENDS AND FORECASTS FOR PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES
APPENDIX 1: PRINCIPLES AND OPERATION OF DSSCS AND ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS
APPENDIX 2: MATERIALS
APPENDIX 3: PRINTING/PATTERNING TECHNIQUES
APPENDIX 4: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY