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The TD-LTE Ecosystem: 2015 - 2020 - Infrastructure, Devices, Subscriptions & Operator Revenue

Published By :

Signals and Systems Telecom

Published Date : Feb 2015

Category :

LTE

No. of Pages : 344 Pages

 

FDD still remains the prevalent standard for LTE deployment as a natural progression path for GSM, W-CDMA and CDMA network operators. However, unpaired TDD spectrum costs significantly less per MHz/population than its FDD equivalent and is more widely available.

 

Driven by the technology’s lower deployment costs and spectrum availability, the industry has witnessed several prominent TD-LTE network deployments across the globe including SoftBank in Japan, Sprint in the U.S. and Bharti Airtel in India. In particular, China Mobile’s TD-LTE network launch has enabled the TD-LTE ecosystem to reach a significant scale of economy, boosting further infrastructure and device investments in TD-LTE technology.

 

More than a hundred operators have committed to deploy TD-LTE networks throughout the globe. Furthermore, all major device OEMs, including smartphone leaders Apple and Samsung, have commercially launched TD-LTE compatible devices. A large proportion of these devices support both TDD and FDD modes of operation, over multiple frequency bands.

 

Driven by the thriving ecosystem, TD-LTE operator service revenue is expected to account for over $230 Billion by the end of 2020. By this period, TD-LTE networks will serve nearly 1 Billion subscribers worldwide.

 

The “TD-LTE Ecosystem: 2015 – 2020 – Infrastructure, Devices, Subscriptions & Operator Revenue” report presents an in-depth assessment of the TD-LTE market including key market drivers, challenges, operator revenue potential, infrastructure/device deployment commitments, future roadmap, value chain, vendor strategies and strategic recommendations. The report also presents revenue and shipment market size and forecasts for both infrastructure and devices, along with subscription and service revenue projections for the LTE market as a whole, as well as separate projections for the TD-LTE and LTE FDD sub-markets from 2015 through to 2020. Historical figures are also presented for 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014.

 

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

 

Key Findings:

 

The report has the following key findings:

 

  • TD-LTE infrastructure investments on macrocell and small cell equipment are expected to grow at a CAGR of 15% over the next 5 years, eventually surpassing $12 Billion by the end of 2020
  • TD-LTE operator service revenue is expected to account for over $230 Billion by the end of 2020. By this period, TD-LTE networks will serve nearly 1 Billion subscribers worldwide
  • Utilizing 3.5 GHz and above TDD spectrum bands can significantly improve network performance and help operators in leveraging new technologies such as LTE Hotspot Improvements (LTE-Hi)
  • 2015 continues to see a significant improvement in the scale of economy for the TD-LTE ecosystem, and tighter integration between TDD and FDD
  • Huawei and ZTE lead the TD-LTE infrastructure market share, largely due to domestic contracts in China. However, Nokia, Alcatel-Lucent and Ericsson are expected to capitalize on upcoming deployments opportunities in both Europe and Asia

 

Topics Covered:

 

The report covers the following topics:

 

  • TD-LTE infrastructure
  • TD-LTE devices
  • TD-LTE spectrum
  • TD-LTE subscriptions and service revenues
  • TD-LTE network deployment case studies
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • TD-LTE infrastructure and device vendor assessment
  • Wireless network infrastructure industry roadmap and value chain
  • Company profiles and strategies of TD-LTE ecosystem players
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2015 till 2020
  • Strategic recommendations for TD-LTE operators, infrastructure and device vendors

 

Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation:

 

Market forecasts and historical revenue/unit shipment/subscription figures are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

 

  • LTE Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue
  • TD-LTE Macrocell eNodeBs (eNBs)
  • LTE FDD Macrocell eNBs
  • LTE FDD Small Cells
  • TD-LTE Small Cells
  • EPC

 

LTE Device Shipments & Revenue

 

  • TD-LTE
  • LTE FDD
  • Form Factor (Embedded Cards, Consumer Gadgets, Netbooks, PCs, Routers, Smartphones, Tablets and USB Dongles)

 

LTE Subscriptions and Operator Service Revenue

 

  • TD-LTE
  • LTE FDD

 

The following regional and country markets are also covered:

 

Regional Markets

 

  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Latin & Central America
  • Middle East & Africa
  • North America
  • Western Europe

 

Top 20 Country Markets

 

  • Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, UK and USA

 

Key Questions Answered:

 

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

 

  • How big is the TD-LTE ecosystem?
  • How is the TD-LTE ecosystem evolving by segment and region? What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • Who are the key TD-LTE vendors and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should be adopted by wireless carriers, infrastructure and device vendors to remain a dominant market force in the TD-LTE ecosystem?
  • How much are vendors and operators investing in TD-LTE?
  • How low is the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) of a TD-LTE deployment in comparison to a FDD LTE network?
  • What opportunities exist for TD-LTE small cells in the 3.5 GHz and above spectrum bands?
  • How will TD-LTE ARPU evolve overtime?
  • Which countries will see the highest number of TD-LTE subscriptions?
  • Will all WiMAX operators transition to TD-LTE?

 

List of Companies Mentioned

 

  • 21 Vianet Group
  • 2K Telecom
  • 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • 7Layers
  • Accelleran
  • Acer
  • Adax
  • ADIV
  • Aero2
  • Affirmed Networks
  • Afrimax
  • AINMT Holdings
  • Airbus Defence & Space
  • Airspan Networks
  • Airvana
  • AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices)
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell Company
  • Altair Semiconductor
  • Altiostar Networks
  • Amdocs
  • América Móvil
  • Amethon
  • Anite
  • Anritsu Corporation
  • Antares
  • Apple
  • APT
  • Arcadyan Technology Corporation
  • Argela
  • Aria spa
  • Arieso
  • ARItel
  • Asia Express
  • AsiaTelco
  • ASOCS
  • ASTRI (Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • Athena Wireless Communications
  • ATL (A Test Lab Techno Corporation)
  • Augere
  • Avago Technologies
  • Axxcelera
  • Azqtel
  • B.lite
  • Bandrich
  • Banglalion Communications
  • BBK Electronics Corporation
  • BEC Technologies
  • Bell Tell Communications Philippines
  • Bharti Airtel
  • BlackBerry
  • Blu Telecommunications
  • Bluetest AB
  • Bollore Telecom S.A.S.
  • Broadcom
  • BT
  • Cablevision SA
  • CATR (China Academy of Telecom Research)
  • CGC (Communications Global Certification)
  • China Mobile
  • China Telecom
  • China Unicom
  • Cisco
  • Clavister
  • Clearwire Communications
  • C-motech
  • CMRI (China Mobile Research Institute)
  • Comba Telecom Systems Holdings
  • Comprion
  • Connectem
  • Contela
  • Coolpad
  • CS Corporation
  • Cyan
  • Cybernet
  • Cyberspace
  • Datame
  • Datang
  • Datang Mobile
  • Digicel Group
  • DIRECT TV
  • Dish Network
  • Dish Network
  • D-Link
  • Dovado
  • E-Lins Technology
  • EPCOS
  • E-Plus
  • Ericsson
  • Etisalat
  • Fanoos Telecom
  • Far EasTone
  • FiberHome Technologies
  • First Media
  • FITEL
  • Freescale Semiconductor
  • Fujitsu
  • Fujitsu-Toshiba
  • GCT
  • Gemtek Technology
  • GENBAND
  • General Dynamics Broadband
  • Global Mobile
  • Globe Telecom
  • GreenPacket
  • GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation)
  • GUYACOM
  • GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)
  • HiSilicon Technologies Corporation
  • Hitachi
  • HOJY Wireless (Shenzhen Hojy Wireless Company)
  • Horizon Wi-COM
  • HTC
  • Huawei
  • Huayu Wireless
  • IBM
  • iBurst
  • IBW
  • Imagine Group
  • Indochina Telecom
  • Innofidei Corporation
  • Integrated Telecom
  • Intel
  • INWI
  • ip.access
  • Itisaluna
  • ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute)
  • JDSU
  • Juni Global
  • KT  (Korea Telecom)
  • Kyocera
  • Lanka Bell
  • Leadcore
  • Lemko
  • Lenovo
  • LG
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Marvell Semiconductor
  • Marvell Technology Group
  • Mavenir
  • Maxim Integrated
  • MediaTek
  • Microsoft Mobile
  • MIMOon
  • Mitrastar Corporation
  • MOBI Antenna Technologies (Shenzhen) Company
  • Mobilink
  • Mobily
  • MobinNet Telecom
  • Modacom
  • Motorola Mobility
  • MTI Mobile
  • MTN Nigeria
  • Multi-Micro (Fujian) Electronic Tech Corporation
  • Multinet Systems
  • NBN
  • NEC Corporation
  • NEC Mobile Communications
  • NEO-SKY
  • Neotel
  • Net One
  • Netcomm
  • Netgear
  • NetGem
  • NetSet Communications
  • New Postcom Equipment
  • Newroztelecom
  • NextWave Wireless
  • NII
  • Nokia Networks
  • Novatel Wireless
  • nTelos
  • NuRAN Wireless
  • Nutaq
  • Nvidia Corporation
  • Oceus Networks
  • Omantel
  • Omnivision
  • On Telecom
  • Option
  • Osnova Telecom
  • Outremer Telecom
  • Pacific Bangladesh Telecom
  • Packet One Networks (Malaysia)
  • Panasonic
  • Pantech
  • PCCW-HKT
  • Planet
  • Polaris Networks
  • Potevio (China Potevio Company)
  • Procera Networks
  • PT Berca
  • PT Internux
  • PT Smartfren Telecom Tbk
  • PT. Corbec Communication
  • PureWave Networks
  • Qorvo
  • Qualcomm
  • Quanta Computer
  • Quark Communications
  • Qubee (Augere Pakistan)
  • Qubee (Augere Wireless Broadband Bangladesh)
  • Qucell
  • R  Spain
  • RadiSys Corporation
  • Red Hat
  • Redline Communications
  • Redlink Communications
  • Reliance
  • Renesas Mobile
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • Salnet
  • Samsung
  • Seiko
  • Sequans Communications
  • Sharp
  • SignShine
  • Singtel
  • Singtel Optus
  • SK Telecom
  • SK Telesys
  • Skyworks Solutions
  • SMART Communications
  • Smoltelecom
  • Softbank Mobile Corporation
  • Softnet Group
  • Somtel
  • Sony Mobile
  • Soyuz Telecom
  • Spectranet
  • SpiderCloud Wireless
  • Spreadtrum Communications
  • Sprint
  • Star Solutions
  • STC (Saudi Telecom Company)
  • ST-Ericsson
  • Swift Networks
  • T&W Electronics
  • Taiwan Mobile
  • Taqua
  • Tata Elxsi
  • Tatung InfoComm Corporation
  • TCL Communication
  • TD Tech
  • TDK Corporation
  • TEKTELIC Communications
  • Telecommunication Services of Trinidad and Tobago
  • T-elek
  • Telenor
  • Telkom Mobile
  • Tellhigh Telecom
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telum
  • Tishknet
  • Tongyu Communication
  • TOT
  • Trendium
  • TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association)
  • TTK
  • UK Broadband
  • Ukrainian High Technologies (Freshtel)
  • Umniah Mobile
  • UNITEL S.A.
  • VeeTIME
  • VelaTel Global Communications
  • Vividwireless Group
  • VMAX
  • VMware
  • Vodafone
  • Voentelecom
  • VOYACOM B.V.B.A
  • VTR
  • Wateen Telecom
  • WeTelecom
  • WIND
  • WiMAX Forum
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • Woosh
  • Xi’an Sunnada Haitian Antenna Company
  • Xiaomi
  • Xplornet Communications
  • Yemen Mobile
  • YooMee Africa
  • Yota Devices
  • YTL Communications
  • Yulong Computer
  • Z-com (ZDC Wireless)
  • ZTE

 

Chapter 1: Introduction 22

1.1 Executive Summary 22

1.2 Topics Covered 24

1.3 Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation 25

1.4 Key Questions Answered 27

1.5 Key Findings 28

1.6 Methodology 29

1.7 Target Audience 30

1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 31

 

Chapter 2: An Overview of TD-LTE 35

2.1 What is TD-LTE? 35

2.2 Key Differentiator from FDD LTE: Unpaired Spectrum 36

2.3 Price per MHz/Population: The Benefit of Using Unpaired Spectrum 37

2.4 TD-LTE Spectrum Allocation 37

2.5 TCO (Total Cost of Ownership): How Does TD-LTE Compare with FDD LTE? 39

2.6 TD-LTE Performance Assessment 40

2.6.1 Downlink Performance 40

2.6.2 Impact of Carrier Aggregation 40

2.6.3 Uplink Performance 40

2.7 Commercial Availability 41

2.7.1 Infrastructure 41

2.7.2 Devices 42

2.7.3 Operator Services 43

 

Chapter 3: Market Drivers & Barriers 45

3.1 Market Drivers 45

3.1.1 Capitalizing on Unpaired Spectrum 45

3.1.2 Ease of Spectrum Acquisition 45

3.1.3 Flexible Uplink and Downlink Capacity 45

3.1.4 Interoperability with LTE FDD 46

3.1.5 Vendor Endorsement 47

3.1.6 Cheaper Hardware Costs 47

3.1.7 Smooth Transition from WiMAX and TD-SCDMA 47

3.1.8 TD-LTE is Not Just a RAN Technology 47

3.2 Market Barriers 48

3.2.1 Coverage Comparison with FDD 48

3.2.2 Transmission Synchronization 48

3.2.3 Use of Guard Periods 49

3.2.4 Discontinuous Reception 49

 

Chapter 4: TD-LTE Deployment Case Studies 50

4.1 China Mobile 50

4.1.1 Coverage Footprint 50

4.1.2 User Devices 50

4.1.3 Vendor Selection 50

4.1.4 Revenue Prospects 51

4.1.5 Impact of Additional 4G Licenses 52

4.2 Bharti Airtel 53

4.2.1 Early Spectrum Auctions 53

4.2.2 Coverage Footprint & FDD Expansion 53

4.2.3 User Devices 53

4.2.4 Vendor Selection 54

4.2.5 Revenue Prospects 54

4.3 SoftBank 55

4.3.1 Coverage Footprint & FDD Expansion 55

4.3.2 User Devices 55

4.3.3 Vendor Selection 55

4.3.4 LTE-Advanced & Carrier Aggregation Deployment 56

4.3.5 Sprint Acquisition 56

4.3.6 Performance Assessment 56

4.3.7 Revenue Prospects 57

4.4 Sprint 57

4.4.1 Coverage Footprint 57

4.4.2 User Devices 57

4.4.3 Vendor Selection 58

4.4.4 Wholesale & Roaming Deals 58

4.4.5 LTE-Advanced & Carrier Aggregation Deployment 58

4.4.6 Performance Assessment 58

4.4.7 Revenue Prospects 58

4.5 UK Broadband 59

4.5.1 Coverage Footprint 59

4.5.2 User Devices 59

4.5.3 Vendor Selection 59

4.5.4 Wholesale Service Model 59

4.5.5 Revenue Prospects 60

4.6 Singtel Optus 61

4.6.1 Coverage Footprint 61

4.6.2 User Devices 61

4.6.3 Vendor Selection 61

4.6.4 LTE-Advanced & Carrier Aggregation Deployment 62

4.6.5 Performance Assessment 62

4.6.6 Revenue Prospects 62

 

Chapter 5: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 63

5.1 Industry Roadmap 63

5.1.1 Initial LTE FDD Rollouts: 2010 - 2011 63

5.1.2 Rise of the HetNet Ecosystem: 2012 - 2013 64

5.1.3 A Wave of TD-LTE and LTE-Advanced Deployments: 2014 - 2016 64

5.1.4 Moving Towards Virtualized Infrastructure: 2017 - 2019 65

5.1.5 Start of the 5G Era: 2020 & Beyond 65

5.2 Value Chain 66

5.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem 66

5.3.1 Chipset Developers 66

5.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers 66

5.4 RAN Ecosystem 69

5.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs 69

5.4.2 “Pure-Play” and Specialist Small Cell OEMs 70

5.4.3 WiFi Access Point OEMs 71

5.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 72

5.4.5 C-RAN Solution Providers 73

5.4.6 Other Technology & Network Component Providers/Enablers 74

5.5 Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem 75

5.5.1 Backhaul Solution Providers 75

5.6 Mobile Core Ecosystem 76

5.6.1 Core Network Infrastructure & Software Providers 76

5.7 Connectivity Ecosystem 77

5.7.1 2G, 3G & 4G Wireless Carriers 77

5.7.2 WiFi Connectivity Providers 79

5.7.3 SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Providers 79

5.8 SON Ecosystem 80

5.8.1 SON Solution Providers 80

5.9 SDN & NFV Ecosystem 81

5.9.1 SDN & NFV Providers 81

 

Chapter 6: Vendor Landscape 82

6.1 RAN, CPE & EPC Infrastructure Vendors 82

6.1.1 Infrastructure Vendor Assessment 82

6.1.2 Accelleran 83

6.1.3 Adax 84

6.1.4 Affirmed Networks 85

6.1.5 Airspan Networks 86

6.1.6 Airvana 87

6.1.7 Alcatel-Lucent 88

6.1.8 Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell Company 89

6.1.9 Altiostar Networks 90

6.1.10 Arcadyan Technology Corporation 91

6.1.11 Argela 92

6.1.12 ARItel 93

6.1.13 ASOCS 94

6.1.14 Athena Wireless Communications 95

6.1.15 Axxcelera 96

6.1.16 Bandrich 97

6.1.17 Cisco 98

6.1.18 Connectem 99

6.1.19 Contela 100

6.1.20 CS Corporation 101

6.1.21 Datang Mobile 102

6.1.22 Ericsson 103

6.1.23 FiberHome Technologies 105

6.1.24 Fujitsu 106

6.1.25 GENBAND 107

6.1.26 Gemtek Technology 108

6.1.27 GreenPacket 109

6.1.28 GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation) 110

6.1.29 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 111

6.1.30 Hitachi 112

6.1.31 HOJY Wireless (Shenzhen Hojy Wireless Company) 113

6.1.32 Huawei 114

6.1.33 ip.access 116

6.1.34 Juni Global 117

6.1.35 Lemko 118

6.1.36 Mavenir 119

6.1.37 MTI Mobile 120

6.1.38 New Postcom Equipment 121

6.1.39 NEC 122

6.1.40 Nokia Networks 123

6.1.41 Nutaq/NuRAN Wireless 125

6.1.42 Oceus Networks 126

6.1.43 Polaris Networks 127

6.1.44 Potevio (China Potevio Company) 128

6.1.45 Quanta Computer 129

6.1.46 Qucell 130

6.1.47 Redline Communications/PureWave Networks 131

6.1.48 Samsung 132

6.1.49 SK Telesys 133

6.1.50 SpiderCloud Wireless 134

6.1.51 Star Solutions 136

6.1.52 Taqua 137

6.1.53 TD Tech (Nokia and Huawei Joint Venture) 138

6.1.54 TEKTELIC Communications 139

6.1.55 Telum 140

6.1.56 Telrad Networks 141

6.1.57 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 142

6.1.58 Z-com (ZDC Wireless) 143

6.1.59 ZTE 144

6.2 Device Vendors 145

6.2.1 Device Vendor Assessment 145

6.2.2 Apple 146

6.2.3 BBK Electronics Corporation: Vivo & OPPO 147

6.2.4 BlackBerry 148

6.2.5 Coolpad 149

6.2.6 Fujitsu (Formerly Fujitsu-Toshiba) 150

6.2.7 HTC 151

6.2.8 Huawei 152

6.2.9 Kyocera 153

6.2.10 Lenovo/Motorola 154

6.2.11 LG 155

6.2.12 NEC Mobile Communications 156

6.2.13 Microsoft Mobile/Nokia 157

6.2.14 Panasonic 158

6.2.15 Pantech 159

6.2.16 Samsung 160

6.2.17 Sharp 161

6.2.18 Sony Mobile 162

6.2.19 TCL Communication 163

6.2.20 ZTE 164

6.2.21 Xiaomi 165

6.3 Enabling Technology Providers 166

6.3.1 7Layers 166

6.3.2 AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices) 166

6.3.3 Altair Semiconductor 167

6.3.4 Anite 167

6.3.5 Anritsu Corporation 168

6.3.6 ASTRI (Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 168

6.3.7 ATL (A Test Lab Techno Corporation) 169

6.3.8 Avago Technologies 169

6.3.9 Bluetest AB 170

6.3.10 Broadcom 170

6.3.11 CATR (China Academy of Telecom Research) 171

6.3.12 CGC (Communications Global Certification) 171

6.3.13 Comba Telecom Systems Holdings 172

6.3.14 Comprion 172

6.3.15 Freescale Semiconductor 173

6.3.16 HiSilicon Technologies Corporation 173

6.3.17 ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute) 174

6.3.18 Innofidei Corporation 174

6.3.19 Intel 174

6.3.20 JDSU 175

6.3.21 Lime Microsystems 175

6.3.22 Marvell Technology Group 176

6.3.23 Maxim Integrated 176

6.3.24 MediaTek 177

6.3.25 MOBI Antenna Technologies (Shenzhen) Company 177

6.3.26 Multi-Micro (Fujian) Electronic Tech Company 178

6.3.27 Nvidia Corporation 178

6.3.28 Qualcomm 179

6.3.29 Qorvo 180

6.3.30 RadiSys Corporation 180

6.3.31 Rohde & Schwarz 181

6.3.32 Sequans Communications 181

6.3.33 Skyworks Solutions 182

6.3.34 Spreadtrum Communications 182

6.3.35 Tata Elxsi 183

6.3.36 TDK Corporation 184

6.3.37 TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association) 184

6.3.38 Tongyu Communication 185

6.3.39 Xi’an Sunnada Haitian Antenna Company 185

 

Chapter 7: Market Analysis & Forecasts 186

7.1 LTE Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 186

7.1.1 TDD vs. FDD RAN Segmentation 187

7.1.2 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 188

7.1.3 Regional Segmentation 189

7.2 LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 190

7.2.1 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 190

7.2.2 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 191

7.3 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 192

7.4 TD-LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 193

7.4.1 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 193

7.4.2 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 194

7.4.3 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 195

7.5 LTE FDD RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 196

7.5.1 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 196

7.5.2 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 197

7.5.3 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 198

7.6 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 199

7.6.1 TDD vs. FDD Segmentation 199

7.6.2 Regional Segmentation 200

7.6.3 Segmentation by Form Factor 201

7.6.4 Embedded Cards 202

7.6.5 Consumer Gadgets 203

7.6.6 Netbooks 204

7.6.7 PCs 205

7.6.8 Routers 206

7.6.9 Smartphones 207

7.6.10 Tablets 208

7.6.11 USB Dongles 209

7.7 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 210

7.7.1 Regional Segmentation 210

7.7.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 211

7.8 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 212

7.8.1 Regional Segmentation 212

7.8.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 213

7.9 LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 214

7.9.1 TDD vs. FDD Segmentation 214

7.9.2 Regional Segmentation 216

7.9.3 Top 20 Countries 218

7.9.3.1 China 221

7.9.3.2 USA 223

7.9.3.3 Japan 225

7.9.3.4 India 227

7.9.3.5 Korea 229

7.9.3.6 Germany 231

7.9.3.7 UK 233

7.9.3.8 Indonesia 235

7.9.3.9 Brazil 237

7.9.3.10 Italy 239

7.9.3.11 Russia 241

7.9.3.12 Spain 243

7.9.3.13 Saudi Arabia 245

7.9.3.14 Mexico 247

7.9.3.15 France 249

7.9.3.16 Poland 251

7.9.3.17 Malaysia 253

7.9.3.18 Australia 255

7.9.3.19 Philippines 257

7.9.3.20 Canada 259

7.10 TD-LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 261

7.10.1 TD-LTE Subscriptions 261

7.10.2 TD-LTE Service Revenue 261

7.10.3 TD-LTE ARPU 262

7.11 LTE FDD Subscriptions & Service Revenue 263

7.11.1 LTE FDD Subscriptions 263

7.11.2 LTE FDD Service Revenue 263

7.11.3 LTE FDD ARPU 264

7.12 Asia Pacific 265

7.12.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 265

7.12.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 265

7.12.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 266

7.12.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 267

7.12.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 268

7.12.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 269

7.12.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 270

7.12.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 271

7.12.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 272

7.12.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 273

7.12.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 274

7.12.12 LTE Subscriptions 275

7.12.13 LTE Service Revenue 275

7.12.14 LTE ARPU 276

7.13 Eastern Europe 277

7.13.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 277

7.13.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 277

7.13.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 278

7.13.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 279

7.13.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 280

7.13.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 281

7.13.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 282

7.13.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 283

7.13.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 284

7.13.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 285

7.13.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 286

7.13.12 LTE Subscriptions 287

7.13.13 LTE Service Revenue 287

7.13.14 LTE ARPU 288

7.14 Latin & Central America 289

7.14.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 289

7.14.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 289

7.14.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 290

7.14.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 291

7.14.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 292

7.14.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 293

7.14.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 294

7.14.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 295

7.14.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 296

7.14.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 297

7.14.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 298

7.14.12 LTE Subscriptions 299

7.14.13 LTE Service Revenue 299

7.14.14 LTE ARPU 300

7.15 Middle East & Africa 301

7.15.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 301

7.15.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 301

7.15.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 302

7.15.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 303

7.15.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 304

7.15.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 305

7.15.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 306

7.15.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 307

7.15.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 308

7.15.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 309

7.15.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 310

7.15.12 LTE Subscriptions 311

7.15.13 LTE Service Revenue 311

7.15.14 LTE ARPU 312

7.16 North America 313

7.16.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 313

7.16.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 313

7.16.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 314

7.16.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 315

7.16.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 316

7.16.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 317

7.16.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 318

7.16.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 319

7.16.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 320

7.16.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 321

7.16.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 322

7.16.12 LTE Subscriptions 323

7.16.13 LTE Service Revenue 323

7.16.14 LTE ARPU 324

7.17 Western Europe 325

7.17.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 325

7.17.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 325

7.17.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 326

7.17.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 327

7.17.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 328

7.17.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 329

7.17.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 330

7.17.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 331

7.17.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 332

7.17.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 333

7.17.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 334

7.17.12 LTE Subscriptions 335

7.17.13 LTE Service Revenue 335

7.17.14 LTE ARPU 336

 

Chapter 8: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 337

8.1 Driving Opportunities for New Frequency Bands: 3.5 GHz TD-LTE Case Study 337

8.2 Opportunities in the Fixed Broadband and WiMAX Market 338

8.3 WiMAX Forum Endorses TD-LTE 338

8.4 TD-LTE Spectrum: Optimal for Capacity Demands & Small Cells 339

8.5 Impact of Differing Migration Paths 339

8.6 Unified LTE Standards: The Foundation for TD-LTE Global Scale Economies 340

8.7 Capitalizing on Tight Interworking between TDD and FDD: Sprint Spark Case Study 341

8.8 Strategic Recommendations 342

8.8.1 Recommendations for Operators 342

8.8.2 Recommendations for Infrastructure Vendors 342

8.8.3 Recommendations for Device Vendors 343

List of Table

NA

List of Chart

 

Figure 1: TD-SCDMA Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 35

Figure 2: Difference between TD-LTE and FDD LTE 36

Figure 3: TD-LTE Spectrum Availability by Region 37

Figure 4: TD-LTE Spectrum Opportunities 38

Figure 5: TCO Comparison for TD-LTE & LTE FDD Deployments ($ per GB) 39

Figure 6: Major TD-LTE Infrastructure Vendors 41

Figure 7: Major TD-LTE Device Vendors 42

Figure 8: Operators Committed to TD-LTE Deployments 44

Figure 9: Common TD-LTE and LTE FDD Ecosystem 46

Figure 43: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Industry Roadmap: 2010 - 2020 63

Figure 44: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Value Chain 67

Figure 45: Embedded Technology Ecosystem Players 68

Figure 46: Macrocell RAN Ecosystem Players 69

Figure 47: Specialist Small Cell RAN Ecosystem Players 70

Figure 48: Carrier WiFi Ecosystem Players 71

Figure 49: DAS & Repeater Ecosystem Players 72

Figure 50: C-RAN Ecosystem Players 73

Figure 51: Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem Players 75

Figure 52: Mobile Core Ecosystem Players 76

Figure 53: List of LTE Trials & Deployments 78

Figure 54: SON Ecosystem Players 80

Figure 55: SDN & NFV Ecosystem Players 81

Figure 23: Global LTE Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 186

Figure 24: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments by TDD/ FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 187

Figure 25: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Revenue by TDD/ FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 187

Figure 26: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 188

Figure 27: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 188

Figure 28: LTE Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 189

Figure 29: LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 190

Figure 30: LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 190

Figure 31: LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 191

Figure 32: LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 191

Figure 33: LTE EPC Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 192

Figure 34: Global TD-LTE Unit Shipments by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 193

Figure 35: Global TD-LTE Unit Shipment Revenue by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 193

Figure 36: TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 194

Figure 37: TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 194

Figure 38: TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 195

Figure 39: TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 195

Figure 40: Global LTE FDD Unit Shipments by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 196

Figure 41: Global LTE FDD Unit Shipment Revenue by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 196

Figure 42: LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 197

Figure 43: LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 197

Figure 44: LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 198

Figure 45: LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 198

Figure 46: Global LTE Device Unit Shipments by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 199

Figure 47: Global LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 199

Figure 48: LTE Device Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 200

Figure 49: LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 200

Figure 50: Global LTE Device Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 201

Figure 51: Global LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 201

Figure 52: LTE Embedded Card Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 202

Figure 53: LTE Embedded Card Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 202

Figure 54: LTE Consumer Gadget Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 203

Figure 55: LTE Consumer Gadget Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 203

Figure 56: LTE Netbook Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 204

Figure 57: LTE Netbook Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 204

Figure 58: LTE PC Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 205

Figure 59: LTE PC Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 205

Figure 60: LTE Router Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 206

Figure 61: LTE Router Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 206

Figure 62: LTE Smartphone Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 207

Figure 63: LTE Smartphone Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 207

Figure 64: LTE Tablet Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 208

Figure 65: LTE Tablet Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 208

Figure 66: LTE USB Dongle Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 209

Figure 67: LTE USB Dongle Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 209

Figure 68: TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 210

Figure 69: TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 210

Figure 70: Global TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 211

Figure 71: Global TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 211

Figure 72: LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 212

Figure 73: LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 212

Figure 74: Global LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 213

Figure 75: Global LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 213

Figure 76: Global LTE Subscriptions by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 214

Figure 77: Global LTE Service Revenue by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 214

Figure 78: Global LTE ARPU by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 215

Figure 79: LTE Subscriptions by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 216

Figure 80: LTE Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 216

Figure 81: LTE ARPU by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 217

Figure 82: LTE Subscriptions in Top 20 Countries: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 218

Figure 83: LTE Service Revenue in Top 20 Countries: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 219

Figure 84: LTE ARPU in Top 20 Countries: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 220

Figure 85: LTE Subscriptions in China: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 221

Figure 86: LTE Service Revenue in China: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 221

Figure 87: LTE ARPU in China: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 222

Figure 88: LTE Subscriptions in USA: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 223

Figure 89: LTE Service Revenue in USA: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 223

Figure 90: LTE ARPU in USA: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 224

Figure 91: LTE Subscriptions in Japan: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 225

Figure 92: LTE Service Revenue in Japan: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 225

Figure 93: LTE ARPU in Japan: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 226

Figure 94: LTE Subscriptions in India: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 227

Figure 95: LTE Service Revenue in India: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 227

Figure 96: LTE ARPU in India: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 228

Figure 97: LTE Subscriptions in Korea: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 229

Figure 98: LTE Service Revenue in Korea: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 229

Figure 99: LTE ARPU in Korea: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 230

Figure 100: LTE Subscriptions in Germany: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 231

Figure 101: LTE Service Revenue in Germany: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 231

Figure 102: LTE ARPU in Germany: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 232

Figure 103: LTE Subscriptions in UK: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 233

Figure 104: LTE Service Revenue in UK: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 233

Figure 105: LTE ARPU in UK: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 234

Figure 106: LTE Subscriptions in Indonesia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 235

Figure 107: LTE Service Revenue in Indonesia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 235

Figure 108: LTE ARPU in Indonesia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 236

Figure 109: LTE Subscriptions in Brazil: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 237

Figure 110: LTE Service Revenue in Brazil: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 237

Figure 111: LTE ARPU in Brazil: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 238

Figure 112: LTE Subscriptions in Italy: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 239

Figure 113: LTE Service Revenue in Italy: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 239

Figure 114: LTE ARPU in Italy: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 240

Figure 115: LTE Subscriptions in Russia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 241

Figure 116: LTE Service Revenue in Russia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 241

Figure 117: LTE ARPU in Russia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 242

Figure 118: LTE Subscriptions in Spain: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 243

Figure 119: LTE Service Revenue in Spain: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 243

Figure 120: LTE ARPU in Spain: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 244

Figure 121: LTE Subscriptions in Saudi Arabia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 245

Figure 122: LTE Service Revenue in Saudi Arabia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 245

Figure 123: LTE ARPU in Saudi Arabia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 246

Figure 124: LTE Subscriptions in Mexico: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 247

Figure 125: LTE Service Revenue in Mexico: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 247

Figure 126: LTE ARPU in Mexico: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 248

Figure 127: LTE Subscriptions in France: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 249

Figure 128: LTE Service Revenue in France: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 249

Figure 129: LTE ARPU in France: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 250

Figure 130: LTE Subscriptions in Poland: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 251

Figure 131: LTE Service Revenue in Poland: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 251

Figure 132: LTE ARPU in Poland: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 252

Figure 133: LTE Subscriptions in Malaysia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 253

Figure 134: LTE Service Revenue in Malaysia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 253

Figure 135: LTE ARPU in Malaysia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 254

Figure 136: LTE Subscriptions in Australia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 255

Figure 137: LTE Service Revenue in Australia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 255

Figure 138: LTE ARPU in Australia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 256

Figure 139: LTE Subscriptions in Philippines: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 257

Figure 140: LTE Service Revenue in Philippines: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 257

Figure 141: LTE ARPU in Philippines: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 258

Figure 142: LTE Subscriptions in Canada: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 259

Figure 143: LTE Service Revenue in Canada: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 259

Figure 144: LTE ARPU in Canada: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 260

Figure 145: Global TD-LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 261

Figure 146: Global TD-LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 261

Figure 147: Global TD-LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 262

Figure 148: Global LTE FDD Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 263

Figure 149: Global LTE FDD Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 263

Figure 150: Global LTE FDD ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 264

Figure 151: Asia Pacific LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 265

Figure 152: Asia Pacific LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 265

Figure 153: Asia Pacific LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 266

Figure 154: Asia Pacific LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 266

Figure 155: Asia Pacific LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 267

Figure 156: Asia Pacific LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 267

Figure 157: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 268

Figure 158: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 268

Figure 159: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 269

Figure 160: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 269

Figure 161: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 270

Figure 162: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 270

Figure 163: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 271

Figure 164: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 271

Figure 165: Asia Pacific LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 272

Figure 166: Asia Pacific LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 272

Figure 167: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 273

Figure 168: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 273

Figure 169: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 274

Figure 170: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 274

Figure 171: Asia Pacific LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 275

Figure 172: Asia Pacific LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 275

Figure 173: Asia Pacific LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 276

Figure 174: Eastern Europe LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 277

Figure 175: Eastern Europe LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 277

Figure 176: Eastern Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 278

Figure 177: Eastern Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 278

Figure 178: Eastern Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 279

Figure 179: Eastern Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 279

Figure 180: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 280

Figure 181: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 280

Figure 182: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 281

Figure 183: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 281

Figure 184: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 282

Figure 185: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 282

Figure 186: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 283

Figure 187: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 283

Figure 188: Eastern Europe LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 284

Figure 189: Eastern Europe LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 284

Figure 190: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 285

Figure 191: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 285

Figure 192: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 286

Figure 193: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 286

Figure 194: Eastern Europe LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 287

Figure 195: Eastern Europe LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 287

Figure 196: Eastern Europe LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 288

Figure 197: Latin & Central America LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 289

Figure 198: Latin & Central America LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 289

Figure 199: Latin & Central America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 290

Figure 200: Latin & Central America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 290

Figure 201: Latin & Central America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 291

Figure 202: Latin & Central America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 291

Figure 203: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 292

Figure 204: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 292

Figure 205: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 293

Figure 206: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 293

Figure 207: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 294

Figure 208: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 294

Figure 209: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 295

Figure 210: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 295

Figure 211: Latin & Central America LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 296

Figure 212: Latin & Central America LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 296

Figure 213: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 297

Figure 214: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 297

Figure 215: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 298

Figure 216: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 298

Figure 217: Latin & Central America LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 299

Figure 218: Latin & Central America LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 299

Figure 219: Latin & Central America LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 300

Figure 220: Middle East & Africa LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 301

Figure 221: Middle East & Africa LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 301

Figure 222: Middle East & Africa LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 302

Figure 223: Middle East & Africa LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 302

Figure 224: Middle East & Africa LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 303

Figure 225: Middle East & Africa LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 303

Figure 226: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 304

Figure 227: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 304

Figure 228: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 305

Figure 229: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 305

Figure 230: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 306

Figure 231: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 306

Figure 232: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 307

Figure 233: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 307

Figure 234: Middle East & Africa LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 308

Figure 235: Middle East & Africa LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 308

Figure 236: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 309

Figure 237: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 309

Figure 238: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 310

Figure 239: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 310

Figure 240: Middle East & Africa LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 311

Figure 241: Middle East & Africa LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 311

Figure 242: Middle East & Africa LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 312

Figure 243: North America LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 313

Figure 244: North America LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 313

Figure 245: North America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 314

Figure 246: North America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 314

Figure 247: North America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 315

Figure 248: North America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 315

Figure 249: North America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 316

Figure 250: North America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 316

Figure 251: North America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 317

Figure 252: North America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 317

Figure 253: North America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 318

Figure 254: North America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 318

Figure 255: North America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 319

Figure 256: North America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 319

Figure 257: North America LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 320

Figure 258: North America LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 320

Figure 259: North America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 321

Figure 260: North America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 321

Figure 261: North America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 322

Figure 262: North America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 322

Figure 263: North America LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 323

Figure 264: North America LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 323

Figure 265: North America LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 324

Figure 266: Western Europe LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 325

Figure 267: Western Europe LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 325

Figure 268: Western Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 326

Figure 269: Western Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 326

Figure 270: Western Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 327

Figure 271: Western Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 327

Figure 272: Western Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 328

Figure 273: Western Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 328

Figure 274: Western Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 329

Figure 275: Western Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 329

Figure 276: Western Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 330

Figure 277: Western Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 330

Figure 278: Western Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 331

Figure 279: Western Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 331

Figure 280: Western Europe LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 332

Figure 281: Western Europe LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 332

Figure 282: Western Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 333

Figure 283: Western Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 333

Figure 284: Western Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 334

Figure 285: Western Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 334

Figure 286: Western Europe LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 335

Figure 287: Western Europe LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 335

Figure 288: Western Europe LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 336

Figure 289: TD-LTE and LTE FDD Frame Structure 340

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