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The LTE, LTE-Advanced & 5G Ecosystem: 2015 - 2020 - Infrastructure, Devices, Operator Services, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts

Published By :

Signals and Systems Telecom

Published Date : Jan 2015

Category :

ICT

No. of Pages : 407 Pages


As a natural upgrade path for carriers from the previously detached GSM, CDMA and TD-SCDMA ecosystems, LTE has emerged as the first truly global mobile communications standard. Commonly marketed as the “4G” standard, LTE promises to provide higher data rates and lower latency at a much lower TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) than 3G technologies.

The TCO and performance is further enhanced by deployment of small cells and the LTE-Advanced standard. LTE-Advanced is a further enhancement to LTE which improves performance and data rates using features such as the aggregation of carriers, interference management and advanced antenna techniques.

With over 380 fully commercial network launches, LTE has become a mainstream technology, and a number of wireless carriers have already deployed LTE-Advanced features such as carrier aggregation. SNS Research estimates that LTE service revenues will account for nearly $170 Billion in 2015. Revenues are further expected to grow at a CAGR of 30% over the next 5 years.

Driven by these revenue prospects, operators continue to aggressively invest in LTE infrastructure, encompassing macrocell base stations (eNBs), small cells and EPC/mobile core equipment. LTE infrastructure spending is expected to account for nearly $33 Billion by the end of 2020.

While LTE and LTE-Advanced deployments are still underway, wireless carriers and vendors have already embarked on R&D initiatives to develop so-called “5G” technology, with a vision of commercialization by 2020. 5G is essentially a revolutionary paradigm shift in wireless networking to support the throughput, latency, and scalability requirements of future use cases such as extreme bandwidth augmented reality applications and connectivity management for billions of M2M (Machine to Machine) devices.

The “LTE, LTE-Advanced & 5G Ecosystem: 2015 – 2020 – Infrastructure, Devices, Operator Services, Verticals, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the LTE, LTE-Advanced and the emerging 5G ecosystem including key market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, operator revenue potential, deployment strategies, vertical market opportunities, network rollout commitments, R&D initiatives, future roadmap, value chain, vendor assessment and market share. The report also tracks revenue and shipments for both LTE infrastructure and devices, along with subscription and service revenue from 2015 through to 2020. Besides projections for the LTE market as a whole, separate projections for the TD-LTE and LTE FDD submarkets are also presented.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Key Findings:

The report has the following key findings:

  • In 2015 wireless carriers will pocket nearly $170 Billion from commercial LTE service revenues. The figure is further expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 30% over the next five years
  • By 2020 nearly 60% of all LTE subscriptions will be on LTE-Advanced networks
  • Apple and Samsung lead LTE smartphone shipments with a combined market share of over 63%
  • LTE infrastructure spending is expected to account for nearly $33 Billion by the end of 2020. This includes spending on LTE macrocells, small cells and EPC/mobile core solutions
  • Nokia and Ericsson lead the LTE RAN infrastructure market with a combined market share of 43%
  • Driven by regional, national government, wireless carrier and vendor initiatives, we expect 5G R&D and trial investments will account for nearly $5 Billion by 2020, following a CAGR of nearly 40% over the next 5 years
  • Nearly 70% of these investments will target large scale commercial trial networks in Japan, South Korea and other early pioneering countries

Topics Covered:

The report covers the following topics:

  • LTE and LTE-Advanced technology and market status
  • 5G technology, initiatives and R&D commitments
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • TCO comparison with legacy technologies
  • Vertical markets for LTE, LTE-Advanced and 5G networks
  • LTE infrastructure (FDD/TDD macrocell base stations, small cells & EPC)
  • LTE devices (smartphones and other form factors)
  • LTE subscriptions and service revenue (FDD and TDD)
  • LTE infrastructure and device vendor market share
  • Antenna systems, RAN, EPC/mobile core, backhaul and fronthaul deployment strategies
  • LTE operator reviews and network deployment case studies
  • LTE operator service models and pricing strategies
  • VoLTE, RCS, LTE Broadcast (eMBMS) and M2M services
  • Wireless network infrastructure industry roadmap and value chain
  • Company profiles and strategies of over 70 LTE ecosystem players including device OEMs, infrastructure (RAN, EPC) vendors and wireless carriers
  • Competitive assessment of vendor strategies & commitments to 5G
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2015 till 2020

Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation:

  • Market forecasts and historical revenue/unit shipment/subscription figures are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:
  • LTE Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue
  • TD-LTE Macrocell eNodeBs (eNBs)
  • LTE FDD Macrocell eNBs
  • LTE FDD Small Cells
  • TD-LTE Small Cells
  • EPC

LTE Device Shipments & Revenue

  • TD-LTE
  • LTE FDD
  • Form Factor (Embedded Cards, Consumer Gadgets, Netbooks, PCs, Routers, Smartphones, Tablets and USB Dongles)

LTE Subscriptions and Operator Service Revenue

  • TD-LTE
  • LTE FDD

The following vertical, regional and country markets are also covered:

Vertical Markets

  • Automotive & Transportation
  • Agriculture
  • Construction
  • Education
  • Energy & Utilities
  • Healthcare
  • Logistics
  • Mining
  • Military
  • Professional Services
  • Public Safety, Security & Emergency Services
  • Retail & Hospitality
  • Smart Cities
  • Sports

Regional Markets

  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Latin & Central America
  • Middle East & Africa
  • North America
  • Western Europe

Top 20 Country Markets

  • Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, UK and USA

Key Questions Answered:

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the LTE, LTE-Advanced and 5G ecosystem?
  • How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • Who are the key LTE infrastructure and device vendors and what are their strategies?
  • How much are vendors and operators investing in LTE?
  • What is the outlook for LTE-Advanced adoption?
  • What is the outlook for VoLTE, RCS and LTE Broadcast (eMBMS) services?
  • How will LTE FDD investments compare with TD-LTE?
  • What opportunities exist for LTE small cells and how will their proliferation impact the wider LTE RAN market?
  • Will future network rollouts adopt a C-RAN (Cloud RAN) centric architecture?
  • How will NFV and virtualization affect the EPC market?
  • How will LTE ARPU evolve overtime?
  • Which countries will see the highest number of LTE subscriptions?
  • How much will vendors and operators invest in 5G R&D?
  • What will the number of 5G subscriptions in 2025 and at what rate will they grow?
  • Will 5G networks utilize new spectrum bands?

List of Companies Mentioned:

The following companies and organizations have been reviewed, discussed or mentioned in the report:

  • 21 Vianet Group
  • 2K Telecom
  • 3 Austria
  • 3 Denmark
  • 3 HK
  • 3 Ireland
  • 3 Italia
  • 3 Sweden
  • 365 Media
  • 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • 3Roam
  • 4ipnet
  • 6WIND
  • A1 Telekom
  • Aalborg University
  • Aalto-University
  • Ablaze
  • Accedian
  • Accelleran
  • Actelis
  • Actix
  • Adams NetWorks
  • Adax
  • ADLINK
  • ADTRAN
  • ADVA Optical Networking
  • Advantech
  • Aero2
  • Aeroflex
  • Aerohive
  • Aeronet
  • Affirmed Networks
  • AINMT Holdings
  • Airbus Group
  • Aircel
  • Aircell
  • Aircom International
  • AirHop Communications
  • Airspan Networks
  • Airtel Nigeria
  • Airvana
  • AIS/DPC Thailand
  • Al Madar
  • Alaska Communications
  • Albis Technologies
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Alfa
  • Algar Telecom (CTBC)
  • Algerie Telecom
  • Alpental Technologies
  • Alpha Networks
  • Altel
  • Altera
  • Altiostar Networks
  • Alvarion
  • América Móvil
  • Andorra Telecom
  • Anite
  • Antares Group
  • Antel
  • Anvaya Networks
  • Apple
  • APT
  • Aptilo
  • Aqiva Wireless
  • Aquafon
  • Arcadyan Technology Corporation
  • Argela
  • ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
  • Aricent
  • Arieso
  • ARItel
  • Armentel
  • Aruba Networks
  • Ascenta
  • Ascom International
  • Asiaspace
  • Askey
  • ASOCS
  • Astellia
  • AT&T Mobility
  • Athena Wireless Communications
  • Atrica
  • Avanti
  • Avea
  • Aviat Networks
  • Axell Wireless
  • Axerra Networks
  • Axis Teknologies
  • Axxcelera
  • Azercell
  • Azerfon
  • b•lite
  • Babilon Mobile
  • Bakcell
  • Bakrie Telecom
  • Batelco
  • Bayan Telecommunications
  • BayRICS
  • BBC
  • BBK Electronics Corporation
  • Beeline
  • Beeline Lao
  • BelAir
  • BelCel
  • Belgacom / Proximus
  • Bell Mobility
  • BendBroadband
  • BeST (Life)
  • BH Telecom
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Bhutan Telecom
  • Big Switch Networks
  • BigAir
  • Black Box
  • BlackBerry
  • BLiNQ Networks
  • Bluegrass Cellular
  • Blueline
  • BluWan
  • BMW
  • Bollore Telecom
  • Bouygues Telecom
  • Brazil  Army
  • Brazil  Sao Paulo Military Police
  • BridgeWave Communications
  • Broadcom
  • Brocade
  • Browan
  • BSNL
  • BT
  • BTC
  • BTI Systems
  • BTI Wireless
  • BTL
  • BUCD
  • Bulgaria  Vivacom
  • C Spire Wireless
  • C&S
  • Cable and Wireless
  • Cambium Networks
  • Canoga Perkins
  • Carolina West Wireless
  • Carrier Access Corporation
  • Casio
  • Cavium
  • CBL Bahamas
  • CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks)
  • CCI (Communication Components Inc.)
  • CCS
  • Ceclcom Axiata
  • CeedTec
  • Celcite
  • Cell C
  • Cellcom
  • CellO
  • Cellvine
  • Celtro
  • CenturyLink
  • Ceragon
  • Chalmers University of Technology
  • Chariton Valley Comms
  • Charles Industries
  • Chat Mobility
  • China Mobile
  • China Mobile Hong Kong
  • China Telecom
  • China Unicom
  • CHT
  • Cielo
  • Ciena
  • Cisco
  • City of Charlotte Council
  • Claro
  • Clear Mobitel
  • CNT
  • Cobham
  • Coherent Logix
  • Colorado Valley
  • Comba
  • Comba Telecom
  • Commnet Wireless
  • CommScope
  • Connected Digital Catapult
  • Connectem
  • Contela
  • ConteXtream
  • Convergence Technologies
  • Coolpad
  • Copper Valley Telecom
  • Corning/MobileAccess
  • Cosmote
  • COTA Murcia4G
  • Cross Telephone
  • Crown Castle International
  • CS Corporation
  • CSL Limited
  • Custer Telephone
  • Cyan
  • Datame
  • Datang Mobile
  • DBD
  • Dedicado
  • DeltaNode
  • Dhiraagu
  • Dialog Axiata
  • Dialogic
  • DiGi
  • Digicel
  • Digicel Fiji
  • Digitel
  • Digitel Jamaica
  • Dish Network
  • D-Link
  • DNA
  • DoCoMo Euro-Labs
  • DoCoMo Pacific
  • DragonWave
  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • DTAC – TriNet
  • Du
  • E Plus
  • eAccess
  • Eastlink
  • E-Band Communications
  • EBlink
  • ECI Telecom
  • Econet Wireless
  • Eden Rock Communications
  • Edgewater
  • EE
  • EION
  • Elisa
  • EM3 (Enterprise M3)
  • EMT
  • Emtel
  • EnergyAustralia Ausgrid
  • EnGenius
  • Entel Movil
  • Entel PCS
  • Entel Peru
  • Enterasys
  • ERA/T-Mobile Poland
  • Ericsson
  • ETC
  • Etex Telephone Co-op
  • EtherReach
  • Ethertronics
  • Ethio Telecom
  • Ethos
  • Etisalat
  • Etisalat Misr
  • ETRI (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute)
  • European Commission
  • Evolve Broadband
  • Exalt
  • ExteNet Systems
  • Extreme Networks
  • Facebook
  • FarEasTone
  • FastBack Networks
  • Fastlink (Regional Telecom)
  • Femtel
  • FibroLAN
  • FilmFlex
  • Firetide
  • Fitel
  • Fjarskipti (Vodafone Iceland)
  • Fortinet
  • FPT Telecom
  • Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
  • Freescale Semiconductor
  • Fujitsu
  • Fujitsu Laboratories of Europe
  • Fujitsu-Toshiba
  • Gemtek Technology
  • Genband
  • General Dynamics
  • Georgia  Magticom
  • Glo Mobile
  • Globacom
  • Global Mobile
  • Globe Telecom
  • GoNet Systems
  • Goodman Networks
  • Google
  • Gore
  • GrenTech
  • GSMA (GSM Association)
  • Guineanet
  • GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)
  • Handlink
  • Harris
  • Hatteras
  • Hitachi
  • Hitachi CTA (Communication Technologies America)
  • HP
  • HTC
  • Huahuan
  • Huawei
  • Hutchison Telecommunications International
  • IBM
  • IBW International
  • ICE
  • iConnect
  • IDC Moldova
  • iDirect
  • IM2
  • Imagine Group
  • Infovista
  • InnerWireless
  • Institut Mines-Télécom
  • Intel
  • InterDigital
  • Intracom
  • Intucell Systems
  • Inwi
  • ip.access
  • IPITEK
  • ISICSB (Iowa Statewide Interoperable Communications Board)
  • Islandcom
  • IT&E Guam
  • ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute)
  • ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
  • JDSU
  • Juni Global
  • Juniper Networks
  • Kcell
  • KDDI
  • Kentrox
  • Kordia
  • KPN
  • KPN Base
  • KPU (Alaska)
  • KT (Korea Telecom)
  • KT Corp Rwanda
  • KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
  • Kyocera
  • Lanka Bell
  • Lantiq
  • Lattelecom
  • Leap Wireless/Cricket
  • Lemko
  • Lenovo
  • LG
  • LG Uplus
  • LightPointe Communications
  • Lightsquared
  • LIME
  • Linkem
  • LMT
  • LSI
  • LTC
  • M1
  • Manx Telecom
  • Marvell
  • Mascom Wireless
  • Massnet
  • Mavenir
  • MAX Telecom
  • Maxim Integrated
  • Maxis
  • MaxyTel
  • MediaTek
  • MegaFon
  • Menatelecom
  • Mentum
  • Meru Networks
  • Mesaplexx
  • Meteor
  • Microsoft Mobile
  • Microwave Networks
  • Mid-Rivers Communications
  • Milmex
  • MIMOon
  • Mindspeed Technologies
  • Ministry of Industry, Development and Reform Commission - China
  • MiSpot
  • Mobile Norway/Tele2
  • Mobily
  • Mobinil
  • Mobistar
  • Mobitel
  • Moldcell
  • Monaco Telecom
  • Mongolia Telecom
  • Mosaic Telecom
  • MOST (Ministry of Science & Technology, China)
  • Motorola Mobility
  • Motorola Solutions
  • Movicel
  • Movilmax
  • Movilnet
  • Movistar
  • MRV Communications
  • MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Korea)
  • MTA
  • MTC
  • MTC Touch
  • M-Tel
  • MTI Mobile
  • MTN
  • MTN Uganda
  • MTNL
  • MTPCS
  • MTS
  • MTS Allstream
  • MTS Belarus
  • MTS Ukraine
  • Myanmar P & T
  • Naka Mobile
  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
  • Nawras
  • NBN Co.
  • Ncell
  • NEC
  • NEC Mobile Communications
  • Neo-Sky
  • Neotel
  • Nepal Telecom
  • Netflix
  • NETGEAR
  • Netronome
  • New Postcom Equipment
  • New York University
  • NewNet
  • Nexius
  • NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
  • NITA
  • Node-H
  • Nokia
  • Nokia Networks
  • Nomadix
  • Nomor Research
  • NorthwestCell
  • Nova
  • nTelos
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • Nuage Networks
  • Nutaq/NuRAN Wireless
  • NVIDIA
  • O2 Secure Wireless
  • Oceus Networks
  • Octasic
  • Ofcom
  • Oi
  • Omantel
  • Omnitel
  • On Telecomunicacoes
  • ONE
  • Ooredoo
  • Open Mobile
  • OPPO
  • Optimus
  • Optiway
  • Optiway
  • Optus
  • Orange
  • Orange Armenia
  • Orange Austria
  • Orange Dominicana
  • Orange France
  • Orange Liechtenstein
  • Orange Luxembourg
  • Orange Mauritius
  • Orange Moldova
  • Orange Romania
  • Orange Slovak Republic
  • Orange Spain
  • Orange Switzerland
  • Orange Uganda
  • Orckit Corrigent
  • ORN (Olleh Rwanda Networks)
  • Osnova Telecom
  • Outremer Telecom
  • Overture
  • P&T
  • P1 Networks
  • P4 (Play)
  • Panasonic
  • Pandetel
  • Panhandle Telephone Co-op
  • Pantech
  • PCCW
  • Peoples Telephone Co-op
  • Personal
  • Pioneer Cellular
  • Plexxi
  • Polaris Networks
  • Polkomtel Plus
  • Positron-Aktino
  • Potevio (China Potevio Company)
  • Powerwave Technologies
  • Poznan University of Technology
  • Proxim
  • PTK Centertel (Orange)
  • Public Service Wireless
  • Public Wireless
  • PureWave Networks
  • PVT
  • Qualcomm
  • Quanta Computer
  • QuCell
  • Quortus
  • R (Spain)
  • RAD Data Systems
  • Radisys
  • RADWIN
  • Rakon
  • Raytheon
  • RCS & RDS
  • Redline Communications
  • REDtone
  • Reliance
  • Reverb Networks
  • RF Window
  • RFNet
  • RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • Rogers Wireless
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • Roke Manor
  • Rostelecom
  • Ro-Timak Technology
  • Ruckus Wireless
  • RusViet Telecom
  • RWTH Aachen
  • S and R Communications
  • S&T Telephone Cooperative
  • Safaricom
  • Sagebrush Cellular (Nemont)
  • Sagemcom
  • SAI Technology
  • Saima Telecom
  • Samsung
  • Sasktel
  • Sazz
  • Sercom
  • SerComm
  • SES S.A.
  • SFR
  • SGRITA
  • Sharp
  • Shentel
  • Shyam Networks
  • Si.mobil
  • SIAE Microelectronics
  • Siemens
  • Siklu
  • Siminn
  • SingTel
  • SK Telecom
  • SK Telesys
  • Sky Brazil
  • Smart Communications
  • Smartone
  • SMARTS
  • Smile Communications
  • Smoltelecom
  • SoftBank
  • SoftBank Mobile
  • SOLiD Technologies
  • Somtel
  • Sony Mobile
  • Spectranet
  • SpeedConnect
  • SpiderCloud Wireless
  • Spreadtrum Communications
  • Sprint
  • Sprocket Wireless
  • SRT Communications
  • SSTL
  • Star Microwave
  • Star Solutions
  • Starcomms
  • StarHub
  • STC
  • Stoke
  • Strata Networks
  • Strix Systems
  • Sub10 Systems
  • Sunrise Communications
  • Surfline Communications
  • SWIFT Networks
  • Swisscom
  • Sycamore
  • Syringa Wireless
  • Tango Networks
  • Taqua
  • Tarana Wireless
  • Tata Elxsi
  • TCL Communication
  • TD Tech (Nokia and Huawei Joint Venture)
  • TDC
  • TE Connectivity (Tyco Electronics Connectivity)
  • Tecom
  • TEKTELIC Communications
  • Telcel
  • Telco Systems
  • Tele2
  • Tele2 Kazakhstan
  • Telecom Italia
  • Telecom Malaysia
  • Telecom New Zealand
  • Telefónica
  • Telefónica Ireland
  • Telefónica Movistar
  • Telefónica O2 UK
  • Telefónica Peru
  • Telekom Srpske
  • Telenet Belgium
  • Telenor
  • Telenor Denmark
  • Telenor Hungary
  • Telenor Montenegro
  • Telenor Sweden
  • Telesis
  • TeliaSonera
  • TeliaSonera Norway
  • Telkom Mobile (8ta)
  • Telkomsel Indonesia
  • Tellabs
  • Telrad
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telstra
  • Telum
  • Telus
  • Texas Energy Network
  • Texas Instruments
  • TFL
  • Thomson
  • T-Hrvatski Telekom
  • Thumb Cellular
  • TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
  • Tigo
  • Tikona
  • TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • TIM Brasil
  • Titan Aerospace
  • TMC
  • TMN (Portugal Telecom)
  • T-Mobile Czech Republic
  • T-Mobile Hungary
  • T-Mobile Macedonia
  • T-Mobile Netherlands
  • T-Mobile Puerto Rico
  • T-Mobile Slovensko
  • T-Mobile USA
  • TN Mobile
  • TOT Thailand
  • TPG Internet
  • TP-Link
  • TRaC Global
  • Trango Systems
  • Transmode
  • Tranzeo
  • Triatel
  • Tricom
  • Tropos
  • True Move
  • TSKL
  • TTK
  • Tunisiana
  • Turkcell
  • U Mobile
  • U.S. Army
  • U.S. Navy
  • Ubee Interactive
  • Ubidyne GmBH
  • Ubiquisys
  • Ubiquiti Networks
  • u-blox
  • UCell
  • UK Broadband
  • Ulusnet
  • Umniah
  • UN (United Nations)
  • Une-EPM
  • United Wireless
  • Unitel
  • Universitaet Bremen
  • Universitat Politècnica de València
  • University of Kaiserslautern
  • University of Oulu
  • University of Surrey
  • US Cellular
  • UTStarcom
  • Vainakh Telecom
  • VDC (VNPT)
  • Velatel
  • Velatel-Aerostrong
  • Verizon Wireless
  • Videocon
  • Videotron
  • Viettel
  • Vimpelcom
  • VIP mobile
  • VIPNet
  • Visafone Communications
  • Viva
  • Vivacell-MTS
  • Vivato
  • Vivo
  • VMWare
  • Vodacom
  • Vodacom Tanzania
  • Vodafone Australia
  • Vodafone Czech Republic
  • Vodafone Egypt
  • Vodafone Fiji
  • Vodafone Greece
  • Vodafone Group
  • Vodafone Ireland
  • Vodafone Italy
  • Vodafone New Zealand
  • Vodafone Portugal
  • Vodafone Qatar
  • Vodafone Romania
  • Vodafone Spain
  • Vodafone UK
  • Vox
  • VTel Wireless
  • Vubiq
  • Wataniya
  • Wataniya Telecom
  • WBS (iBurst)
  • West Central Wireless
  • Wi-Ex
  • Wi-Fi Alliance
  • Wilson Electronics
  • Wind Mobile
  • Wireless Broadband Alliance
  • Wistron NeWeb Corp (WNC)
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • Woosh
  • Xiaomi
  • Xilinx
  • XL Axiata
  • Xplornet
  • Yoigo
  • Yota
  • Zain
  • Zain Jordan
  • Zain Saudi
  • Zamtel
  • Z-com (ZDC Wireless)
  • Zhone
  • Ziggo
  • Zinwave
  • Zoda Fones
  • ZTE

Chapter 1: Introduction 25
1.1 Executive Summary 25
1.2 Topics Covered 27
1.3 Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation 28
1.4 Key Questions Answered 30
1.5 Key Findings 31
1.6 Methodology 32
1.7 Target Audience 33
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 34

Chapter 2: LTE and LTE-Advanced Ecosystem 42
2.1 Mobile Broadband Growth 42
2.2 LTE Technology & Market Momentum 43
2.2.1 What is LTE? 43
2.2.2 Architectural Overview & Components 43
2.2.3 Underlying Technologies & Key Performance Metrics of LTE 47
2.2.4 Choice of Spectrum Bands 48
2.2.5 Overtaking WiMAX as the Dominant 4G Standard 48
2.2.6 Providing an Upgrade Path for Both 3GPP and 3GPP2 Wireless Carriers 48
2.2.7 An Established Market: Over 380 Commercial Deployments 49
2.2.8 Motivation for LTE-Advanced 49
2.3 What is LTE-Advanced? 50
2.3.1 Carrier Aggregation 50
2.3.2 Optimizing Small Cell Performance 50
2.3.3 eICIC 50
2.3.4 Higher Order MIMO 51
2.3.5 CoMP 51
2.3.6 Unlicensed Spectrum 51
2.4 Key Market Drivers: What Factors Are Driving LTE and LTE-Advanced Investments? 52
2.4.1 Growing Traffic Capacity Demands 52
2.4.2 Competitive Operator Landscape: Seizing the $1.5 Trillion Opportunity 53
2.4.3 LTE Value Proposition: Network Performance and Cost Savings 54
2.4.4 Flexible Spectrum & Spectral Efficiency 55
2.4.5 Address 2G/3G Legacy Network Congestion 55
2.4.6 Seamless Interoperability with Legacy Networks 55
2.4.7 Strategic Choice for CDMA & WiMAX Operators: Join Mainstream Ecosystem 55
2.4.8 Bringing Broadband to the Masses: Enabling Cheap Mobile Broadband Connectivity 56
2.4.9 Growing Interest from Vertical Markets 56
2.4.10 Vendor Endorsement 56
2.4.11 Narrow Competition from Competing Standards 57
2.5 Challenges & Inhibiters to the Ecosystem 58
2.5.1 Time to Market 58
2.5.2 Operator CapEx 58
2.5.3 Spectrum Congestion 59
2.5.4 Impact of RAN Sharing 59
2.5.5 Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Risks 59
2.5.6 Committing to Initial Investments 60
2.5.7 Roaming Challenges 60
2.5.8 Voice Support: VoLTE Comes to Rescue 60
2.5.9 Investment Returns: The OTT Threat 61
2.5.10 Backhaul Capacity Limitations 61

Chapter 3: LTE & LTE-Advanced Deployment Strategies 62
3.1 Antenna & RAN Strategies 62
3.1.1 Single RAN vs. Overlay Deployment 62
3.1.2 Adopting an RRH and FTTA Design 63
3.1.3 Adopting a C-RAN Architecture 64
3.1.4 Optimal Antenna Selection 64
3.1.5 Interference Limitation Strategies 65
3.1.6 Managing Co-Existence with Legacy 3G/2G RF Sites 65
3.2 EPC/Mobile Core Strategies 66
3.2.1 Integration of Functions & Virtualization 66
3.2.2 Deployment Architecture Choices 66
3.2.3 Supporting Legacy Networks 67
3.2.4 Integration with IMS 67
3.2.5 Embedding DPI for Policy Enforcement & Network Optimization 67
3.3 LTE Backhaul & Fronthaul Strategies 68
3.3.1 Architectural Impact of X2 Interface 68
3.3.2 LTE-Advanced Requirements 68
3.3.3 Growing Backhaul Capacity & Latency Requirements 69
3.3.4 IPsec 69
3.3.5 Technology Options: Fiber, Microwave & Millimeter Wave 70
3.3.6 Developing a HetNet Backhaul Strategy 70
3.3.7 Synchronization and Timing 70
3.3.8 Backhaul Sharing 71
3.3.9 Fronthaul Options: Fiber vs. Wireless 71

Chapter 4: Operator Service Models – Monetizing LTE 72
4.1 LTE as an Enhanced Data Offering 72
4.1.1 Driving Consumer Uptake of LTE 72
4.1.2 Enterprise Specific LTE Plans 73
4.2 VoLTE & RCS: Enabling Integrated Voice, Video & IM Services 73
4.2.1 Pricing Strategies 74
4.2.2 Layered Service Offering for Enterprises 74
4.3 Fixed Broadband Alternative 75
4.4 M2M Connectivity 75
4.4.1 Capitalizing on LTE’s Performance Characteristics 75
4.4.2 Impact of Decommissioning 2G/3G Networks 76
4.5 Wholesale Services 76
4.6 LTE Broadcast & eMBMS: Is there a Business Case Yet? 77

Chapter 5: Vertical Markets for LTE & LTE-Advanced Networks 78
5.1 Vertical Market Opportunities: Capitalizing on LTE and LTE-Advanced 78
5.2 How Big is the Vertical Market Opportunity? 79
5.3 Automotive & Transportation 80
5.4 Agriculture 81
5.5 Construction 82
5.6 Education 83
5.7 Energy & Utilities 84
5.8 Healthcare 85
5.9 Logistics 86
5.10 Mining 87
5.11 Military 88
5.12 Professional Services 89
5.13 Public Safety, Security & Emergency Services 90
5.14 Retail & Hospitality 92
5.15 Smart Cities 93
5.16 Sports 94

Chapter 6: The Emerging 5G Ecosystem & Technology 95
6.1 What is 5G? 95
6.2 5G Requirements 95
6.2.1 Data Volume 96
6.2.2 Throughput 96
6.2.3 Response Time & Latency 96
6.2.4 Device Density 96
6.2.5 Availability & Coverage 96
6.2.6 Battery Life 97
6.2.7 Energy Saving & Cost Reduction 97
6.3 5G Market Drivers 98
6.3.1 Why the Need for a 5G Standard? 98
6.3.2 Improving Spectrum Utilization 98
6.3.3 Advances in Air Interface Transmission Schemes 98
6.3.4 Gigabit Wireless Connectivity: Supporting Future Services 99
6.3.5 Moving Towards IoT (Internet of Things): Increasing Device Density 99
6.3.6 Towards a Flatter Network Architecture 99
6.4 Challenges & Inhibitors to 5G 100
6.4.1 Skepticism 100
6.4.2 Standardization Challenges: Too Many Stakeholders 100
6.4.3 Spectrum Regulation & Complexities 100
6.4.4 Massive MIMO, Beamforming & Antenna Technology Issues 101
6.4.5 Higher Frequencies Mean New Infrastructure 101
6.4.6 Complex Performance Requirements 102
6.4.7 Energy Efficiency & Technology Scaling 102
6.5 5G Applications & Use Cases 103
6.5.1 Extreme Bandwidth Applications: Video, Internet Gaming & Augmented Reality 103
6.5.2 MTC/M2M, IoT & Ubiquitous Communications 103
6.5.2.1 Short-burst Traffic 104
6.5.3 Vertical Industries & Safety Critical Domains 104
6.5.3.1 Automotive 104
6.5.3.2 Energy & Smart Grids 105
6.5.3.3 Transport & Logistics 105
6.5.3.4 Healthcare 105
6.5.3.5 Smart Cities 105
6.5.3.6 Public Safety 106
6.5.3.7 Fitness & Sports 106
6.6 Key Technologies & Concepts 107
6.6.1 Air Interface: Waveform Options 107
6.6.2 Massive MIMO 108
6.6.3 Phased Array Antennas 109
6.6.4 Beamforming 109
6.6.5 D2D (Device to Device) Communications 110
6.6.6 Self-Backhauling & Mesh Networking 111
6.6.7 Cognitive Radio & Spectrum Sensing 111
6.6.8 LSA (Licensed Shared Access) 112
6.6.9 Spectrum Aggregation 113
6.6.10 Integration of VLC (Visible Light Communication) 113
6.7 Complimentary Technologies 114
6.7.1 NFV & SDN 114
6.7.2 HetNet & C-RAN Architecture 115
6.7.2.1 Will C-RAN be the Default 5G Network Architecture? 115
6.7.3 Drones & Satellites 117
6.7.3.1 Satellite Integration in 5G Networks 117
6.7.3.2 Google and Facebook’s Drone Ambitions 117
6.7.3.3 Interest from Wireless Carriers 117

Chapter 7: 5G Investments & Future Forecast 118
7.1 How Much is Being Invested in 5G? 118
7.2 Global 5G Subscriptions: 2020 - 2025 119
7.2.1 Asia Pacific 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2025 120
7.2.2 Eastern Europe 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2025 120
7.2.3 Latin & Central America 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2025 121
7.2.4 Middle East & Africa 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2025 121
7.2.5 North America 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2025 122
7.2.6 Western Europe 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2025 122

Chapter 8: 5G Spectrum Assessment 123
8.1 Spectrum Options for 5G 123
8.2 Sub-1 GHz 123
8.3 3-4 GHz 124
8.4 5 GHz 124
8.5 15 GHz 124
8.6 28 GHz 124
8.7 60/70/80 GHz 124
8.8 Higher Bands 125

Chapter 9: 5G Standardization & Research Initiatives 126
9.1 ITU-R (ITU Radiocommunications Sector) 126
9.2 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) 127
9.3 GSMA (GSM Association) 127
9.4 NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance 128
9.5 TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) 128
9.6 European Commission Initiatives 129
9.6.1 METIS 129
9.6.2 5GPPP (5G Public-Private Partnership) 130
9.6.3 5GNOW (5th Generation Non-Orthogonal Waveforms for Asynchronous Signaling) 130
9.7 National Government Initiatives 131
9.7.1 Korea’s 5G Forum 131
9.7.2 Japan’s ARIB 20B AH (2020 and Beyond AdHoc) 131
9.7.3 China’s IMT-2020 131
9.7.4 China’s 863-5G Project 131
9.8 Academic Initiatives 132
9.8.1 5GIC (5G Innovation Center, University of Surrey) 132
9.8.2 NYU WIRELESS (New York University) 132

Chapter 10: 5G Vendor Demonstrations, Commitments & Strategies 133
10.1 Alcatel-Lucent 133
10.2 Ericsson 134
10.3 Fujitsu 135
10.4 Huawei 136
10.5 Intel 137
10.6 NEC 138
10.7 Nokia Networks 139
10.8 Qualcomm 140
10.9 Samsung 141
10.10 ZTE 142

Chapter 11: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 143
11.1 Industry Roadmap 143
11.1.1 Initial LTE FDD Rollouts: 2010 - 2011 143
11.1.2 Rise of the HetNet Ecosystem: 2012 - 2013 144
11.1.3 A Wave of TD-LTE and LTE-Advanced Deployments: 2014 - 2016 144
11.1.4 Moving Towards Virtualized Infrastructure: 2017 - 2019 145
11.1.5 Start of the 5G Era: 2020 & Beyond 145
11.2 Value Chain 146
11.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem 146
11.3.1 Chipset Developers 146
11.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers 146
11.4 RAN Ecosystem 149
11.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs 149
11.4.2 “Pure-Play” and Specialist Small Cell OEMs 150
11.4.3 WiFi Access Point OEMs 151
11.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 152
11.4.5 C-RAN Solution Providers 153
11.4.6 Other Technology & Network Component Providers/Enablers 154
11.5 Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem 155
11.5.1 Backhaul Solution Providers 155
11.6 Mobile Core Ecosystem 156
11.6.1 Core Network Infrastructure & Software Providers 156
11.7 Connectivity Ecosystem 157
11.7.1 2G, 3G & 4G Wireless Carriers 157
11.7.2 WiFi Connectivity Providers 159
11.7.3 SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Providers 159
11.8 SON Ecosystem 160
11.8.1 SON Solution Providers 160
11.9 SDN & NFV Ecosystem 161
11.9.1 SDN & NFV Providers 161

Chapter 12: Vendor & Operator Landscape 162
12.1 LTE Infrastructure 162
12.1.1 Accelleran 162
12.1.2 Adax 163
12.1.3 Affirmed Networks 164
12.1.4 Airspan Networks 165
12.1.5 Airvana 166
12.1.6 Alcatel-Lucent 167
12.1.7 Altiostar Networks 168
12.1.8 Arcadyan Technology Corporation 169
12.1.9 Argela 170
12.1.10 ARItel 171
12.1.11 Athena Wireless Communications 172
12.1.12 Axxcelera 173
12.1.13 Cisco 174
12.1.14 Connectem 175
12.1.15 Contela 176
12.1.16 CS Corporation 177
12.1.17 Datang Mobile 178
12.1.18 Ericsson 179
12.1.19 Fujitsu 181
12.1.20 Gemtek Technology 182
12.1.21 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 183
12.1.22 Hitachi 184
12.1.23 Huawei 185
12.1.24 ip.access 187
12.1.25 Juni Global 188
12.1.26 Lemko 189
12.1.27 Mavenir 190
12.1.28 MTI Mobile 191
12.1.29 New Postcom Equipment 192
12.1.30 NEC 193
12.1.31 Nokia Networks 194
12.1.32 Nutaq/NuRAN Wireless 196
12.1.33 Oceus Networks 197
12.1.34 Polaris Networks 198
12.1.35 Potevio (China Potevio Company) 199
12.1.36 Quanta Computer 200
12.1.37 Qucell 201
12.1.38 Redline Communications/PureWave Networks 202
12.1.39 Samsung 203
12.1.40 SK Telesys 204
12.1.41 SpiderCloud Wireless 205
12.1.42 Star Solutions 207
12.1.43 TD Tech (Nokia and Huawei Joint Venture) 208
12.1.44 TEKTELIC Communications 209
12.1.45 Telum 210
12.1.46 Telrad Networks 211
12.1.47 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 212
12.1.48 Z-com (ZDC Wireless) 213
12.1.49 ZTE 214
12.2 LTE Devices 215
12.2.1 Apple 215
12.2.2 BBK Electronics Corporation: Vivo & OPPO 216
12.2.3 BlackBerry 217
12.2.4 Coolpad 218
12.2.5 Fujitsu (Formerly Fujitsu-Toshiba) 219
12.2.6 HTC 220
12.2.7 Huawei 221
12.2.8 Kyocera 222
12.2.9 Lenovo/Motorola 223
12.2.10 LG 224
12.2.11 NEC Mobile Communications 225
12.2.12 Microsoft Mobile/Nokia 226
12.2.13 Panasonic 227
12.2.14 Pantech 228
12.2.15 Samsung 229
12.2.16 Sharp 230
12.2.17 Sony Mobile 231
12.2.18 TCL Communication 232
12.2.19 ZTE 233
12.2.20 Xiaomi 234
12.3 LTE Operators 235
12.3.1 AT&T Mobility 235
12.3.2 China Mobile 236
12.3.3 EE 237
12.3.4 KDDI 238
12.3.5 KT (Korea Telecom) 239
12.3.6 LG Uplus 240
12.3.7 NTT DoCoMo 242
12.3.8 SK Telecom 243
12.3.9 SoftBank 244
12.3.10 Verizon Wireless 246

Chapter 13: Market Analysis & Forecasts 247
13.1 LTE Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 247
13.1.1 TDD vs. FDD RAN Segmentation 248
13.1.2 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 249
13.1.3 Regional Segmentation 250
13.2 LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 251
13.2.1 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 251
13.2.2 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 252
13.3 EPC Revenue 253
13.4 TD-LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 254
13.4.1 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 254
13.4.2 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 255
13.4.3 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 256
13.5 LTE FDD RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 257
13.5.1 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 257
13.5.2 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 258
13.5.3 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 259
13.6 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 260
13.6.1 TDD vs. FDD Segmentation 260
13.6.2 Regional Segmentation 261
13.6.3 Segmentation by Form Factor 262
13.6.4 Embedded Cards 263
13.6.5 Consumer Gadgets 264
13.6.6 Netbooks 265
13.6.7 PCs 266
13.6.8 Routers 267
13.6.9 Smartphones 268
13.6.10 Tablets 269
13.6.11 USB Dongles 270
13.7 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 271
13.7.1 Regional Segmentation 271
13.7.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 272
13.8 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 273
13.8.1 Regional Segmentation 273
13.8.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 274
13.9 LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 275
13.9.1 TDD vs. FDD Segmentation 275
13.9.2 Regional Segmentation 277
13.9.3 Top 20 Countries 279
13.9.3.1 China 282
13.9.3.2 USA 284
13.9.3.3 Japan 286
13.9.3.4 India 288
13.9.3.5 Korea 290
13.9.3.6 Germany 292
13.9.3.7 UK 294
13.9.3.8 Indonesia 296
13.9.3.9 Brazil 298
13.9.3.10 Italy 300
13.9.3.11 Russia 302
13.9.3.12 Spain 304
13.9.3.13 Saudi Arabia 306
13.9.3.14 Mexico 308
13.9.3.15 France 310
13.9.3.16 Poland 312
13.9.3.17 Malaysia 314
13.9.3.18 Australia 316
13.9.3.19 Philippines 318
13.9.3.20 Canada 320
13.10 TD-LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 322
13.10.1 TD-LTE Subscriptions 322
13.10.2 TD-LTE Service Revenue 322
13.10.3 TD-LTE ARPU 323
13.11 LTE FDD Subscriptions & Service Revenue 324
13.11.1 LTE FDD Subscriptions 324
13.11.2 LTE FDD Service Revenue 324
13.11.3 LTE FDD ARPU 325
13.12 Asia Pacific 326
13.12.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 326
13.12.2 EPC Revenue 326
13.12.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 327
13.12.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 328
13.12.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 329
13.12.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 330
13.12.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 331
13.12.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 332
13.12.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 333
13.12.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 334
13.12.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 335
13.12.12 LTE Subscriptions 336
13.12.13 LTE Service Revenue 336
13.12.14 LTE ARPU 337
13.13 Eastern Europe 338
13.13.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 338
13.13.2 EPC Revenue 338
13.13.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 339
13.13.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 340
13.13.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 341
13.13.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 342
13.13.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 343
13.13.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 344
13.13.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 345
13.13.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 346
13.13.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 347
13.13.12 LTE Subscriptions 348
13.13.13 LTE Service Revenue 348
13.13.14 LTE ARPU 349
13.14 Latin & Central America 350
13.14.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 350
13.14.2 EPC Revenue 350
13.14.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 351
13.14.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 352
13.14.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 353
13.14.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 354
13.14.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 355
13.14.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 356
13.14.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 357
13.14.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 358
13.14.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 359
13.14.12 LTE Subscriptions 360
13.14.13 LTE Service Revenue 360
13.14.14 LTE ARPU 361
13.15 Middle East & Africa 362
13.15.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 362
13.15.2 EPC Revenue 362
13.15.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 363
13.15.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 364
13.15.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 365
13.15.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 366
13.15.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 367
13.15.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 368
13.15.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 369
13.15.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 370
13.15.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 371
13.15.12 LTE Subscriptions 372
13.15.13 LTE Service Revenue 372
13.15.14 LTE ARPU 373
13.16 North America 374
13.16.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 374
13.16.2 EPC Revenue 374
13.16.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 375
13.16.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 376
13.16.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 377
13.16.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 378
13.16.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 379
13.16.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 380
13.16.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 381
13.16.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 382
13.16.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 383
13.16.12 LTE Subscriptions 384
13.16.13 LTE Service Revenue 384
13.16.14 LTE ARPU 385
13.17 Western Europe 386
13.17.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 386
13.17.2 EPC Revenue 386
13.17.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 387
13.17.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 388
13.17.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 389
13.17.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 390
13.17.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 391
13.17.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 392
13.17.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 393
13.17.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 394
13.17.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 395
13.17.12 LTE Subscriptions 396
13.17.13 LTE Service Revenue 396
13.17.14 LTE ARPU 397

Chapter 14: Infrastructure, Devices, Operator Services & Verticals Summary 398
14.1 Infrastructure 398
14.1.1 Commercial Availability 398
14.1.2 RAN Vendor Share: Who Leads the Market? 398
14.1.3 The Outlook for Tier 2 Vendors: Samsung and Fujitsu Lead the Market 399
14.1.4 Impact of Small Cells & Unlicensed Spectrum Base Stations 399
14.1.5 EPC Vendor Share 400
14.1.6 How will NFV Affect the EPC Market? 400
14.2 Devices 401
14.2.1 Commercial Device Availability 401
14.2.2 Are Smartphones the Most Dominant Form Factor? 401
14.2.3 Vendor Share: Who Leads the Market? 401
14.2.4 What About Chipsets? 401
14.3 Subscriptions & Operator Services 402
14.3.1 Economic Downturn: Initial Deployment Delays 402
14.3.2 Commercial Availability 402
14.3.3 How Big is the LTE Service Revenue Opportunity? 403
14.3.4 Vertical Market Opportunities 403
14.3.5 Outlook for LTE-Advanced 404
14.3.6 Moving Beyond Carrier Aggregation 405
14.3.7 Outlook for LTE Broadcast & eMBMS 405
14.3.8 Outlook for VoLTE & RCS 406

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