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The HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2016 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

Published By :

Signals and Systems Telecom

Published Date : Feb 2016

Category :

ICT

No. of Pages : 621 Pages

 Driven by in-building wireless coverage requirements and the growing influx of mobile data traffic, a conventional macrocell based cellular network deployment is not deemed to be a sufficient solution to address the coverage and capacity needs of today’s wireless subscribers.

Mobile operators are thus increasing their investments in Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure such as strategically deployed small cells, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems), to cope with growing capacity and coverage requirements. Adding further to the heterogeneity is the shift towards a C-RAN (Centralized RAN) architecture, which centralizes baseband functionality to be shared across a large number of distributed radio nodes. In comparison to standalone clusters of base stations, C-RAN provides significant performance and economic benefits such as baseband pooling, enhanced coordination between cells, virtualization, network extensibility and energy efficiency.

Driven by the thriving ecosystem, we expect small cell, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS investments to account for nearly $13 Billion by the end of 2016. The market is further expected to grow at a CAGR of 15% between 2016 and 2020, as mobile operators remain committed to tackle the continued growth of mobile data traffic and evolving coverage requirements.

The “HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2016 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the HetNet ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, regulatory landscape, deployment models, use cases, vertical markets, operator case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for HetNet infrastructure investments from 2016 till 2030. The forecasts cover 6 individual submarkets and 6 regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Key Findings:

The report has the following key findings:

  • SNS Research estimates that global infrastructure investments on small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS will reach nearly $13 Billion by the end of 2016, as mobile operators remain committed to tackle the continued growth of mobile data traffic and evolving coverage requirements
  • Small cell and C-RAN solutions are beginning to converge as small cell OEMs seek to capitalize on the benefits of centralized coordination for in-building and enterprise coverage
  • Despite opposition from the Wi-Fi community, unlicensed LTE small cell shipments are beginning to gain traction, with shipment revenues potentially reaching $220 Million by the end of 2020
  • The vendor ecosystem is gradually consolidating with several prominent acquisitions such as Nokia’s acquisition of French rival Alcatel-Lucent and CommScope’s acquisition of small cell specialist Airvana

Topics Covered:

The report covers the following topics:

  • HetNet ecosystem
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • Enabling technologies and key architectural components for small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS
  • Key trends including SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service), unlicensed small cells, virtualization, baseband functional splitting, enterprise RAN and public safety/military small cells
  • Small cell backhaul and C-RAN fronthaul technologies
  • Integration, offloading and SON (Self-Organizing Network) technologies
  • HetNet deployment models, use cases and vertical markets
  • Case studies of over 30 mobile operator HetNet deployments
  • Regulatory landscape and standardization
  • Industry roadmap and value chain
  • Profiles and strategies of over 350 leading ecosystem players including HetNet infrastructure vendors and enabling technology providers
  • Strategic recommendations for HetNet infrastructure vendors and mobile operators
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2016 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation:

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

  • Small Cells
  • Air Interface Technology Segmentation
  • 2G & 3G
  • LTE
  • 5G
  • Deployment Model Segmentation
  • Indoor
  • Outdoor
  • Use Case Segmentation
  • Residential
  • Enterprise
  • Urban
  • Rural & Suburban
  • Cell Size Segmentation
  • Femtocells
  • Picocells
  • Microcells
  • Small Cell Backhaul
  • Technology Segmentation
  • DSL
  • Ethernet
  • Microwave
  • Millimeter Wave
  • Satellite
  • Fiber & Others
  • Carrier Wi-Fi
  • Submarket Segmentation
  • Access Points
  • Access Point Controllers
  • Integration Approach Segmentation
  • Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots
  • Managed Wi-Fi Offload
  • C-RAN
  • Air Interface Technology Segmentation
  • 3G & LTE
  • 5G
  • Deployment Model Segmentation
  • Indoor
  • Outdoor
  • Submarket Segmentation
  • BBUs (Baseband Units)
  • RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)
  • C-RAN Fronthaul
  • Technology Segmentation
  • Dedicated Fiber
  • WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)
  • OTN (Optical Transport Network)
  • PON (Passive Optical Network)
  • Ethernet
  • Microwave
  • Millimeter Wave
  • DAS
  • Deployment Model Segmentation
  • Indoor
  • Outdoor
  • Regional Markets
  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Latin & Central America
  • Middle East & Africa
  • North America
  • Western Europe

Key Questions Answered:

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the HetNet opportunity?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • How can HetNet infrastructure investments improve wireless coverage and alleviate congestion in mobile operator networks?
  • Is there a market for rural small cell deployments?
  • What are the prospects of millimeter wave technology for small cell backhaul and C-RAN fronthaul?
  • Is Ethernet a feasible solution for fronthaul networking?
  • How big is the market for virtualized Cloud RAN networks?
  • Who are the key market players, what is their market share and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should HetNet infrastructure vendors and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

List of Companies & Organizations Mentioned:

The following companies and organizations have been reviewed, discussed or mentioned in the report:

  • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
  • 3GPP2 (3rd Generation Partnership Project 2)
  • 3Roam
  • 4ipnet
  • 4RF
  • 6WIND
  • ABB
  • Ablaze Wireless
  • Absolute Analysis
  • Accedian Networks
  • Accelink Technologies
  • Accelleran
  • Accuris Networks
  • AceAxis
  • Actelis Networks
  • Actiontec
  • Actus Networks
  • Adax
  • ADB
  • ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)
  • ADLINK Technology
  • ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
  • ADTRAN
  • ADVA Optical Networking
  • Advantech
  • Advantech Wireless
  • Aerohive Networks
  • Affarii Technologies
  • Affirmed Networks
  • AirHop Communications
  • Airspan Networks
  • Airvana
  • AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices)
  • ALAXALA Networks
  • Albis Technologies
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • ALCOMA
  • Allied Data Technologies
  • Allied Telesis
  • Allot Communications
  • Alpha Networks
  • Altera Corporation
  • Altiostar Networks
  • Alvarion Technologies
  • Amarisoft
  • Amdocs
  • América Móvil Group
  • American Tower Corporation
  • Anite
  • Anritsu Corporation
  • Aptilo Networks
  • Aquantia
  • Arcadyan Technology Corporation
  • Argela
  • Aricent
  • ARItel
  • ARM Holdings
  • Arqiva
  • Arris
  • Artemis Networks
  • Artesyn Embedded Technologies
  • Artiza Networks
  • Aruba Networks
  • Askey Computer Corporation
  • ASOCS
  • Astellia
  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • AT&T Mobility
  • Athena Wireless Communications
  • Athonet
  • Autelan
  • Avago Technologies
  • Avanti Communications
  • Aviat Networks
  • AVM
  • Axis Teknologies
  • Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates)
  • Azcom Technology
  • BandwidthX
  • Benetel
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Birdstep Technology
  • Black Box Corporation
  • BLiNQ Networks
  • Blu Wireless Technology
  • BluWan
  • BridgeWave Communications
  • Broadband Forum
  • Broadcom Corporation
  • Brocade Communications Systems
  • Browan Communications
  • BSG Wireless
  • BT Group
  • BTI Systems
  • BTI Wireless
  • CableFree Solutions
  • Cadence Design Systems
  • Calix
  • Cambium Networks
  • Canoga Perkins
  • Carlson Wireless Technologies
  • Casa Systems
  • Cavium
  • CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)
  • CCI (Communication Components Inc.)
  • CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.)
  • CCI (Crown Castle International)
  • CCI Systems
  • CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)
  • CeedTec
  • Cellcom
  • Cellwize
  • Celtro
  • Ceragon
  • China Mobile
  • China Telecom
  • China Unicom
  • Chunghwa Telecom
  • Cielo Networks
  • Ciena Corporation
  • Cisco Systems
  • ClearSky Technologies
  • Cloudberry Mobile
  • Cobham Wireless
  • Coherent Logix
  • Colt Technology Services
  • Comba Telecom Systems Holdings
  • Comcores ApS
  • CommAgility
  • CommScope
  • Comtrend
  • Connectem
  • Contela
  • ConteXtream
  • Corecess
  • Coriant
  • Corning
  • CS Corporation
  • Cyan
  • D2 Technologies
  • Dali Wireless
  • DASAN Networks
  • Datang Mobile
  • Dell
  • DeltaNode (Bird Technologies)
  • Direct Beam
  • Dish Network 
  • D-Link Corporation
  • Dongwon T&I
  • DragonWave
  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • eASIC Corporation
  • E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates)
  • EBlink
  • ECI Telecom
  • Eden Rock Communications
  • Edgewater Wireless Systems
  • EDX Wireless
  • EE
  • EION Wireless
  • Elva-1
  • Eoptolink Technology
  • ERCOM
  • Ericsson
  • Ethertronics
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • Exalt Communications
  • EXFO
  • ExteNet Systems
  • Extreme Networks
  • EZchip Semiconductor
  • Faraday Technology Corporation
  • FastBack Networks
  • Federated Wireless
  • Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications)
  • Fiberhome Technologies
  • FibroLan
  • Finisar Corporation
  • Firetide
  • Fortinet
  • Foxcom
  • Freescale Semiconductor 
  • Front Porch
  • Fujitsu
  • Galtronics
  • Gemtek Technology Company
  • GENBAND
  • Genmix Technology
  • GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company)
  • Gilat Satellite Networks
  • GlobalFoundaries
  • GoNet Systems
  • Goodman Networks
  • Google
  • GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation)
  • GSMA
  • GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)
  • Handlink Technologies
  • HFR
  • HG Genuine
  • Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology)
  • Hitachi
  • HP (Hewlett-Packard)
  • Huahuan
  • Huawei
  • Hughes Network Systems
  • HXI
  • iDirect
  • IDT (Integrated Device Technology)
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • IMEC International
  • Infinera
  • InfoVista
  • InnoLight Technology Corporation
  • Intel Corporation
  • InterDigital
  • Intracom Telecom
  • ip.access
  • IPITEK
  • iPosi
  • Iskratel
  • ITU (International Telecommunications Union)
  • Ixia
  • JMA Wireless
  • JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • Juni Global
  • Juniper Networks
  • Kathrein-Werke KG
  • KDDI
  • KEYMILE
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kisan Telecom
  • KMW
  • KPN
  • KT Corporation
  • Kumu Networks
  • Lattice Semiconductor
  • Lemko
  • LG Uplus
  • LGS Innovations
  • LightPointe Communications
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Loea Corporation
  • Lumentum
  • Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions)
  • MAX4G
  • Maxim Integrated
  • MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)
  • MegaFon
  • Mellanox Technologies
  • MER-CellO Wireless Solutions
  • Meru Networks
  • Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group)
  • Microsemi Corporation
  • Microwave Networks
  • MIMOon
  • MIMOtech
  • Mitel Networks Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Mobiveil
  • Molex
  • MRV Communications
  • MTI Mobile
  • MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)
  • Nash Technologies
  • NEC Corporation
  • NETGEAR
  • Netgem
  • NetScout Systems
  • New Postcom Equipment Company
  • NewNet Communication Technologies
  • Nexcomm Systems
  • Nexius
  • Nextivity
  • NexxComm Wireless
  • NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
  • Node-H
  • Nokia Networks
  • Nomadix
  • Nomor Research
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • NuRAN Wireless
  • Nutaq
  • NXP Semiconductors
  • Oceus Networks
  • Octasic
  • OE Solutions
  • OMA (Open Mobile Alliance)
  • Omnitron Systems
  • OneAccess Networks
  • Optulink
  • Orange
  • Overture Networks
  • P.I. Works
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company)
  • Parallel Wireless
  • Pletronics
  • PMC-Sierra
  • Polaris Networks
  • Polewall
  • Positron
  • Potevio (China Potevio Company)
  • Procera Networks
  • Proxim Wireless Corporation
  • Public Wireless
  • QEOS
  • Qualcomm
  • Quanta Computer
  • Qucell
  • Qulsar
  • Quortus
  • Qwilt
  • RACOM
  • RAD Data Communications
  • RADCOM
  • Radisys Corporation
  • RADWIN
  • Rakon
  • Rearden
  • Red Hat
  • Redline Communications
  • Reverb Networks
  • RF DSP
  • RF Window
  • RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • Rosenberger
  • Ro-Timak Technology
  • Ruckus Wireless
  • SAF Tehnika
  • Sagemcom
  • Saguna Networks
  • SAI Technology
  • Samji Electronics Company
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Sarokal Test Systems
  • Senao Networks
  • SerComm Corporation
  • SFR
  • SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica)
  • Siklu
  • Silicon Labs
  • SingTel
  • Sistelbanda
  • SK Telecom
  • SK Telesys
  • SkyFiber
  • Small Cell Forum
  • SMC Networks
  • Smith Micro Software
  • SoftBank Mobile
  • Solectek
  • SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies)
  • Source Photonics
  • SpectrumMax
  • SpiderCloud Wireless
  • Sprint
  • Star Microwave
  • Star Solutions
  • Sub10 Systems
  • Sumitomo Electric Industries
  • Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company)
  • Sunwave Communications
  • Syniverse Technologies
  • Taqua
  • Tarana Wireless
  • Tata Elxsi
  • TE Connectivity
  • Tecom
  • TEKTELIC Communications
  • Telco Systems
  • Telecom Italia
  • Telefónica
  • Telenor Group
  • TeliaSonera
  • Tellion
  • Tellumat
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telsey
  • Telstra
  • Telum
  • Telus Mobility
  • TEOCO Corporation
  • TESSCO Technologies
  • TI (Texas Instruments)
  • Tilgin
  • Towerstream
  • TP-LINK Technologies
  • Trango Systems
  • Transmode
  • Tranzeo Wireless Technologies
  • Tulinx
  • Ubiquiti Networks
  • Ubiquoss
  • U-blox
  • UTStarcom
  • Vectron International
  • Verizon Wireless
  • Viavi Solutions
  • VimpelCom
  • Virgin Media
  • Vodafone Group
  • VPIsystems
  • Vubiq Networks
  • Wave1
  • Wavesight
  • WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)
  • WeFi
  • Westell Technologies
  • Wi-Fi Alliance
  • WiMAX Forum
  • Wind River 
  • WiPro
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • Xavi Technologies
  • XCellAir
  • Xelic
  • Xilinx
  • Yamaha Corporation
  • Zayo Group
  • Z-Com (ZDC Wireless)
  • Zebra Technologies Corporation
  • Zhone Technologies
  • Zinwave
  • ZTE
  • ZyXEL

Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 42
1.1 Executive Summary 42
1.2 Topics Covered 44
1.3 Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation 45
1.4 Key Questions Answered 49
1.5 Key Findings 51
1.6 Methodology 52
1.7 Target Audience 53
1.8 Companies Mentioned 54

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Small Cells, Carrier WiFi, C-RAN & DAS 61
2.1 An Evolving Heterogeneous Networking Ecosystem 61
2.1.1 The Growing Demand for Mobile Broadband 61
2.1.2 Is LTE the Answer to all Capacity Problems? 61
2.1.3 HetNets: An Evolution of Network Topology 63
2.2 Small Cells 64
2.2.1 What Are Small Cells? 64
2.2.2 Why Deploy Small Cells? 64
2.2.3 Small Cell Categories 66
2.2.3.1 Femtocells - Home (e)NBs 67
2.2.3.2 Picocells 67
2.2.3.3 Microcells 67
2.2.3.4 Metrocell: An Emerging Deployment Model 68
2.2.3.5 Will Metrocell Deployments Encompass Carrier Deployed Femtocells? 68
2.3 Carrier WiFi 69
2.3.1 Carrier WiFi Integration Approaches 70
2.3.2 Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ 70
2.3.3 Managed Offload 70
2.3.3.1 SIM-based Authentication and Mobile Data Offload 70
2.3.3.2 Fully Integrated WiFi Access 70
2.4 C-RAN (Centralized RAN) 71
2.4.1 What is C-RAN? 71
2.4.2 Architectural Benefits and Challenges 71
2.4.3 Key Architectural Components 73
2.4.3.1 RRH (Remote Radio Head) 73
2.4.3.2 C-RAN Architecture Small Cell 73
2.4.3.3 BBU (Baseband Unit) 74
2.4.3.4 Fronthaul Networking Gear 74
2.5 DAS (Distributed Antenna System) 75
2.5.1 What is DAS? 75
2.5.2 Passive DAS 75
2.5.3 Hybrid DAS 75
2.5.4 Active DAS 76
2.6 Alternative Options for Offloading Mobile Network Coverage and Capacity 76
2.6.1 Macrocell Network and Spectrum Expansion 76
2.6.2 Caching & Mobile CDNs 76
2.7 The Business Case: What is Driving the HetNet Market? 78
2.7.1 Mobile Data Traffic: The Tsunami of 335 Exabytes 78
2.7.2 Endorsement from the Carrier Community 79
2.7.3 In-Building Coverage and Capacity 80
2.7.4 Enterprise Demand: BYOD is Fuelling Growth 80
2.7.5 Capacity Offload in Congested Localities 80
2.7.6 CapEx Savings 80
2.7.7 Non-Expandability of Macrocell Network 81
2.8 Challenges & Inhibitors to the HetNet Ecosystem 82
2.8.1 Security Concerns 82
2.8.2 Competing HetNet Solutions: DAS vs. Indoor Small Cells 82
2.8.3 Interference with Macrocell Infrastructure & Spectrum Constraints 83
2.8.4 Backhaul Requirements and Complexity 83
2.8.5 C-RAN Fronthaul Challenges 83
2.8.6 Commercial Immaturity 84
2.8.7 Economic Constraints 84
2.8.8 Device Side, Client and OS Issues 84
2.8.9 Deployment Challenges 84
2.8.10 Integrating Segregated WiFi Infrastructure into Mobile Networks 85
2.8.11 Impact of Macrocell LTE Rollouts: Negative or Positive? 85

3 Chapter 3: Integration & Offloading Technology 86
3.1 Integrating Small Cells into the Mobile Network 86
3.1.1 Integration into 3G Networks 86
3.1.1.1 Iuh based Integration: Residential/Enterprise Femtocells 86
3.1.1.2 Iub: Picocells, Microcells and Now Even Femtocells 88
3.1.2 S1: Integration into LTE Networks 89
3.1.2.1 eNB Small Cell Architecture 89
3.1.2.2 HeNB Small Cell Architecture 90
3.2 Integrating C-RAN into the Mobile Network 90
3.2.1 CPRI (Common Public Radio Interface) 90
3.2.2 OBSAI (Open Base Station Architecture Initiative) 90
3.2.3 ORI (Open Radio Interface) 91
3.2.4 Ethernet-based Solutions 91
3.3 WiFi: The Evolution from an Ethernet Extension to Wireless Carrier Integration 92
3.4 Enabling Technologies for WiFi and Cellular RAN Interoperability 92
3.4.1 ANDSF (Access Network Discovery and Selection Function) 92
3.4.1.1 Enabling Seamless Mobility 93
3.4.1.2 Commercial Availability of ANDSF Solutions 93
3.4.2 Hotspot 2.0 93
3.4.2.1 Discovery - 802.11u 93
3.4.2.2 Encryption - 802.11i (WPA2) 94
3.4.2.3 Authentication – 802.1x (EAP) 94
3.4.2.4 OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) DM (Device Management) 94
3.4.2.5 Passpoint WiFi Certification 95
3.4.3 NGH (NextGen Hotspot) Program 95
3.4.3.1 Working alongside Hotspot 2.0 96
3.4.3.2 Enabling Seamless Mobile Network Connectivity 96
3.4.4 I-WLAN (Interworking Wireless LAN) 96
3.4.5 WISPr (Wireless Internet Service Provider Roaming) 96
3.4.6 MSAP (Mobility Services Advertisement Protocol) 97
3.4.7 WiFi Direct 97
3.5 Small Cell and Mobile Core Offloading Technologies 98
3.5.1 LIPA (Local IP Access) 98
3.5.1.1 Is LIPA Specifically for Small Cells? 98
3.5.1.2 Use Case Example: Local Network Multimedia Access 98
3.5.2 SIPTO (Selected IP Traffic Offload) 99
3.5.2.1 Use Case Example: Core Network Offload 99
3.5.2.2 The Downside: Is SIPTO Suitable for All Traffic Profiles? 99
3.5.3 IFOM (IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload) 100
3.5.3.1 Enabling Seamless Integration between WiFi and 3GPP RANs 100
3.6 WiFi and Cellular RAN Integration: Commercial Implementations to Address the HetNet Challenge 101
3.6.1 WiFi Integration into Macrocell and Small Cell Base Station Nodes 101
3.6.2 Policy Driven Control for Small Cell & WiFi 101
3.6.2.1 Vendor Demonstrations: Dynamic Switching between WiFi and LTE 101
3.6.3 Commercial Case Study: NGH SIM-based WiFi Access 102

4 Chapter 4: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain 103
4.1 HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2010 - 2020 103
4.1.1 2010 – 2012: Initial Rollouts: In-building Voice Converge & Nomadic Data Access 103
4.1.2 2013 – 2015: The 4G Expansion Era – Capacity Upgrades with Small Cells & WiFi 104
4.1.3 2016 – 2020: The C-RAN Era - Large-scale Proliferation of C-RAN Networking Gear 104
4.2 HetNet Value Chain 106
4.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem 106
4.3.1 Chipset Developers 106
4.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers 106
4.4 RAN Ecosystem 108
4.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs 108
4.4.2 Pure-Play and Specialist Small Cell OEMs 108
4.4.3 WiFi Access Point OEMs 108
4.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 108
4.4.5 C-RAN Solution Providers 109
4.4.6 Other Technology & Network Component Providers/Enablers 109
4.5 Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Ecosystem 109
4.5.1 Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers 109
4.6 Mobile Core Ecosystem 109
4.6.1 Core Network Infrastructure & Software Providers 109
4.7 Connectivity Ecosystem 110
4.7.1 2G, 3G & 4G Wireless Carriers 110
4.7.2 WiFi Connectivity Providers 112
4.7.3 SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Providers 112
4.8 SON Ecosystem 112
4.8.1 SON Solution Providers 112
4.9 SDN & NFV Ecosystem 112
4.9.1 SDN & NFV Providers 112
4.10 Vendor Landscape: Consolidation & Acquisitions Lead the Way 113
4.10.1 Broadcom Acquires Percello – Q4’2010 113
4.10.2 Radisys Acquires Continuous Computing – Q4’2010 113
4.10.3 Alvarion Acquires Wavion – Q4’2011 113
4.10.4 Mindspeed Technologies Acquires picoChip – Q1’2012 114
4.10.5 Ericsson Acquires BelAir Networks – Q2’2012 114
4.10.6 Crown Castle Acquires NextG Networks – Q2’2012 114
4.10.7 Qualcomm Acquires DesignArt Networks – Q3’2012 114
4.10.8 Oracle Acquires Acme Packet – Q1’2013 115
4.10.9 Oracle Acquires Tekelec – Q1’2013 115
4.10.10 Cisco Acquires Ubiquisys – Q2’2013 115
4.10.11 Cobham Acquires Axell Wireless– Q2’2013 116
4.10.12 Bird Technologies Acquires DeltaNode – Q3’2013 116
4.10.13 Intel Acquires Mindspeed’s Wireless Assets – Q4’2013 116
4.10.14 Intel Acquires LSI’s Axxia Networking Business – Q3’2014 116
4.10.15 Nokia Acquires Panasonic’s Wireless Infrastructure Assets – Q1’2015 116
4.10.16 Brocade Acquires Connectem – Q1’2015 117
4.10.17 Fastback Networks Acquires Sub10 Systems – Q1’2015 117
4.10.18 CommAgility Acquires MIMOon – Q1’2015 117
4.10.19 CommScope Announces Plans to Acquire TE Connectivity – Q1’2015 117
4.10.20 Nokia Announces Intention to Acquire Alcatel-Lucent – Q2’2015 117

5 Chapter 5: HetNet Deployment Models 118
5.1 Small Cell, C-RAN & DAS Deployment Models 118
5.1.1 Consumer (Indoor) Deployment Models 118
5.1.1.1 Home/Residential 118
5.1.1.2 Enterprise 118
5.1.2 Carrier Deployment Models 119
5.1.2.1 Indoor 119
5.1.2.2 Metro 119
5.1.2.3 Rural 119
5.1.3 SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) 121
5.2 Carrier WiFi Deployment Models 122
5.2.1 Mobile Offload 122
5.2.2 SIM Based 122
5.2.3 Enterprise 122
5.2.4 Hotspot 122
5.2.5 Wholesale 122
5.2.6 Municipal WiFi 123

6 Chapter 6: Vertical Markets for HetNets 124
6.1 Residential 124
6.2 Healthcare 124
6.3 Higher Education 124
6.4 Large Enterprises 125
6.5 SMBs 125
6.6 Retail 125
6.7 Construction 125
6.8 Public Sector 126
6.9 Public Safety and Defense 126

7 Chapter 7: HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul 127
7.1 Small Cell Backhaul Technology 127
7.1.1 Ethernet over Copper 127
7.1.2 Ethernet over Fiber 127
7.1.3 DSL 127
7.1.4 NLOS (Non-Line of Site) Microwave 128
7.1.5 PTP (Point to Point) Microwave – 6-60 GHz 128
7.1.6 PTMP (Point to Multipoint) Microwave – 6-60 GHz 128
7.1.7 Millimeter Wave (E-band) – Licensed and Unlicensed 128
7.1.8 Satellite Based Backhaul 128
7.2 C-RAN Fronthaul Technology 129
7.2.1 Dedicated Fiber (Dark Fiber) 129
7.2.2 WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) 129
7.2.3 PON (Passive Optical Network) 130
7.2.4 OTN (Optical Transport Network) 130
7.2.5 Ethernet 130
7.2.6 Microwave 130
7.2.7 Millimeter Wave (E-band) – Licensed and Unlicensed 131
7.3 Requirements for HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul 131
7.3.1 Form Factor & Environmental Hardening 131
7.3.2 Power Supply & Consumption 131
7.3.3 Installation & Provisioning 131
7.3.4 Integration of OAM and SON Capabilities 132
7.3.5 Deployment & Maintenance Cost 132
7.4 Key Issues 132
7.4.1 Backhaul Sharing: Can Small Cells and Macrocells Share Resources? 132
7.4.2 Coverage Challenges 133
7.4.3 Capacity/Peak Throughput Challenges 133
7.4.4 Will Millimeter Wave be the Preferred Outdoor Small Cell Backhaul Solution? 133
7.4.5 Is Fronthaul the Bottleneck to C-RAN Rollouts? 134
7.4.6 Is Ethernet a Feasible Solution for C-RAN Fronthaul? 134
7.4.7 Is there a Market for Satellite based HetNet Transport? 134
7.4.8 Assessing the Impact of the SCaaS Ecosystem 135

8 Chapter 8: Standardization & Regulatory Initiatives 136
8.1 Small Cell Forum 136
8.1.1 Mission 136
8.1.2 Scope of Work 136
8.1.3 Working Groups 137
8.1.3.1 Marketing Group 138
8.1.3.2 Radio & Physical Layer Group 138
8.1.3.3 Network Group 138
8.1.3.4 Regulatory Group 139
8.1.3.5 Services Group 139
8.1.3.6 Interoperability Group 139
8.1.3.7 Deployment Group 139
8.1.3.8 Special Interest & Study Groups 140
8.2 WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance) 140
8.2.1 Mission 140
8.2.2 Scope of Work 140
8.2.3 Working Groups 141
8.2.3.1 Business Workgroup 141
8.2.3.2 Industry Engagement Workgroup 141
8.2.3.3 Roaming Workgroup 141
8.3 WiFi Alliance 142
8.3.1 Mission 142
8.3.2 Certification Programs 142
8.3.2.1 Core Certification 142
8.3.2.2 Miracast 143
8.3.2.3 TDLS (Tunneled Direct Link Setup ) 143
8.3.2.4 Passpoint 143
8.3.2.5 WiFi Direct 144
8.3.2.6 WiFi Protected Setup 144
8.3.2.7 WMM (WiFi Multimedia) 144
8.3.2.8 WMM-Power Save 144
8.3.2.9 Voice-Personal: Voice over WiFi 144
8.3.2.10 Voice-Enterprise: Voice over WiFi 145
8.3.2.11 CWG-RF 145
8.3.2.12 WMM-Admission Control 145
8.3.2.13 IBSS with WiFi Protected Setup 145
8.4 HetNet Forum 146
8.4.1 Mission 146
8.4.2 Scope of Work 146
8.4.3 Governance & Membership 146
8.5 ETSI 147
8.5.1 Mission 147
8.5.2 HetNet Standardization Activities 147
8.6 3GPP 148
8.6.1 Mission 148
8.6.2 HetNet Standardization Activities 148
8.7 3GPP2 150
8.7.1 Mission 150
8.7.2 HetNet Standardization Activities 150
8.8 NGMN Alliance 151
8.8.1 Mission 151
8.8.2 HetNet Initiatives 151
8.9 Broadband Forum 152
8.9.1 Mission 152
8.9.2 HetNet Standardization Activities 152
8.10 WiMAX Forum 153
8.10.1 Mission 153
8.10.2 HetNet Standardization Activities 153
8.11 Prominent Collaborations 155
8.11.1 WBA and WiFi Alliance 155
8.11.2 Small Cell Forum and GSMA 155
8.11.3 WBA, GSMA and Small Cell Forum 155
8.11.3.1 Integrating on a Network Level 156
8.11.3.2 Setting the Stage for Advanced Traffic Management 156

9 Chapter 9: HetNet Deployments 157
9.1 SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Case Studies 157
9.1.1 BT 157
9.1.2 Cellcom 157
9.1.3 Colt Telecom 158
9.1.4 Cloudberry Mobile 158
9.1.5 ClearSky 158
9.1.6 Virgin Media 158
9.1.7 Ericsson & Phillips 159
9.1.8 Alcatel-Lucent & Towerstream 159
9.2 Carrier WiFi 160
9.2.1 AT&T Mobility 160
9.2.2 Comcast 160
9.2.3 Cox Communications 160
9.2.4 MetroPCS 161
9.2.5 Sprint 161
9.2.6 T-Mobile USA 161
9.2.7 Verizon Wireless 162
9.2.8 Free Mobile 162
9.2.9 BT 162
9.2.10 MegaFon 162
9.2.11 Orange  163
9.2.12 Portugal Telecom 163
9.2.13 Telefónica (Spain) 163
9.2.14 T-Mobile Austria 163
9.2.15 Zain Saudi Arabia 163
9.2.16 China Mobile 164
9.2.17 KDDI 164
9.2.18 LG Uplus 164
9.2.19 NTT Broadband Platform 164
9.2.20 TIM Brasil 164
9.2.21 Other Carriers 165
9.3 Small Cell, C-RAN, & DAS Deployments 165
9.3.1 AT&T Mobility 165
9.3.2 Beeline 165
9.3.3 Bouygues Telecom 166
9.3.4 China Mobile 166
9.3.5 China Unicom 166
9.3.6 Cosmote 166
9.3.7 EE 166
9.3.8 Free Mobile 167
9.3.9 KDDI 167
9.3.10 MegaFon 167
9.3.11 Moldtelecom 167
9.3.12 Mosaic Telecom 167
9.3.13 MTC 167
9.3.14 Movistar 168
9.3.15 Network Norway 168
9.3.16 NTT DoCoMo 168
9.3.17 O2 (Telefonica UK) 168
9.3.18 Optimus Portugal 168
9.3.19 Optus 169
9.3.20 Orange 169
9.3.21 Orange Romania 169
9.3.22 SFR 169
9.3.23 SingTel 169
9.3.24 SK Telecom 169
9.3.25 SoftBank 170
9.3.26 Sprint 170
9.3.27 StarHub 170
9.3.28 TOT Thailand 170
9.3.29 Three UK 170
9.3.30 Verizon Wireless 170
9.3.31 Vodafone Australia 171
9.3.32 Vodafone Czech Republic 171
9.3.33 Vodafone Germany 171
9.3.34 Vodafone Greece 171
9.3.35 Vodafone Hungary 171
9.3.36 Vodafone Ireland 171
9.3.37 Vodafone Italy 172
9.3.38 Vodafone Netherlands 172
9.3.39 Vodafone New Zealand 172
9.3.40 Vodafone Portugal 172
9.3.41 Vodafone Qatar 172
9.3.42 Vodafone Romania 172
9.3.43 Vodafone Spain 172
9.3.44 Vodafone UK 173
9.3.45 Zain Bahrain 173
9.3.46 Other Commitments 173
9.4 Case Studies 174
9.4.1 Capitalizing on Multiple HetNet Technologies: NTT DoCoMo 174
9.4.2 The Impact of LTE & Small Cells on Tier 2/3 Wireless Carriers 175
9.4.3 What is the TCO Impact of HetNet Deployments? 175

10 Chapter 10: Wireless Network Infrastructure Incumbents 177
10.1 Alcatel-Lucent 177
10.2 Cisco Systems 179
10.3 Ericsson 180
10.4 Fujitsu 182
10.5 Hitachi 183
10.6 Huawei 184
10.7 NEC Corporation 185
10.8 Nokia Networks 186
10.9 Samsung Electronics 187
10.10 ZTE 189

11 Chapter 11: Macrocell RAN, Small Cell, C-RAN & Mobile Core Specialists 190
11.1 Accelleran 190
11.2 Adax 191
11.3 ADB 192
11.4 Affirmed Networks 193
11.5 Airspan Networks 194
11.6 Airvana 195
11.7 Alpha Networks 196
11.8 Altiostar Networks 197
11.9 Arcadyan Technology Corporation 198
11.10 Argela 199
11.11 ARItel 200
11.12 Artemis Networks 201
11.13 Askey Computer Corporation 202
11.14 ASOCS 203
11.15 Athena Wireless Communications (Google) 204
11.16 Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates) 205
11.17 Brocade Communications Systems 206
11.18 Casa Systems 207
11.19 CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.) 208
11.20 Contela 209
11.21 Connectem (Brocade) 210
11.22 CS Corporation 211
11.23 Datang Mobile 212
11.24 Dongwon T&I 213
11.25 Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications) 214
11.26 Gemtek Technology Company 215
11.27 GENBAND 216
11.28 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 217
11.29 HP (Hewlett-Packard Company) 218
11.30 ip.access 219
11.31 Juni Global 220
11.32 Juniper Networks 221
11.33 Lemko 222
11.34 LGS Innovations 223
11.35 Mavenir (Mitel) 224
11.36 New Postcom Equipment Company 225
11.37 NewNet Communication Technologies 226
11.38 Nutaq 227
11.39 Oceus Networks 228
11.40 Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company) 229
11.41 Parallel Wireless 230
11.42 Polaris Networks 231
11.43 Potevio (China Potevio Company) 232
11.44 Quanta Computer 233
11.45 Qucell 234
11.46 Quortus 235
11.47 Redline Communications 236
11.48 Sagemcom 237
11.49 Samji Electronics Company 238
11.50 SerComm Corporation 239
11.51 SK Telesys 240
11.52 SpiderCloud Wireless 241
11.53 Star Solutions 243
11.54 Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company) 244
11.55 Taqua 245
11.56 Tecom 246
11.57 TEKTELIC Communications 247
11.58 Telum 248
11.59 Telrad Networks 249
11.60 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 250
11.61 Z-Com (ZDC Wireless) 251

12 Chapter 12: Antenna, DAS & Repeater Solution Specialists 252
12.1 AceAxis 252
12.2 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies) 252
12.3 Affarii Technologies 253
12.4 American Tower Corporation 253
12.5 Arqiva 254
12.6 Axis Teknologies 254
12.7 Black Box Corporation 255
12.8 BTI Wireless 256
12.9 CCI (Communication Components Inc.) 257
12.10 CCI (Crown Castle International) 258
12.11 CCI Systems 259
12.12 Cobham Wireless 260
12.13 Comba Telecom Systems Holdings 261
12.14 CommScope 262
12.15 Corning 263
12.16 Dali Wireless 264
12.17 DeltaNode (Bird Technologies) 265
12.18 Ethertronics 266
12.19 ExteNet Systems 267
12.20 Foxcom 268
12.21 Galtronics 268
12.22 Goodman Networks 269
12.23 GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation) 270
12.24 JRC (Japan Radio Company) 271
12.25 JMA Wireless 272
12.26 Kisan Telecom 273
12.27 KMW 273
12.28 Kathrein-Werke KG 274
12.29 MER-CellO Wireless Solutions 275
12.30 Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group) 276
12.31 MTI Mobile 277
12.32 Nexius 278
12.33 Nextivity 279
12.34 RF Window 280
12.35 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems) 281
12.36 Rosenberger 282
12.37 SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies) 283
12.38 Sumitomo Electric Industries 284
12.39 TESSCO Technologies 285
12.40 Westell Technologies 286
12.41 Zinwave 287

13 Chapter 13: Carrier WiFi Specialists 288
13.1 4ipnet 288
13.2 ABB 289
13.3 Accuris Networks 290
13.4 Aerohive Networks 291
13.5 Alvarion Technologies 292
13.6 Aptilo Networks 293
13.7 Aruba Networks 294
13.8 Autelan 295
13.9 BandwidthX 296
13.10 Birdstep Technology 297
13.11 Browan Communications 298
13.12 BSG Wireless 299
13.13 D-Link Corporation 300
13.14 Edgewater Wireless Systems 301
13.15 EION Wireless 302
13.16 Firetide 303
13.17 Fortinet 304
13.18 Front Porch 305
13.19 GoNet Systems 306
13.20 Handlink Technologies 307
13.21 Meru Networks 308
13.22 Netgem 309
13.23 NETGEAR 310
13.24 Nomadix 311
13.25 Panasonic Corporation 312
13.26 Ro-Timak Technology 313
13.27 Ruckus Wireless 314
13.28 Senao Networks 315
13.29 Smith Micro Software 316
13.30 SpectrumMax 317
13.31 Syniverse Technologies 318
13.32 TP-LINK Technologies 319
13.33 Tranzeo Wireless Technologies 320
13.34 Ubiquiti Networks 321
13.35 WeFi 322
13.36 Zebra Technologies Corporation 323
13.37 ZyXEL 324

14 Chapter 14: Enabling Technology Providers 325
14.1 6WIND 325
14.2 Ablaze Wireless 326
14.3 Accelink Technologies 327
14.4 ADLINK Technology 328
14.5 ADI (Analog Devices Inc.) 329
14.6 AirHop Communications 330
14.7 AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices) 331
14.8 Allot Communications 332
14.9 Altera Corporation 333
14.10 Amarisoft 334
14.11 Amdocs 335
14.12 Anite 336
14.13 Anritsu Corporation 337
14.14 Aricent 337
14.15 ARM Holdings 339
14.16 Astellia 340
14.17 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 341
14.18 Avago Technologies 342
14.19 Azcom Technology 343
14.20 Benetel 344
14.21 Blu Wireless Technology 345
14.22 Broadcom 346
14.23 Cadence Design Systems 347
14.24 Cavium 348
14.25 CeedTec 349
14.26 Cellwize 350
14.27 Celtro 351
14.28 Coherent Logix 352
14.29 Comcores ApS 353
14.30 CommAgility 354
14.31 ConteXtream 355
14.32 Cyan 356
14.33 D2 Technologies 357
14.34 Dell 358
14.35 Direct Beam 359
14.36 eASIC Corporation 360
14.37 Eden Rock Communications (Nokia) 361
14.38 EDX Wireless 362
14.39 Eoptolink Technology 363
14.40 ERCOM 364
14.41 EXFO 365
14.42 EZchip Semiconductor 366
14.43 Federated Wireless 367
14.44 Faraday Technology Corporation 368
14.45 Finisar Corporation 369
14.46 GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company) 370
14.47 GlobalFoundaries 371
14.48 Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology) 372
14.49 HG Genuine 373
14.50 IMEC International 374
14.51 InfoVista 375
14.52 InnoLight Technology Corporation 376
14.53 Intel Corporation 377
14.54 InterDigital 379
14.55 iPosi 380
14.56 Ixia 381
14.57 JDSU (JDS Uniphase Corporation) 382
14.58 Keysight Technologies 383
14.59 Kumu Networks 384
14.60 Lattice Semiconductor 385
14.61 Lime Microsystems 386
14.62 Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions) 387
14.63 Maxim Integrated 388
14.64 Microsemi Corporation 389
14.65 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 390
14.66 Mobiveil 391
14.67 Molex 392
14.68 Nash Technologies 393
14.69 Node-H 394
14.70 Nomor Research 395
14.71 NXP Semiconductors 396
14.72 OE Solutions 397
14.73 Octasic 398
14.74 Optulink 399
14.75 P.I. Works 400
14.76 Pletronics 401
14.77 PMC-Sierra 402
14.78 Procera Networks 403
14.79 Public Wireless 404
14.80 Qualcomm 405
14.81 Qulsar 406
14.82 QEOS 407
14.83 Qwilt 408
14.84 RADCOM 409
14.85 Radisys Corporation 410
14.86 Rakon 411
14.87 Red Hat 412
14.88 Reverb Networks 413
14.89 RF DSP 414
14.90 Saguna Networks 415
14.91 SAI Technology 416
14.92 Sistelbanda 417
14.93 Source Photonics 418
14.94 Tata Elxsi 419
14.95 TEOCO Corporation 420
14.96 TI (Texas Instruments) 421
14.97 Tulinx 422
14.98 U-blox 423
14.99 Vectron International 424
14.100 VPIsystems 425
14.101 WiPro 426
14.102 XCellAir 427
14.103 Xelic 428
14.104 Xilinx 429

15 Chapter 15: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Vendors 430
15.1 3Roam 430
15.2 4RF 430
15.3 Accedian Networks 431
15.4 Actelis Networks 432
15.5 Actiontec 432
15.6 Actus Networks 432
15.7 ADTRAN 433
15.8 ADVA Optical Networking 434
15.9 Advantech Wireless 434
15.10 ALAXALA Networks 434
15.11 Albis Technologies 435
15.12 ALCOMA 435
15.13 Allied Data Technologies 435
15.14 Allied Telesis 436
15.15 Aquantia 436
15.16 Arris 437
15.17 Avanti Communications 437
15.18 Aviat Networks 438
15.19 AVM 439
15.20 BLiNQ Networks 439
15.21 BluWan 440
15.22 BridgeWave Communications 441
15.23 BTI Systems 442
15.24 CableFree Solutions 442
15.25 Calix 442
15.26 Cambium Networks 443
15.27 Canoga Perkins 444
15.28 Carlson Wireless Technologies 444
15.29 CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.) 445
15.30 CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems) 446
15.31 Ceragon 447
15.32 Cielo Networks 448
15.33 Ciena Corporation 448
15.34 Comtrend 448
15.35 Corecess 449
15.36 DASAN Networks 449
15.37 DragonWave 450
15.38 E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates) 451
15.39 E-Blink 452
15.40 ECI Telecom 453
15.41 Elva-1 453
15.42 Exalt Communications 454
15.43 Extreme Networks 455
15.44 FastBack Networks 456
15.45 Fiberhome Technologies 457
15.46 FibroLan 457
15.47 Genmix Technology 458
15.48 Gilat Satellite Networks 458
15.49 HFR 459
15.50 Huahuan 459
15.51 Hughes Network Systems 460
15.52 HXI 460
15.53 iDirect 461
15.54 Intracom Telecom 462
15.55 IPITEK 463
15.56 Iskratel 463
15.57 KEYMILE 463
15.58 LightPointe Communications 464
15.59 Loea Corporation 465
15.60 MAX4G 465
15.61 Microwave Networks 466
15.62 MIMOtech 467
15.63 MRV Communications 468
15.64 Nexcomm Systems 468
15.65 NexxComm Wireless 468
15.66 Omnitron Systems 469
15.67 OneAccess Networks 469
15.68 Overture Networks 469
15.69 Polewall 470
15.70 Positron 470
15.71 Proxim Wireless Corporation 471
15.72 RACOM 472
15.73 RAD Data Communications 472
15.74 RADWIN 473
15.75 SAF Tehnika 474
15.76 SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica) 474
15.77 Siklu 475
15.78 SkyFiber 476
15.79 SMC Networks 476
15.80 Solectek 476
15.81 Star Microwave 477
15.82 Tarana Wireless 477
15.83 Telco Systems 478
15.84 Tellabs 478
15.85 Tellion 479
15.86 Tellumat 479
15.87 Telsey 479
15.88 Tilgin 480
15.89 Trango Systems 480
15.90 Transmode 480
15.91 Ubiquoss 481
15.92 UTStarcom 481
15.93 Vubiq Networks 481
15.94 Wave1 482
15.95 Wavesight 482
15.96 Xavi Technologies 482
15.97 Yamaha Corporation 483
15.98 Zhone Technologies 483

16 Chapter 16: Market Analysis and Forecasts 484
16.1 The Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Market: 2015 – 2020 484
16.1.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base 484
16.1.1.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base Compared 485
16.1.1.2 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Region 485
16.1.2 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue 486
16.1.2.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue Compared 487
16.1.2.2 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue by Region 488
16.1.3 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue 489
16.1.3.1 Global Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue Compared 489
16.1.3.2 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue by Region 490
16.2 The Global Small Cell Market: 2015 – 2020 491
16.2.1 Global Throughput of Small Cell Data Traffic 491
16.2.2 Global Small Cell Installed Base 491
16.2.3 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Cell Size (Femto, Pico, Micro) 492
16.2.3.1 Global Femtocell Installed Base 492
16.2.3.2 Global Picocell Installed Base 493
16.2.3.3 Global Microcell Installed Base 493
16.2.4 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Deployment Model (Home/Residential, Enterprise, Metro, Rural) 494
16.2.4.1 Home/Residential Small Cell Installed Base 495
16.2.4.2 Enterprise Small Cell Installed Base 495
16.2.4.3 Metro Small Cell Installed Base 496
16.2.4.4 Rural Small Cell Installed Base 496
16.2.5 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Air Interface Technology Generation (2G, 3G, 4G) 497
16.2.5.1 2G/3G (CDMA2000/GSM/W-CDMA) Small Cell Installed Base 498
16.2.5.2 4G (LTE/WiMAX) Small Cell Installed Base 498
16.2.6 Global Small Cell Installed Base by Air Interface Technology (GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA, CDMA2000/EV-DO, LTE FDD/TD-LTE, WiMAX) 499
16.2.6.1 GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Installed Base 499
16.2.6.2 CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Installed Base 500
16.2.6.3 LTE FDD Small Cell Installed Base 500
16.2.6.4 TD-LTE Small Cell Installed Base 501
16.2.6.5 WiMAX Small Cell Installed Base 501
16.2.7 Small Cell Installed Base by Region 502
16.2.8 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 502
16.2.9 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Cell Size (Femto, Pico, Micro) 504
16.2.9.1 Global Femtocell Unit Shipments & Revenue 505
16.2.9.2 Global Picocell Unit Shipments & Revenue 506
16.2.9.3 Global Microcell Unit Shipments & Revenue 507
16.2.10 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Deployment Model (Home/Residential, Enterprise, Metro, Rural) 508
16.2.10.1 Home/Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 509
16.2.10.2 Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 510
16.2.10.3 Metro Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 511
16.2.10.4 Rural Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 512
16.2.11 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Air Interface Technology Generation (2G, 3G, 4G) 513
16.2.11.1 2G/3G (CDMA2000/GSM/W-CDMA) Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 514
16.2.11.2 4G (LTE/WiMAX) Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 515
16.2.12 Global Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Air Interface Technology (GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA, CDMA2000/EV-DO, LTE FDD/TD-LTE, WiMAX) 516
16.2.12.1 GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipments &  Revenue 517
16.2.12.2 CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 518
16.2.12.3 LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 519
16.2.12.4 TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 520
16.2.12.5 WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 521
16.2.13 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue by Region 522
16.2.14 Global Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue 523
16.2.15 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue by Region 523
16.3 The Global Carrier WiFi Market: 2015 – 2020 524
16.3.1 Global Throughput of Carrier WiFi Data Traffic 524
16.3.2 Global Carrier WiFi Installed Base 524
16.3.3 Global Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Equipment Type (Access Points, Access Point Controllers) 525
16.3.3.1 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Installed Base 525
16.3.3.2 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Installed Base 526
16.3.4 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Installed Base by Integration Approach (Managed WiFi Offload, Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi) 526
16.3.4.1 Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Installed Base 527
16.3.4.2 Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Installed Base 527
16.3.5 Carrier WiFi Installed Base by Region 528
16.3.6 Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue 529
16.3.7 Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue by Equipment Type (Access Points, Access Point Controllers) 530
16.3.7.1 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue 531
16.3.7.2 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments & Revenue 532
16.3.8 Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue by Integration Approach (Managed WiFi Offload, Unmanaged 'Open Access' WiFi) 533
16.3.8.1 Global Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue 534
16.3.8.2 Global Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue 535
16.3.9 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue by Region 536
16.3.10 Global Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue 537
16.3.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue by Region 537
16.4 The Global C-RAN Market: 2015 – 2020 538
16.4.1 Global Throughput of C-RAN & Macrocell Data Traffic 538
16.4.2 Global C-RAN Infrastructure Spending 538
16.4.3 Submarket Segmentation 539
16.4.4 RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments & Revenue 540
16.4.5 C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 541
16.4.6 C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Revenue 542
16.4.7 Mobile Fronthaul Revenue 542
16.4.8 C-RAN Infrastructure Spending by Region 543
16.5 The Global DAS Market: 2015 – 2020 544
16.5.1 Global Throughput of DAS Data Traffic 544
16.5.2 Global DAS Node Unit Shipments & Revenue 544
16.5.3 Indoor vs. Outdoor Segmentation 545
16.5.4 Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments & Revenue 547
16.5.5 Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments & Revenue 548
16.5.6 DAS Node Unit Shipments & Revenue by Region 549
16.6 The Global Small Cell Backhaul Market: 2015 – 2020 550
16.6.1 Global Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending 550
16.6.2 Global Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending by Technology 551
16.6.2.1 Ethernet over Copper 552
16.6.2.2 Ethernet over Fiber 552
16.6.2.3 DSL Modems and DSLAMs 553
16.6.2.4 NLOS Microwave (Below 6 GHz) 553
16.6.2.5 PTP Microwave (6-60 GHz) 554
16.6.2.6 PTMP Microwave (6-60 GHz) 554
16.6.2.7 Millimeter Wave (Unlicensed 60 GHz) 555
16.6.2.8 Millimeter Wave (Licensed 71-76 GHz, 81-86 GHz) 555
16.6.2.9 Satellite 556
16.6.3 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending by Region 556
16.7 The Global C-RAN Fronthaul Market: 2015 – 2020 557
16.7.1 Global C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending 557
16.7.2 Global C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending by Technology 557
16.7.2.1 Dedicated Fiber 558
16.7.2.2 WDM 558
16.7.2.3 OTN & PON 559
16.7.2.4 Ethernet 559
16.7.2.5 Microwave 560
16.7.2.6 Millimeter Wave 560
16.7.3 C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending by Region 561
16.8 The Global SON Market: 2015 – 2020 562
16.8.1 Global SON Solution Spending 562
16.8.2 SON Solution Spending by Region 562
16.9 The Global SCaaS Market: 2015 – 2020 563
16.9.1 Global SCaaS Revenue 563
16.9.2 SCaaS Revenue by Region 563
16.10 The Global Mobile Network Data Service Market: 2015 – 2020 564
16.10.1 Global Mobile Network Data Service Revenue 564
16.10.2 Global Mobile Network Data Service Revenue by Access Network Type (Macrocell, C-RAN, Small Cell, Carrier WiFi, DAS) 564
16.10.2.1 Macrocell & C-RAN based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue 565
16.10.2.2 Small Cell based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue 565
16.10.2.3 Carrier WiFi based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue 566
16.10.2.4 DAS based Mobile Network Data Service Revenue 566
16.10.3 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue by Region 567
16.11 North America Market: 2015 – 2020 568
16.11.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in North America 568
16.11.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in North America 568
16.11.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in North America 569
16.11.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America 569
16.11.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in North America 570
16.11.6 Small Cell Installed Base in North America 571
16.11.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America 571
16.11.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in North America 572
16.11.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in North America 573
16.11.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America 573
16.11.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in North America 574
16.11.12 C-RAN Revenue in North America 575
16.11.13 RRH Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America 575
16.11.14 C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in North America 576
16.11.15 C-RAN BBU Revenue in North America 577
16.11.16 DAS Node Shipments & Revenue in North America 578
16.11.17 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in North America 579
16.11.18 C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending in North America 579
16.11.19 SON Solution Spending in North America 580
16.11.20 SCaaS Revenue in North America 580
16.12 Asia Pacific Market: 2015 – 2020 581
16.12.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Asia Pacific 581
16.12.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific 581
16.12.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Asia Pacific 582
16.12.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific 582
16.12.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific 583
16.12.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Asia Pacific 584
16.12.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific 584
16.12.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific 585
16.12.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Asia Pacific 586
16.12.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific 586
16.12.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Asia Pacific 587
16.12.12 C-RAN Revenue in Asia Pacific 588
16.12.13 RRH Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific 588
16.12.14 C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific 589
16.12.15 C-RAN BBU Revenue in Asia Pacific 590
16.12.16 DAS Node Unit Shipments & Revenue in Asia Pacific 591
16.12.17 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific 592
16.12.18 C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending in Asia Pacific 592
16.12.19 SON Solution Spending in Asia Pacific 593
16.12.20 SCaaS Revenue in Asia Pacific 593
16.13 Western Europe Market: 2015 – 2020 594
16.13.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Western Europe 594
16.13.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Western Europe 594
16.13.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Western Europe 595
16.13.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe 595
16.13.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Western Europe 596
16.13.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Western Europe 597
16.13.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe 597
16.13.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Western Europe 598
16.13.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Western Europe 599
16.13.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe 599
16.13.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Western Europe 600
16.13.12 C-RAN Revenue in Western Europe 601
16.13.13 RRH Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe 601
16.13.14 C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe 602
16.13.15 C-RAN BBU Revenue in Western Europe 603
16.13.16 DAS Node Unit Shipments & Revenue in Western Europe 604
16.13.17 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe 605
16.13.18 C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending in Western Europe 605
16.13.19 SON Solution Spending in Western Europe 606
16.13.20 SCaaS Revenue in Western Europe 606
16.14 Eastern Europe Market: 2015 – 2020 607
16.14.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Eastern Europe 607
16.14.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe 607
16.14.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Eastern Europe 608
16.14.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe 608
16.14.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe 609
16.14.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Eastern Europe 610
16.14.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe 610
16.14.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe 611
16.14.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Eastern Europe 612
16.14.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe 612
16.14.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Eastern Europe 613
16.14.12 C-RAN Revenue in Eastern Europe 614
16.14.13 RRH Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe 614
16.14.14 C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe 615
16.14.15 C-RAN BBU Revenue in Eastern Europe 616
16.14.16 DAS Node Unit Shipments & Revenue in Eastern Europe 617
16.14.17 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe 618
16.14.18 C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending in Eastern Europe 618
16.14.19 SON Solution Spending in Eastern Europe 619
16.14.20 SCaaS Revenue in Eastern Europe 619
16.15 Middle East & Africa Market: 2015 – 2020 620
16.15.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Middle East & Africa 620
16.15.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa 620
16.15.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Middle East & Africa 621
16.15.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa 621
16.15.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa 622
16.15.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Middle East & Africa 623
16.15.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa 623
16.15.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa 624
16.15.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Middle East & Africa 625
16.15.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa 625
16.15.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Middle East & Africa 626
16.15.12 C-RAN Revenue in Middle East & Africa 627
16.15.13 RRH Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa 627
16.15.14 C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa 628
16.15.15 C-RAN BBU Revenue in Middle East & Africa 629
16.15.16 DAS Node Shipments & Revenue in Middle East & Africa 630
16.15.17 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa 631
16.15.18 C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending in Middle East & Africa 631
16.15.19 SON Solution Spending in Middle East & Africa 632
16.15.20 SCaaS Revenue in Middle East & Africa 632
16.16 Latin & Central America Market: 2015 – 2020 633
16.16.1 Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic in Latin & Central America 633
16.16.2 Mobile Network Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America 633
16.16.3 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Latin & Central America 634
16.16.4 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America 634
16.16.5 Small Cell & Carrier WiFi Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America 635
16.16.6 Small Cell Installed Base in Latin & Central America 636
16.16.7 Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America 636
16.16.8 Small Cell Mobile Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America 637
16.16.9 Carrier WiFi Installed Base in Latin & Central America 638
16.16.10 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America 638
16.16.11 Carrier WiFi Mobile Data Service Revenue in Latin & Central America 639
16.16.12 C-RAN Revenue in Latin & Central America 640
16.16.13 RRH Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America 640
16.16.14 C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America 641
16.16.15 C-RAN BBU Revenue in Latin & Central America 642
16.16.16 DAS Node Shipments & Revenue in Latin & Central America 643
16.16.17 Small Cell Backhaul Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America 644
16.16.18 C-RAN Fronthaul Infrastructure Spending in Latin & Central America 644
16.16.19 SON Solution Spending in Latin & Central America 645
16.16.20 SCaaS Revenue in Latin & Central America 645

17 Chapter 17: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations 646
17.1 Small Cells, WiFi, C-RAN or DAS: Which Implementation will lead HetNet Deployments? 646
17.2 The Formula for Success: Selecting the Right Combination of HetNet Technologies 647
17.3 SON Integration is Key 647
17.4 Offloading with TD-LTE Small Cells 648
17.5 LTE-U: The Emergence of Unlicensed Small Cells 649
17.5.1 Commercial Prospects: How Big is the Opportunity? 649
17.5.2 Wireless Carrier Commitments 651
17.5.3 WiFi Community Concerns 651
17.6 Are C-RAN Deployments Gaining Traction? 652
17.7 What are the Prospects for Virtualized RAN Architectures? 653
17.8 Distributing Baseband Intelligence: Towards C-RAN Small Cells 654
17.9 Accelerating the Transition to Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Networks 655
17.10 Standardization Driving RAN & Carrier WiFi Integration 658
17.11 Prospects of Enterprise RAN Deployments 659
17.12 Network Visibility & OAM 660
17.13 Addressing Network Security: IPsec 660
17.14 Market Share: Rise of the Non-Macro Vendors 661
17.14.1 Small Cell 661
17.14.2 Carrier WiFi 661
17.14.3 C-RAN 662
17.14.4 DAS 663
17.15 The Opportunity for Small Cells in Emerging Rural Markets 664
17.16 Strategic Recommendations 665
17.16.1 Recommendations for HetNet Solution Vendors 665
17.16.2 Recommendations for Wireless Carriers 665
17.16.3 Recommendations for Macrocell Infrastructure Vendors 666
17.16.4 Recommendations for Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers 666

List of Table

NA

List of Chart

List of Figures

Figure 1: HetNet Architecture
Figure 2: Small Cell Coverage Range Comparison
Figure 3: Key Characteristics of Small Cells
Figure 4: Mobile Network Data Offloading via Wi-Fi
Figure 5: C-RAN Architecture
Figure 6: Key RRH & BBU Functions
Figure 7: Cloud RAN Concept
Figure 8: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes)
Figure 9: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes)
Figure 10: Iuh based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network
Figure 11: Iub based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network
Figure 12: S1 Interface based Small Cell Integration in an LTE Network
Figure 13: CPRI Protocol Layers
Figure 14: Global SON Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 15: HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2016 - 2030
Figure 16: HetNet Value Chain
Figure 17: SCaaS Provider and Mobile Operator Responsibilities
Figure 18: Global SCaaS Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 19: Small Cell Forum Working Groups
Figure 20: China Mobile's Cloud RAN Vision
Figure 21: NTT DoCoMo's Advanced C-RAN Architecture
Figure 22: Global HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Access Network Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 23: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 24: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 25: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 26: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 27: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 28: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 29: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 30: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 31: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 32: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 33: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 34: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 35: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 36: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 37: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 38: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 39: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 40: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 41: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 42: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 43: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 44: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 45: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 46: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 47: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 48: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 49: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 50: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 51: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 52: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 53: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 54: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 55: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 56: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 57: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 58: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 59: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 60: Global Ethernet Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 61: Global Microwave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 62: Global Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 63: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 64: Global Fiber & Other Technologies Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 65: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 66: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 67: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 68: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 69: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 70: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 71: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 72: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 73: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 74: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 75: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 76: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 77: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 78: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 79: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 80: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 81: Global C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 82: Global C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 83: Global C-RAN Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 84: Global C-RAN Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 85: Global C-RAN Revenue in 5G Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 86: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 87: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 88: Global Indoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 89: Global Indoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 90: Global Outdoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 91: Global Outdoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 92: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 93: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 94: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 95: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 96: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 97: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 98: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 99: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 100: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 101: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 102: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 103: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 104: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 105: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 106: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 107: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 108: HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 109: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 110: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 111: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 112: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 113: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 114: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 115: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 116: RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 117: RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 118: C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 119: C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 120: C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 121: DAS Node Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 122: DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 123: Asia Pacific HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 124: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 125: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 126: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 127: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 128: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 129: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 130: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 131: Asia Pacific RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 132: Asia Pacific RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 133: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 134: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 135: Asia Pacific C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 136: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 137: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 138: Eastern Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 139: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 140: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 141: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 142: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 143: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 144: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 145: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 146: Eastern Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 147: Eastern Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 148: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 149: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 150: Eastern Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 151: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 152: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 153: Latin & Central America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 154: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 155: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 156: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 157: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 158: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 159: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 160: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 161: Latin & Central America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 162: Latin & Central America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 163: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 164: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 165: Latin & Central America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 166: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 167: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 168: Middle East & Africa HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 169: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 170: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 171: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 172: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 173: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 174: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 175: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 176: Middle East & Africa RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 177: Middle East & Africa RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 178: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 179: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 180: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 181: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 182: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 183: North America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 184: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 185: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 186: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 187: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 188: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 189: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 190: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 191: North America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 192: North America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 193: North America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 194: North America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 195: North America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 196: North America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 197: North America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 198: Western Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 199: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 200: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 201: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 202: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 203: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 204: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 205: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 206: Western Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 207: Western Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 208: Western Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 209: Western Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 210: Western Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 211: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 212: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million)
Figure 213: Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Concept
Figure 214: Global Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 215: Global Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 216: Global Virtualized RAN Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 217: Baseband Processing Distribution Options for C-RAN
Figure 218: TCO Comparison between LTE and LMR Technologies
Figure 219: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 220: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 221: Global Dual-Mode Cellular/Wi-Fi Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
Figure 222: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million)
Figure 223: Global Small Cell Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%)
Figure 224: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%)
Figure 225: Global C-RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%)
Figure 226: Global DAS Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 

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