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The Future of Direct Communications Technologies and Proximity-based Applications and Services

Mind Commerce Publishing
Published Date » 2013-03-14
No. Of Pages » 145
   
 There are a number of technologies that may be deployed that all provide the ability for devices to "discover" one another, although over different distances ranging from centimeters (Near Field Communications), to meters (Bluetooth), to 10s of meters (Wi-Fi). They also all provide the ability for the devices to communicate directly with one another without a centralized network. Some of these use direct communication as their primary mode of communication e.g. NFC or RFID. Others are more traditional networks which provide direct communication ability as an adjunct to their primary network functions e.g. LTE-Direct or Wi-Fi Direct. 
   
 Most of the short-term drivers for proximity-based services will be mobile advertising and social networking, especially friend-finder...
Table of Contents:
 
1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  7

2 INTRODUCTION   8
2.1 CONVERGENCE OF MANY TECHNOLOGIES  8
2.1.1 PEER-TO-PEER (P2P)  8
2.1.2 DEVICE-TO-DEVICE (D2D) OR MACHINE-TO-MACHINE (M2M) 10
2.1.3 TELEPHONES AND COMPUTERS CONVERGE 11
2.1.4 INTERNET OF THINGS 14
2.1.5 FROM WAN TO PAN  15
2.1.6 AD-HOC  16
2.1.7 CONVERGENCE 17
2.2 PROXIMITY VS. LOCATION  18
2.2.1 POSITIONING TECHNOLOGY  18
2.2.2 PERSONALIZATION 19
2.2.3 PROXIMITY 20
2.3 GPS SOLUTIONS SUPPORT DIFFERENT USE CASES 20
2.3.1 FLEET MANAGEMENT 21
2.4 PROXIMITY USE CASES  22

3 TECHNOLOGIES   24
3.1 THE "IEEE 802 FAMILY"   24
3.2 STANDARD WIFI (802.11) 26
3.2.1 OVERVIEW 26
3.2.2 BACKGROUND  27
3.2.3 STANDARDS  29
3.2.4 TECHNOLOGY 31
3.2.5 APPLICATIONS  33
3.3 WIFI-DIRECT (802.11) 34
3.3.1 OVERVIEW 34
3.3.2 TECHNOLOGY 35
3.3.3 APPLICATIONS  36
3.4 BLUETOOTH (802.15.1)  37
3.4.1 OVERVIEW 37
3.4.2 BACKGROUND  37
3.4.3 STANDARDS  38
3.4.4 TECHNOLOGY 39
3.4.5 APPLICATIONS  41
3.5 BLUETOOTH SMART (802.15.1)   42
3.5.1 OVERVIEW 42
3.5.2 BACKGROUND  42
3.5.3 STANDARDS  42
3.5.4 TECHNOLOGY 42
3.5.5 APPLICATIONS  43
3.6 WIRELESS GIGABIT (WIGIG) (IEEE 802.11ad)   44
3.6.1 OVERVIEW 44
3.6.2 TECHNOLOGY 45
3.6.3 MARKETPLACE  46
3.7 ULTRAWIDEBAND (UWB) (e.g. 802.15.13) 47
3.7.1 OVERVIEW 47
3.7.2 BACKGROUND  48
3.7.3 STANDARDS  48
3.7.4 TECHNOLOGY 49
3.7.5 APPLICATIONS  50
3.8 WIMAX (802.16)  50
3.8.1 OVERVIEW 50
3.8.2 STANDARDS  51
3.8.3 TECHNOLOGY 51
3.9 ZIGBEE (802.15.4) 52
3.9.1 OVERVIEW 52
3.9.2 STANDARDS  52
3.9.3 TECHNOLOGY 53
3.9.4 APPLICATIONS  54
3.10   INTERNET OF THINGS 55
3.10.1 Business Models in the Internet of Things   57
3.11   RFID FAMILY 59
3.11.1 RFID (RADIO-FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION)   59
3.11.2 ANT/ANT+ 63
3.11.3 NFC (NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION) 66
3.12   INFRARED (IRDA) 67
3.12.1 OVERVIEW 67
3.12.2 STANDARDS  67
3.12.3 TECHNOLOGY 68
3.12.4 APPLICATIONS  69
3.13   LTE-DIRECT 70
3.13.1 OVERVIEW 70
3.13.2 FROM 1G TO 4G  70
3.13.3 BACKGROUND ON "FLASHLINQ" AND LTE-DIRECT 72
3.13.4 TECHNOLOGY 74
3.13.5 APPLICATION 75
3.14   TECHNOLOGY CONCLUSION  76

4 APPLICATIONS  77
4.1 PROXIMITY-BASED APPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC SAFETY  77
4.1.1 LTE-Direct and Public Safety   78
4.2 PROXIMITY-BASED APPLICATIONS FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS 81
4.2.1 SMARTGRID (AMI/AMR) 81
4.2.2 SECURITY (KEYLESS ENTRY) 84
4.2.3 AUTOMATION  86
4.3 PROXIMITY-BASED APPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL NETWORKING AND ADVERTISING 89
4.3.1 MOBILE SOCIAL NETWORKING SERVICE (MOBILE SNS)   89
4.3.2 FRIEND FINDER SERVICE (FFS) 92
4.3.3 RECOMMENDER SERVICES  94
4.3.4 PROXIMITY-BASED ADVERTISING 96
4.4 PROXIMITY-BASED APPLICATIONS FOR LOCATION-BASED SERVICES   98
4.4.1 NAVIGATION, GUIDANCE AND CONTROL (GNC)  98
4.4.2 NAVIGATION 98
4.4.3 GUIDANCE SYSTEMS 100
4.4.4 MOBILE AUGMENTED REALITY SYSTEM (MARS) 100

5 VENDOR SOLUTIONS ANALYSIS 106
5.1 INFRASTRUCTURE PROVIDERS   106
5.1.1 QUALCOMM 106
5.1.2 ALCATEL-LUCENT 108
5.1.3 3M COMPANY   109
5.2 HANDSET PROVIDERS 111
5.2.1 LG  111
5.2.2 NOKIA  112
5.2.3 SAMSUNG 115
5.3 APPLICATION PROVIDERS   116
5.3.1 iSIGN 116
5.4 SERVICE PROVIDER ANALYSIS 117
5.4.1 VERIZON WIRELESS 117

6 MARKET FORECASTS 119
6.1 TECHNOLOGY MARKETS  119
6.1.1 ZIGBEE  119
6.1.2 ANT/ANT+ 120
6.1.3 WIMAX   121
6.1.4 LTE/LTE-D   121
6.1.5 WIGIG  122
6.1.6 WI-FI 123
6.1.7 RFID  125
6.1.8 NFC   126
6.1.9 BLUETOOTH  127
6.2 APPLICATIONS MARKETS 128
6.2.1 PUBLIC SAFETY  128
6.2.2 INTERNET OF THINGS 129
6.2.3 SOCIAL NETWORKING AND ADVERTISING   133
6.2.4 LOCATION-BASED SERVICES (LBS)   135
6.3 MARKET FORECAST SUMMARY 137

7 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS  141

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