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Solid State Thin Film Batteries:Market Shares, Strategy, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2015 to 2021

Published By :

Winter Green Research

Published Date : Apr 2015

Category :

Battery Technology

No. of Pages : 329 Pages

The quality of energy storage is better with solid state thin film batteries.   Solid State Thin Film Batteries A comparison of battery performance for various rechargeable batteries is a compelling illustration of the value of thin film batteries.  Data for thin film batteries using very thin substrates illustrate the longer cycle life that can be achieved.  Applications include power bridging, permanent power, and wireless sensor networks.

Thin film battery market driving forces include creating business inflection by delivering technology that supports entirely new capabilities.  Sensor networks are creating demand for thin film solid state devices.  Vendors doubled revenue and almost tripled production volume from first quarter.  Multiple customers are moving into production with innovative products after successful trials.  

A strong business pipeline has emerged with customer activity in all target markets.    The market focus is shifting from ramping capacity to driving manufacturing efficiencies and achieving margin improvement, indicating increasing market maturity.

Smarter computing is part of an IT opportunity, brought by the availability of many, many devices that measure what is going on in the world.  These devices are made possible by the availability of small, inexpensive, reliable batteries that provide battery backup on the printed circuit board.  Smarter computing is related to achieving a more instrumented, interconnected and intelligent infrastructure.

Software and onboard storage are significant aspects of making the networks more intelligent.  The need to capture and analyze increasing amounts of data, deliver results to more users, and respond faster across all devices, without a corresponding increase in budget is a function of better management and better systems.  Back up power is part of the picture.

Key application areas for solid stare batteries are:
  • Power bridging
  • Permanent power
  • Wireless sensors
As energy harvesting and wireless sensor networks evolve, the solid state batteries provide an uninterruptable, stable power source that lasts as long as the electronics with which it is packaged.  In some cases, changing batteries is not feasible, ant these applications are illustrative of those kinds of instances.  

According to Susan Eustis, the lead author of the team that created the study, “Solid state electronics brings the same advantages to batteries as it has brought to all other industry segments it touches.  Printed circuit board manufacturers are finding that they can achieve a rapid return on investment from substantially decreasing the energy costs associated with using storage by wave soldering the storage onto the boards during the manufacturing process.”

Solid state thin film battery markets at $9 million in 2014 are forecast to reach $1.3 billion by 2021.   Rapid growth toward the end of the forecast period is anticipated as technology improves the cost structure of the manufacturing. 
 
WinterGreen Research is positioned to help customers face challenges that define the modern enterprises. The increasingly global nature of science, technology and engineering is a reflection of the implementation of the globally integrated enterprise.  Customers trust WinterGreen Research to work alongside them to ensure the success of the participation in a particular market segment.

WinterGreen Research supports various market segment programs; provides trusted technical services to the marketing departments.  It carries out accurate market share and forecast analysis services for a range of commercial and government customers globally.  These are all vital market research support solutions requiring trust and integrity.

WinterGreen Research is an independent research organization funded by the sale of market research studies all over the world and by the implementation of ROI models that are used to calculate the total cost of ownership of equipment, services, and software.  The company has 35 distributors worldwide, including Global Information Info Shop, Market Research.com, Research and Markets, Bloomberg, electronics.ca, and Thompson Financial.

Companies Profiled

Market Leaders
  • Cymbet

Market Participants
  • Apple
  • Applied Materials
  • Blue Spark
  • Citic Guoan
  • Cymbet
  • Enfucell
  • FlexEl
  • Front Edge Technology
  • GS Nanotech
  • GS Caltex / GS Yuasa
  • Guangzhou Markyn Battery Co. Polymer Lithium Ion Battery
  • Imprint Energy
  • ITN Lithium Technology
  • Johnson Research Product Development
  • Kunshan Printed Electronics Ltd.
  • KSW Microtec
  • Matsushita / Panasonic / Sanyo / Sanyo Solar
  • NEC Corporation
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Oak Ridge Micro-Energy
  • Paper Battery Company
  • Leonhard Kurz / PolyIC
  • PolyPlus
  • Prelonic Technologies
  • Prelonic Technology
  • Prieto Battery
  • ProLogium
  • ProtoFlex Thin Film Batteries
  • PS
  • Saft
  • Samsung
  • Solicore
  • Sony Corporation
  • STMicroelectronics (NYSE:STM)
  • Tesla
  • Texas Instruments (TXN:NYSE)
  • Umicore Thin Film Products
  • VTT
  • Zibo Dison

Key Topics
  • Thin Film Battery
  • Thin Film Solid State
  • Solid State Battery
  • Printed Battery
  • Sensor Battery
  • Smarter Computing
  • Cloud Computing
  • Security
  • Integrated Supply Chain
  • Smart SOA
  • Polymer Film Substrate
  • Flexible Thin Battery
  • Smarter Computing
  • Intelligent Systems
  • Power bridging
  • Permanent power
  • Wireless sensors
  • Cloud
  • Virtualization
  • Nanotechnology
  • Polymer Film Substrate
  • Printed Electronics
  • Remote Sensors
  • Smart Card Battery
  • RFID and Small Thin Film
  • Battery-Assisted Passive and Active RFID
  • Medical Batteries
  • Nanoparticles
  • Electrochromics
  • Solid State Energy Storage
  • Energy Harvesting
  • Rechargeable EnerChips
  • SRAM Backup
  • Manganese Dioxide Nanotechnology
  • Radio Tags
  • Organic Radical Battery (ORB)
  • Polymer Film Substrate
  • Lithium Air Battery
  • Battery Anode
  • Battery Cathode
  • Thin Film Battery Timescales
Table of Contents

SOLID STATE THIN FILM BATTERY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 24
Solid State Thin Film Battery Market 24
Polymer Film Substrate for Flexible Thin Battery 24
Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces 25
Smarter Computing Market Driving Forces 26
Thin Film Batteries Market Shares 33
Solid State Thin Film Batteries Market Forecasts 35

1. SOLID STATE THIN FILM BATTERY MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS 37
1.1 Solid State Thin Film Batteries Provide Board Level Back-up 37
1.1.1 Intelligent Systems: The Next Era of IT Leverages Thin Film Batteries 38
1.1.2 Cloud and Virtualization 39
1.2 Thin Film Battery Target Markets 40
1.1.3 Permanent Power for Wireless Sensors 41
1.3 Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries 42
1.1.4 World Economic Growth 42
1.4 Challenges in Battery and Battery System Design 43
1.5 Types of Batteries 45
1.1.5 Lead-Acid Batteries 46
1.1.6 Nickel-Based Batteries 46
1.1.7 Conventional Lithium-ion Technologies 47
1.1.8 Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries 47
1.1.9 Thin Film Battery Solid State Energy Storage 48
1.1.10 Ultra Capacitors 48
1.1.11 Fuel Cells 49
1.6 Nanotechnology 49
1.1.12 Components Of A Battery 49
1.7 Applications Require On-Printed Circuit Board Battery Power 53
1.1.13 Thin-film vs. Printed Batteries 53
1.8 Battery Safety / Potential Hazards 55
1.1.14 Thin Film Solid-State Battery Construction 55
1.9 Battery Is Electrochemical Device 56
1.1.15 Battery Depends On Chemical Energy 56

2. SOLID STATE THIN FILM BATTERY MARKET SHARES AND FORECASTS 59
2.1 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market 59
2.1.1 Polymer Film Substrate for Flexible Thin Battery 59
2.1.2 Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces 60
2.1.3 Smarter Computing Market Driving Forces 61
2.2 Thin Film Batteries Market Shares 68
2.2.1 Cymbet Corporation – 70
2.3 Solid State Thin Film Batteries Market Forecasts 71
2.3.1 Thin Film Batteries Deposited Directly Onto Chips Or Chip Packages 78
2.3.2 Thin Film, Solid State Printed Electronics Battery Market:- Bigger than the Silicon Chip 78
2.4 Smarter Computing Depends on Instrumented Devices 80
2.5 Nanotechnology Providing Next Generation Systems 82
2.6 Thin Film Battery Prices 82
2.7 Solid State Thin Film Battery Prices 86
2.1.16 Cymbet Prices 86
2.8 Solid State Thin Film Battery Regional Analysis 92
2.8.1 Geographical Region Analysis 94

3. SOLID STATE THIN FILM BATTERY PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 96
3.1 Cymbet Energizing Innovation 96
3.1.1 Cymbet EnerChip™ Smart Solid-State Battery 97
3.1.2 Cymbet EnerChip Applications 98
3.1.3 Cymbet Embedded Energy Applications 98
3.1.4 Cymbet EnerChip Battery Backup Applications 101
3.1.5 Cymbet EnerChips Battery Storage Devices For Energy Harvesting 101
3.1.6 Cymbet Solid State Energy Storage for Embedded Energy, Power Backup and Energy Harvesting 101
3.1.7 Cymbet Energy Harvesting 104
3.1.8 Cymbet EnerChips Storage Devices for PC Printer Circuit Boards 107
3.1.9 Cymbet EnerChips ROI 1083.1.10 Cymbet EnerChip Solid State Batteries are Fabricated and Packaged Like Other Integrated Circuits 111
3.1.11 EnerChip™ Smart Solid State Batteries 113
3.1.12 Cymbet EnerChips Charging Circuits: 115
3.1.13 Cymbet Integrates EnerChip™ Bare Die Directly into a Chip or Module 115
3.1.14 Cymbet EnerChip Charging 118
3.1.15 Cymbet Rechargeable EnerChips and Effective Capacity 119
3.1.16 Cymbet Development Support 121
3.1.17 Cymbet Zero Power Devices 121
3.1.18 ComtexCymbet EnerChip™ Thin-Film Batteries 121
3.2 Tesla / Panasonic Lithium Ion Batteries 122
3.2.1 Tesla / Panasonic Giga Factory 123
3.2.2 Tesla's CTO Wants To Take Batteries To A New Dimension 124
3.2.3 Tesla Charging Connector 125
3.2.4 Tesla Use Of Batteries To Store Renewable Power 125
3.3 Apple 126
3.3.1 Apple Shaped Batteries 127

4. SOLID STATE THIN FILM LITHIUM BATTERY TECHNOLOGY 129
4.1 Amount Of Energy A Battery Can Store 129
4.2 Solid State Thin Film Battery Soldering 129
4.2.1 Thin Film Battery Timescales and Costs 132
4.3 Battery Breakthroughs 132
4.3.1 MIT Thin Film Battery 133
4.3.2 DOE ORNL Scientists Reveal Battery Behavior At The Nanoscale 134
4.3.3 Rice University and Lockheed Martin Use Silicon To Increase Capacity Of Lithium-Ion Batteries 138
4.3.4 Rice University50 Microns Battery 140
4.3.5 Next Generation Of Specialized Nanotechnology 141
4.4 Silicon Strategy For Batteries 142
4.5 c-Si Manufacturing Developments 144
4.5.1 Texturization 145
4.5.2 Emitter Formation 145
4.5.3 Metallization 146
4.5.4 Automation, Statistical Process Control (SPC), Advanced Process Control (APC) 147
4.5.5 Achieving Well-controlled Processes 147
4.5.6 Incremental Improvements 148
4.6 Impact Of Nanotechnology 149
4.6.1 Nanotechnology 149
4.6.2 Why Gold Nanoparticles Are More Precious Than Pretty Gold 151
4.6.3 Lithium Ion Cells Optimized For Capacity 152
4.6.4 Flat Plate Electrodes 153
4.6.5 Spiral Wound Electrodes 153
4.6.6 Multiple Electrode Cells 154
4.6.7 Fuel Cell Bipolar Configuration 154
4.6.8 Electrode Interconnections 155
4.6.9 Sealed Cells and Recombinant Cells 155
4.6.10 Battery Cell Casing 156
4.7 Micro Battery Solid Electrolyte 158

5. THIN FILM BATTERY COMPANY PROFILES 160
5.1 Apple 160
5.2 Applied Materials 161
5.3 Blue Spark 162
5.3.1 Blue Spark Printed Battery Standard (ST) Series 164
5.3.2 Blue Spark Ultra Thin (UT) Printed Battery Series 166
5.3.3 Blue Spark Design & Manufacturing 168
5.4 Citic Guoan 168
5.4.1 MGL One Of The Biggest Cathode Material (LiCoO2) Manufacturers in China 168
5.4.2 MGL Total Battery Production Capacity 169
5.4.3 MGL Company Profile 169
5.5 Cymbet 171
5.5.1 Cymbet Team: 172
5.5.2 Cymbet Investors: 172
5.5.3 Cymbet Partners, Sales and Distribution: 173
5.5.4 Cymbet Manufacturing: 173
5.5.5 Cymbet High Volume Solid-State Battery Manufacturing Facility 174
5.5.6 Cymbet Partnering with X-FAB 175
5.5.7 Distribution Agreement EnerChip™ Eco-friendly Solid State Batteries 176
5.5.8 Cymbet EVAL-09 Utilizes Harnessing Ambient Energy 184
5.5.9 Cymbet $31 Million in Private Financing 185
5.6 Enfucell 185
5.6.1 EnfucellSoftBattery® 186
5.7 FlexEl 187
5.7.1 FlexEl Flexible Cell Challenge Addressed 190
5.7.2 FlexEl Rechargeable Solution 193
5.8 Front Edge Technology 194
5.8.1 Front Edge Technology Thin Film Battery Technical Information 195
5.9 GS Nanotech 203
5.10 GS Caltex / GS Yuasa 207
5.10.1 GS Battery (USA) Inc. 208
5.11 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Co. Polymer Lithium Ion Battery 209
5.11.1 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Co. 210
5.12 Imprint Energy 212
5.12.1 Imprint Energy Aims To Reshape The Battery Landscape 212
5.13 ITN Lithium Technology 213
5.13.1 ITN’s Lithium EC sub-Division Focused On Development And Commercialization of EC 214
5.13.2 ITN’s SSLB Division Thin-Film Battery Technology 215
5.13.3 ITN Lithium Air Battery 216
5.13.4 ITN Fuel Cell 218
5.13.5 ITN Thin-film Deposition Systems 220
5.13.6 ITN Real Time Process Control 221
5.13.7 ITN Plasmonics 225
5.13.8 ITN's Lithium Technology 226
5.13.9 ITN Lithium Electrochromics 228
5.14 Johnson Research Product Development 232
5.15 Kunshan Printed Electronics Ltd. 233
5.16 KSW Microtec 233
5.16.1 KSW Microtec Efficient Flexible, Producer of RFID Components 233
5.17 Matsushita / Panasonic / Sanyo / Sanyo Solar 234
5.18 NEC Corporation 234
5.18.1 NEC Group Vision 2017 235
5.1.1 NEC Printed Battery 235
5.18.2 NEC Develops Ultra-Thin Organic Radical Battery Compatible with IC Cards 236
5.18.3 NEC Radio tags 239
5.18.4 NEC RFID Tag 239
5.18.5 NEC Nanotechnology Thin And Flexible Organic Radical Battery (ORB) 242
5.18.6 NEC / Nissan / AESC (Automotive Energy Supply Corporation) 246
5.19 Oak Ridge National Laboratory 247
5.20 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy 250
5.20.1 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy, Inc. 251
5.20.2 Oak Ridge 105mm x 60mm 3.0 Ah Lithium Ion Ultra Safe Prismatic Cell 252
5.21 Paper Battery Company 256
5.21.1 Paper Battery PowerWrapper™ Supercapacitor 257
5.22 Leonhard Kurz / PolyIC 258
5.23 PolyPlus 259
5.23.1 Poly Plus Lithium Water 259
5.24 Prelonic Technologies 259
5.24.1 Prelonic Technologies Printed Batteries 260
5.25 Prelonic Technology 262
5.26 Prieto Battery 262
5.26.1 Prieto Battery 267
5.26.2 Prieto Battery Reducing The Thickness Of The Electrode Results In Lower Energy Capacity And Shorter Operating Time 268
5.26.3 Prieto Battery Nanowires Make Up The First Key Piece Of The Battery,The Anode 269
5.26.4 Proposed Architecture of the Prieto battery 269
5.27 ProLogium 272
5.27.1 ProLogium Solid-State LCB (Lithium Ceramic Battery) 273
5.27.2 ProLogium PLCB (Pouch Type- LCB) 275
5.27.3 ProLogium ELCB (Logithium) 278
5.28 ProtoFlex Thin Film Batteries 279
5.29 PS 280
5.30 Saft 280
5.30.1 Saft, Building For Future Growth 281
5.30.2 Attractive market positioning in high-end niche markets 281
5.31 Samsung 281
5.32 Solicore 282
5.33 Sony Corporation 284
5.33.1 Sony Technology 284
5.34 STMicroelectronics (NYSE:STM) 285
5.34.1 STMicroelectronics Product Technologies 287
5.34.2 ST Custom and Semi-Custom Chips 290
5.34.2 STM Application-Specific Standard Products (ASSPs) 291
5.34.3 ST Secure ICs 292
5.34.4 ST Application Specific Discretes (ASD™) 293
5.34.5 ST In-Check “Lab-on-Chip” 293
5.34.6 ST Multi-Segment Products 293
5.34.7 ST Microcontrollers 294
5.34.8 ST Smart Power Devices 294
5.34.9 ST Standard Linear and Logic 295
5.34.10 ST Discretes 295
5.34.11 ST Protection Devices 296
5.34.12 ST Sensors 296
5.34.13 ST RF 297
5.34.14 ST Real-time Clocks 297
5.1.2 STMicroelectronic EnFilm: Thin-film Batteries 297
5.35 Tesla 298
5.36 Texas Instruments (TXN:NYSE) 299
5.37 Umicore Thin Film Products 300
5.37.1 Umicore Materials Technology Group 301
5.38 VTT 302
5.39 Zibo Dison 303
5.40 Battery manufacturers 304

List of Table


Table ES-1 26 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces 26
Table ES-2 29 Smarter Computing Market Driving Forces 29
Table ES-3 30 Thin Film Battery Benefits 30
Table ES-4 31 Comparison Of Battery Performance 31
Figure ES-5 32 Thin Film Battery Energy Density 32
Figure ES-6 34 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 34
Figure ES-7 36 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 36
Table 1-1 40 Thin Film Battery Target Markets 40
Table 1-2 42 Principal Features Used To Compare Rechargeable Batteries 42
Table 1-3 43 Challenges in Battery and Battery System Design 43
Figure 1-4 52 Discharge of a Lithium Battery 52
Table 1-6 58 Characteristics Of Battery Cells 58
Table 2-1 61 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Driving Forces 61
Table 2-2 64 Smarter Computing Market Driving Forces 64
Table 2-3 65 Thin Film Battery Benefits 65
Table 2-4 66 Comparison Of Battery Performance 66
Figure 2-5 67 Thin Film Battery Energy Density 67
Figure 2-6 69 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 69
Table 2-7 70 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 70
Table 2-8 71 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Shares, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014 71
Figure 2-9 73 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 73
Table 2-10 74 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 74
Table 2-11 75 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market, Energy Harvesting, Power Bridging, and Wireless Sensor Networks, Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2015-2021 75
Table 2-12 76 Solid State Thin Film Battery Market, Energy Harvesting, Power Bridging, and Wireless Sensor Networks, Forecasts, Percent, Worldwide, 2015-2021 76
Table 2-13 77 Solid State Battery Applications 77
Figure 2-14 80 Smarter Computing Depends on Instrumented Devices 80
Figure 2-15 81 Smarter Planet Impact on IT 81
Table 2-16 84 Thin Film Battery Unique Properties 84
Figure 2-17 87 Mouser Solid State Thin Film Battery Offerings 87
Table 2-18 93 Solid State Thin Film Battery Regional Market Segments, 2014 93
Table 2-19 94 SOlid State Thin Film Battery Regional Market Segments, 2014 94
Table 3-1 97 Cymbet Applications 97
Table 3-2 99 Cymbet EnerChip Industry Target Markets 99
Table 3-3 100 Cymbet Solid State Energy Storage Backup Target Markets 100
Figure 3-4 102 Cymbet EnerChip CBC3105-BDC: 102
Table 3-5 103 Cymbet EnerChip: Target Markets 103
Table 3-6 105 Cymbet Energy Harvesting Applications 105
Table 3-7 109 Cymbet EnerChips ROI 109
Table 3-8 110 Cymbet EnerChips Features 110
Table 3-9 111 Cymbet EnerChip Improve End-Product Sales 111
Table 3-10 112 Cymbet EnerChip Feature Sets 112
Table 3-11 113 Cymbet EnerChip CC Features 113
Table 3-12 114 Cymbet EnerChip Components 114
Figure 3-13 116 EnerChip RTC Uses an Embedded Energy Co-Package 116
Figure 3-14 117 EnerChip Bare Die Soldering 117
Table 3-15 120 Cymbet's EnerChip Benefits 120
Figure 3-16 126 Apple iWatch 126
Table 4-1 131 Solid-State Thin Film Battery Unique Properties 131
Figure 4-2 134 Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory Battery Behavior At The Nanoscale 134 
Figure 4-3 137 Rice Researchers Advanced Lithium-Ion Technique has Microscopic pores that dot a silicon wafer 137
Figure 4-4 140 Rice University50 Microns Battery 140
Figure 4-5 142 Silver Nanoplates Decorated With Silver Oxy Salt Nanoparticles 142
Table 4-6 146 Approaches to Selective Emitter (SE) Technologies 146
Table 2-7 157 Comparison Of Battery Performances 157
Table 4-8 158 Common Household-Battery Sizes, Shape, and Dimensions 158
Figure 4-9 159 Design Alternatives of Thin Film Rechargeable Batteries 159
Table 5-1 163 Blue Spark Printed, Carbon-Zinc Battery Target Markets 163
Table 5-2 165 Blue Spark Printed Battery Target Markets 165
Table 5-3 166 Blue Spark printed battery Properties 166
Table 5-4 167 Blue Spark Ultra-Thin UT Batteries Form Factor Applications 167
Figure 5-5 174 Cymbet Elk River Manufacturing Facility 174
Figure 5-6 175 Cymbet Lubbock Texas Manufacturing Site 175
Figure 5-7 177 Authorized Distributors 177
Table 5-8 187 Enfucell SoftBattery Applications 187
Table 5-9 188 FlexEl Battery Solutions Products 188
Table 5-10 189 FlexEl Battery 189
Figure 5-11 191 FlexEl Primary Disposable Solution 191
Figure 5-12 192 FlexEl Disposable Battery Specifications 192
Figure 5-13 193 FlexEl Rechargable Battery Specifications 193
Table 5-14 196 Front Edge Technology Description 196
Table 5-15 203 GS NANOTECH 203
Figure 5-16 204 GS Nanotech Thin Film Battery 204
Figure 5-17 204 GS NANOTECH Thin Film Battery 204

Figure 5-18 205 GS Nanotech Nanotechnology 205 Source: GS Nanotech. 205
Table 5-19 206 GS NANOTECH Thin Film Battery Advantages 206
Figure 5-20 209 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Co. Polymer Lithium Ion Battery 209
Table 5-21 211 Guangzhou Markyn Battery Offerings 211
Table 5-22 213 Imprint Energy Battery Features 213
Table 5-23 217 ITN Technologies 217
Figure 5-24 217 ITN Thin Film Battery Technology 217
Figure 5-25 219 ITN Battery 219
Figure 5-26 220 ITN Thin-Film Deposition Systems 220
Figure 5-27 221 ITN’s Thin-Film Deposition Systems 221
Table 5-28 223 ITN Thin-Film Deposition Systems Products and Services Offered 223
Table 5-29 224 ITN Thin-Film Deposition Systems 224
Figure 5-30 226 ITNIYN Fuel Cells 226
Table 5-31 229 ITN’s SSLB Solid-State Lithium Battery Target Markets 229
Table 5-32 230 ITN’s SSLB Technology Advantages 230
Table 5-33 231 ITN Technologies 231
Figure 5-34 235 NEC Printed Battery 235
Figure 5-35 238 NEC ORB Thin, Flexible Battery Technology 238
Figure 5-36 240 NEC ORB Battery 240
Figure 5-37 241 NEC ORB Flexible Battery 241
Table 5-38 243 NEC Nanotechnology Thin And Flexible Organic Radical Battery (ORB) Characteristics Of The Technologies 243
Figure 5-39 244 NEC Organic Radical Battery 244
Table 5-40 248 Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL Advance Battery Materials And Processing Technology Contracts 248
Table 5-41 249 Oak Ridge National Laboratory And Battery Manufacturers Energy Materials Program Aspects 249
Figure 5-42 251 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy 251
Figure 5-43 253 Oak Ridge Micro-Energy Discharge of a Thin-Film Lithium Battery At Current
Densities o f 0.02, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mA/cm2 253
Figure 5-44 254 Discharge of a thin-film lithium-ion battery at current densities of
0.02, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mA/cm2 254
Figure 5-45 255 Ragone Plots Graph Of Energy vs. Power Per Unit Area Of The Cathode From The Discharge Data For The Lithium And Lithium-Ion Batteries 255
Figure 5-46 258 Poly IC Printed Electronics 258
Figure 5-47 260 Prelonic Technologies Chemical Systems 260
Figure 5-48 263 Prieto Battery 3D architecture 263
Figure 5-49 270 Prieto Battery Nanowires Li-ion Batteries Using A 3D Structure 270
Table 5-50 271 Prieto Battery Features 271
Figure 5-51 274 ProLogium Solid-State LCB (Lithium Ceramic Battery) Characteristics 274
Figure 5-52 283 Solicore Flexion Lithium Polymer Batteries 283
Table 5-53 300 Umicore Business Areas 300
Figure 5-54 301 Umicore Thin Film Products 301

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