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Research Report on China Grain Industry, 2013 - 2017

Published By :

China Research and Intelligence Co., Ltd. (CRI)

Published Date : Dec 2013

Category :

Agriculture

No. of Pages : 50 Pages


Chinese government declares that the total output volume of grains in China was 589.57 million tons in 2012, increasing by 3.2%. In 2012, the total planting area of grains in China was 111.267 million hectares, increasing by 0.6% YOY. The planting area in many regions remained stable or slightly increased, and that in a few regions decreased. In 2012, the planting area of unhusked rice and corns in China was 30.297 million hectares and 34.949 million hectares respectively, increasing by 240,000 hectares and 1.407 million hectares YOY; that of wheat and soybeans was 24.139 million hectares and 7.177 million hectares respectively, decreasing by 131,000 hectares and 712,000 hectares YOY. 

With the increasingly large population and improved living standards of Chinese people, the demand for meat, dairy products and eggs keeps growing. Therefore, the demand for grains also keeps rising in China. With the low profits of engaging in agricultural activities, a large amount of labor force in rural areas has moved to urban areas more than 30 years after China\'s reform and opening-up. China agricultural industry is in short of labor force and the output volume of grains can hardly increase. 

With the imbalanced relation between the supply and demand of grains, China has to import a large number of grains. Before 2003, the export scale of agricultural products in China was larger than the import scale, and the trade surplus was between USD 2 billion and USD 6 billion. However, the import value of agricultural products in 2004 reached USD 28.13 billion, and the trade deficit was USD 5.04 billion. In 2012, the trade deficit was USD 49.19 billion, increasing by almost 10 times in 8 years. If grains refer to cereals, beans and potatoes, China imported more than 72 million tons of grains in 2012, accounting for above 10% of that of newly supplied grains (total grain output volume + cereal import volume + soybean import volume) in 2012. China becomes the largest importer of grains around the world. 

There are tens of thousands of local grain processing enterprises in China. Most of them are regional enterprises, and there are also a few leading enterprises (e.g., COFCO Corporation). As there are huge potential opportunities in China, many international grain processing giants have entered China market.
 
In recent years, Chinese government issued a series of policies to promote the development of grain production, such as cancelling the agricultural tax, releasing agricultural subsidies, and issuing the policy of grain procurement at protective prices. These policies can benefit the production of grains in China. As many labor force in rural areas has moved to urban areas and the prices of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, seeds and other agricultural means of production are high, the profits of the planting industry are very low and the output volume of grains in China can hardly increase at high speed. 

It is predicted that the demand for grains in China will keep increasing year after year in the next few years, and the import volume of grains will also rise. For grain-related industries, there are huge investment opportunities in China. 

The author of this report has conducted many researches and surveys towards China grain industry, the grain processing market and grain processing enterprises, and has quoted many valuable second-hand data from governmental organizations and research institutions. 

Readers can obtain the following information or more through this report:

  • Status of grain planting in China, 2008-2012
  • Output volume and varieties of grains in China, 2008-2012
  • Import and export status of grains in China
  • Grain planting subsidy policy in China and its influence to China grain industry
  • Factors influencing the development of China grain industry
  • Price trend of grains in China
  • Important grain processing enterprises in China and their operation statuses
  • Forecast on the development of China grain industry, 2014-2018

The following enterprises and people are proposed to purchase this report:

  • Suppliers of agricultural means of production (seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, etc.)
  • Grain planting enterprises
  • Grain processing and trading enterprises
  • Investors/research institutes concerned about China grain industry
  • Enterprises that want to export grains to China can contact CRI for more suggestions
Table of Contents

1 Overview on China Grain Industry
1.1 Analysis on Grain Planting in China 
1.1.1 Overview on Grain Planting in China, 2008-2012
1.1.2 Planting Status of Major Grain Varieties in China
1.1.3 Production Status of Oil Crops in China, 2008-2012
1.2 Demand Status of Grains in China, 2008-2012
1.2.1 Total Demand Volume of Grains
1.2.2 Demand of Segment Markets for Grains 
1.3 Demand for Major Grain Varieties
1.3.1 Unhusked Rice
1.3.2 Corn
1.3.3 Wheat
1.3.4 Oil Crops
1.4 Factors Influencing the Development of China Grain Industry
1.4.1 Economic Environment
1.4.2 Government Policies
1.4.3 Natural Environment
1.4.4 Market Demand
1.4.5 Import and Export Status

2 Analysis on Polices Towards China Grain Industry, 2008-2013
2.1 Policy of Grain Procurement at Protective Prices
2.1.1 Policy Introduction
2.1.2 Policy Implementation Status
2.2 Security Policy of Grain and Oil
2.2.1 Grain and Oil Standards
2.2.2 Quality Security Supervision of Grains

3 Grain Trade and Price in China 
3.1 Grain Trade in China
3.1.1 Domestic Trade
3.1.2 Import
3.1.3 Export
3.2 Analysis on Grain Price 
3.2.1 Grain Price in China, 2008-2013
3.2.2 Forecast on Price Trend

4 Grain-related Industries in China, 2008-2013
4.1 Infrastructure and Logistics System of Grain Circulation
4.1.1 Infrastructure of Grain Circulation
4.1.2 Logistics System of Grain Circulation
4.1.3 Forecast on Development Trend
4.2 Grain and Oil Processing Industry
4.2.1 Overview on the Industry
4.2.2 Foreign-capital Enterprises in China Grain and Oil Processing Industry
4.3 Grain and Oil Science and Technology

5 Important Foreign-capital Grain Processing Enterprises in China, 2012-2013
5.1 Yihai Kerry
5.1.1 Enterprise Profile
5.1.2 Operation Status in China 
5.2 Cargill
5.3 Bunge Group
5.4 Louis Dreyfus
5.5 Nobel Group
5.6 Alfred C.Toepfer International
5.7 Nissin
5.8 Charoen Pokphand Group
5.9 Other Enterprises

6 Important Local Grain Processing Enterprises in China, 2012-2013
6.1 COFCO Corporation
6.1.1 Enterprise Profile
6.1.2 Operation Status
6.2 Enterprise 2
6.3 Enterprise 3
6.4 Enterprise 4
6.5 Enterprise 5
6.6 Enterprise 6
6.7 Enterprise 7
6.8 Enterprise 8
6.9 Enterprise 9
6.10 Enterprise 10

7 Perspective of China Grain Industry, 2014-2018
7.1 Forecast on Factors Influencing Development
7.1.1 Government Policies
7.1.2 Number of Labor Force in Rural Areas
7.1.3 Economic Situation 
7.2 Forecast on Supply
7.2.1 Forecast on Planting Area of Grains
7.2.2 Forecast on Output Volume of Grains
7.3 Forecast on Demand
7.3.1 Demand Volume
7.3.2 Demand Fields
7.4 Forecast on Import and Export Status
7.4.1 Forecast on Import Status
7.4.2 Forecast on Export Status
7.5 Recommendations on Development and Investment
7.5.1 Investment Opportunities
7.5.2 Development Proposals

List of Chart


Chart Planting Area of Major Crops in China, 2001-2012
Chart Output Volume of Major Crops in China, 2001-2012
Chart Output Volume per Unit Area of Major Crops in China, 2001-2012
Chart Total Output Volume of Oil Crops in China, 2001-2012
Chart Per-capita Share of Major Agricultural Products and Per-capita Production Capacity of Labor Force in China, 2001-2012
Chart Cost Prices of Grains in China, 2001-2012
Chart Import Status of Grains in China, 2001-2012
Chart Major Import Sources of Grains in China, 2012
Chart National Standards and Industrial Standards of Grains in China, 2007-2013
Chart Major Foreign-capital Grain and Oil Processing Enterprises in China, 2012-2013
Chart Forecast on Output Volume of Grains in China, 2013-2017

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