ResearchMoz

Organic Photovoltaics (OPV): Technologies, Markets & Players 2013-2023

IDTechEx
Published Date » 2013-04-17
No. Of Pages » 145
  Description  
     
 In this report, we develop technology roadmaps or guidelines, which forecast improvements in module efficiency, lifetime and costs over the next decade. They provide a practical insight into how the technology is likely to evolve. We also assess the merits of OPV technologies for a diverse range of market segments, including automotive, posters and point-of-purchase (PoP) advertisement, apparel, customer electronics, off-grid applications for the developing world, power generation, and building integrated photovoltaics. 
   
 The photovoltaic (PV) market remains an extremely volatile sector for suppliers. Currently, crystalline silicon devices control 85% of market, with the remainder being captured by a range of thin film PV devices including CdTe, CIGS,...
Table of Contents

1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1.A multitude of technologies available
1.2.Roadmaps - efficiency
1.3.Roadmaps - lifetime
1.4.Roadmaps - costs
1.5.Organic Photovoltaics - selling points
1.6.Market Segments
1.7.Market Forecasts
1.8.Commercial Success- Konarka files for bankruptcy

2.INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOVOLTAICS
2.1.The Solar Spectrum
2.2.The bandgap
2.3.The 'built-in' potential
2.4.The current-voltage characteristics
2.5.Electrodes
2.6.Efficiency

3.REVIEW OF ALTERNATE PHOTOVOLTAICS TECHNOLOGIES
3.1.Crystalline Silicon
3.2.Amorphous Silicon
3.3.Cadmium Telluride
3.4.Copper Indium Gallium Selenide
3.5.Dye Sensitised Solar Cells

4.ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAICS - TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT
4.1.Organic Photovoltaics
4.2.Efficiency
4.2.1.Ways to improve the efficiency
4.2.2.Our Efficiency Roadmap
4.3.Material Options
4.3.1.Active Channel
4.3.2.Transparent Conductor
4.3.3.ITO Replacement Materials
4.3.4.Concerns over ITO
4.3.5.Not all thin film photovoltaics use ITO
4.4.Lifetime
4.4.1.The requirements for a transparent, flexible barrier
4.4.2.Approaches for solving the lifetime problem
4.4.3.Our lifetime improvement roadmap
4.5.Cost
4.5.1.Substrate
4.5.2.Barrier
4.5.3.Transparent Electrode
4.5.4.Hole Transport Layer
4.5.5.Bulk Heterojunction
4.5.6.Cathode
4.5.7.Our Price Estimate

5.MARKET ANALYSIS
5.1.Selling Points
5.1.1.Are these selling points unique?
5.1.2.Comparing Different Photovoltaic Technologies
5.2.State of the Photovoltaic Market
5.3.Poster and Point-of-Sale Advertisement
5.4.Electronics in apparel (bags, clothing sportswear, military, emergency etc.)
5.5.Vehicles
5.6.Consumer Electronics (laptops, modules, e-readers, watches, etc)
5.7.Building integrated photovoltaics and utility power generation
5.8.Off-Grid and Developing World Applications
5.9.Market Forecast

6.COMPANY PROFILES
6.1.DisaSolar
6.2.Eight19
6.3.Georgia Institute of Technology
6.4.Heliatek GmbH
6.5.Henkel
6.6.Holst Centre
6.7.Imperial College London
6.8.JX Nippon Oil and Gas
6.9.Konarka
6.10.Korea Institute of Science and Technology and Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
6.11.Mitsubishi Corporation
6.12.National Renewable Energy Lab (USA)
6.13.Plextronics
6.14.Solarmer
6.15.SolarPress
6.16.Technical University of Denmark
6.17.TU ILmenau, Fachgebiet Experimantalphysik I
6.18.University of Erlangen
6.19.University of Manchester
6.20.University of Surrey (UK)

APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

List of Tables


1.1.Technical performance of different PV technologies. Printability and flexibility are assessed on a scale of 1-10; with 10 being the most printable and/or flexible
1.2.Merits of different PV technologies
1.3.Energy generation costs
1.4.Selling points of organic photovoltaics
1.5.Target markets of OPV and assessing the suitability of OPVs for each segment
1.6.Market forecasts 2013-2023 in US$ million
1.7.Forecast for the number of units involved in each application 2013-2023
2.1.Work functions of commonly-used materials
4.1.Efficiency roadmap
4.2.Options for acceptor materials
4.3.Options for donor materials
4.4.Outlining the HOMO and LUMO levels of common organic semiconductors
4.5.Required technical specification
4.6.Performance limits of various flexible substrates
4.7.Roadmap of OPV device lifetimes
4.8.Substrate price points
4.9.PEDOT:PSS prices
4.10.IDTechEx approximate price points for P3HT and PCBM
4.11.IDTechEx estimate cost breakdown by layer
4.12.IDTechEx estimate of equipment and other costs
5.1.OPV selling points are not unique
5.2.Attributes of different PV technologies
5.3.Benefits, efficiency and challenges of different PV technologies
5.4.Leading players' interview highlights
5.5.IDTechEx comments on OPV applications
5.6.Electronics in apparel (bags, clothing sportswear, military, emergency etc.)
5.7.IDTechEx comment on electronics in apparel
5.8.PV in Vehicles
5.9.IDTechEx comment on PV in vehicles
5.10.Consumer Electronics
5.11.IDTechEx comment on mobile devices and other portable/disposable electronics
5.12.Building Integrated Photovoltaics
5.13.IDTechEx comment on Building Integrated Photovoltaics
5.14.Market forecasts 2013-2023 in US$ million
5.15.Forecast for the number of units involved in each application 2013-2023

List of Figures


1.1.A radar chart comparing attributes of different PV technologies
1.2.Efficiency improvement roadmap. Y-axis is in %
1.3.Predicted lifetime increases as a function of year
1.4.Price evolution for different grades of barrier layers
1.5.Market forecasts 2013-2023 in US$ million
1.6.Forecast for the number of units involved in each application 2013-2023
1.7.Estimated amount of wattage produced by unit/item in each market sector
2.1.Solar radiation spectrum reaching the earth's surface
2.2.Solar irradiation constitutes an abundant source of energy
2.3.Metals and semiconductor bandgap
2.4.Absorption characteristics of different semiconductors for use in PV
2.5.Schematic illustration a p-n junction, space-charge region and built-in potential (or electric field)
2.6.Typical IV characteristics of PV devices under illumination along with associated energy band diagrams
2.7.Typical energy band diagram depicting energy level alignments across interfaces
2.8.Fill factor corresponds to the large square that can be fitted into the IV characteristics (in coordinate region where I<0 and V>0)
3.1.Crystalline silicon cell designs
3.2.Example of a-Si PV
3.3.Example of flexible a-Si PV
3.4.Existing consensus suggests that light exposure increases the density of dangling bonds
3.5.A typical multi-junction cell architecture
3.6.A typical tandem cell architecture
3.7.The temperature ramp ups and downs during the manufacturing process of CdTe PV
3.8.Applications of CIGS technology
3.9.CIGS PV devices are often fabricated using a high temperature process
3.10.Heliovolt temperature reduction process
3.11.Uses of DSSC
3.12.Light is absorbed by the dye, creating an electron-hole pairs
3.13.DSSC outperform a-Si cells under low light and/or high angle lights (e.g., indoor conditions)
3.14.The efficiency of DSSC devices increases with increasing temperature. This is contrary to other PV technologies
3.15.DSSC cells can be printed and be fully flexible.
3.16.The efficiency of DSSC cells
4.1.Illustrations of organic photovoltaics
4.2.The OPV process
4.3.Schematic depiction of the photoinduced electron (e) -hole (h) generation and separation
4.4.Donor and acceptors are mixed in the active channel, increase interfacial area
4.5.Creations of 'islands' should be avoided because they trap photogenerated charges
4.6.Typical absorption characteristic of OPVs
4.7.Efficiency improvement roadmap
4.8.Comparing different approaches for making transparent electrodes (ITO replacements)
4.9.Global indium production in 2010
4.10.Indium price and production volumes as a function of year
4.11.Repeated and/or tight bending degrades properties of ITO
4.12.OPV rapidly degrade
4.13.Water vapour permeability in packaging
4.14.Barrier performance schematic
4.15.The barrier requirements of different technologies
4.16.Extending device lifetime
4.17.Dyad technique
4.18.Another approach to forming flexible barriers
4.19.Conventional multilayer concept vs TBF design and concept
4.20.Corning flexible glass
4.21.IDTechEx roadmap for improvement in lifetime of encapsulants.
4.22.IDTechEx roadmap for price evolution in barrier technology.
5.1.Selling points of OPVs
5.2.A radar chart comparing attributes of different PV technologies
5.3.Photovoltaics can be deployed in a range of different environments
5.4.The biggest driver in demand has traditionally been Europe
5.5.Total PV market forecast in installed capacity
5.6.PV's 'Moore's Law' equivalent
5.7.Price evolution of PV technologies
5.8.Examples of OPVs integrated directly into packaging/advertisement products
5.9.OPV-enabled solar bag.
5.10.Harvested power versus illumination conditions
5.11.Kerosene lamp and solar lanterns
5.12.Market forecasts 2013-2023 in US$ million
5.13.Forecast for the number of units involved in each application 2013-2023
5.14.Estimated amount of wattage produced by unit/item in each market sector

Upcoming Reports:

Poland: linseed oil market
By - Williams and Marshal Strategy
This report presents a comprehensive overview of the linseed oil market in Poland and its state as of January 2014. It provides detailed analysis of the industry, its dynamics and structure. The purpose of the report is to describe the state of the linseed oil market in Poland, to present actual and retrospective information about the volumes and dynamics of production, imports, exports and consumption, the characteristics of the market for the period 2008-2012 and to build a forecast for the market development until 2018. In the same way, the report presents an elaborate overview of the...
Poland: rubber conveyor belts market
By - Williams and Marshal Strategy
This report presents a comprehensive overview of the rubber conveyor belts market in Poland and its state as of January 2014. It provides detailed analysis of the industry, its dynamics and structure. The purpose of the report is to describe the state of the rubber conveyor belts market in Poland, to present actual and retrospective information about the volumes and dynamics of production, imports, exports and consumption, the characteristics of the market for the period 2008-2012 and to build a forecast for the market development until 2018. In the same way, the report presents an...
Poland: wood pulp market
By - Williams and Marshal Strategy
This report presents a comprehensive overview of the wood pulp market in Poland and its state as of January 2014. It provides detailed analysis of the industry, its dynamics and structure. The purpose of the report is to describe the state of the wood pulp market in Poland, to present actual and retrospective information about the volumes and dynamics of production, imports, exports and consumption, the characteristics of the market for the period 2008-2012 and to build a forecast for the market development until 2018. In the same way, the report presents an elaborate overview of the main...

Research Assistance

We will be happy to help you find what you need.
Please call us or write us:

866-997-4948 (Us-Canada Toll Free)
Tel: +1-518-618-1030
Email: sales@researchmoz.us
Select License type:

Share this report

Related News

Low Gas Prices Hurt Utahs Energy Industry
Dec 18, 2014  
Due to excessive petroleum on the global market, gas prices are heavily tumbling in several places of the world. This aspect could prove effective and great for consumers in most parts of the world, but it is not so for the Utah. The petroleum industry in Utah has a tough time with the state budget.  In Utah, the average gas prices have declined to around $2.64 a gallon. This has...
The 3 Dining Trend to Look Out For in 2015
Dec 17, 2014  
Dining is a vibrant, dynamic subject. You can never set down a list of definitive rules for it, and since it depends on our own fickle taste, it is always subject to drastic changes and welcoming to new trends. Here’s a list of dining trends that are on the cusp of becoming mainstream and will surely make that step up in the coming year. 1. Increasing Acceptance of Technology:...
Bolivian Air Force Receives the Super Puma Helicopters
Dec 16, 2014  
It was declared by the Airbus Helicopters that the Bolivian Air Force was the recipient of second of the six Airbus AS332 C1e Super Puma helicopters. The Super Pumas are generally used for several internal security missions and counter narcotics. The rest of the four helicopters will start operating from the year 2016. In late 2013, the light medium helicopters were purchased by the FAB for...
Leaked Emails Prove to be Challenging for Sony
Dec 15, 2014  
It has been revealed via leaked emails that there exists a cultural gulf between Sony Pictures Entertainment, the Hollywood subsidiary on the one hand and Japan’s Sony Corp on the other. This poses a major challenge to the CEO Kazuo Hirai to bring about positive changes in the loss making company under the One Sony slogan.  Over the past six years, this has been the fifth...
British Construction Firms to Hire More by 2015
Dec 10, 2014  
As per the latest survey carried out by Manpower, increasing workload in Britain’s construction industry is calling for rise in employment opportunities. It is expected that in the coming year, various construction firms will be on a hiring spree. Paucity of trained and skilled workers in U.K. based building firms has led to greater focus on hiring of Portuguese bricklayers at a wage...