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Occupational and Group Pensions - UK - June 2014

Published By :

Mintel

Published Date : Jun 2014

Category :

Banking

No. of Pages : 129 Pages

So far, auto-enrolment has proved a success, but the true test is still ahead. The insurer-administered occupational and group pension sectors are primed for significant expansion, as small and medium-sized employers become subject to new pension duties and millions of new savers are added to the (largely DC) pension pool. However, the transition to full auto-enrolment represents a huge administrative challenge, raising concerns about whether there will be enough capacity in the market to meet the volume of demand.
Table of Content

Introduction

Product definition
Figure 1: Framework for workplace pensions – Private sector
Abbreviations

Executive Summary

The market
Occupational pension sector set for significant expansion
Figure 2: New insurer-administered occupational (trust-based) pension premiums – Fan chart, 2009-19
The group pension sector will similarly attract strong new business inflows
Figure 3: New group (contract-based) pension premiums – Fan chart, 2009-19
Occupational schemes
Market factors
Early-stage auto-enrolment proves a success…
… but there are concerns about supply problems as we move towards the latter stages
Shift away from final salary continues
Bulk buyouts remain a key feature of the pension landscape
Recent regulatory developments
Trends in asset allocation
Company, brands and innovation
Leading pension providers
Product innovation
Distribution trends
The consumer
Penetration of workplace versus individual pensions
Figure 4: Proportion of employees who have a pension and proportion who are currently making contributions, April 2014
Contribution timeframe
Figure 5: Length of time contributing to a workplace pension, April 2014
Pension awareness and engagement
Recent contribution activity
Priority given to retirement saving by employees
Figure 6: Level of priority given to retirement saving, April 2014
Confidence in level of self-provision
Figure 7: Level of confidence in retirement saving activity, April 2014
Barriers to take-up
Figure 8: Reasons for not contributing to a pension, April 2014
What we think

Issues and Insights

So far auto-enrolment proves a success – but there are no guarantees when it comes to retirement outcomes
The facts
The implications
Develop simplified and self-service solutions to avoid a ‘capacity crunch’
The facts
The implications
Online tools help to foster member engagement and understanding
The facts
The implications

Trend Application

Trend: Help Me Help Myself
Trend: Guided Choice
Trend: Generation Next

Market Drivers

Key points
Workplace auto-enrolment boosts pension participation
Figure 9: Proportion of employees who have a private pension, January 2012 and April 2014
Opt-out rates lower than expected
Figure 10: Auto-enrolment registration – Key data, April 2014
Cap on default fund charges in DC pensions…
… and greater transaction cost transparency
ABI members agree to disclose workplace pension fees upfront
One in five private sector workers are contributing to a DB scheme
Figure 11: Proportion of employees contributing to a private pension, by type and sector, April 2014
Public Service Pensions Act 2013 and the end of final salary pensions
PPF now has £16 billion in invested assets
Increase in DC membership of insurer-administered schemes
Figure 12: Number of insurer-administered occupational pension scheme members and group pension policies in force, 2008-12
Reducing pension liabilities: the buyout route
The risk-transfer market continues to expand
Figure 13: In-force bulk buyout/buy-in business, 2009-12
In 2012, the self-administered sector accounted for 71% of assets held in funded occupational schemes
Figure 14: Value of assets in funded pensions in real terms, 2007-12
UK pension funds continue to decrease weighting in equities in favour of bonds and alternative assets
Changes to pension decumulation rules
Government moves to block public sector pension transfers to prevent ‘mass exit’

Occupational Scheme Membership

Key points
Active membership in occupational trust-based schemes continues to decline
Figure 15: Number of active occupational pension scheme members, pensions in payment and preserved entitlements – UK, by sector, 2009-12
Note on double counting
One in seven private sector workers in the UK are active members of an occupational scheme
Scheme numbers stabilise
Figure 16: Number of private sector occupational pension schemes, 2007-12
Nearly half of all members in ‘open’ private sector schemes are DC arrangements
Figure 17: Number of active members of occupational pension schemes – UK, by status, size, sector and benefit structure, 2012
Contribution rates are much lower for DC than DB schemes
Figure 18: Weighted average contribution rates to private sector occupational pension schemes, by size and benefit structure, 2009 versus 2012

Market SWOT Analysis

Figure 19: The occupational and group pensions market– SWOT analysis, 2014
Who’s Innovating?

Key points
Focus switches to SMEs
The rise of the master trust
NAPF and Dalmore Capital introduce first PIP funds

Market Size and Forecast – Trust-based Schemes

Key points
Lump-sum investment drives new business growth
Figure 20: New insurer-administered occupational pension business (volume and value), 2009-13
Number of contracts versus lives covered
TIPs and bulk buyouts represent the largest share of new business
Figure 21: New insurer-administered occupational pension premiums, by sub-sector, 2009-13
Occupational pension sector set for further growth
Figure 22: Forecast of new insurer-administered occupational pension premiums – Fan chart, 2009-19
Figure 23: Forecast of new insurer-administered occupational pension business, 2014-19
Forecast methodology
Fan chart explanation

Market Size and Forecast – Contract-based Schemes

Key points
New group pension sales soar
Figure 24: New group pension business (volume and value), 2009-13
Group pension sector will continue to experience strong demand
Figure 25: Forecast of new group pension premiums – Fan chart, 2009-19
Figure 26: Forecast of new group pension business, 2014-19
Forecast methodology
Fan chart explanation

Supply Structure and Provider Rankings

Key points
Supply structure of workplace pensions
Figure 27: The main participants in the occupational and group pension market, 2014
Master trusts
NEST
The People’s Pension
Now: Pensions
Employers
FTSE 100 constituents run some of the largest occupational pension schemes
Figure 28: The top 20 listed companies, by market capitalisation, May 2014
Private sector pension fund deficit widens
Insurance companies
Standard Life retains market-leader position in the insurer-administered sector
Figure 29: Top ten providers of insurer-administered occupational pension schemes, by gross premiums, 2012
Aviva leads the way in the individual pension sector
Legal & General is the largest pension fund manager, by assets under management
Figure 30: Top ten UK insurance companies, by funds held in insurer-administered pension schemes, 2012
Investment managers
Pension IFAs
Benefit consultants
Other professional services

Companies and Products

Aviva
Legal & General
Lloyds Banking Group
Prudential
Standard Life

Brand Communication and Promotion

Key points
The pensions industry invests a limited amount on consumer advertising
Figure 31: Advertising expenditure on pension and annuity products, 2009/10-13/14
The DWP was responsible for a large chunk of recent pension adpsend
Figure 32: Top ten advertisers of pension products, 2011/12-13/14
Most pension adspend relates to TV and press advertising
Figure 33: Proportional distribution of adspend on pension products, by media type, 2011/12-13/14
A note on adspend

Channels to Market

Key points
Most new occupational and group pension sales come via IFAs…
Figure 34: Proportional distribution of total new regular-premium insurer-administered occupational and group pension business, by sales channel, 2013
… but in value terms, a significant proportion of new business is generated via the non-advised channel
Figure 35: Proportional distribution of total new single-premium insurer-administered occupational and group pension business, by sales channel, 2013

Pension Ownership and Participation Among Workforce

Key points
Survey background
Around three in four employees work in the private sector
Figure 36: Sector and size of employer worked for, April 2014
Over half of all employees are contributing to a workplace pension
Figure 37: Proportion of employees who have a pension and proportion who are currently making contributions, April 2014
Pension participation is lowest among small firms
Figure 38: Proportion of employees who are contributing to a pension, by sector/size of employer, April 2014
There remains a noticeable gender gap
Figure 39: Proportion of employees who are contributing to a pension, by gender and working status of employee, April 2014

Length of Time Contributing to Workplace Pension

Key points
Around one in four workplace pension savers have only started making contributions within the past two years
Figure 40: Length of time contributing to a workplace pension, April 2014
Some small firms are auto-enrolling staff well ahead of their staging dates
Figure 41: Length of time contributing to a workplace pension, by sector/size of employer, April 2014
Correlation with age will strengthen with auto-enrolment
Figure 42: Length of time contributing to a workplace pension, by age of employee, April 2014

Pension Fund Awareness and Engagement

Key points
Around one in seven workplace pension savers are not receiving an annual benefit statement
Figure 43: Agreement with statements about own workplace pension, April 2014
Three in five workplace pension savers know roughly what their pension fund is worth
29% have increased their contributions in the past year

Financial Priority Given to Retirement Saving

Key points
72% of employees are making retirement saving a medium-to-high financial priority
Figure 44: Level of priority given to retirement saving, April 2014
Lifestage factors can get in the way of retirement saving
Figure 45: Level of priority given to retirement saving, by age of employee, April 2014
The level of importance afforded retirement saving is influenced by the type of employer
Figure 46: Level of priority given to retirement saving, by sector and size of employer, April 2014
Owning a pension increases the level of priority given to retirement saving
Figure 47: Level of priority given to retirement saving, by pension ownership, April 2014
Less than half of all UK employees are confident they are saving enough for their retirement
Figure 48: Level of confidence in retirement saving activity, April 2014
Recent changes to public sector pensions may be have an adverse effect on confidence levels
Figure 49: Level of confidence in retirement saving activity, by sector and size of employer, April 2014

Reasons for Non Contribution

Key points
Affordability remains the top barrier to pension saving
Figure 50: Reasons for not contributing to a pension, April 2014
Access barriers are most likely to affect employees of small firms
Figure 51: Reasons for not contributing to a pension, by type of employer, April 2014

Appendix – Additional Product Information

Framework for private pensions
Figure 52: Types of private pension provision in the UK
Types of workplace pension
Occupational schemes
Defined-benefit (salary-related) schemes
Defined-contribution (money-purchase) schemes
NEST
Contract-based workplace pensions
Other definitions

Appendix – Pension Regulation

Regulation of workplace pension schemes
Recent milestones in pension reform
Auto-enrolment
Figure 53: Amount of auto-enrolment contributions, 2014
Retail Distribution Review
Ban on consultancy charging
Switch to CPI for occupational pensions
More changes on the horizon
Single tier state pension
Closure of state second pension
General issues affecting the wider pension industry

Appendix – Market Size and Forecast

Trust-based schemes – best- and worst-case scenarios
Figure 54: Forecast of new insurer-administered occupational pension premiums – Best- and worst-case scenarios, at current prices, 2014-19
Contract-based schemes – best- and worst-case scenarios
Figure 55: Forecast of new group pension premiums – Best- and worst-case scenarios, at current prices, 2014-19
Forecast methodology
Fan chart explanation

Appendix – Pension Ownership and Participation Among Workforce

Figure 56: Sector and size of employer, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 57: Proportion of employees who have pension, by type of employer, April 2014
Figure 58: Proportion of employees who have a pension, by type of pension and demographics, April 2014
Figure 59: Proportion of employees who are contributing to a pension, by type of pension and demographics, April 2014

Appendix – Length of Time Contributing to Workplace Pension

Figure 60: Length of time contributing to a workplace pension, by demographics, April 2014

Appendix – Pension Fund Awareness and Engagement

Figure 61: Agreement with statement, ‘I receive information about my pension at least once a year’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 62: Agreement with statement ‘I can call a telephone helpline if I have any questions about my pension’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 63: Agreement with statement ‘I know the current value of my pension’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 64: Agreement with statement ’I have a good idea of what pension charges/commission I pay’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 65: Agreement with statement ‘I know how much my pension fund will be worth when I retire’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 66: Agreement with statement ‘I have a good idea of how my pension fund is invested’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 67: Agreement with statement ‘My employer will arrange for me to talk to a financial adviser if I need advice about my pension options’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 68: Agreement with statement ‘I have online access to my pension so I can check what it is worth and how it’s performing’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 69: Agreement with statement ‘I can make changes to my pension online’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 70: Agreement with statement ‘Within the past year I’ve increased my pension contributions’, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 71: Agreement with statements relating to own workplace pension – I plan to restart or increase my pension contributions within the coming year, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 72: Agreement with statement ‘Within the past year I’ve reduced or stopped my pension contributions’, by demographics, April 2014

Appendix – Priority Given to Retirement Saving

Figure 73: Level of priority given to retirement saving, by demographics, April 2014
Figure 74: Level of confidence in retirement saving activity, by demographics, April 2014

Appendix – Reasons for Non Contribution

Figure 75: Reasons for not contributing to a pension, by demographics, April 2014

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