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Internet of People: Technology 2015-2025

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Published Date : May 2014

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No. of Pages : 197

The new term Internet of People (IoP) encompasses internet-enabled personal electronics. It is rapidly spreading into the fabric of society giving a burst of new growth to add to the easing growth of mobile phones, tablets and other conventional personal electronics and associated networks and services. Many internet-enabled peripherals and alternatives are arriving that are worn, embedded in textiles and in products. This is thanks to new materials and ways of making electronics and more suitable human interfaces. As yet, little is written about IoP as a big picture, though reviews of such things as Google Glass and smart watches and speculation about new products abounds on the web. This report provides what is missing - forecasts for the big picture down to the materials and technologies involved that will cause disruptive change such as invisible, stretchable, woven and disposable electronics. 

Samsung, Apple, Google, Adidas, Reebock, Nike, Microsoft, SAP and Roche are among the many giant companies clashing horns on this so called \"new mobile phone\" ie potentially huge market. Even software companies are saying, \"hardware is the new software\". The $5 billion wearable technology market is now entering a rapid growth phase. Consider lead indicators such as relevant Google Trends, relevant patent filings over the years, incidence of diabetes (treatment being a major sector of wearable technology already), cost reduction of the key enabling technologies, increase in functionality that is becoming possible and interest in fitness monitors another early success story. All show that very rapid growth is in prospect.   

This report covers the technologies that will be required to drive the market forward, from tightly rollable display technology, phone sensor fusion and printed electronics to indoor positioning systems (IPS), near field communication (NFC) and real-time locating systems (RTLS). It discusses the most viable markets and megatrends, provides forecasts and timelines to 2025, and includes expert opinions and direct company interviews.
Table of Content

1.1. IoP in context 
1.1.1. Definitions 
1.1.2. Why now? 
1.1.3. Forecasts and timelines 
1.2. Drivers and investment 
1.2.1. Megatrend drivers 
1.2.2. Investment 
1.3. Future IoP device technologies 
1.3.1. Breakneck speed 
1.3.2. Needs driven by new behaviour and demographics 
1.4. Future needs 
1.5. Technology required 
1.6. Hardware is key for future mobile phones 
1.7. Key future system technologies 
1.7.1. Sensor fusion
1.7.2. Indoor Positioning Systems IPS 
1.7.3. Near Field Communication NFC 
1.8. Future device technologies 
1.8.1. Electrical power, multiple energy harvesting 
1.9. Impediments to progress 
1.10. The dark side - privacy, security, injury 

2.1. The internet, cloud, fog 
2.1.1. Cloud and Fog computing 
2.2. Internet of People 
2.3. Dreams and realities for mobile phones, etc 
2.4. Mobile phone improvements - responses from general survey 
2.5. Expert opinions 

3.1. Human senses that can interact with a device or be a feature 
3.1.1. What is wanted? 
3.2. Flexible phones: ruggedness and more 
3.3. Roll out screen, photovoltaics, keyboard 
3.4. Wearable electronics 
3.4.1. Wearable electronic devices 
3.4.2. Derivative technology 
3.4.3. Advantages of wearable electronics 
3.4.4. Two basic types of wearable electronics 
3.4.5. Considerable evidence of rapid adoption to come 
3.4.6. Rapid increase in investment 
3.4.7. Projections 
3.5. Healthcare
3.5.1. Food poisoning 
3.5.2. Diagnostics and more 
3.6. Sound 
3.6.1. Sound fidelity and localisation 
3.6.2. Throat tattoo and lie detector 

4.1. Summary of technologies 
4.2. Flexible transparent conducting film 
4.3. Technology Assessment 
4.4. Market Assessment 
4.5. Players 
4.6. Market for flexible and conformal electronics 

5.1. Sensor fusion 
5.2. Intelligent contextual sensing 
5.3. Sensor fusion leveraging NFC 

6.1. In-Location Alliance 
6.2. RTLS 
6.3. Principles of locating using RTLS and IPS 
6.4. Choice of infrastructure 
6.5. No infrastructure as an option 
6.5.1. Inertial/ dead reckoning measurements 
6.5.2. Single beam RSSI 
6.6. Enhanced infrastructure 
6.7. Dedicated infrastructure 
6.8. Trend for IPS infrastructure 
6.9. Choices of signal interpretation to find position 
6.10. Applications, compromises and value chain 
6.11. IPS/RTLS Interviews
6.11.1. CSR (formerly Cambridge Silicon Radio) USA 
6.11.2. Decawave Ireland 
6.11.3. Ekahau Finland 
6.11.4. In-Location Alliance UK 
6.11.5. Redpine Signals USA 
6.11.6. Ubisense UK 
6.11.7. Zebra Technologies 

7.1. Timelines for NFC adoption 
7.2. Forecasts 2014-2024 
7.3. The purpose of NFC 
7.4. NFC Forum 
7.5. Lessons from NFC World Congress Nice France September 2013
7.6. NFC Interviews 
7.6.1. Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc, USA 
7.6.2. MeaWallet, Norway 
7.6.3. Nissin Czech Republic
7.6.4. RBR, UK 
7.6.5. Smart-TEC, Germany 
7.6.6. Tag & Play, France 
7.6.7. Ticketmobile, Norway 
7.6.8. Interview in Japan 

8.1. Flexible OLED displays 
8.2. Flexible memory 
8.3. Flexible batteries 
8.4. Graphene 
8.5. Emerging metallisation inks 
8.6. Wearable electronics 
8.7. Printed electronics and allied interviews 
8.7.1. Bayer MaterialScience - Artificial Muscle Inc Germany 
8.7.2. CAP-XX Australia 
8.7.3. ISORG France 
8.7.4. KWJ Engineering Inc USA 
8.7.5. Paper Battery Co USA 
8.7.6. Peratech Ltd UK 
8.7.7. Synkera Technologies Inc USA 
8.7.8. Tactonic 
8.8. IDTechEx Printed Electronics Portal 

9.1. New battery and supercapacitor technologies 
9.1.1. Li-ion batteries 
9.2. Photovoltaics technologies and Africa 
9.3. 3D Printing 
9.4. Flexible haptic keyboards 
9.5. Scanner, printer, separate flexible display and energy harvesting, battery boosters 
9.6. Progress with harvesting tolerant electronics 

List of Table

1.1. Evolution of the IoP and allied matters 2015-2030 plus forecasts by others that may be over-optimistic 
1.2. Internet enabled personal devices IoP numbers (billion) 2015-2025 
1.3. Some megatrends affecting the Internet of Things 
1.4. Examples of IoP and IoT acquisitions and investments in 2014 
1.5. League table of most active IoT investors 
1.6. Examples of identified future needs and need for improved hardware/firmware and/or system/infrastructure changes are needed to achieve them 
1.7. Some emerging mobile phone candidate technologies and the demands they may help to satisfy in the future 
2.1. Expert forecasts in the last few months of future changes in mobile phones 
3.1. Advantages of wearable electronics 
3.2. The main wearable technology market sectors 2014-2024 
3.3. Some of the investment in wearable technology 2013-4 
3.4. Global number of wearable electronics devices 2014-2024 
4.1. Candidates for ITO replacement and flexible screens 
4.2. Benchmarking different TCF and TCG technologies on the basis of sheet resistance, optical transmission, ease of customisation, haze, ease of patterning, thinness, stability, flexibility, reflection and low cost. The technology com 
4.3. Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2012-2022 
6.1. Official list of In-Location members
6.2. Choices of infrastructure 
6.3. Comparison of options for basic measuring principle to find position 
6.4. Forecast of global RTLS market by value in millions of dollars 2012-2023 
6.5. Primary market objective for IPS vs RTLS 
7.1. Important milestones in the adoption and use of NFC 2014-2024 
7.2. IDTechEx conclusions about the status and potential of NFC technology 
7.3. Comments by supporters and skeptics of NFC in 2013 
7.4. Worldwide shipments of PCs, mobile phones, tablets and derivatives, millions 2012-2024 with the most NFC friendly devices highlighted 
7.5. Sales of NFC enabled phones vs all mobile phones millions 2012-2024 with % penetration 
7.6. Phases of attempted rollout of NFC uses 
9.1. 142 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries with country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte morphology, case type, applicational priorities and customer relationships, if any, in sel

List of Chart

1.1. Definition of IoT vs IoP and intermediate Internet-protocol directly-connected products 
1.2. IoT vs IoP by application, maturity and other factors 
1.3. Evolution of the internet 
1.4. IoT technology roadmap 2000 to 2025 as the focus changes from dumb RFID tags not directly connected to the new focus of smart sensing objects with unique IP addresses directly connected to the internet 
1.5. Internet enabled personal devices IoP numbers (billion) 2015-2025 
1.6. Some statistics relevant to the potential for the Internet of People 
1.7. Tightly rollable display promised by Samsung 
1.8. Structure of the value offering of IPS vs RTLS 
1.9. IPS principle of operation 
1.10. GPS location (left) compared with the more detailed IPS (right) 
1.11. Digital cash options 
1.12. Power requirements of small electronic products including Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and GSM mobile phones and the types of battery employed 
2.1. How certain applicational segments are best addressed by the Internet of People IoP or the Internet of Things IoT or both 
3.1. Samsung promise of a mobile phone derivative with tightly rollable display 
3.2. Polymer Vision concept of a PDA with rollable display 
3.3. Possible wearable technologies 
3.4. Two basic types of wearable electronics - the devices and the more futuristic woven smart textiles and smart apparel 
3.5. Where will it be on your body? 
4.1. Examples of flexible displays 
4.2. TCF technology market share in the smart phone sector 
4.3. Mobile phones 
4.4. Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2012-2022 
5.1. ISMB gesture recognition by sensor fusion 
6.1. Structure of the value offering of IPS vs RTLS 
6.2. IPS principle of operation 
6.3. GPS location shown left compared with the more detailed IPS right 
6.4. RTLS schematic 6.5. Samsung RTLS objectives 
6.6. RTLS, IPS and OPS compared
6.7. WSN system diagram where the gateway can be a cell phone in future 
6.8. The most popular forms of RTLS based on RFID 
6.9. RFID and other appropriate systems through the traditional supply chain 
6.10. RFID value chain 6.11. Examples of technologies derived from and/or interfacing with active RFID 
6.12. Range vs approximate up-front cost of RTLS tags based on different frequencies and protocols compared with passive (no battery) RFID 
6.13. Forecast of global RTLS market by value in millions of dollars 2012-2023 
6.14. Survey of 74 case studies of RTLS by application 
6.15. Relative emphasis on IPS, RTLS or both in the value chain by number of organisations identified in the survey. 
6.16. Basic RF measuring principle - relative popularity vs ultrasound 
7.1. Forms of NFC and non-NFC digital cash with examples 
7.2. Worldwide shipments of PCs, mobile phones, tablets and derivatives, millions 2012-2024 with the most NFC friendly devices highlighted 
7.3. Sales of NFC enabled phones vs all mobile phones millions 2012-2024 with % penetration 
7.4. Data rate vs range for short range radio protocols 
7.5. Scope of the NFC Forum 
7.6. Some of the potential stakeholders in the NFC phone value chain
7.7. NFC in the trough of disillusionment 
7.8. Samsung TecTiles 
7.9. Attempt to link the Internet of Things with NFC 
7.10. Many options for a typical interrogation 
7.11. Store Electronic Systems activity in stores up to and including NFC enabled shelf edge devices 
7.12. Store Electronic Systems\' NFC perception and achievements 
7.13. Smart meter potential revealed 
7.14. ETRI Programmable NFC sensor card 
7.15. NFC labels on display 
7.16. Murata and Todo Kogyo ultra-small NFC tags 
7.17. Screen with NFC enabled images where the NFC tags can be repurposed and videos etc can be triggered on the screen - useful for merchandising 
7.18. V Wand - NFC to item then Bluetooth to tablet 
7.19. Number of transaction cards on issue globally 2012 and 2018 
7.20. LEGIC experience of NFC phones for secure access and payment 
8.1. Add Vision process 
8.2. Thinfilm printed memory 
8.3. IDTechEx view of potential for graphene in electronics and electrics. 
8.4. Plastic Logic view of wearables 
8.5. Plastic foil of organic photodetectors 
8.6. Printed temperature sensor 
8.7. OPD for object detection by smart systems: logistics, retail, Point-Of-Sales display 
9.1. IDTechEx view of OPV

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