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Hydrogen and Fuel Cells 2015-2025: Forecasts, Technologies, Markets

Published By :

IDTechEx

Published Date : 2014-08-31

Category :

Power

No. of Pages : 171

Product Synopsis


This report covers stationary and mobile applications of fuel cells in addition to hydrogen infrastructure and delivery. The report addresses existing markets for fuel cells, providing current market sizes in addition to forecasts of growth for these and emerging application areas. It provides a description and analysis of the current technology choices as well as the latest R&D. In particular, we cover the value proposition, price and pricing trends for each application.

Trends and geographical analysis Further important focal points of this market analysis includes the future potential, legislation, incentives and R&D efforts in different geographic zones - Europe, North America, and Asia, rest of the world with a particular focus on the BRICS countries.

Stationary fuel cell applications, forecasts and players 

The development of stationary applications of fuel cells (such as back-up power supplies), by contrast to mobile ones (such as for powering vehicles), has been led by different types of industrial companies with very different scopes and strategies depending on their geographic regions. Depending on the business opportunity certain players find lucrative niches. This report details the business models that have led to recent market successes giving a view of the economics and future growth potential. These businesses including addressing applications such as the IT back-up and energy supply of data center; Infrastructure (harbors, shipping and airport); mining; water treatment plants; micro-chip fabs; and large distributed generation.

The market size and forecasts for these applications are given along with current and emerging companies developing stationary fuel cell business cases.

Mobile fuel cell applications, forecasts and players For the mobile applications of fuel cells this report details the market development for fuel cell cars, fuel cell buses, two- and three-wheelers, and the development of the H2 Infrastructure. An overview of other transportation applications is also provided including military applications, fuel cell powered vessels and material handling. The report compares the business model of the traditional fuel cell car manufacturers with those of new comers and analyzes trends of fuel cell system suppliers for fuel cell buses.

H2 infrastructure and delivery

The report focusses on energy storage applications with an in depth analysis of the developments in Germany. In this analysis IDTechEx find the necessity for renewable energy storage, describes the diverse initiatives on green hydrogen and power-to-gas (P2G) in Germany and Europe. The report covers the different types of P2G and the technical processes that apply.

New product, new markets and players as well as business models of those that are involved are covered. The economics of P2G systems are studied as are the existing commercialization projects around the world.

The big picture

This report is ideal for those seeking to understand the big picture of fuel cells and H2 delivery - in stationary and mobile applications, globally, with forecasts, players and emerging technologies as well as governmental and industrial trends and drivers.

Table Of Content

Table of Content

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1. Cars
1.2. Buses
1.3. Scooters
1.4. Gearing up incentives for fuel cell vehicles
1.5. Shale Gas and Fuel Cell Vehicles
1.6. Tantalum oxide catalyst for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

2. INTRODUCTION
2.1. New energy context
2.2. New fuels changing the game
2.2.1. The ""energiewende"" in Europa boosting the development of hydrogen and Power-to-Gas
2.3. Shale gas
2.3.1. Unexpected consequences
2.4. Hydrogen and fuel cell technology: status quo
2.4.1. In the long-term
2.4.2. Disruptive technologies: which Hybrid and which fuels?
2.4.3. Market developments
2.4.4. Comparison of fuel cell types
2.4.5. Leading companies
2.4.6. Other transportation applications*
2.4.7. Car manufacturers and their fuel cells
2.4.8. Bus manufacturers and their fuel cells
2.4.9. Fuel cells on the rise in the stationary scene
2.4.10. Recent advances in fuel cell technology research
2.4.11. Shakeout: Samsung fuel cell operation under threat in 2014

3. STATIONARY APPLICATION/BACK UP AND REMOTE POWER
3.1. Market definition and scope
3.1.1. Some history
3.1.2. Size of the market
3.1.3. Definition
3.2. Business model, standards
3.2.1. Business case IT: Back-up and energy supply of data centers
3.2.2. Business case mining
3.2.3. Business case sewage gas from water treatment
3.2.4. Business case: micro-CHP
3.2.5. Business case: Large distributed generation, some example of calculation
3.2.6. Which partners for the development of stationary fuel cells?
3.2.7. Price and price decrease:
3.3. Market analysis
3.3.1. Introduction
3.3.2. Market drivers: Potential, legislation, incentives and R&D - Europe
3.3.3. Germany
3.3.4. UK/CHP
3.3.5. France
3.3.6. Denmark
3.3.7. Switzerland
3.4. Market drivers: Potential, legislation, incentives and R&D - North America
3.4.1. USA
3.5. Market drivers: Potential, legislation, incentives and R&D - Asia
3.5.1. Korea
3.5.2. Japan
3.5.3. Singapore
3.6. Market drivers: Potential, legislation, incentives and R&D - Rest of the world
3.6.1. South Africa
3.6.2. Australia
3.7. Players - Europe
3.7.1. Germany
3.7.2. Denmark
3.7.3. Austria
3.7.4. UK
3.7.5. Finland
3.7.6. Netherlands
3.7.7. Italy
3.7.8. France
3.8. Players - North America
3.9. Players - Asia
3.9.1. China
3.9.2. Singapore
3.10. Players - Rest of the world
3.10.1. Australia
3.10.2. Indonesia
3.10.3. South Africa
3.10.4. Mozambique
3.11. Market size and market forecast 2012-2020 by market
3.11.1. Forecasts
3.11.2. Global market

4. MOBILE APPLICATIONS
4.1. Market definition and scope
4.1.1. Fuel cell cars
4.1.2. Fuel cell buses: Some history/development of the technology:
4.1.3. Two- and three-wheelers: Scooter in the focus
4.1.4. H2 Infrastructure:
4.1.5. Other transportation applications:
4.2. Value proposition and Standards
4.2.1. Fuel cell cars
4.2.2. Fuel cell buses
4.2.3. Standards
4.3. Market analysis
4.3.1. Fuel cell cars
4.3.2. Fuel cell buses
4.3.3. Improvement of the legislation in North America and Europe for hydrogen vehicles
4.3.4. Last developments: R&D, initiatives and demonstration projects, H2 infrastructure:
4.4. Players
4.4.1. The ""traditional"" fuel cell car manufacturers
4.4.2. Alliances and initiatives worth of being mentioned
4.4.3. The OEMS and their fuel cell cars in detail
4.4.4. The new comers
4.4.5. Fuel cell buses

5. H2 INFRASTRUCTURE AND DELIVERY
5.1. H2 infrastructure and delivery
5.1.1. Status quo
5.1.2. Which products and manufacturers?
5.1.3. Future options: biological, photoelectrochemical
5.1.4. Storage
5.2. Energy storage: Green H2 preparing the future; focus on Germany
5.2.1. Storage necessity in Germany
5.2.2. Loss of wind energy
5.2.3. New legislation for PV
5.2.4. Increasing long-term renewable energy surplus: a huge potential for the future European energy market
5.2.5. H2 vs Hydro pumped storage vs. CAES
5.3. Germany takes the initiative on green hydrogen and power-to-gas:
5.3.1. Four regions take the lead
5.3.2. Pipeline and natural gas storage points:
5.4. Power to gas
5.4.1. Definition
5.4.2. Legislation for power to gas
5.4.3. Further developments
5.4.4. Description of the different types of power to gas:
5.4.5. New products
5.4.6. New markets and players
5.5. R&D programs and demo projects for green H2 and power to gas
5.5.1. Research & Development Funding
5.5.2. Costs of a power to gas system
5.5.3. Model Commercialization Projects:
5.5.4. Forecast 2013-2050
5.5.5. Panorama of P2G in other European countries and in the world
5.5.6. Where are the projects?
5.5.7. How can Europe-wide/and world-wide standards be achieved?
5.5.8. Conclusion and outlook:

APPENDIX 1: ELECTROLYZERS

APPENDIX 2: LEGISLATION PTG

List of Tables


3.1. Cornerstones of Fuel Cell History 
3.2. Examples of companies in the most important CHP and fuel cell technology markets 
3.3. Cost evolution 
3.4. Germany and Europe for micro-chp 
5.1. R&D Requirements for electrolyzer technologies: 
5.2. List of manufacturers: 
5.3. Geological formation for H2 storage: 
5.4. Example of salt caverns 
5.5. Device modification according to their compatibility with different Vol. % H2. 
5.6. Factors influencing the business case 
5.7. Cost structure for 5 MW electrolyzer incl. feed-in (1000m³/h H2, 12 storage tanks, direct feed-in in high pressure pipeline) 
5.8. ProWindgas price structure 
5.9. Which interests are being followed by whom? 

List of Figures


1.1. Cross sectional images of SEM (a, b) and BSEM (c) of Pt/TaOx catalyst on GC electrode 
3.1. Heat demand 1970-2015 
3.2. Evolution of electricity price vs. Natural gas price1995-2012 
3.3. Germany is the country with the highest cogeneration installation potential 
3.4. Potential CHP Growth in Germany by Segment 
3.5. Danish Micro Combined Heat & Power 
3.6. Korea's 2030 Energy Vision 
5.1. Overview of the different technological processes: 
5.2. Different processes and challenges: 
5.3. Hydrogen production from Well-to-Wheel 
5.4. Different technologies in comparison: 
5.5. Structure of an electrolyzer: 
5.6. Comparison AEL vs PEMEL: 
5.7. Three possibilities for a connection: 
5.8. Decentralized H2 storage and filling station: 
5.9. Wind mills capacity in Germany 
5.10. Map grid congestion 
5.11. Different types of storage and applications: 
5.12. Growing share of excess renewable energy (not fed into the grid) 
5.13. Power-to-Gas schematic 
5.14. The types of methanation systems 
5.15. The development of advanced hydrogen turbine technology at Siemens 
5.16. The cost of H2 production according to its source 
5.17. OPEX and CAPEX for a P2G plant
5.18. The Enertrag project 
5.19. Hydrogen projects in Germany

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