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Hybrid And Electric Vehicles for Land, Water And Air 2012-2022: Forecasts, Technologies, Players

IDTechEx
Published Date » 2012-11-01
No. Of Pages » 255
Electric Vehicles - Seeing the Big Picture

The burgeoning electric vehicle EV industry cannot be understood by simply looking at cars. Indeed, in the last year, only the electric car sector of EVs has lost a year due to the Japanese tsunami and badly delayed model launches and it has been particularly sensitive to troubled economies as well. IDTechEx has adjusted its forecasts accordingly and now sees cars as less than half the EV business by value for the coming decade.

The EV leaders such as Toyota, Honda and Nissan make electric vehicles for many applicational sectors. Indeed, many of them also control the manufacture of the component that most affects price and performance - the battery - and many make the electric motors and other key components. This is therefore a curious industry where component manufacturers often compete with their customers and customer-supplier joint ventures are commonplace. For example, Nissan has a major program to put next generation lithium batteries from its battery joint venture into its forklifts as well as its cars. Toyota makes heavy and light industrial EVs from forklifts to buses and mobility for the disabled, not just electric cars, and the knowledge in these different divisions is shared between them all. Much is written about hybrid cars but there are substantial sales of hybrid military trucks, buses, boats now plus hybrid aircraft, airships and even motorcycles coming along. Meanwhile there are many varieties of pure electric on-road, off-road, on water, underwater and air vehicles with similar technology and challenges.

IDTechEx has substantially rewritten its annual Electric Vehicles report for 2012. It is based on ten years of researching the subject, intensive desk research, visits and interviews. There are chapters on Heavy Industrial, Light Industrial and Commercial, Mobility for the Disabled, Two Wheelers, Golf Cars, on-road Cars, Military, Marine and Other vehicles. That even extends to electric mobile robots, surveillance jellyfish and other Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), bats and electric aircraft. After all, they can all be a target for component and system suppliers and, increasingly, the vehicle manufacturers themselves are diversifying horizontally. Detailed forecasts for these vehicle categories by numbers and value and the key components are provided for 2012-2022, with total market value. The trends, technology and planned vehicles are clarified in 146 figures and 52 tables including the historical context. Winning and losing strategies are evaluated. Timelines are given of events to come.

At last the full picture of China

IDTechEx does not make the common mistake of reporting primarily on vehicles from the well known Western and Japanese manufacturers. 66% of the manufacturers of electric vehicles in the world are in China. Over 90% of the world's electric vehicles are made in China, mainly for use in China. It has the largest potential market for electric vehicles. It mines and controls 95% of the World's rare earth reserves used in the hybrid car batteries, motors and other key components of today's electric vehicles. Of the 420 EV manufacturers covered in this new report, an appropriately high proportion are Chinese. This is particularly true of the chapters on Heavy Industrial, Buses, Light Industrial and Commercial, Mobility for the Disabled, Two Wheelers, Golf Cars and Cars, where the Chinese heavily participate, as yet with little publicity, because so much of it is for the domestic market.

Unique forecasts

New ten year forecasts for the whole EV market are only available from IDTechEx. The company finds that the electric vehicle industry will continue to exhibit strong growth for the next decade, though some sectors were impacted by the global financial meltdown and have yet to fully recover. Those participating in only one sector need to keep a wary eye on those with a broader vision: they must frequently review their strategy and avoid dangerous tunnel vision.

Good volume growth but greater value growth

The 35 million EVs sold in 2012 will rise 3.6 times to nearly 129 million in 2022, driven by e-bikes, but the value of the market will grow twice as much because larger and more expensive vehicles are now rapidly adopting the technology. Motorcycles, military vehicles, buses and earthmovers are among them. Hybrids will rise in their dominant share of the value market through the decade. In ten years from now, a far higher percentage of the global output of light industrial vehicles, commercial vehicles and cars will be EVs but for greatest elimination of conventional internal combustion engines vehicles, one must look elsewhere - this report explains and gives latest projections of penetration.

The new report gives the detail, forecasting numbers, unit value and total market value for each applicational sector with many original tables giving subsets of the data and a large number of profiles of current and planned activities of the participants. Many sectors now benefit from the many new government benefits and, in certain sectors, many technical innovations and new models are becoming available. We evaluate these aspects and the market drivers, including what users really need. Battery, motor and other technology is explained and forecasted as well.

This report "Electric Vehicles 2012-2022" is an overarching annual report in IDTechEx report series on the different types of electric vehicle, the subsidiary reports variously giving far more detail on electric cars, military, security, police, bus, taxi, Light Electric Vehicles (e-bikes etc), electric aircraft and marine electric vehicles and there is a report on electric vehicles in East Asia. Then there are reports specifically on key technologies. Each report comes with one hour of free telephone or email consultancy to fill in any information you still require after having read it.
TABLE OF CONTENT

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. Strong numbers growth
1.1.1. Leading sectors
1.1.2. Market size at end user prices
1.1.3. Synergies
1.1.4. Hybrid vs pure electric
1.1.5. What is excluded?
1.2. Market drivers
1.3. Numbers of manufacturers
1.4. Goodbye to the 100 mile range of affordable pure electric vehicles
1.5. The inefficiency of cars
1.6. Hybrid vs pure electric cars
1.6.1. Many manufacturers make profits now
1.6.2. Full circle back to pure EVs
1.6.3. Market by territory
1.6.4. How green are electric vehicles really?

2. INTRODUCTION
2.1. Definitions and scope of this report
2.1.1. Learning from the past
2.1.2. The EV value chain
2.1.3. Key components
2.2. Pure electric vehicles
2.3. Hybrid electric vehicles
2.3.1. Largest sector by value
2.3.2. Here come range extenders
2.3.3. Second or third generation?
2.3.4. Second generation success
2.3.5. Third generation range extenders in the marketplace
2.3.6. Hybrids at no price penalty
2.4. Born electric - In-Wheel Electric Motors
2.5. Born Electric - Smart skin
2.6. Objectives
2.7. Benefits
2.8. Range extenders fuel cell, mini turbine
2.9. Electric vehicles become less poisonous

3. HEAVY INDUSTRIAL EVS
3.1. What is included
3.2. Future opportunities Caterpillar USA, JC Bamford UK
3.3. Nissan and Mitsubishi electric forklifts Japan
3.4. New Toyota forklifts Japan
3.5. Zheijang Goodsense Forklift China
3.6. Linde Germany, Komatsu Japan
3.7. Listing of manufacturers
3.8. Market size
3.9. Market forecasts 2012-2022

4. LIGHT INDUSTRIAL, BUSES AND OTHER COMMERCIAL EVS
4.1. What is included
4.1.1. Sub categories
4.1.2. Buses
4.1.3. Trucks
4.1.4. Odyne hybrid truck propulsion
4.1.5. Balqon Pure Electric Trucks and Bus Drive
4.2. Market drivers
4.2.1. Governments get involved
4.3. Important initiatives
4.3.1. Azure Dynamics
4.4. EVs for local services
4.5. Airport EVs
4.6. Small people-movers
4.7. Light industrial aids
4.8. Listing of manufacturers
4.9. Market forecasts 2012-2022

5. MOBILITY FOR THE DISABLED
5.1. The sector with the most compelling and enduring need
5.2. The demographic time-bomb
5.2.1. Ageing population and the dependent elderly
5.2.2. Laws make mobility easier
5.3. Types of mobility vehicle
5.3.1. Growth by new market segments
5.3.2. Interchina Industry Group China
5.4. Market drivers
5.4.1. Geographical distribution
5.4.2. Needs creating new segments
5.4.3. What is driving regional differences?
5.4.4. Zhejiang R&P Industry China
5.4.5. Pride Mobility, USA
5.5. Listing of manufacturers
5.6. Market forecasts 2012-2022
5.6.1. Growth by creating new markets

6. TWO WHEELED EVS AND ALLIED VEHICLES
6.1. What is included
6.2. Prices and performances compared
6.3. Electric two wheeler companies
6.3.1. Yamaha Japan
6.3.2. Eko Vehicles hybrid scooters India
6.3.3. Interchina Industry Group foldable electric bike China
6.3.4. Honda Japan
6.3.5. Suzuki fuel cell bike Japan
6.3.6. Peugeot E-Vivacity scooter France
6.3.7. Cytronex lightweight bicycle USA
6.3.8. Daymak Canada
6.4. Market drivers
6.4.1. Bicycles and electric bicycles
6.4.2. Hybrid motorcycles
6.5. Listing of manufacturers
6.5.2. China
6.6. Market forecasts 2012-2022

7. GOLF EVS
7.1. What is included
7.2. Market drivers
7.2.1. Golf course creation
7.2.2. Secondary market - golf cars not used for golf
7.2.3. No more growth
7.2.4. Change of leader: Ingersoll Rand beats Textron USA
7.2.5. Suzhou Eagle and many others in China
7.3. Listing of manufacturers
7.4. Market forecasts 2012-2022
7.4.2. Statistics for all bicycles

8. CARS
8.1. Adoption of electric cars
8.2. US and Europe try to catch up
8.3. Rapid increase in number of manufacturers
8.4. Providing charging infrastructure
8.4.1. Recharging points
8.4.2. Battery changing points
8.4.3. Can the grid cope?
8.5. Market 2012-2022

9. PURE ELECTRIC CARS
9.1. Deja Vu
9.1.2. Pure electric cars are a necessary part of the range?
9.2. Examples of pure EV cars
9.2.1. Nissan Japan - most ambitious of all?
9.2.2. Here come the Chinese - BYD, Brilliance, Geely, Chengfang
9.2.3. Jianghsu China
9.2.4. Interchina Industry Group China
9.2.5. High performance pure EVs - Tesla USA
9.2.6. Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar France, Italy
9.2.7. REVA India
9.2.8. Club Car USA
9.2.9. Toyota Japan
9.2.10. Detroit Electric USA
9.2.11. Tara Tiny India
9.2.12. Kleenspeed Technologies goes mainstream
9.2.13. Mitsubishi Japan

10. HYBRID CARS
10.1. Construction and advantages of hybrids
10.2. Evolution
10.3. Chevrolet Volt USA
10.4. Ford plug-in hybrid USA
10.5. Market drivers
10.5.1. Leading indicators
10.6. History of hybrids and planned models to 2013

11. MILITARY
11.1. Examples of military EVs
11.1.1. Hummer USA / China
11.1.2. Quantum Technologies USA Aggressor AMV
11.1.3. US Army trucks etc - ZAP, Columbia ParCar USA
11.1.4. Oshkosh Truck Corp USA
11.1.5. Plug-in trucks - BAE Systems UK
11.1.6. Electric robot vehicles USA
11.1.7. UQM unmanned combat vehicle USA
11.1.8. Balqon Corporation
11.2. Electric Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
11.2.1. Small electrical UAVs
11.2.2. SUAV batteries
11.2.3. The most successful electric UAV
11.2.4. Micro nano air vehicles
11.2.5. Large electrical UAVs
11.2.6. COM-BAT robot bat USA
11.3. Examples of military EVs - in the water
11.3.1. Robot jellyfish USA and Germany
11.4. Manufacturers of military EVs
11.5. Market forecasts 2012-2022

12. MARINE
12.1.1. Hybrid and pure electric tugboats
12.2. Market segments
12.2.1. Total market
12.2.2. Underwater
12.2.3. On the water
12.3. Commonality with land EVs
12.3.1. Grants for land and water
12.3.2. Effect of land EV manufacturers entering marine
12.4. Market drivers
12.4.1. Pollution laws back electric boats - India, Europe, USA
12.4.2. Energy harvesting superyacht UK
12.4.3. Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) - Europe, USA
12.5. Manufacturers by country and product
12.6. Selling prices
12.7. Market forecasts 2012-2022

13. OTHER EVS
13.1. Definition
13.2. Market drivers
13.3. Listing of manufacturers by country and product
13.4. Market size and trends
13.4.1. Aircraft - Renault, Piccard
13.4.2. Solar Impulse
13.4.3. Non-military mobile robots - USA, UK, Japan
13.4.4. The Electrolux Automower Sweden
13.4.5. Rescue robots in Germany
13.4.6. Robots on Mars
13.4.7. Leisure
13.4.8. Research and hobbyist
13.5. Market forecasts 2012-2022

14. WHAT LEVEL OF RECHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE IS NEEDED?

APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

List of Tables

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List of Figures

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