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Graphene Markets, Technologies and Opportunities 2014-2024

IDTechEx
Published Date » 2014-05-15
No. Of Pages » 246
 Graphene markets will grow from around $20 million in 2014 to more than $390 million in 2024 at the material level. The market will be split across many application sectors; each attracting a different type of graphene manufactured using different means. The market today remains dominated by research interest but the composition will change as other sectors such as energy storage and composites grow. The value chain will also transform as companies will move up the chain to offer intermediary products, capturing more value and cutting the time to market and uncertainty for end users. 
   
 
 Interest in graphene remains strong. Companies on the market multiply every year and academic investment continues to pour in. For example, the European Union has committed 1 billion Euros over...
Table of Contents 

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
1.1. Ideal graphene vis-a-vis reality 
1.2. Attributes of graphene manufacturing techniques 
1.3. The state of the industry and best way going forward 
1.4. Markets overview and forecasts 
1.5. Players 

2. INTRODUCTION 
2.1. What is graphene? 
2.2. Why is graphene so great? 

3. THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF GRAPHENE

4. COST-EFFECTIVE AND SCALABLE MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUE IS THE HOLY GRAIL 

5. THE STATE OF INVESTMENT, PRODUCTION AND REVENUE IN THE GRAPHENE MARKET 

6. MOVING UP THE VALUE CHAIN IS CRITICAL
6.1. Who will be the winner in the graphene space? 

7. THE IP ACTIVITY IS MOVING FROM THE MANUFACTURING SIDE TO COVER END USES 

8. REDUCED GRAPHENE OXIDE 
8.1. Manufacturing details- process, material set, scalability, cost, quality, etc 
8.2. Reduction methods 
8.3. Assessment and market view 
8.4. Companies 
8.5. Pros and cons 

9. CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION
9.1. Manufacturing details- process, material set, scalability, cost, quality, etc 
9.2. Transfer 
9.3. Latest developments 
9.4. Substrate-less CVD 
9.5. Assessment and market view 
9.6. Companies 
9.7. Pros and cons 

10. LIQUID PHASE EXFOLIATION 
10.1. Manufacturing details- process, material set, scalability, cost, quality, etc 
10.2. Assessment and market view 
10.3. Companies 
10.4. Pros and cons 

11. PLASMA 
11.1. Manufacturing details- process, material set, scalability, cost, quality, etc 
11.1.1. Plasma Approach I 
11.1.2. Plasma Approach 
II 11.2. Assessment and market view 
11.3. Companies 
11.4. Pros and cons 

12. A GENERAL MARKET OVERVIEW 
12.1. Graphene markets- target markets, go-to-market strategy, the interplay between manufacturing technique and application, etc 
12.2. Assessment for graphene target markets 
12.3. Application/product development lifecycle per market segment 

13. GRAPHENE CONDUCTIVE INKS 
13.1. Which applications/market segments will benefit? 
13.2. Assessment 
13.3. Conclusion 

14. TRANSISTORS AND LOGIC 
14.1. Graphene- is it good for transistors? 
14.1.1. Digital applications 
14.1.2. Analogue/RF electronics 
14.1.3. Large area electronics- a comparison with other thin film transistor technologies 
14.2. Conclusions 

15. GRAPHENE IN POLYMERIC COMPOSITES 
15.1. Graphene/polymeric composites 
15.2. How does graphene enhance the performance of polymers and composites? 
15.3. Which applications/market segments will benefit from graphene-enabled polymers/composites? 
15.4. Our assessment 
15.5. Conclusions 

16. GRAPHENE- LI ION BATTERIES 
16.1. Is there an added value or performance enhancement? 
16.2. Does graphene add value or improve performance in lithium ion batteries? 

17. GRAPHENE- TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILM 
17.1. Market for transparent conductive films 
17.2. Emerging ITO alternatives 
17.3. Suppliers of ITO alternatives 
17.4. Graphene as an ITO alternative 
17.5. Current uses of graphene 
17.5.2. Future trends and market drives 
17.6. Graphene does offer flexibility- is that a differentiator? 
17.7. Conclusions 18. GRAPHENE -SUPERCAPACITOR 

18.1. Supercapacitors- technology and markets 
18.2. Existing supercapacitor electrode materials by company 
18.3. Is there an added value or performance enhancement? 
18.4. Assessment 
18.5. Conclusions 

19. GRAPHENE INKS IN RFID TAGS 
19.1. The big picture - number of tags, classifications, price tags 
19.2. What are the material options for RFID tags and how do they compare? 
19.3. Does graphene deliver a value in this crowded market? 
19.4. Market shares 
19.5. Other graphene uses 
19.5.1. Condom 
19.5.2. Water purification 

20. SUMMARY - FORECASTS AND ASSESSMENT 
21. COMPANY INTERVIEWS 
21.1. Anderlab Technologies, India 
21.2. Angstron Materials, USA 
21.3. Bluestone Global Tech, USA 
21.4. Cabot, USA 
21.5. Canatu, Finland 
21.6. Cheaptubes, USA 
21.7. CrayoNano, Norway 
21.8. Durham Graphene Science, UK 
21.9. Grafen Chemical Industries, Turkey 
21.10. Graphenano, Spain 
21.11. Graphene Frontiers, USA 
21.12. Graphene Industries, UK 
21.13. Graphene Laboratories, USA 
21.14. Graphene Square, Korea 
21.15. Graphene Technologies, USA 
21.16. Graphenea, Spain 
21.17. Group NanoXplore, Canada 
21.18. Grupo Antolin Ingenieria, Spain 
21.19. Haydale, UK 
21.20. Incubation Alliance, Japan 
21.21. Nanoinnova, Spain 
21.22. Showa Denko, Japan 
21.23. Sony, Japan 
21.24. Thomas Swan, UK 
21.25. University of Cambridge, UK 
21.26. University of Exeter, UK 
21.27. Vorbeck, USA 
21.28. XG Sciences, USA 
21.29. XinNano Materials, Taiwan 
21.30. Xolve, USA 

22. COMPANY PROFILES 
22.1. Abalonyx, Norway 
22.2. Airbus, France 
22.3. Aixtron, Germany 
22.4. AMO GmbH, Germany 
22.5. Asbury Carbon, USA
22.6. AZ Electronics, Luxembourg 
22.7. BASF, Germany 
22.8. Cambridge Graphene Centre, UK 
22.9. Cambridge Graphene Platform, UK 
22.10. Carben Semicon Ltd, Russia 2
2.11. Carbon Solutions, Inc., USA 
22.12. Catalyx Nanotech Inc. (CNI), USA 
22.13. CRANN, Ireland 
22.14. Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), USA 
22.15. Grafoid, Canada 
22.16. GRAnPH Nanotech, Spain 
22.17. Graphene Devices, USA 
22.18. Graphene NanoChem, UK 
22.19. Graphensic AB, Sweden 
22.20. Harbin Mulan Foreign Economic and Trade Company, China 
22.21. HDPlas, USA 
22.22. Head, Austria 
22.23. HRL Laboratories, USA 
22.24. IBM, USA 
22.25. iTrix, Japan 
22.26. Lockheed Martin, USA
22.27. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA 
22.28. Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany 
22.29. Momentive, USA 
22.30. Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials, Inc., USA 
22.31. Nokia, Finland
22.32. Pennsylvania State University, USA 
22.33. Power Booster, China 
22.34. Quantum Materials Corp, India 
22.35. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), USA 
22.36. Rice University, USA 
22.37. Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey, USA 
22.38. Samsung Electronics, Korea 
22.39. Samsung Techwin, Korea 
22.40. SolanPV, USA 
22.41. Spirit Aerosystems, USA 
22.42. Sungkyunkwan University Advanced Institute of Nano Technology (SAINT), Korea 
22.43. Texas Instruments, USA 
22.44. Thales, France 
22.45. University of California Los Angeles, (UCLA), USA 
22.46. University of Manchester, UK 
22.47. University of Princeton, USA 
22.48. University of Southern California (USC), USA 
22.49. University of Texas at Austin, USA 
22.50. University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA IDTECHEX RESEARCH REPORTS AND CONSULTANCY 

List of Tables


1.1. Summary of manufacturing technique attributes including, material sets, graphene quality, target markets and players 
1.2. Market forecast for graphene in different applications between 2012-2018 
1.3. Markets- assessment of value proposition and incumbent rival materials 
1.4. Graphene players 
2.1. Graphene vs. carbon nanotubes 
8.1. Different reduction techniques for oxidised graphite or graphene
8.2. Comparison of graphene properties obtained using different reduction techniques 
8.3. Companies commercialising RGO graphene 
8.4. Pros and cons of RGO graphene 
9.1. Carbon solubility of different metals 
9.2. Companies commercialising CVD graphene 
9.3. Pros and cons of graphene 
10.1. List of suitable organic solvents for exfoliating graphene 
10.2. Companies commercialising liquid-phase exfoliated graphene 
10.3. Pros and cons of commercialising liquid-phase exfoliated graphene 
11.1. Companies commercialising plasma graphene 
11.2. Pros and cons of plasma graphene 
12.1. Primary target markets 
13.1. Outlining and assessing target markets for functional graphene inks 
14.1. Comparison and assessment of material options for thin film transistors 
15.1. A comprehensive table collecting and showing latest results on how adding graphene to various polymers will enhance their electrical, thermal and mechanical properties 
15.2. Potential target markets that will benefit from graphene composites 
17.1. Benchmarking different TCF and TCG technologies on the basis of sheet resistance, optical transmission, ease of customisation, haze, ease of patterning, thinness, stability, flexibility, reflection and low cost. The technology com 
17.2. SWOT analysis of graphene as an ITO replacement 
18.1. Examples of supercapacitor and supercabattery applications envisaged by suppliers 
18.2. Electrode material system used by each supercapacitor manufacturer 
18.3. Reported values of graphene-enabled specific capacitance and power density 
18.4. Assessing the value proposition for graphene in different supercapacitor applications and identifying key target markets. The blue highlights indicate priority applications. 
19.1. Different RFID bands- frequency, range 
19.2. Comparison and assessment of different ink options for printed antennas 
20.2. Ten-year market forecast for graphene at material level across a variety of sectors. 

List of Figures


1.1. Illustrating how the many manufacturing techniques affect graphene quality, cost, scalability and accessible market 
1.2. Estimating amount of investment in graphene companies (by company) 
1.3. Estimating amount of revenue in the graphene industry by company. In million USD 
1.4. Graphene companies having moved, or planning to move, up the value chain to offer graphene intermediaries 
1.5. Market forecast for graphene in different applications between 2012-2018 
2.1. Examples of graphene nanostructures
3.1. Different graphene types available on the market 
3.2. Illustrating how the many manufacturing techniques affect graphene quality, cost, scalability and accessible market
4.1. Mapping out different manufacturing techniques as a function of graphene quality, cost, accessible market and scalability 
5.1. The state of technology company development in the graphene space 
5.2. Latest news about graphene investment and graphene floatation 
5.3. Estimating amount of investment in graphene companies. Values are in millions 
5.4. Estimating amount of revenue in the graphene industry by company (US$ million) 
5.5. Mapping the link between universities and various start-ups in the graphene space. 
6.1. A basic illustration of graphene value chain from precursor to end product 
6.2. Graphene companies having moved, or planning to move, up the value chain to offer graphene intermediaries 
7.1. Graphene patents filed by year and by patent authority 
7.2. Patent filing by company or institution and by patent authority 
7.3. Number of papers with the word graphene in the title as a function of year based on Web of Science analysis 
8.1. Structural changes when going from graphite to graphite oxide and graphene 
8.2. Oxidisation reduction damages the graphene lattice 
8.3. Sheet resistance as a function of transmittance for different RGO graphenes 
8.4. Market position for RGO graphene on a performance cost map. 
9.1. CVD manufacturing process flow 
9.2. Example of large-sized cylindrical copper furnace 
9.3. Flowchart for a typical transfer process of graphene off a conductive substrate 
9.4. How graphene sheets are transferred and stamped 
9.5. Improved recipe toward clean and crackless transfer of graphene 
9.6. Roll-to-roll transfer of graphene sheets on flexible substrates 
9.7. Transferring graphene onto a destination substrate using self-release layers 
9.8. Transferring CVD graphene using the bubbling method 
9.9. A roll-to-roll method of transfer graphene off a Cu substrate onto a flexible destination substrate 
9.10. Production process of graphene powders using a substrate-less CVD 
9.11. Comparing conductivity of PPG's plasma graphene and exfoliated GNP formulations 
9.12. Market position of CVD graphene on a performance-price map 
10.1. From natural graphene to inkjet ink via liquid-phase exfoliation 
10.2. Liquid-phase exfoliation 
10.3. Market position of liquid-phase exfoliated graphene on a performance-price map 
12.1. Product development timeline per application sector 
12.2. Head tennis racquet containing graphene 
13.1. Ten year market forecast for conductive inks 
13.2. Examples of printed RFID antennas and smart packaging with graphene 
13.3. The cost structure of a typical RFID antenna 
14.1. Cut-off frequency as a function of channel length for different active channels and Degradation output characteristics of graphene transistors 
16.1. Graphene supercapacitors on Ragone plots 
16.2. Graphene-enabled performance benefit in lithium ion batteries 
17.1. Ten year market forecast in million USD for TCFs and TCGs by application 
17.2. ITO on film production capacity worldwide 
17.3. Optical transmission as a function of sheet resistance for ITO-on-PET sold by main industry suppliers 
17.4. Sheet resistance as a function of transmittance for best laboratory scale graphene derived using the oxidation-reduction techniques (it produces powders) 
17.5. Sheet resistance as a function of transmittance for best laboratory scale graphene derived using CVD (it produces sheets) 
17.6. Sheet resistance as a function of transmission for graphene compared with ITO 
17.7. Sheet resistance as a function of thickness for different TCF technologies 
17.8. Sheet resistance as a function of bending angle for graphene, CNT and ITO films 
17.9. Flexible graphene transparent conductive sheet 17.10. Prototype of a graphene-enabled touch sensor 
17.11. Prototype of a large-sized graphene transparent conductive film 
17.12. Examples of flexible transparent conductors realised using non-graphene materials. These materials include PDOT:PSS, CNT, Silver nanoparticle, silver nanowire, etc 
18.1. Schematic of a supercapacitor structure 
18.2. Ten year market forecast for supercapacitor 
18.3. Graphene supercapacitors on Ragone plots 
18.4. Assessing the value proposition for graphene in different supercapacitor applications 
19.1. Examples of RFID antennas in 125KHz, 
33.56 MHZ, UHF and 2.45GHZ bands 
19.2. Examples of HF antennas 
19.3. The approximate cost breakdown of different components in a typical UHF RF ID tag 
19.4. RFID tags growth 
19.5. Cost projection for antennas made using different materials (material costs only) 
19.6. Example of roll-to-roll printed graphene RFID tags by Vorbeck 
19.7. Market share for each material or ink option in the RFID tag business 
19.8. Benchmarking the market readiness of various nanotechnology-based water purification methods including CNT membrane, zeolite nanocrystals, ZnO nanowires, silver nanowires, TiO2 UV, etc. 
20.1. Market forecast for graphene in different applications between 2014-2024 
22.1. The amount of composite materials used in recent airbus planes 
22.2. The amount of structural weight of composites used in planes, in %, as a function of year 
22.3. Effect of different nanomaterials in resin fracture toughness 
22.4. Locations and products of Cambridge Graphene Platform 
22.5. Improvement formulation with addition of GRIDSTM 180 
22.6. Schematic of the epitaxial process used to grow graphene 
22.7. Hotmelt-Prepreg-Production 
22.8. LM graphene synthesis and processing R&D 
22.12. Silicon carbide wafer 
22.17. Comparison of carbon fibre and graphene reinforcement 
22.18. Making graphene supercapacitors 
22.19. High-performance laser scribed graphene electrodes (LSG) 
22.20. Graphene supercapacitor properties 
22.21. Flexible, all-solid-state supercapacitors

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