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Future Mobile Phone-Cell Phone Technology and Functions 2014-2024

Published By :

IDTechEx

Published Date : 2014-03-01

Category :

Telecommunications

No. of Pages : 234

Product Synopsis

This report concerns the future technologies and functions of mobile phones (cell phones) and, to a lesser extent, the allied products phablets and tablets. The primary emphasis is on what will become possible in the next decade. The potential for mobile phones seems almost limitless so, obviously, no one report can cover everything. Indeed, sensors and other components in a phone may be introduced for one purpose and then used for others in unforeseen ways. Barometers and gyroscopes being used for inertial navigation are examples of this. In other words no one can predict all the things a mobile phone will perform or even how its existing and future parts will combine in "sensor fusion", "structural components" and so on, to achieve new this.
 
Nonetheless, this report clarifies many key trends, unfulfilled needs and future routes to commercialisation. This vision is based on a plethora of interviews, event attendance, data searches and careful analysis by the PhD level researchers at IDTechEx. It recognises that improving the hardware and firmware are just as important as adding new infrastructure such as ubiquitous contactless charging and Real Time Locating Systems (RTLS).
 
What is the importance of forthcoming functions and enabling technologies such as Indoor Positioning Systems (IPS), the Internet of Things (IoT) and printed electronics? For the next decade, what is the market for planned tightly-rollable displays and key parts of them such as transparent conductive films, of which use in mobile phones forms just a part? How can the human interface be radically improved and the intolerably brief availability of today's smart phones before recharging? What new components will be useful in mobile phones and how will they merge? It is all here with the main emphasis on what is coming beyond improved integrated circuits.
 
This is the master, overall summary report of the new IDTechEx Mobile Phone series of reports which has in it reports going in depth into specifics. For example, there are reports separately covering IPS, NFC, energy harvesting, OLED displays, stretchable electronics and printed electronics.

Table Of Content

TABLE OF CONTENT

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. Scope
1.1.1. Breakneck speed
1.1.2. Needs driven by new behaviour and demographics
1.2. Future needs
1.3. Technology required
1.4. Hardware is key for future mobile phones
1.4.1. Unique hardware gains market share
1.4.2. Sensor fusion for positioning
1.4.3. Inertial navigation
1.4.4. Tipping the balance
1.4.5. The race for flexible phones
1.5. Healthcare diagnostics and more
1.6. Sensor fusion
1.7. Internet of Things
1.8. Indoor Positioning Systems IPS
1.8.2. Location then full positioning even in 3D
1.9. Near Field Communication NFC
1.10. Key enabling technologies - hardware
1.11. Electrical power, multiple energy harvesting
1.12. Impediments to progress
1.13. The dark side
1.13.1. Increased ubiquity, increased danger
1.13.2. Take privacy more seriously
1.13.3. Stop harming children
1.13.4. Stop harming adults

2. INTRODUCTION
2.1. Dreams and realities
2.2. Mobile phone improvements - responses from general survey
2.3. Expert opinions

3. IMPROVED HUMAN INTERFACE AND HEALTHCARE
3.1. Human senses that can interact with a device or be a feature
3.1.1. What is wanted?
3.2. Flexible phones: ruggedness and more
3.3. Roll out screen, photovoltaics, keyboard
3.4. Wearable electronics
3.4.1. Derivative technology
3.4.2. Advantages of wearable electronics
3.4.3. Two basic types of wearable electronics
3.4.4. Considerable evidence of rapid adoption to come
3.4.5. Rapid increase in investment
3.4.6. Projections
3.5. Healthcare
3.5.1. Food poisoning
3.5.2. Diagnostics and more
3.6. Sound
3.6.1. Sound fidelity and localisation
3.6.2. Throat tattoo and lie detector

4. TIGHTLY ROLLABLE DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY
4.1. Summary of technologies
4.2. Flexible transparent conducting film
4.3. Technology Assessment
4.4. Market Assessment
4.5. Players
4.6. Market for flexible and conformal electronics

5. PHONE SENSOR FUSION & INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)
5.1. Sensor fusion
5.2. Internet of Things IoT
5.3. Intelligent contextual sensing
5.4. Sensor fusion leveraging NFC

6. INDOOR POSITIONING SYSTEMS (IPS)
6.1. In-Location Alliance
6.2. RTLS
6.3. Ranges
6.4. Principles of locating using RTLS and IPS
6.5. Choice of infrastructure
6.6. No infrastructure as an option
6.6.1. Inertial/ dead reckoning measurements
6.6.2. Single beam RSSI
6.7. Enhanced infrastructure
6.8. Dedicated infrastructure
6.9. Trend for IPS infrastructure
6.10. Choices of signal interpretation to find position
6.11. Applications, compromises and value chain
6.12. IPS/RTLS Interviews
6.12.1. CSR (formerly Cambridge Silicon Radio) USA
6.12.2. Decawave Ireland
6.12.3. Ekahau Finland
6.12.4. In-Location Alliance UK
6.12.5. Redpine Signals USA
6.12.6. Ubisense UK

7. NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION
7.1. Timelines for NFC adoption
7.2. Forecasts 2014-2024
7.3. The purpose of NFC
7.4. NFC Forum
7.5. Lessons from NFC World Congress Nice France September 2013
7.6. NFC Interviews
7.6.1. Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc, USA
7.6.2. MeaWallet, Norway
7.6.3. Nissin Czech Republic
7.6.4. RBR, UK
7.6.5. Smart-TEC, Germany
7.6.6. Tag & Play, France
7.6.7. Ticketmobile, Norway
7.6.8. Interview in Japan

8. PRINTED AND PRINTABLE ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICS
8.1. Flexible OLED displays
8.2. Flexible memory
8.3. Flexible transistors
8.4. Flexible batteries
8.5. Graphene
8.6. Emerging metallisation inks
8.7. Wearable electronics
8.8. Printed electronics and allied interviews
8.8.1. Bayer MaterialScience - Artificial Muscle Inc Germany
8.8.2. CAP-XX Australia
8.8.3. ISORG France
8.8.4. KWJ Engineering Inc USA
8.8.5. Paper Battery Co USA
8.8.6. Peratech Ltd UK
8.8.7. Synkera Technologies Inc USA
8.8.8. Tactonic
8.9. IDTechEx Printed Electronics Portal

9. FUTURE ELECTRICAL POWER AND OTHER EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
9.1. New battery and supercapacitor technologies
9.2. Photovoltaics technologies and Africa
9.3. Contactless inductive charging
9.4. 3D Printing
9.5. Flexible haptic keyboards
9.6. Scanner, printer, separate flexible display and energy harvesting, battery boosters
9.7. Progress with harvesting tolerant electronics

List of Tables


1.1. Examples of identified future needs and need for improved hardware/firmware and/or system/infrastructure changes are needed to achieve them
1.2. Some emerging mobile phone candidate technologies and the demands they may help to satisfy in the future
4.1. Candidates for ITO replacement and flexible screens
4.2. Benchmarking different TCF and TCG technologies on the basis of sheet resistance, optical transmission, ease of customisation, haze, ease of patterning, thinness, stability, flexibility, reflection and low cost. The technology com
4.3. Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2012-2022
6.2. Official list of In-Location members
6.3. RTLS and IPS compared in terms of other names used, usual purpose today, standards, frequencies, typical users involved and typical suppliers through the value chain.
6.4. Overview of indoor positioning technologies
6.5. Comparison of the three generations of active RFID
6.6. Defining features of the three generations of active RFID
6.7. Choices of infrastructure
6.8. Comparison of options for basic measuring principle to find position
6.9. Forecast of global RTLS market by value in millions of dollars 2012-2023
6.10. Primary market objective for IPS vs RTLS
7.1. Important milestones in the adoption and use of NFC 2014-2024
7.2. IDTechEx conclusions about the status and potential of NFC technology
7.3. Comments by supporters and skeptics of NFC in 2013
7.4. Worldwide shipments of PCs, mobile phones, tablets and derivatives, millions 2012-2024 with the most NFC friendly devices highlighted
7.5. Sales of NFC enabled phones vs all mobile phones millions 2012-2024 with % penetration
7.6. Phases of attempted rollout of NFC uses
9.1. 142 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries with country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte morphology, case type, applicational priorities and customer relationships, if any, in sel
9.2. Number, unit value ex-factory and total market value rounded of WPT hardware sold for consumer electronics worldwide 2012-2022


List of Figures


1.1. Some statistics relevant to the potential for mobile phone use
1.2. Tightly rollable display promised by Samsung
1.3. Structure of the value offering of IPS vs RTLS
1.4. IPS principle of operation
1.5. GPS location (left) compared with the more detailed IPS (right)
1.6. Digital cash options
1.7. Power requirements of small electronic products including Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and GSM mobile phones and the types of battery employed
3.1. Samsung promise of a mobile phone derivative with tightly rollable display
3.2. Polymer Vision concept of a PDA with rollable display
4.1. Examples of flexible displays
4.2. TCF technology market share in the smart phone sector
4.3. Mobile phones
4.4. Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2012-2022
5.1. ISMB gesture recognition by sensor fusion
6.1. Structure of the value offering of IPS vs RTLS
6.2. IPS principle of operation
6.3. GPS location shown left compared with the more detailed IPS right
6.4. RTLS schematic
6.5. Samsung RTLS objectives
6.6. RTLS, IPS and OPS compared
6.7. Some options for location systems from very short range to long range, showing RTLS and IPS
6.8. Overview of indoor technologies in dependence on accuracy and coverage
6.9. User requirements left with important technical parameters of less interest to the user right
6.10. Possible area of deployment vs system cost
6.11. Tolerance of faults and unauthorised repositioning vs system cost
6.12. Tag cost today vs system cost
6.13. Number of tags per interrogator vs system cost
6.14. Infrastructure cost vs system cost
6.15. WSN system diagram where the gateway can be a cellphone in future
6.16. The most popular forms of RTLS based on RFID
6.17. RFID and other appropriate systems through the traditional supply chain
6.18. RFID value chain
6.19. Examples of technologies derived from and/or interfacing with active RFID
6.20. Range vs approximate up-front cost of RTLS tags based on different frequencies and protocols compared with passive (no battery) RFID
6.21. Forecast of global RTLS market by value in millions of dollars 2012-2023
6.22. Survey of 74 case studies of RTLS by application
6.23. Relative emphasis on IPS, RTLS or both in the value chain by number of organisations identified in the survey.
6.24. Basic RF measuring principle - relative popularity vs ultrasound
7.1. Forms of NFC and non-NFC digital cash with examples
7.2. Worldwide shipments of PCs, mobile phones, tablets and derivatives, millions 2012-2024 with the most NFC friendly devices highlighted
7.3. Sales of NFC enabled phones vs all mobile phones millions 2012-2024 with % penetration
7.4. Retrevo Pulse study of NFC payment attitudes
7.5. Data rate vs range for short range radio protocols
7.6. Scope of the NFC Forum
7.7. Some of the potential stakeholders in the NFC phone value chain
7.8. NFC in the trough of disillusionment
7.9. Samsung TecTiles
7.10. Attempt to link the Internet of Things with NFC
7.11. Many options for a typical interrogation
7.12. Store Electronic Systems activity in stores up to and including NFC enabled shelf edge devices
7.13. Store Electronic Systems' NFC perception and achievements
7.14. Smart meter potential revealed
7.15. ETRI Programmable NFC sensor card
7.16. NFC labels on display
7.17. Murata and Todo Kogyo ultra-small NFC tags
7.18. Screen with NFC enabled images where the NFC tags can be repurposed and videos etc can be triggered on the screen - useful for merchandising
7.19. V Wand - NFC to item then Bluetooth to tablet
7.20. Number of transaction cards on issue globally 2012 and 2018
7.21. LEGIC experience of NFC phones for secure access and payment
8.1. Add Vision process
8.2. Thinfilm printed memory
8.3. PragmatIC capability
8.4. IDTechEx view of potential for graphene in electronics and electrics.
8.5. Plastic foil of organic photodetectors
8.6. Printed temperature sensor
8.7. OPD for object detection by smart systems: logistics, retail, Point-Of-Sales display
9.1. IDTechEx view of OPV

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