Table of Contents
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. Tipping point for e-motorcycles and e-maxi scooters
1.2. Three wheelers
1.3. Barriers to adoption
1.4. Timelines: technology and markets 2015-2025
1.5. Forecasts: units, price, market value 2015-2025
1.6. E-motorcycle market share 2014/2025
1.7. E-scooter market: units, price, market value 2013-2025
1.8. Market for 3 wheel micro EVs units, price, market value 2013-2025
1.9. Basis of forecasts: e-motorcycles etc.
1.10. Components and voltage trends
1.11. Performance/price compromises by category
1.12. Manufacturers by country
1.13. Cost trend vs conventional alternatives
1.14. Comparison of 59 models of e-motorcycle and similar vehicle from 39 manufacturers
2.2. The electric vehicle business
2.3. Why go electric? Pros and cons
3.1. Company, country, model, price compared
4. THREE WHEEL EVS CAN BE OPTIMAL
4.2. Three wheelers as crossover products
4.3. Operational benefit of three wheel
4.3.1. Electric three wheeler penetration
4.3.2. Nissan DeltaWing
4.3.3. The basics driving us to three wheel
4.3.4. Energy efficiency
4.3.5. Relative magnitude of energy dissipation
4.3.6. Occupancy trend favours 3 wheel?
4.3.7. Low cost three wheel vehicle market
4.3.8. The Indian three wheel market - the largest globally.
4.4. Benefits of three wheelers
4.5. Three wheel electric vehicles: varied positioning in the market
4.5.1. Twike, Piaggio, Xingui and others contrasted
4.5.2. Toyota scenario 2014
4.5.3. Philippines: big new commitments to e trikes
4.6. Three wheel racing cars
4.7. Barriers for adoption of three wheel EVs
5. CAR-LIKE VEHICLES NOT HOMOLOGATED AS CARS: MICROEV, QUADRICYCLE, E TRIKE, NEV, GOLF CAR
5.1. Many names, common factors
5.2. Car-like vehicles that evade restrictions, taxes and other costs
5.3. Listing of manufacturers beyond golf cars
5.4. China the main MicroEV market so far
6. LITHIUM BATTERY MANUFACTURERS, CHEMISTRY, FORMAT, EV SUCCESS
APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX RESEARCH REPORTS AND CONSULTANCY
List of Table
1.1. Timeline of key events powering the rapid growth of sales of e-motorcycles, e-maxi scooters and similar three wheel EVs. Technology tends shown in grey.
1.2. Global market for 2 and 3 wheel e-motorcycles 2013-2025 number K, unit price ex-factory US$ thousand, market value, US$ billion
1.3. Global market for e-scooters, including maxi scooters, 2013-2025 number K, unit price US$ thousand, market value US$ billion
1.4. Global market for 3 wheel micro EVs 2013-2025 numbers K, unit price US$ thousand, market value US$ billion
2.1. Illustration of the categories of vehicle covered in this report with consumer propositions.
2.2. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of having electric e-motorcycles, e-maxi scooters and e-three wheelers rather than conventional internal combustion engine versions.
3.1. Company, country, model, type and price
3.2. Company, country, range, top speed, acceleration, motor parameters, transmission, chargers and weight of the survey e-vehicles
4.1. Domestic sales by category in India
4.2. Planned Deployment of Electric 3 wheelers in India
5.1. Listing of manufacturers beyond golf cars
6.1. 143 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of lithium-based rechargeable batteries with country, cathode and anode chemistry, electrolyte morphology, case type, applicational priorities and customer relationships, if any, in sel
List of Chart
1.1. Global market for 2 and 3 wheel e-motorcycles 2013-2025 number K
1.2. Global market for 2 and 3 wheel e-motorcycles 2013-2025 unit price US$
1.3. Global market for 2 and 3 wheel e-motorcycles 2013-2025 US$ billion
1.4. Market number share by manufacturer in 2014 1.5. Global market for e-scooters 2013-2025 number K
1.6. Global market for e-scooters 2013-2025 unit price US$ thousand
1.7. Global market for e-scooters 2013-2025 market value US$ billion
1.8. Global market for 3 wheel micro EVs 2013-2025 numbers K
1.9. Global market for 3 wheel micro EVs 2013-2025 unit price US$ thousand
1.10. Global market for 3 wheel micro EVs 2013-2025 market value US$ billion
1.11. Categories of e-motorcycle and allied e-vehicle in survey that are in production or likely to be in production soon
1.12. Voltage trends for electric vehicles, showing lithium-ion batteries taking over.
1.13. Spread of results in survey. Performance comparison of heavy and light e-motorcycles and e-maxi-scooters in city range, top speed and acceleration. Only models in production or intended for production are compared. Similarities sh
1.14. Number of manufacturers by country
1.15. Battery size kWh vs vehicle cost showing how small electric vehicles have lower up-front cost than conventional ones and the breakeven is moving up to embrace e-motorcycles and e-cars over the coming decade.
1.16. 59 models of 39 manufacturers of e-motorcycles and allied vehicles compared by picture, claims and with IDTechEx appraisal.
4.1. Nissan DeltaWing
4.2. Energy dissipation through air resistance
4.3. Typical Chinese three wheel on-road vehicles.
4.4. Electric Three Wheel Taxi by LangFang Sandi Electric Trycicle Co. Ltd.
4.5. Bubble e-bike
4.6. Domestic market share for 2012-13
4.7. Bajaj Auto is a dealer in the manufacturing of commercial three wheel vehicles
4.8. Bajaj Affordable Three Wheel Commercial Vehicle 2014 (2,000 usd) available in Natural Gas, Liquefied Gas and Diesel versions
4.9. Electric vehicle cost breakeven
4.10. Twike pedal-assisted electric vehicle left in Switzerland and some of the 100 Mexico City pedelec taxis right
4.11. Piaggio tilting three wheel scooters with conventional engines and below one from Xingue China
4.12. Toyota i-Road pure electric tilting three wheeler
4.13. E-trikes used as taxis
4.14. E-Rex microEV racing car
5.1. Car-like vehicles not homologated as cars, in the context of two wheelers and Europe. Love them or hate them?
5.2. The Daimler Smart, left, is a mainstream car subject to tax, insurance, crash tests etc. whereas the G-Whiz from India, right, is registered as a quadricycle and was the best-selling pure electric car in the UK for ten years with
5.3. Renault Twizy quadricycle which is selling over ten thousand within two years from launch. The standard model has no windows
5.4. Chinese micro-EV car in China.