ResearchMoz

Barrier Films for Flexible Electronics 2013-2023, Needs Players & Opportunities

IDTechEx
Published Date » 2013-04-01
No. Of Pages » 105
 Although it is possible to print many different kinds of electronic displays, in order for them to be commercially successful, they must be robust enough to survive for the necessary time and conditions required of the display. This condition has been a limitation of many printable electronic displays. Beyond printability and functionality, one of the most important requirements is encapsulation. Many of the materials used in printed electronic displays are chemically sensitive, and will react with many environmental components. 
   
 This highly targeted report from IDTechEx technology analyst Dr Harry Zervos gives an in-depth review of the issues, as well as forecasts for OLEDs and OPV, in order to understand the influence that the development of flexible barriers will have on the...
Table of Contents

1. SCOPE

2. INTRODUCTION TO ENCAPSULATION

3. SURFACE SMOOTHNESS - DEFECTS
3.1. Important considerations of surface smoothness
3.2. Micro Defects
3.2.1. Crystalline regions
3.2.2. Pinholes
3.2.3. Smoothness / Cracks-Scratches
3.2.4. Nanodefects

4. COMPANIES
4.1. 3M
4.2. Amcor Flexibles Singen GmbH
4.3. CPI
4.4. Fraunhofer - POLO Alliance
4.5. GE
4.6. Tera Barrier
4.7. Vitex
4.8. Other technologies - High barrier adhesives
4.9. Best performing barriers developed to date

5. BARRIER MEASUREMENTS
5.1. The Calcium test
5.2. MOCON
5.3. Illinois Instruments
5.4. Fluorescent Tracers
5.5. Black Spot Analysis
5.6. Tritium Test
5.7. CEA
5.8. 3M
5.9. IMRE
5.10. Mass Spectrocopy - gas permeation (WVTR & OTR potential applications)

6. FORECASTS FOR BARRIER FILMS FOR FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS 2012-2022
6.1. The potential significance of organic and printed inorganic electronics
6.2. Forecasts for flexible electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier films market size

7. CONCLUSIONS

8. REFERENCES

APPENDIX 1: ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION

APPENDIX 2: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

List of Tables


2.1. Water vapor and oxygen transmission rates of various materials
2.2. Requirements of barrier materials
3.1. Oxygen transmission rates of polypropylene with various coatings.4, 7
4.1. Overview of promising high barrier technologies
5.1. Lower detection limits of several barrier performance measurement techniques
6.1. Leading market drivers 2022
6.2. Total market value of flexible vs. rigid electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier layer area forecasts 2012-2022 in square meters
6.4. Barrier layer market forecasts 2012-2022 in US$


List of Figures


1.1. Examples of flexible OLED displays by SONY and AddVision
1.2. Flexible OLED fabricated using IMRE's high barrier substrate and encapsulation technique44
1.3. Flexible Solar Cell developed by Fraunhofer ISE
2.1. Schematic diagrams for encapsulated structures a) conventional b) laminated c) deposited in situ4
2.2. Scanning electron micrograph image of a barrier film cross section6
3.1. Visual defects of a selection of materials with barrier films highlighted through calcium corrosion test. Optical microscope magnification 10x.44
3.2. SEM pictures of the Atmospheric Plasma Glow Discharge deposited silica-like films on polymer substrates. Left: Film with embedded dust particles . Right: uniform film27
3.3. OTR as a function of defect density, the correlation between defect density and the oxygen transmission rate
3.4. SEM image of a pinhole defect formed from a dust particle32
3.5. Scanning electron microscope image of ITO coated on parylene/polymer film34
3.6. The measurement of OLED's lifetime of SiON/PC/ITO and SiON/parylene/PC/parylene/ITO substrate34
4.1. Calcium test results demonstrating superior WVTR performance
4.2. 3M barrier film development roadmap
4.3. Amcor (formerly Alcan) Packaging flexible barrier based on PET and SiOx47
4.4. DuPont Displays technology pipeline
4.5. Scanning electron micrograph of a thin hybrid polymer coating on SiOx deposited on a flexible PET film 46
4.6. OTR values achieved with different POLO multilayers46
4.7. Schematic of cross section of graded barrier coating and complete barrier film structure1.
4.8. Transparency of GE's UHB film versus wavelength
4.9. Examples of polymer multi-layer (PML) surface planarization a) OLED cathode separator structure b) high aspect ratio test structure.3, 8
4.10. Vitex multilayer deposition process8.
4.11. SEM cross section of Vitex Barix material with four dyads.
4.12. Optical transmission of Vitex Barix coating8.
4.13. Edge seal barrier formation by deposition through shadow masks10
4.14. Three dimensional barrier structure. Polymer is shown in red, and oxide (barrier) shown in blue10
4.15. Schematic of flexible OLED with hybrid encapsulation31
4.16. Corning flexible glass showcased at SID 2011
4.17. Matchless: AGC's ultra-thin sheet glass may be thin, but it can take the heat
4.18. AGC's ultra-thin sheet glass rolled into a coil
4.19. Area sealing55
4.20. DELO's light curing adhesive solution for electrophoretic displays55
4.21. Performance characteristics of DELO's light-curing materials55
4.22. Specifications on WVTR for different applications, as seen by Vitex Systems36
4.23. 3M specifications on WVTR and OTR for high barrier applications with stringent requirements 14
5.1. 2.25 mm2 area of a 50 nm layer of Ca deposited onto barrier coated PET viewed through the substrate. i. Image after 1632 h of exposure to atmosphere; ii. Image analysis whereby the grey scale of Ca degradation is processed to yiel
5.2. A simple set-up for measuring optical transmission of calcium test cells48
5.3. MOCON's Aquatran"! Model 138
5.4. MOCON's Aquatran"! schematic38
5.5. MOCON's OX-TRANR Model 2/1039
5.6. Silica induced black spots, letters A & B mark black spots with a centralized black dot (silica particle)32
5.7. Black spot formation and growth mechanisms 32
5.8. General Atomics HTO WVTR testing apparatus40
6.1. Leading market drivers 2022
6.2. Total market value of flexible vs. rigid electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier layer area forecasts 2012-2022 in square meters
6.4. Barrier layer market forecasts 2012-2022 in US$
6.5. Size of opportunity
7.1. The iRex iLiad and the Amazon Kindle rigid e-book readers
7.2. E Ink flexible electrophoretic display and color electrophoretic display by SAMSUNG LCD, demonstrated at SID 2008
7.3. Lithium test sample with thin film encapsulation after 24 hrs in the damp heat test at 85°C/85% relative humidity. B. Similar lithium test sample after 200 hrs in the same damp heat test with optimized barrier structure.

Upcoming Reports:

Meal Replacement Products Market - Global Industry Size, Market Share, Trends, Analysis, And Forecasts, 2012 - 2018
By - Transparency Market Research
Rising obesity figures and lesser time available for preparing whole meals are some of the major reasons contributing to the growth of the meal replacement products market.  This industry remained unaffected during the economic recession as the products available are much cheaper than equivalent weight loss services and related methods. Despite increase in competition from weight loss services industry and recovery of world economy, revenue growth of the meal replacement market remains stable due to higher disposable incomes and rising health consciousness. ...
Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends And Forecast, 2014 - 2020
By - Transparency Market Research
Multiple sclerosis (MS), which is also referred as disseminated sclerosis, is an inflammatory disease of the nervous system. It is mainly characterized by the disruption of the nerve cells of the spinal cord and the brain of an affected individual, which results in the loss of ability to communicate along with various other physical, mental as well as psychiatric problems. Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is a type of MS in which the neurological functioning steadily deteriorates with no distinct relapses (also known as attacks or exacerbations) or fixed period of remissions....
Poland: mould tools market
By - Williams and Marshal Strategy
This report presents a comprehensive overview of the mould tools market in Poland and its state as of January 2014. It provides detailed analysis of the industry, its dynamics and structure. The purpose of the report is to describe the state of the mould tools market in Poland, to present actual and retrospective information about the volumes and dynamics of production, imports, exports and consumption, the characteristics of the market for the period 2008-2012 and to build a forecast for the market development until 2018. In the same way, the report presents an elaborate overview of the...

Research Assistance

We will be happy to help you find what you need.
Please call us or write us:

866-997-4948 (Us-Canada Toll Free)
Tel: +1-518-618-1030
Email: sales@researchmoz.us
Select License type:

Share this report

Related News

Western Africa economies hit by Ebola travel ban
Aug 28, 2014  
With over 1,400 people dead due to the fatal Ebola outbreak in African countries, travel services have either banned or limited operations to the western region, severely hitting economies of the area. Budgetary resources are being utilized rapidly and economic growth has dropped by 4% as international projects and trips have been cancelled. Transport companies have cut off the region...
Fonterra Ties Up With Beingmate to Tap into China’s Baby Food Market
Aug 28, 2014  
Fonterra Co-Operative Group Ltd. will partner with Beingmate Group Co, China’s biggest infant formula manufacturer to increase its reach in the Chinese market. The New Zealand-based company makes this move with the intent to grab a bigger market share in China after it suffered many setbacks in the food-safety scandal last year.   This partnership will also help Beingmate...
Warren Buffet Helps Burger King with Tim Horton Deal
Aug 27, 2014  
Renowned investor Warren Buffet plans to finance Burger King Worldwide Inc.’s acquisition of Tim Hortons Inc., the Canadian coffee chain. Berkshire Hathaway Inc., Warren Buffet’s firm will invest through preferred shares, it is speculated. Nearly 25% of the deal’s financing would be handled by Berkshire. The precise aim for Warren Buffet’s participation is yet...
Anti-UAW Workers to Form Another Union at Volkswagen Plant
Aug 27, 2014  
Employees at the Chattanooga plant of Volkswagen AG are trying to form a union of company’s salaried and hourly workers, as a means to counter the United Auto Workers Local 42 union that was established last month.  The new union is expected to force Volkswagen in rethinking and holding another vote to determine which union is favored by hourly employees. UAV had earlier...
Fairchild Axing 15% of its Workforce with Multiple Plant Closures
Aug 27, 2014  
American semiconductor manufacturer Fairchild has said that it will be laying off nearly 15% of its global workforce following the closure of its facilities in Malaysia, Utah, and Korea. The company will cease the production of five-inch silicon from its plant in Bucheon, Korea. It will also scale down its capacity to produce six-inch wafers. The company will bring these closures into effect...