ResearchMoz

Barrier Films for Flexible Electronics 2013-2023, Needs Players & Opportunities

IDTechEx
Published Date » 2013-04-01
No. Of Pages » 105
 Although it is possible to print many different kinds of electronic displays, in order for them to be commercially successful, they must be robust enough to survive for the necessary time and conditions required of the display. This condition has been a limitation of many printable electronic displays. Beyond printability and functionality, one of the most important requirements is encapsulation. Many of the materials used in printed electronic displays are chemically sensitive, and will react with many environmental components. 
   
 This highly targeted report from IDTechEx technology analyst Dr Harry Zervos gives an in-depth review of the issues, as well as forecasts for OLEDs and OPV, in order to understand the influence that the development of flexible barriers will have on the...
Table of Contents

1. SCOPE

2. INTRODUCTION TO ENCAPSULATION

3. SURFACE SMOOTHNESS - DEFECTS
3.1. Important considerations of surface smoothness
3.2. Micro Defects
3.2.1. Crystalline regions
3.2.2. Pinholes
3.2.3. Smoothness / Cracks-Scratches
3.2.4. Nanodefects

4. COMPANIES
4.1. 3M
4.2. Amcor Flexibles Singen GmbH
4.3. CPI
4.4. Fraunhofer - POLO Alliance
4.5. GE
4.6. Tera Barrier
4.7. Vitex
4.8. Other technologies - High barrier adhesives
4.9. Best performing barriers developed to date

5. BARRIER MEASUREMENTS
5.1. The Calcium test
5.2. MOCON
5.3. Illinois Instruments
5.4. Fluorescent Tracers
5.5. Black Spot Analysis
5.6. Tritium Test
5.7. CEA
5.8. 3M
5.9. IMRE
5.10. Mass Spectrocopy - gas permeation (WVTR & OTR potential applications)

6. FORECASTS FOR BARRIER FILMS FOR FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS 2012-2022
6.1. The potential significance of organic and printed inorganic electronics
6.2. Forecasts for flexible electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier films market size

7. CONCLUSIONS

8. REFERENCES

APPENDIX 1: ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION

APPENDIX 2: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

List of Tables


2.1. Water vapor and oxygen transmission rates of various materials
2.2. Requirements of barrier materials
3.1. Oxygen transmission rates of polypropylene with various coatings.4, 7
4.1. Overview of promising high barrier technologies
5.1. Lower detection limits of several barrier performance measurement techniques
6.1. Leading market drivers 2022
6.2. Total market value of flexible vs. rigid electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier layer area forecasts 2012-2022 in square meters
6.4. Barrier layer market forecasts 2012-2022 in US$


List of Figures


1.1. Examples of flexible OLED displays by SONY and AddVision
1.2. Flexible OLED fabricated using IMRE's high barrier substrate and encapsulation technique44
1.3. Flexible Solar Cell developed by Fraunhofer ISE
2.1. Schematic diagrams for encapsulated structures a) conventional b) laminated c) deposited in situ4
2.2. Scanning electron micrograph image of a barrier film cross section6
3.1. Visual defects of a selection of materials with barrier films highlighted through calcium corrosion test. Optical microscope magnification 10x.44
3.2. SEM pictures of the Atmospheric Plasma Glow Discharge deposited silica-like films on polymer substrates. Left: Film with embedded dust particles . Right: uniform film27
3.3. OTR as a function of defect density, the correlation between defect density and the oxygen transmission rate
3.4. SEM image of a pinhole defect formed from a dust particle32
3.5. Scanning electron microscope image of ITO coated on parylene/polymer film34
3.6. The measurement of OLED's lifetime of SiON/PC/ITO and SiON/parylene/PC/parylene/ITO substrate34
4.1. Calcium test results demonstrating superior WVTR performance
4.2. 3M barrier film development roadmap
4.3. Amcor (formerly Alcan) Packaging flexible barrier based on PET and SiOx47
4.4. DuPont Displays technology pipeline
4.5. Scanning electron micrograph of a thin hybrid polymer coating on SiOx deposited on a flexible PET film 46
4.6. OTR values achieved with different POLO multilayers46
4.7. Schematic of cross section of graded barrier coating and complete barrier film structure1.
4.8. Transparency of GE's UHB film versus wavelength
4.9. Examples of polymer multi-layer (PML) surface planarization a) OLED cathode separator structure b) high aspect ratio test structure.3, 8
4.10. Vitex multilayer deposition process8.
4.11. SEM cross section of Vitex Barix material with four dyads.
4.12. Optical transmission of Vitex Barix coating8.
4.13. Edge seal barrier formation by deposition through shadow masks10
4.14. Three dimensional barrier structure. Polymer is shown in red, and oxide (barrier) shown in blue10
4.15. Schematic of flexible OLED with hybrid encapsulation31
4.16. Corning flexible glass showcased at SID 2011
4.17. Matchless: AGC's ultra-thin sheet glass may be thin, but it can take the heat
4.18. AGC's ultra-thin sheet glass rolled into a coil
4.19. Area sealing55
4.20. DELO's light curing adhesive solution for electrophoretic displays55
4.21. Performance characteristics of DELO's light-curing materials55
4.22. Specifications on WVTR for different applications, as seen by Vitex Systems36
4.23. 3M specifications on WVTR and OTR for high barrier applications with stringent requirements 14
5.1. 2.25 mm2 area of a 50 nm layer of Ca deposited onto barrier coated PET viewed through the substrate. i. Image after 1632 h of exposure to atmosphere; ii. Image analysis whereby the grey scale of Ca degradation is processed to yiel
5.2. A simple set-up for measuring optical transmission of calcium test cells48
5.3. MOCON's Aquatran"! Model 138
5.4. MOCON's Aquatran"! schematic38
5.5. MOCON's OX-TRANR Model 2/1039
5.6. Silica induced black spots, letters A & B mark black spots with a centralized black dot (silica particle)32
5.7. Black spot formation and growth mechanisms 32
5.8. General Atomics HTO WVTR testing apparatus40
6.1. Leading market drivers 2022
6.2. Total market value of flexible vs. rigid electronics 2012-2022
6.3. Barrier layer area forecasts 2012-2022 in square meters
6.4. Barrier layer market forecasts 2012-2022 in US$
6.5. Size of opportunity
7.1. The iRex iLiad and the Amazon Kindle rigid e-book readers
7.2. E Ink flexible electrophoretic display and color electrophoretic display by SAMSUNG LCD, demonstrated at SID 2008
7.3. Lithium test sample with thin film encapsulation after 24 hrs in the damp heat test at 85°C/85% relative humidity. B. Similar lithium test sample after 200 hrs in the same damp heat test with optimized barrier structure.

Upcoming Reports:

Bio Seeds Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2012 - 2018
By - Transparency Market Research
Bio seeds are the inventions of biotechnology, and are used in order to incorporate desired qualities into seeds. They are formed by the laboratory infusion of quality genes into the host body. This is a supervised and improved form of the existing variety in terms of some new introduced genes. It is a process of continuous research, development, and coordination between various levels. The shift in consumer preference towards improved diet has led to an increasing demand for superior quality fruits and vegetables. Bio seeds are the perfect answer to this rising...
Poland: knitted articles market
By - Williams and Marshal Strategy
ment until 2018. In the same way, the report presents an elaborate overview of the main market participants, the price fluctuations, the growth and demand drivers of the market and the factors, influencing its development. Last but not least, the report presents a general overview of the economy of Poland in 2008-2012 and a forecast for its development in the medium term. The report on the knitted articles market in Poland includes: Analysis and dynamics of the economy of Poland; Forecast for the development of the economy of Poland; Analysis and forecast of market volume and dynamics;...
Poland: flax market
By - Williams and Marshal Strategy
This report presents a comprehensive overview of the flax market in Poland and its state as of January 2014. It provides detailed analysis of the industry, its dynamics and structure. The purpose of the report is to describe the state of the flax market in Poland, to present actual and retrospective information about the volumes and dynamics of production, imports, exports and consumption, the characteristics of the market for the period 2008-2012 and to build a forecast for the market development until 2018. In the same way, the report presents an elaborate overview of the main market...

Research Assistance

We will be happy to help you find what you need.
Please call us or write us:

866-997-4948 (Us-Canada Toll Free)
Tel: +1-518-618-1030
Email: sales@researchmoz.us
Select License type:

Share this report

Related News

Bristol-Myers Squibb Posts USD 3.9 billion Revenues in 2014 Second Quarter
Jul 30, 2014  
Leading bio-pharmaceutical company Bristol-Myers Squibb has registered revenues of USD 3.9 billion in the 2014 second quarter. This marks a 4% decrease from the same period in 2013. The global revenues of the company (excluding the divested Diabetes Alliance), saw a 7% increase. In this quarter, the company’s results were underlined by steady global sales of nearly each of its...
Export market in New Zealand driven by innovative and high-value food products
Jul 29, 2014  
Demand for beverages and high value foods in Asia are driving the food and beverage industry in New Zealand. Also there is high demand for dairy products, seafood, meat and processed foods in the Asian economies which fuel the give an export boost to the economy of New Zealand.  Asia has a rapidly growing market for food which in turn is highly beneficial for New Zealand’s export...
Sony plans revival of PlayStation with network services
Jul 29, 2014  
After a nearly USD 10 billion loss over the last six years, Sony Corp has plans of reviving its consumer electronics hero – the PlayStation. Sony will be repositioning the video game console as a center of streamed network services such as social media, music and movies apart from games. The matter is still in its infancy stage of discussion and the plan is to generate revenue from the...
Rosemary and Oregano, Culinary Herbs, Contain Compounds that Fight Diabetes: Study
Jul 29, 2014  
Research by scientists at the American Chemical Society has found that popular cooking herbs rosemary and oregano are full of compounds that have the same effect on humans as prescription anti-diabetic drugs. These findings of lab tests were published in the latest edition of ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. The study also found that the way these herbs are grown could...
OnePlus One ready to launch it smart phone in India
Jul 28, 2014  
Chinese smart phones are gaining popularity in the Indian market. OnePlus, a Chinese smart phones company, is ready to launch the invitation-only One smart phone in India.  Many Chinese smart phone brands have got inspired by the success of another smart phone brand called Xiaomi which had successfully launched the Mi 3, a smart phone in the Indian market. The OnePlus One is a typical...