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Published on : Jun 02, 2016

There have been rounds of debates over the recent past in the E.U., over the creation and maintenance of fully sustainable production systems of bioenergy and biomass. The policies required to capture the incoming investments, as the current role of bioenergy in the European energy sector is massive. There has been a substantial boost in the use of bioenergy in the E.U. in the past decade and a half, and now, it is the largest energy source that is renewable in all of Europe. Over 26% of the energy generation in Finland comes from bioenergy, for instance, which is the largest in the E.U. as of now. It forms more than 80% of the renewable energy sources used by the country.

Paris Climate Conference and Bioenergy Questions
The Paris Climate Conference that was held in December 2015 had raised quite a few questions over the issues of emissions, but very little was still said about bioenergy sustainability. The conference was largely focused on the process in which the E.U. should transition from nonrenewable sources to renewable ones in order to create low emission environment and economy. Meanwhile, the 2014 IPCC had already recognized bioenergy as a major component in renewable sources for the reduction of emissions.

There are not many who will deny the importance of bioenergy for the purpose of maintaining a sustainable and low emission economy. Yet that are a few who are debating on exactly how sustainable bioenergy can actually become in practice.

For now, the E.U. policies along with the national policies of many European nations are insufficient for answering to the restraints experienced by the growing use of bioenergy. Case in point is the use of food based biofuels for achieving the current renewable energy targets. This is not feasible as food based biofuels are not an entirely sustainable source. There have, therefore, been limited till the 2020 targets. Post 2020 they will be removed entirely. Meanwhile, NGOs have asked for a limit on the overall quantity of bioenergy that will be allowed to enter the renewable energy market.