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Anesthesia is the means to manage pain during a medical procedure by using anesthetics. It helps control breathing, blood flow, blood pressure, heart rate, and rhythm. Anesthesia is used to block pain, relax the patient, make the patient sleepy, or make the patient unconscious during a medical procedure.

The type of anesthesia used is dependent on medical history, type of surgery, and results of pathological and diagnostic tests.

The growth of the anesthesia market is mainly driven by the increasing incidence of chronic respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, craniomaxillofacial surgeries, and accidents. However, the growth of this market is impeded due to several factors. This includes unavailability of a single drug effective for all types of surgeries, side-effects and complications associated with anesthesia, lack of skilled anesthesiologists, inadequate insurance coverage, and high prices of anesthetics. In addition, side effects such as nausea, vomiting, sleep apnea, allergy, and other complications demand improvement in the drugs used for anesthesia.